West Milford, New Jersey
West Milford, New Jersey
|Township of West Milford|
Old Country Store at Long Pond Ironworks
"A Clean Community"
Map of West Milford Township in Passaic County. Inset shows Passaic County's location in New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West Milford, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 10, 1834|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (mayor–council–administrator)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||Michele Dale (R, term ends December 31, 2021)|
|• Administrator||Bill Senande|
|• Municipal clerk||Bill Senande|
|• Total||81.06 sq mi (209.94 km2)|
|• Land||75.93 sq mi (196.66 km2)|
|• Water||5.13 sq mi (13.28 km2) 6.32%|
|Area rank||10th of 565 in state|
1st of 16 in county
|Elevation||827 ft (252 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||96th of 566 in state|
5th of 16 in county
|• Density||344.3/sq mi (132.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||467th of 566 in state|
16th of 16 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|Area codes||973 exchanges: 657, 728|
|GNIS feature ID||0882315|
West Milford is a township in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 25,850, reflecting a decline of 560 (-2.1%) from the 26,410 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 980 (+3.9%) from the 25,430 counted in the 1990 Census. It is the largest in the county by total area, covering 80.32 square miles (208.0 km2) and more than 40% of the county.
West Milford started out as New Milford in what was then western Bergen County in the 18th century, having been settled by disenchanted Dutch from Milford, New Jersey (later renamed by the British as Newark). These same Dutch also built a town of New Milford in eastern Bergen County. When both New Milfords applied for post offices in 1828, a clerk in Washington, D.C. is said to have approved the other application first and assigned the name "West Milford" to the New Milford in western Bergen County in order to distinguish between the two locations.
West Milford became a municipality by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 10, 1834, when it was formed from the westernmost half of Pompton Township, while the area was still part of Bergen County. On February 7, 1837, Passaic County was created from portions of both Bergen County and Essex County, with West Milford as the western end of the newly formed county. The township was named for Milford, Connecticut.
There are old place names in the township including Postville, Utterville, Corterville, Browns, Awosting, Echo Lake, Macopin, Charlottenburg (now under the Charlotteburg Reservoir, the community was named after King George III's wife, Queen Charlotte), Clinton (or sometimes called Clinton Furnace, now under the Clinton Reservoir, and the furnace still stands), Moe Mountain, Oak Ridge (a nameplace, but town is under the Oak Ridge Reservoir), Newfoundland, Apshawa, New City, and Smith Mills. Newfoundland is divided by the Pequannock River, which divides Passaic and Morris Counties; a small part of Newfoundland lies within Jefferson Township. A large part of the township, including the New City Village area, is reservoir property owned by the City of Newark in Essex County for its water supply. Prior to the Second World War, the township was a resort area with trains coming from New York City to stations at Charlotteburg, Newfoundland, Oak Ridge in the south and Hewitt (also known as Sterling Forest station) and Awosting in the north. Railroad service in the south was from the New Jersey Midland starting around the 1850s and in the north around the 1870s from the Montclair Railroad, out of Montclair, New Jersey and later the Erie Railroad (before their merger with the Lackawanna Railroad).
Greenwood Lake is an interstate lake approximately 9 miles (14 km) long and covering 1,920 acres (780 ha), lying in both West Milford and Greenwood Lake, New York, across the New York state line. It was originally called Long Pond. It was dammed up to increase the size of the lake for water power down stream. During the resort era, several steamboats operated on the lake, the most famous and grand was the two deck steamer, Montclair. These steamboats met the trains and took passengers to the various resorts around the lake in both states.
There is a seaplane area on Greenwood Lake, a few large marinas and lakeside restaurants with docks. A public airport called Greenwood Lake Airport is located just south of the lake on top of a mountain ridge and has two landing strips; one is long enough to handle small jets. There is one private airport in the township on a private estate.
After World War II and for the next 20 years the area underwent a major change from a resort area to year-round residences. Before there were year-round houses, the summer residence of Cecil B. DeMille was West Milford. Road maps of the 1950s showing the population on the backside said 2,000 winter and 10,000 summer.
