West New York, New Jersey
- This article describes the New Jersey town. For the geographic region of New York State, see Western New York.
|West New York, New Jersey|
|Town of West New York|
60th Street in West New York
Location of West New York within Hudson County. Inset: Location of Hudson County in New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West New York, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||July 8, 1898|
|• Type||Walsh Act|
|• Body||Board of Commissioners|
|• Mayor||Felix Roque (term ends May 17, 2019)|
|• Administrator / Clerk||Carmela Riccie|
|• Total||1.329 sq mi (3.444 km2)|
|• Land||1.007 sq mi (2.609 km2)|
|• Water||0.322 sq mi (0.835 km2) 24.24%|
|Area rank||467th of 566 in state
8th of 12 in county
|Elevation||151 ft (46 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2014)||52,597|
|• Rank||36th of 566 in state
6th of 12 in county
|• Density||49,341.7/sq mi (19,050.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||3rd of 566 in state
3rd of 12 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC−4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885438|
West New York is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, situated upon the New Jersey Palisades. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 49,708, reflecting an increase of 3,940 (+8.6%) from the 45,768 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 7,643 (+20.0%) from the 38,125 counted in the 1990 Census.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Sports
- 6 Government
- 7 Education
- 8 Emergency services
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Media and culture
- 11 Notable people
- 12 References
- 13 External links
West New York was incorporated as a town by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on July 8, 1898, replacing Union Township, based on the results of a referendum held three days earlier. West New York underwent a massive growth at the beginning of the 20th century, driven by development of textile industries that made North Hudson the "Embroidery Capital of the United States".
The town was populated mainly with Italian Americans and German Americans. The 1960s saw an influx of Cuban émigrés to the area, once called Havana on the Hudson; it has since has become one of the United States cities with a majority Hispanic population. Simultaneously, high-rise apartments, some of the tallest buildings in North Hudson, were built along Boulevard East, adding to the population of the town, giving it one of highest population densities in the country. Since the 1980s the Hudson waterfront, which had been part of the Weehawken Terminal has been redeveloped from industrial to residential and recreational uses, including the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 1.329 square miles (3.444 km2), including 1.007 square miles (2.609 km2) of land and 0.322 square miles (0.835 km2) of water (24.24%).
The ZIP code for West New York is 07093. West New York is part of the New York metropolitan area and is at the heart of the North Hudson, New Jersey region. West New York is bordered on the north by Guttenberg, on the east by the Hudson River, on the south by Union City and Weehawken, and on the west by North Bergen.
West New York is one of North Hudson's communities atop The Palisades above the Hudson River, and home to the highest point in the county. Its Hudson Waterfront has been known as Bulls Ferry since before the American Revolutionary War. Bergenline Avenue is its main commercial thoroughfare, while the wide two-way 60th Street is a major cross-town thoroughfare, and site of Town Hall. More than half of U.S. Presidents have streets bearing their name in the town.
|Population sources: 1800–1920
1900–1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 49,708 people, 18,852 households, and 11,783 families residing in the town. The population density was 49,341.7 per square mile (19,050.9/km2). There were 20,018 housing units at an average density of 19,870.5 per square mile (7,672.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 62.04% (30,839) White, 4.60% (2,289) Black or African American, 1.50% (744) Native American, 6.01% (2,986) Asian, 0.05% (24) Pacific Islander, 20.19% (10,038) from other races, and 5.61% (2,788) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 78.08% (38,812) of the population.
There were 18,852 households, of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the town, 21.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.8 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.
As of the 2010 United States Census, West New York had the third-highest percentage of Hispanics in the state, at 78.1%, accounting for 2.5% of the state's Hispanic population. Though Native Americans comprise less than 1% of the city's population, they doubled in the 2000s, and combined with Union City's Native Americans comprise 38% of the county's Native American population.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $44,657 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,850) and the median family income was $42,534 (+/- $3,689). Males had a median income of $36,768 (+/- $2,414) versus $30,688 (+/- $1,952) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,419 (+/- $1,215). About 15.8% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 25.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 45,768 people, 16,719 households, and 11,034 families residing in the town. The population density was 44,995.1/mi² (17,324.6/km²). There were 17,360 housing units at an average density of 17,066.8/mi² (6,571.3 km²). The racial makeup of the town was 60.09% White, 3.55% African American, 0.67% Native American, 2.93% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 25.16% from other races, and 7.57% from two or more races. 78.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 16,719 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 34.0% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.30.