Jeremiah "Jerry" Goodfellow, a white German shepherd and the senior canine member of the New Jersey Search and Rescue was inducted into the Animal Hall of Fame in 2009. Jerry lives with his owner and trainer, Sue Lavoie, on Union Valley Road in West Milford.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 81.06 square miles (209.94 km2), including 75.93 square miles (196.66 km2) of land and 5.13 square miles (13.28 km2) of water (6.32%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Apshawa, Awosting, Bearfort Waters, Beaver Pond, Boy Scout Lake, Browns, Buckabear Pond, Camp Hope, Cedar Pond, Charlotteburg, Clinton, Clinton Reservoir, Cooper, Dunker Pond, Echo Lake, Forest Hill Lake, Fox Island, Gordon Lakes, Green Valley Park, Greenwood Lake, Greenwood Lake Glens, Hacks Pond, Henion Pond, Hewitt, Himes Pond, Lake Lockover, Lakeside, Lindy Lake, Littletown, Lower Mt. Glen Lake, Macopin, Matthews Lake, Moe, Mount Laurel Lake, Newfoundland, Oak Ridge, Pettets Pond. Pine Crest Lake, Pinecliff Lake, Postville, Shady Lake, Smiths Mills, Surprise Lake, Terrace Pond, Upper Greenwood Lake, Upper Macopin, Upper Mt. Glen Lake, Uttertown, Vreeland Pond, West Milford Lakes, West Pond, Wonder Lake and Zeliff Pond.
The township borders the municipalities of Bloomingdale and Ringwood in Passaic County; Butler, Jefferson Township, Kinnelon and Rockaway Township in Morris County; Hardyston Township and Vernon Township in Sussex County; and Warwick in Orange County, New York.
Pequannock River Watershed
Portions of the township are owned by the City of Newark, Essex County, for its Pequannock River Watershed, which supplies water to the city from an area of 35,000 acres (14,000 ha) that also includes portions of Hardyston Township, Jefferson Township, Kinnelon, Rockaway Township and Vernon Township.
A small residential development known as "New City Village" or "New City Colony" was built on the property early in the 20th century to house workers of the Newark water supply system. It included a school and health facility. Proposed alternative uses for the village never materialized and the buildings were demolished after falling into disrepair. The land is still owned by the City of Newark.
Newfoundland and Green Pond
Newfoundland is a neighborhood of West Milford located along the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway (NYS&W) tracks (freight service only) and Route 23. It is also a mailing address for Green Pond (just north of the Picatinny Arsenal in Rockaway Township, Morris County), a private lake community owned by Green Pond Corporation and Lake End Corporation, which lies in Rockaway Township where the Pequannock River divides Passaic County from Morris County.
The 2003 film The Station Agent was set, and filmed, largely in Newfoundland. There was an early silent movie produced in the township at the Mine Hole in the Hewitt section of the township. A still photo of that movie is published in the township's 1984 sesquicentennial book entitled The Day the Earth Shook and the Sky Turned Red.
1840-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930–1990 2000 2010
The 2010 United States Census counted 25,850 people, 9,625 households, and 7,084 families in the township. The population density was 344.3 per square mile (132.9/km2). There were 10,419 housing units at an average density of 138.8 per square mile (53.6/km2). The racial makeup was 94.06% (24,315) White, 1.40% (362) Black or African American, 0.52% (134) Native American, 1.29% (334) Asian, 0.02% (4) Pacific Islander, 1.06% (273) from other races, and 1.66% (428) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.85% (1,512) of the population.
Of the 9,625 households, 32.4% had children under the age of 18; 61.4% were married couples living together; 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present and 26.4% were non-families. Of all households, 21.7% were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12.
22.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 33.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.7 years. For every 100 females, the population had 98.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 96.8 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $88,692 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,308) and the median family income was $102,410 (+/- $7,418). Males had a median income of $62,925 (+/- $3,467) versus $45,449 (+/- $2,738) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,905 (+/- $2,289). About 1.7% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 26,410 people, 9,190 households, and 7,186 families residing in the township. The population density was 350.1 people per square mile (135.2/km2). There were 9,909 housing units at an average density of 131.4 per square mile (50.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.08% White, 1.23% African American, 0.60% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 0.61% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.38% of the population.
There were 9,190 households, out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.3% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.8% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the township the population was spread out, with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older.The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $74,124, and the median income for a family was $80,264. Males had a median income of $51,105 versus $37,159 for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,612. About 2.6% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.
West Milford businesses are represented by the West Milford Chamber of Commerce, an organization of business men and women that has worked to improve and enhance the business community in West Milford since it was established in 1949.
For decades, West Milford was rural with only a couple of service stations, a couple of small eating establishments, and a bank or two. The community was mostly residential. In the mid-1960s a then-average-sized 20,000-square-foot (1,900 m2) A&P Supermarket was built. During the late 1990s, A&P closed this original store and built a 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) supermarket a few miles away from the town center, next door to their former store. In 2015, the supermarket shut down. As of 2020, a vast majority of that space will be converted to Highlands Market, with a smaller portion being subdivided and converted to Snap Fitness. Highlands Market opened on October 16, 2020.
In 1972, Warner Brothers opened up a wildlife theme park called Jungle Habitat. This park consisted of a drive through safari and a small park with various shows. Initially, this brought huge tourist revenue to the township. Shortly after the park opened, a tourist being driven through the safari in a taxi was attacked by a lion on October 19, 1972, bringing negative publicity to the park. The park was plagued by problems, including reports of dangerous animals escaping into West Milford.
Jungle Habitat was a mixed blessing due to the amount of summer and weekend traffic into this rural area made up of small two lane roads. Jungle Habitat wanted to expand and become a huge amusement park, but residents concerned with excessive traffic voted this proposal down in 1976, which resulted in an abrupt closing and exit. Some of the animals in the wildlife park were subsequently moved to the then-recently established drive through safari at Great Adventure in Jackson Township. The former site of Jungle Habitat in recent years has become a location for various Township activities such as the annual Fourth of July Fireworks display.
West Milford Shopping Center
With the loss of tax revenue and the needs of the residents in mind, the township approved the addition of more businesses. In the 1970s, a 45,000-square-foot (4,200 m2) ShopRite supermarket was built, and was expanded in the mid-1980s and again in 2017–2018. Shortly thereafter, other businesses opened in the West Milford Shopping Center.
Near the ShopRite, several restaurants and fast food establishments were built, including a McDonald's restaurant as well as the Abby Theater, the first four-screen multiplex cinema in northern New Jersey. The Abby Theater was opened in 1976 and designed by Milton Herson for Music Makers Theaters, with a seating capacity of 1,400. The theater was named for Abby Leigh, wife of Mitch Leigh, then board chairman of Music Makers. The Abby Theater closed down in 2009 after several unsuccessful business attempts, as the township did not have enough residents to keep the business in operation. It was slated to be demolished in order to make room for an expansion of the ShopRite supermarket in 2012. In 2016, T.J. Maxx opened in the former Abby Cinema.
In May 2009, Eden Farms, an 8-acre (3.2 ha) floral farm on Union Valley Road, became the first "preserved farm" in Passaic County. County officials used money from the Farmland Preservation Funds to purchase development rights to the farm. Owners George and Diana Cluff initially began working on the agreement in 2007. The deal prevents the farm from being built upon.
West Milford sports are overseen by the township department of Community Services and Recreation. The township has individual organizations that run each youth sports program, including: Junior wrestling, Youth Lacrosse, Little League Baseball (WMLL), Police Athletic League (PAL) Basketball, PAL Soccer, West Milford-Star Athletics Cheerleading, Midget Football Association (WMMFA) Football, WMMFA Cheerleading, Amateur Baseball Association (WMABA) Baseball, and Girls Softball Association softball (WMGSA).