In the town the age distribution of the population shows 22.3% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $31,980, and the median income for a family is $34,083. Males have a median income of $26,703 versus $22,326 for females. The per capita income for the town is $16,719. 18.9% of the population and 16.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 25.4% are under the age of 18 and 22.3% are 65 or older.
As of the 2000 Census, West New York was ranked as #52 on a list of cities with the highest percentage of renters. 80.1% of West New York residents lived in renter-occupied housing units, vs. 33.8% nationwide.
Bergenline Avenue is the main shopping district of North Hudson. West New York's Urban Enterprise Zone, one of seven established by legislation in 1996, covers portions of Bergenline Avenue from 49th to 67th Streets. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
Until the 1880s, the primary commercial area of West New York was Palisade Avenue. An influential citizen named Henry Kohlmeier who lived there objected to the noise created by horse-drawn public coaches, which led to the route being transferred one block west to what is now Bergenline Avenue (formerly Lewis Street), which runs parallel to Palisade Avenue, and which remains the city's main commercial thoroughfare. Currently the longest commercial avenue in the state, boasting over 300 retail stores and restaurants, Bergenline runs through not only the entire length of West New York from north to south, but also through Union City, Guttenberg and North Bergen, making it the main commercial strip for North Hudson. Also known as the "Miracle Mile", Bergenline's largest concentration of retail and chain stores begins at the intersection of 32nd Street in Union City, and continues north until 92nd Street in North Bergen. Bergenline Avenue is also used as the route for local parades, such as the annual Memorial Day Parade Cuban Day Parade and Dominican-American Parade.
Since 1931, West New York has been governed under the Walsh Act form of New Jersey municipal government by a five-member commission. Commission members are elected at-large in nonpartisan elections to serve four-year terms of office on a concurrent basis. Each Commissioner is assigned to head one of five departments. The Commission selects one of its members to serve as Mayor.
As of May 2015[update], the five members of the West New York Town Commission are Mayor Felix Roque (Commissioner of Public Safety), Cosmo A. Cirillo (Commissioner of Public Affairs), Susan Colacurcio (Commissioner of Revenue and Finance), Margarita Guzman (Commissioner of Parks and Public Property) and Gabriel Rodriguez (Commissioner of Public Works), all serving concurrent terms of office ending May 17, 2019.
In the May 2011 municipal election, the "Together We Can" slate of five candidates led by Roque took all five seats on the Town Council, knocking off the slate of incumbents led by then-mayor Silverio Vega. At the town council's reorganization meeting, the five commissioners unanimously voted to appoint Roque to a four-year term as Mayor of West New York.
In February 2015, Cosmo Cirillo was selected to fill the vacant seat of Rubin Vargas, making Cirillo the youngest commissioner on town history at the age of 27.