The Township of West Milford operates under the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council-Administrator plan adopted as of January 1, 2004. This plan is described as a "Faulknerized" version of the borough form of government, which was added to the Faulkner Act as the fourth optional form of municipal government in 1981 by the New Jersey Legislature. The township is one of three of 565 municipalities statewide that use this form of government. The voters of West Milford Township adopted the Mayor-Council-Administrator Plan at a special election held on December 10, 2002. Under the mayor-council-administrator plan, the governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Township Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. The Township Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year. A municipal administrator is appointed to oversee the day-to-day operation of the township. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of West Milford Township is Republican Michele A. Dale, whose term of office ends December 31, 2023. Members of the Township Council are Council President Ada Erik (R, 2021), Patricia M. Gerst (R, 2020), Kevin L. Goodsir (R, 2022), Warren W. Gross (R, 2022), Marilyn Lichtenberg (R, 2021) and Andreana "Andie" Pegel (R, 2020).
In December 2019, the Township Committee unanimously passed a non-binding resolution declaring West Milford to be a "sanctuary township" that opposes interference with gun rights, becoming the first municipality in the state to do so.
Federal, state and county representation
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Josh Gottheimer (D, Wyckoff). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 26th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Pennacchio (R, Rockaway Township) and in the General Assembly by BettyLou DeCroce (R, Parsippany-Troy Hills) and Jay Webber (R, Morris Plains).
Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to staggered three-year terms office on a partisan basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At a reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members to serve for a one-year term. As of 2017[update], Passaic County's Freeholders are Director Cassandra "Sandi" Lazzara (D, 2018; Woodland Park), Deputy Director Bruce James (D, 2017; Clifton), Assad R. Akhter (D, 2018 - appointed to serve an unexpired term; Paterson), John W. Bartlett (D, 2018; Wayne), Theodore O. Best Jr. (D, 2017; Paterson), Terry Duffy (D, 2019; West Milford), and Pasquale "Pat" Lepore (D, 2019; Woodland Park). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (R, 2019; Totowa), Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik (D, 2019; Little Falls) and Surrogate Bernice Toledo (D, 2021; Prospect Park).
In 2004, the New Jersey Legislature passed the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act, which regulates the New Jersey Highlands region. West Milford was included in the highlands preservation area and is subject to the rules of the act and the Highlands Water Protection and Planning Council, a division of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. All of the territory in the protected region is classified as being in the highlands preservation area, and thus subject to additional rules.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 17,588 registered voters in West Milford, of which 3,397 (19.3% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 5,070 (28.8% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 9,111 (51.8% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 10 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 68.0% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 87.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 58.4% of the vote (7,003 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 40.3% (4,832 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (154 votes), among the 12,074 ballots cast by the township's 18,268 registered voters (85 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 66.1%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 7,672 votes (56.5% vs. 37.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 5,515 votes (40.6% vs. 58.8%) and other candidates with 161 votes (1.2% vs. 0.8%), among the 13,575 ballots cast by the township's 18,016 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.3% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 7,920 votes (60.9% vs. 42.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 4,783 votes (36.8% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 109 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 13,000 ballots cast by the township's 16,932 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.8% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 69.3% of the vote (5,380 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 29.2% (2,264 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (122 votes), among the 7,885 ballots cast by the township's 18,420 registered voters (119 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.8%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 5,261 votes (60.8% vs. 43.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 2,720 votes (31.5% vs. 50.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 525 votes (6.1% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 84 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 8,646 ballots cast by the township's 17,322 registered voters, yielding a 49.9% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).
The West Milford Township Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade at its six elementary schools (grades K-5), one middle school (grade 6-8) and one high school (grades 9-12). As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of eight schools, had an enrollment of 3,309 students and 291.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.4:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Apshawa Elementary School (244 students in grades K-5), Maple Road Elementary School (299; PreK-6), Marshall Hill Elementary School (271; K-5), Paradise Knoll Elementary School (273; K-5), Upper Greenwood Lake Elementary School (308; PreK-5), Westbrook Elementary School (301; K-5), Macopin Middle School (533; 6-8) and West Milford High School (1,040; 9-12).
Our Lady Queen of Peace was a Catholic school located in the community of Hewitt until it was closed in June 2010 by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson in the face of declining enrollment. OLQP School celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2009, and had its Fourth Grade teacher, Lorraine Ford, named as a finalist for the 2008 New Jersey Nonpublic School Teacher of the Year award.
The old Newfoundland, two-room schoolhouse was the Village Square Inn Restaurant until it closed in 2010. The old Hillcrest School was formerly the township's community center. The few one-room schoolhouses are all gone; the last one was the Hewitt School, destroyed by fire set by vandals (it had been the former Methodist church before a new, larger church was built).
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 198.30 miles (319.13 km) of roadways, of which 163.20 miles (262.64 km) were maintained by the municipality, 26.61 miles (42.82 km) by Passaic County and 8.49 miles (13.66 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
The stoplight at the intersection of Clinton Avenue and Route 23 has been identified by The New York Times as the longest red cycle in the United States. Drivers can wait up to 5 minutes and 33 seconds to turn onto Route 23 from Clinton Avenue.
The New Jersey Midland Railway ran a trackage right-of-way through West Milford in 1872 developing the Newfoundland station, which and later served passengers on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad (NYS&W), which still serves freight along the line
NJ Transit provides bus service between the township and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 194 and 196 routes, with seasonal service to Mountain Creek in Vernon Township on the 304 route.
The township provides its own bus service, on two routes. One that runs by Upper Greenwood Lake, and operates Monday-Friday, and one that runs between Oak Ridge & Newfoundland, which runs Wednesdays only.
In popular culture
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with West Milford include:
- Charles L. Banks (1914–1988), Marine Corps general and Navy Cross recipient.
- Chuck Burgi (born 1952), drummer and session musician.
- Jasper Francis Cropsey (1823–1900), Hudson River School landscape painter, referred to as "America's Painter of Autumn".
- Lennie Friedman (born 1976), offensive lineman with the Cleveland Browns.
- Sam Garnes (born 1974), former safety for the New York Giants and New York Jets.
- Jeremy Glick (1970–2001), passenger/hero of United Flight 93 on September 11, 2001.
- Larry Hand (born 1940), defensive end and defensive tackle who played for the Detroit Lions from 1965 to 1977.
- Billy Howerdel (born 1970), founding member, guitarist, songwriter, and producer for the bands A Perfect Circle and Ashes Divide.
- Derek Jeter (born 1974), shortstop for the New York Yankees.
- Carol-Lynn Parente (born 1963), executive producer of Sesame Street and winner of seven Emmy Awards for her work on the program.
- Laurene Powell Jobs (born 1963), widow of Steve Jobs and founder and chair of Emerson Collective.
- Danielle Rose Russell (born 1999), actress who has played supporting roles in films such as A Walk Among the Tombstones (2014), Aloha (2015), Pandemic (2016) and Wonder (2017).
- Dale Soules (born 1946), actress who appeared in Orange Is the New Black.
- Scott Terry (born 1976), songwriter and singer who has been lead singer of Red Wanting Blue.
- Kevin Walker (born 1965), former linebacker for the Cincinnati Bengals.
- Donna Weinbrecht (born 1965), First woman to win the first gold medal awarded in the first Olympic mogul competitions.
- Tom Wopat (born 1951), actor who played Luke Duke in The Dukes of Hazzard.
- 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor, Township of West Milford. Accessed March 12, 2020.
- 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020. As of date accessed, Christopher P. Vergano is incorrectly listed as mayor.
- Contact Information: Administration, Township of West Milford. Accessed March 12, 2020.