Federal, state and county representation
West New York is located in the 8th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 32nd state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, West New York had been in the 33rd state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, West New York had been part of the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 32nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nicholas Sacco (D, North Bergen) and in the General Assembly by Angelica M. Jimenez (D, West New York) and Vincent Prieto (D, Secaucus). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
West New York is in Hudson County's 7th Freeholder District. Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders District 7 comprises Weehawken, West New York, and Guttenberg and is represented by Caridad Rodriguez The Hudson County Executive, elected at-large, is Thomas A. DeGise.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 19,438 registered voters in West New York, of which 10,510 (54.1%) were registered as Democrats, 2,460 (12.7%) were registered as Republicans and 6,456 (33.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 12 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 77.5% of the vote (9,682 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 21.8% (2,725 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (85 votes), among the 12,605 ballots cast by the town's 21,268 registered voters (113 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 59.3%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 69.6% of the vote (9,071 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 29.0% (3,773 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (78 votes), among the 13,026 ballots cast by the town's 21,023 registered voters, for a turnout of 62.0%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 60.8% of the vote (7,229 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 36.4% (4,329 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (54 votes), among the 11,883 ballots cast by the town's 18,058 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 65.8.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 55.9% of the vote (3,188 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 42.4% (2,416 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (94 votes), among the 5,978 ballots cast by the town's 22,092 registered voters (280 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 27.1%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 71.2% of the vote (5,328 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 25.5% (1,907 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 1.3% (97 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (67 votes), among the 7,481 ballots cast by the town's 19,045 registered voters, yielding a 39.3% turnout.
West New York is served by West New York School District for pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's nine schools had an enrollment of 7,805 students and 536.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.56:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Early Childhood School for Pre-K (1,306 students), six K-6 elementary schools — Harry L. Bain School (836) Public School No. 1 (671), Public School No. 2 (624), Public School No. 3 (483), Robert Menendez Elementary School No. 4 (715) and Albio Sires Elementary School No. 5 (527) — West New York Middle School (903; 7&8) and Memorial High School (1,740; 9-12).
American Training School for Medical Professionals is a bilingual medical school founded in 1998 by Professor Dante Joa.
The West New York Emergency Medical Squad consists of 26 people (as of May 2011) who are based at the EMS house on 62nd Street, which houses four trucks, to which each is assigned two workers. The Squad's second, larger facility, at 66th Street, opened May 11, 2011.
West New York's Emergency Medical Services was among the many Hudson County agencies that responded to the January 2009 crash of US Airways Flight 1549, for which they received accolades from the survivors.
Roads and highways
New Jersey Transit bus service is available to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 128, 154, 156, 158, 159, 165, 166 and 168 routes. The 181 and 188 routes offer service to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal. Travel to other New Jersey communities, including Jersey City, is offered on the 22, 23, 84, 86, 88 and 89.
The Bergenline Avenue station of Hudson-Bergen Light Rail is located at the city line with Union City, while the Weehawken Port Imperial is located on the Weehawken waterfront at the foot of Pershing Road near the NY Waterway ferry terminal. Regular ferry crossings of the Hudson River run daily.
The closest airport in New Jersey with scheduled passenger service is Newark Liberty International Airport, located 13.6 miles (21.9 km) away in Newark / Elizabeth. New York City's LaGuardia Airport is 13.5 miles (21.7 km) miles away in Flushing, Queens via the Lincoln Tunnel.
Media and culture
West New York is located within the New York media market, with most of its daily papers available for sale or delivery. The Jersey Journal is a local daily paper based in Jersey City. Local weeklies include the free bilingual paper, Hudson Dispatch Weekly, a former daily, The West New York Reporter, which is part of the Hudson Reporter group of local weeklies, and the Spanish language El Especialito. River View Observer is a monthly newspaper that covers the Hudson County waterfront market.
In the late 2000s, West New York, Weehawken, Union City and North Bergen came to be dubbed collectively as "NoHu", a North Hudson haven for local performing and fine artists, many of whom are immigrants from Latin America and other countries, in part due to lower housing costs compared to those in nearby art havens such as Hoboken, Jersey City and Manhattan.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with West New York include:
- George Alvarez, actor known for the soap operas General Hospital, Port Charles and Guiding Light.
- Manuela Arbeláez (born 1988), model and actress who has appeared on The Price Is Right.
- Oscar L. Auf der Heide (1874–1945), represented New Jersey's 11th congressional district from 1925–1933, and the 14th congressional district from 1933–1935. Auf der Heide was a member of the town council from 1899–1902, and was a member and president of the board of education in 1903 and 1904, served on the board of assessors in 1912 and 1913 and was mayor of West New York from 1914–1917.
- Tyson Beckford (born 1970), male supermodel.