- Contact Information: Clerk's Office, Township of West Milford. Accessed March 12, 2020.
- 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2006, p. 121.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of West Milford, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for West Milford township, Passaic County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for West Milford township Archived August 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- QuickFacts for West Milford township, Passaic County, New Jersey; Passaic County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 11, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for West Milford, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for West Milford, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- Stewart, Holly. "Where we're at", Suburban Trends, July 19, 2012. Accessed January 15, 2013. "In the 18th century, West Milford was part of Bergen County; it was comprised of the westernmost areas of Franklin and Saddle River townships. It was settled by Dutch who moved north from the place we now call Newark; as they had called their former home 'Milford,' they wished to call the new place 'New Milford,' but another faction of the same migrants had already done the same in a community near the Hudson River. When both locales petitioned for a post office in 1828, a federal clerk is said to have applied the adjective 'west' to one in order to distinguish them."
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 211. Accessed August 29, 2012.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed October 25, 2015.
- Greenwood Lake Tour Guide, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed October 25, 2015.
- Airport Information, Greenwood Lake Airport. Accessed January 15, 2013.
- Hagstrom Maps
- Local search dog inducted into hall of fame
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Areas touching West Milford, MapIt. Accessed March 12, 2020.
- Passaic County Map, Coalition for a Healthy NJ. Accessed March 12, 2020.
- New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
- Highlands Preserve, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 15, 2017. "This county park, located in the Township of West Milford, is largely undeveloped. It contains multiple hiking trails.... The hiking trails meander through the Preserve and are connected to the A. Abram S. Hewitt State Forest."
- Primerano, Jane. "Newark appealing watershed taxes against Jefferson", AIM Jefferson, May 8, 2015. Accessed July 2, 2015. "Besides West Milford and Jefferson, Newark owns watershed land in Hardyston, Vernon, and Rockaway Townships and Kinnelon Borough, Leach said."
- City of Newark v. Vernon Tp., Leagle from Tax Court of New Jersey, April 1, 1980. Accessed July 2, 2015. "The City of Newark appeals the denial of the Sussex County Tax Board of its claim for a reduction of assessments of 5,424 acres of vacant watershed land in the Township of Vernon for the years 1973, 1974 and 1976.... Generally, the lands are part of the 35,000-acre Pequannock Watershed (approximately two times the size of Newark), which was purchased by Newark at the turn of the century to provide a water supply. The watershed, which contains five major bodies of water, is located in Vernon and Hardyston in Sussex County, Jefferson, Rockaway and Kinnelon in Morris County, and West Milford in Passaic County."
- "Newark makes decision to block off New City Road", The Record, December 11, 2009. Accessed March 23, 2016.
- DeStefano, Robert. "Choo choo choosing a home with personality", The West Milford Messenger, May 26, 2005. Accessed January 15, 2013. "They moved into the old Newfoundland building last July, and are hard at work to make it their comfortable, if slightly offbeat, living quarters.... In 2002 the building gained celebrity status when the independent film The Station Agent was filmed there."
- Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
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- Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record, August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed October 1, 2014.
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- Laplaca, Bryan. "Back in the Day - Oct. 8, 1997: 'Hal from North Bergen' sued Bloomingdale", Suburban Trends, October 15, 2012. Accessed September 22, 2014. "The man in the picture is Abraham Levy who was in the intensive care unit of Chilton Hospital in Pompton Plains. He was bitten by a lion while visiting Jungle Habitat in West Milford.... Two eyewitnesses to the mauling of Levy on Oct. 9, 1972 blasted the Habitat management for allowing what they called dangerous conditions to exist."
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- Jennings, Rob. "N.J. town declares itself a sanctuary for 2nd Amendment. ‘We’re gun-friendly.’", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, December 13, 2019. Accessed December 24, 2019. "West Milford is now a self-proclaimed 'sanctuary township' for law-abiding gun owners, though the provocative designation is purely symbolic. The township council approved last week a non-binding resolution that 'opposes further interference with, or abridging of, the rights of lawful gun owners.' West Milford Council President Pete McGuinness said the local resolution, introduced by another council member and approved in a 5-0 vote on Dec. 4, was modeled after a resolution adopted in Illinois. It appears to be the first of its kind in New Jersey."
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- West Milford Public Schools District Bylaw 0110 - Identification, West Milford Township Public Schools. Accessed June 19, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Pre-Kindergarten through twelve in the West Milford School District. Composition: The West Milford School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of West Milford."
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- Zimmer, David M. "Our Lady Queen of Peace School to close in June", Suburban Trends, March 29, 2010. Accessed January 15, 2013. "The Our Lady Queen of Peace (OLQP) School on Union Valley Road in the Hewitt section of West Milford will officially be closing at the end of the year, due to a lack of enrollment and operating revenue."
- Wojcik, Michael. "Inspiring Students to Learn; West Milford Catholic school teacher honored by NCEA", Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. Accessed January 15, 2012. "Ford's teaching excellence has earned her many other honors in the realm of Catholic education, among them finalist for the 2008 N.J. Non Public Teacher of the Year Award and a nomination for the NCEA's Distinguished Teacher of the Year Award in 2007."
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- Chesler, Caren. "On The Road; The Longest Light", The New York Times, June 24, 2001. Accessed January 12, 2018. "Welcome to West Milford, home of the country's longest traffic light. Drivers pulling up to the light at the intersection of Clinton Avenue and Route 23 in Passaic County can wait as long as 5 minutes and 33 seconds during the morning rush hour if they approach it as it is turning red. Looked at another way, residents on Clinton Avenue who need to use Route 23 could spend about 20 hours a year waiting at the light. The only light that comes close to being as long, transportation officials say, is in Delaware -- and that light lasts only four minutes."
- Frassinelli, Mike. "N.J. motorists continue to be frustrated by 'nation's longest traffic light' on Route 23 in West Milford", The Star-Ledger, June 14, 2010. Accessed January 12, 2018.
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- Kolton, Tara. "Simpler Times, filmed in downtown Pompton Lakes, returns to the Garden State", Suburban Trends, April 20, 2015. Accessed March 21, 2017. "Simpler Times, the 33-minute comedy starring Jerry Stiller and written/directed by Pompton Lakes native Steve Monarque, was filmed primarily in Pompton Lakes and West Milford."
- Zimmer, David M. "Ice-T movie about West Milford's 'haunted' Clinton Road set to premiere June 14", The Record, May 31, 2019. Accessed November 30, 2019. "What's behind the urban legends of Clinton Road and Dead Man's Curve? What is known about this 10-mile stretch in West Milford that has been associated with ghost stories and strange happenings? Clinton Road is not haunted. There are no roving bands of witches, albinos or deranged murderers in the dense woods alongside the long, desolate stretch, nor is there a yeti."
- Charles L. Banks, The Hall of Valor Project. Accessed June 19, 2020. "Place of Birth: West Milford, New Jersey"
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- Alfano, George. "$30,000 Allocated To Cooley House", The Record, February 19, 1987. Accessed January 15, 2013. "Mayor Stewart Perry said he had estimates of between $73,000 and $96,000 to move the home, which belonged to 19th-Century artist Jasper Francis Cropsey. Cropsey lived in the Greenwood Lake home, and was a painter of the Hudson River School and a noted architect."
- DiTrani, Vinny. "Friedman Works His Way Back -- NFL In Sight After Major Knee Surgery", The Record, May 14, 2000. Accessed July 24, 2007. "It was just another hurdle the West Milford native had to clear..."
- Guererro, Millie. "NY Giant shares his passion for football with local kids", West Milford Messenger, April 23, 2007. Accessed January 15, 2013. "Garnes moved to West Milford seven years ago and has just recently been able to reach out to the community and give back the knowledge he obtain throughout his career by forming a football clinic that he is expanding into neighboring towns."