- Warren Boroson (born 1935), financial journalist, author and playwright.
- James J. Braddock (1905–1974), heavyweight boxing champion.
- Rob Byrnes (born 1958), author and blogger.
- Bernard Cicirelli (born 1932), In 1954 became the first St. Peter's College basketball player honored as a member of the College All-American Basketball team. A charter member of the St. Peter's College Hall of Fame, he was inducted into the Hudson County Sports Hall of Fame in 1999.
- Vincent J. Dellay (1907–1999), Congressman who represented New Jersey's 14th congressional district.
- Emil Draitser (born 1937), author of 12 books and 135 short stories, professor of Russian at Hunter College.
- Ruth Brewer Eisenberg (1902–1996), pianist who was "Ivory" of the inter-racial piano duo Ebony and Ivory.
- Amber Lee Ettinger (born 1982), actress and internet celebrity who rose to fame in 2007 as "Obama Girl".
- Zulima Farber (born 1946), former New Jersey Attorney General.
- Noli Francisco, professional poker player.
- Morton Freedgood (1913–2006), author of the novel The Taking of Pelham One Two Three.
- Walter Hendl (1917–2007), conductor, composer and pianist.
- Arthur Imperatore, Sr. (born 1925), businessman who founded the NY Waterway service.
- Christopher Jackman (1916–1991), politician who served in both houses of the New Jersey Legislature, and was Speaker of the New Jersey General Assembly from 1978 until 1982.
- Angelica M. Jimenez (born 1965), politician who has serve in the New Jersey General Assembly since 2012, where she represents the 32nd Legislative District.
- King Kamali (born 1972), IFBB professional bodybuilder.
- Gerald Lange, Jr., former member of the Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders who served as a Commissioner in West New York.
- AJ Lee (born 1987), actress and retired professional wrestler, best known for her time in WWE.
- Herb Maack (1917–2007), former Brooklyn Dodgers (AAFC) player and college football head coach.
- John Mahnken (born 1922), former professional basketball player.
- Harold Martin (1918–2010), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Mayte Martínez (born 1991), Cuban American model, designer and television personality.
- Edward James Olmos (born 1947), actor who lived in West New York from 1979 to 1987, while he built his stage career following his emigration from East Los Angeles.
- Harry Otis (1886–1976), pitcher who played in five games for the Cleveland Naps in 1909.
- Caridad Rodriguez (born 1947), former member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Jeff Roehl (born 1980), offensive lineman who played for the New York Giants.
- Louis Romano (born 1930), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Felix Roque, Mayor of West New York.
- Mathieu Schneider (born 1969), former professional ice hockey defenseman who played 1289 games in the National Hockey League with ten different teams.
- Dick Seay (1904–1981), Negro league baseball all-star second baseman.
- Jeremy Shockey (born 1980), NFL football player who has played for the New York Giants, New Orleans Saints and Carolina Panthers.
- Albio Sires (born 1951), former Mayor of West New York who serves in Congress representing New Jersey's 13th congressional district.
- Vito Valentinetti (born 1928), former professional pitcher who played for five MLB seasons.
- Silverio Vega (born 1956), former Mayor of West New York who served in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Armando Vilaseca, Commissioner of the Vermont Department of Education.
- Gerard Way (born 1977), musician, frontman of the alternative rock band, My Chemical Romance.
- Count Wiley, chiropractor and politician who served as the Commissioner of Public Works of West New York.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- 2015 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of October 20, 2015. Accessed November 15, 2015. As of date accessed, Roque was listed as mayor with an incorrect term-end date of April 30, 2017.
- Town Officials, Town of West New York. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 142.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Town of West New York, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for West New York town, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for West New York town, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- 2010 Census Populations for Weehawken and West New York, Asbury Park Press, accessed April 20, 2011.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 12, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for West New York, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for West New York, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 28, 2014.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 31, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 7, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 149. Accessed June 12, 2012.
- Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 306. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed October 15, 2015.
- Staff. "Commercial Growth in New Jersey Town on Heights has Doubled Population within Last Five Years", The New York Times, December 20, 1914. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Martin, Lydia. "Cuban cool" The Star-Ledger. August 9, 1995; Pages 41 & 54.
- Juri, Carmen (August 9, 1995). "Jersey's Cuban flavors" The Star-Ledger. pp. 41 and 54.
- Trillin, Calvin. "Observations while Eating Carne Asada on Bergenline Avenue", The New Yorker, June 30, 1975. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Norman, Michael. "Palisades: New York's Other West Side", The New York Times, July 4, 1982. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Cheslow, Jerry. "Blending Two Cities into One", The New York Times, October 9, 2005. Accessed September 29, 2014. "At John F. Kennedy Boulevard East, known as 'Boulevard East,' the population, housing mix and scenery change abruptly. Mostly New York City professionals and empty-nesters live in towers that soar 30 stories or more over the Palisades, a 450-foot-high belt of cliffs that line the New Jersey side of the Hudson."
- Hudson County High Point, New Jersey, peakbagger.com. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Hudson County New Jersey Street Map. Hagstrom Map Company, Inc. 2008. ISBN 0-88097-763-9.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed June 12, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 712. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for West New York town, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for West New York town, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- Cullen, Deanna. "Growing influence: UC and WNY house 6 percent of state’s Hispanics", The Union City Reporter, February 13, 2011, pages 1 and 15. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Union City and West New York are each over three quarters Hispanic. In New Jersey, Union City has the highest percentage of people in that group – 84.7 percent. West New York is 78.1 percent Hispanic, coming in at third."
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for West New York town, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 12, 2012.
- Top 100 Cities with Highest Percentage of Renters (pop. 5000+), City-Data. Accessed July 14, 2007.
- Urban Enterprise Zone Tax Questions and Answers, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, May 2009. Accessed August 23, 2015. "The legislation was amended in 1996 to include seven additional zones. They were all predetermined and include East Orange, Guttenberg, Hillside, Irvington, North Bergen, Pemberton and West New York."
- Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ) Program - Local Zone Support, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed August 23, 2015.
- Rosero, Jessica. "Smelliest town? Most bumpy? Hudson County municipalities hold unusual distinctions", Hudson Reporter, February 26, 2006. Accessed March 12, 2011. "Slicing through both towns is Bergenline Avenue, also known as the 'Miracle Mile,' said to the longest commercial avenue in the state and shared by neighboring Guttenberg and North Bergen."
- "The Union City Memorial Day parade is today". NJ.com. May 27, 2010
- Mestanza, Jean-Pierre (June 4, 2011). "Cuban Day Parade and Festival set for tomorrow in North Hudson". NJ.com
- Mestanza, Jean-Pierre (October 14, 2010). "Dominican-American Parade to fill Bergenline Avenue with music, fun". The Jersey Journal. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- 1898 Brooklyn Bridegrooms, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed June 19, 2015.
- Lowry, Philip. Green Cathedrals, p. 241. Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2009. ISBN 9780802718655. Accessed June 19, 2015.
- Baime, A.J. "Formula One Roars to Banks of Hudson". The Wall Street Journal. October 26, 2011. Accessed October 27, 2011. "Formula One, the most popular, technologically advanced and glamorous form of international motorsport, will hold a Grand Prix race on the banks of the Hudson River against the backdrop of the Manhattan skyline in June 2013. If the current lineup of teams remains the same, that means 24 cars racing at 200-plus mph will let loose some 17,000 horsepower on closed-off public roads in Weehawken and West New York, N.J., in front of a crowd that, if expectations are fulfilled, would double the capacity of Yankee Stadium."
- Mayor Felix E. Roque MD, West New York. Accessed June 19, 2015.
- Commissioner Cosmo A. Cirillo, West New York. Accessed June 19, 2015.
- Commissioner Susan Colacurcio, West New York. Accessed June 19, 2015.
- Commissioner Margarita Guzman, West New York. Accessed June 19, 2015.