- Sampson, Peter J. "W. Milford Man Told Wife Of Plan To Storm Cockpit", The Record, September 13, 2001. Accessed July 20, 2008.
- Presinzano, Jessica. "Celebrities, politicians and athletes who call North Jersey home", The Record, October 11, 2017. Accessed November 18, 2017. "Larry Hand, formerly of the Detroit Lions was born in Paterson, but grew up in West Milford."
- Makin, Robert. "Album Reviews", Courier-News, June 1, 2000. Accessed October 25, 2015. "Keenan formed the band with West Milford-raised guitarist Billy Howerdel, who performed on 'Aenima.'"
- Genader, Ann. "Township council to honor Derek Jeter?", Aim West Milford, November 27, 2009. Accessed April 14, 2012. "One of the homes he presently owns is Tiedemann Castle on the West Milford/Greenwood Lake, N.Y. border."
- Rohan, Virginia. "Former fan now in charge of 'Sesame Street'", The Record, August 13, 2007. Accessed January 15, 2013. "Born in Queens, Parente largely grew up in West Milford, having moved there from Long Island when she was 8."
- Lattman, Peter; and Miller, Claire Cain. "Steve Jobs's Widow Steps Onto Philanthropic Stage", The New York Times, May 17, 2013. Accessed July 23, 2013. "Ms. Powell Jobs, 49, grew up in West Milford, N.J., and earned an undergraduate degree from the University of Pennsylvania."
- Kolton, Tara. "Young actress from West Milford lands role in upcoming Cameron Crowe movie", Suburban Trends, January 20, 2014. Accessed September 10, 2016. "Fourteen-year-old Danielle Russell, of West Milford, has recently returned after spending three-and-a-half-months in Hawaii on the set of writer/director Cameron Crowe's latest movie, which counts among its star-studded cast Bradley Cooper, Rachel McAdams, Emma Stone, Bill Murray, Alec Baldwin and John Krasinski."
- Keller, Ilana. "Orange Is The New Black actor connects with murderous character's past", Asbury Park Press, February 12, 2019. Accessed June 19, 2020. "Through the past few seasons, Soules, a veteran stage and screen actor and activist celebrating 50 years in the show business, has found she connects with Frieda in many ways as the show explores her character's past. Perhaps most surprising, she finds parallels with Frieda's survivalist experiences in her own upbringing around Greenwood Lake in West Milford."
- Crespo, Charley. "Manhattan Beat – Jimmy & Immy, Red Wanting BLue, & More!", The Aquarian Weekly, January 23, 2019. Accessed June 19, 2020. "Born in West Milford, New Jersey, Scott Terry sang in choirs and a cappella groups while growing up in Moorestown, New Jersey."
- Fox, Ron. "West Milford's Walker Still A Face In The Crowd", The Record, February 25, 1991. Accessed July 1, 2008.
- Laplaca, Bryan. "Back in the Day - April 24, 1988: Sparta man survived shark attack", Suburban Trends, April 22, 2013. Accessed October 25, 2015. "West Milford's Kevin Walker was the second selection in the third round for the Cincinnati Bengals. He was the first football player from the township's high school to be drafted into the NFL's ranks."
- Anderson, Dave. "Sports of The Times; The Olympics Don't Need Us vs. Them", The New York Times, February 16, 1992. Accessed August 29, 2012. "That's what Donna Weinbrecht of West Milford, N.J., did in winning the first women's gold medal in a new Olympic sport, freestyle mogul skiing."
- via Associated Press. "Hazzard actor Tom Wopat faces DUI", Today.com, March 17, 2006. Accessed July 1, 2008. "Wopat, 54, of West Milford, was released into the custody of his girlfriend, Maer said."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to West Milford, New Jersey.|
- Official website
- West Milford Township Public Schools
- West Milford Township Public Schools's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the West Milford Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- West Milford Chamber of Commerce website
- The West Milford Messenger (local newspaper)
- Upper Greenwood Lake Property Owner's Association