- Commissioner Gabriel Rodriguez, West New York. Accessed June 19, 2015.
- Elected Officials, West New York. Accessed June 19, 2015.
- 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, West New York. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Mestanza, Jean-Pierre. "Dr. Felix Roque, four other new commissioners take oaths in West New York Town Hall, then Roque is picked to be mayor", The Jersey Journal, May 18, 2011. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Brenzel, Kathryn. "Mayor Roque declares victory in West New York", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 12, 2015, updated May 13, 2015. Accessed June 19, 2015. "Mayor Felix Roque declared victory Tuesday night to a room packed with supporters.... Unofficial results show that Roque's slate — Susan Colacurcio, Gabriel Rodriguez, Margarita Guzman and Cosmo Cirillo — swept Tuesday's election."
- Staff. "Roque slate sweeps West New York election, ousts Vega and incumbents", The Jersey Journal, May 11, 2011. Accessed May 17, 2011.
- Mestanza, Jean-Pierre. "Hours after he's sworn in, new West New York mayor fires police director", The Jersey Journal, May 17, 2011. Accessed May 17, 2011.
- Sullivan, Al. "Cirillo replaces Vargas as a WNY commissionerRift with Mayor Roque appears to be healedRead more: Hudson Reporter - Cirillo replaces Vargas as a WNY commissioner Rift with Mayor Roque appears to be healed", Hudson Reporter, February 8, 2015. Accessed April 16, 2015. "In a move that would have seemed impossible only two years ago, Mayor Felix Roque and three other commissioners voted on Feb. 4 to appoint Cosmo Cirillo to replace Rubin Vargas on the town's five-member Board of Commissioners. At 27 years old, Cirillo is the youngest person to ever serve as a commissioner in West New York and will serve as commissioner of the Department of Public Affairs."
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2015 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
- "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- Freeholder District 7, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2011.
- Freeholder District 7, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 8, 2015.
- Thomas A. Degise, Hudson County Executive, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2011.
- Voter Registration Summary - Hudson, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Hudson County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Hudson County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- "Governor – Hudson County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Hudson County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- Abbott Districts, New Jersey Department of Education, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 15, 2009. Accessed August 26, 2012.
- What are SDA Districts?, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 26, 2012. "SDA Districts are 31 special-needs school districts throughout New Jersey. They were formerly known as Abbott Districts, based on the Abbott v. Burke case in which the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that the State must provide 100 percent funding for all school renovation and construction projects in special-needs school districts.... The districts were renamed after the elimination of the Abbott designation through passage of the state's new School Funding Formula in January 2008."
- SDA Districts, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 26, 2012.
- District information for West New York School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- School Data for the West New York School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Early Childhood School, West New York School District. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Harry L. Bain School, West New York School District. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Public School No. 1, West New York School District. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Public School No. 2, West New York School District. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Public School No. 3, West New York School District. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Robert Menendez Elementary School No. 4, West New York School District. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Albio Sires Elementary School No. 5, West New York School District. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- West New York Middle School, West New York School District. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Memorial High School, West New York School District. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- New Jersey School Directory for the West New York School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Hudson County Elementary Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- About Us, American Training School for Medical Professionals. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- About Us, North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue. Accessed December 17, 2011. "North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue serves the northern most section of Hudson County, New Jersey. The region borders Jersey City, Hoboken and Secaucus at its southern-most end and Bergen County at the northern border."
- Sanabria, Santo. "Breaking groundEmergency squad gets new building at 66th Street", Hudson reporter, May 15, 2011. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Staff. "‘Miracle on the Hudson’ survivors to return to waterfront to thank NJ emergency responders", Hudson Reporter, July 22, 2009. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Tirella, Tricia. "A pat on the backFlight 1549 survivors thank local first responders", Hudson Reporter, August 2, 2009. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- Hudson County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Hudson County Bus Service, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- Bergenline Avenue station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Hudson River Ferries: Fares, Routes & Schedules, NY Waterway. Accessed December 17, 2011
- Hudson Dispatch Weekly; May 13, 2010
- Good, Philip. "Recalling the Glory Days of The Hudson Dispatch" The New York Times; October 27, 1991
- "El Especial's official website". Elespecial.com. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- Paul, Mary; and Matzner, Caren. "Scores of artists find a place in N. Hudson WNY, Union City, Weehawken, and North Bergen becoming 'NoHu'", Hudson Reporter, June 5, 2008. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- McConnell, Elizabeth (May 7, 2000). "Man of the cloth". The Union City Reporter. pp 3 and 9.
- Staff. "Univision Crowns Second Winner of Nuestra Belleza Latina", Business Wire, May 17, 2008. Accessed June 12, 2012. "After a series of eliminations 6 finalists made it to the grand finale: Melissa Marty – the winner, Emeraude Toubia, Mexican/Lebanese from Brownsville, TX – first-runner up; Dayamí Padrón, Cuban from Miami, FL – second runner-up; Zoila Ceballos, Dominican from New York, NY – third place; Leticia Castro, Mexican from Las Vegas, NV – fourth place; and Manuela Arbeláez, Colombian from West New York, NJ in fifth place."
- Oscar Louis Auf der Heide, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed June 29, 2007.
- "Tyson Beckford injured in New Jersey truck accident", USA Today, June 7, 2005. Accessed September 23, 2007. "Beckford, a West New York resident, was taken to the Jersey City Medical Center, where he was treated for head trauma and cuts, O'Keeffe said."
- Cullen, Dana. "A lifetime of secure investments: Hudson County native reflects upon career as financial journalist", Hudson Reporter, December 12, 2010, p. 3. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Boroson grew up on Boulevard East in West New York, back when the town was comprised of embroidery factories and Irish Catholic, German, and Italian residents. He first attended P.S. No. 6 and then Memorial High School. At that time, he said, there were two graduations, January and June, and he graduated in January 1952."
- "Braddock, Who Beat Baer for Title, Dies; Diffident Demeanor", The New York Times, November 30, 1974. "NORTH BERGEN, N. J., Nov. 29 (AP) James J. Braddock, who won the world heavyweight championship in 1935 by outpointing Max Baer in one of boxing's biggest upsets, died today at, his home here. He was 68 years old.... When he was a child his family moved to West New York, N. J., just the other side of the Hudson River."
- Rob Byrnes, Saints and Sinners Literary Festival. Accessed June 12, 2012. "A native of upstate New York, he currently lives in West New York, New Jersey with his partner, Brady Allen, where he is working on a new novel."
- "Hudson County Sports Hall of Fame". Hudson County Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- Edson, Peter. "Congressman Defends His Party Switching", St. Petersburg Independent, February 1, 1958. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Dellay, 50, was born to Italian parents in West New York, N.J."
- Amanda Staab. "From Communist Russia to WNY", The Union City Reporter, March 1, 2009, Pages 3 and 8
- Archilla, Dylan M. "From Russia with words Renowned WNY writer receives award", Hudson Reporter, July 11, 2003. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Emil Draitser's West New York apartment is a jumble of papers, books, and magazines, along with two computers.... Shortly after his arrival in the United States, Draitser settled in West New York. Said Draitser on his choice, 'I like it here. It's close to the city, which is important to me because I work there. It's close to the airport and mostly, it's quiet here. I need quiet to do my writing. I could never be happy living in New York City. Too noisy.'"
- , p. 91. McCall's, Volume 114. McCall Publishing Company, 1986. Accessed October 25, 2015. "Ruth grew up in West New York, New Jersey, and, when she was eight, she and her sister began taking piano lessons from a neighbor, at a cost of 25 cents a session."
- Zeitlinger, Ron. "'Obama Girl' robbed while moving out of her West New York apartment, website reports". NJ.com. July 20, 2010
- Gettleman, Jeffrey. "ON POLITICS; A Cuban Revolution, Only It's in New Jersey", The New York Times, February 5, 2006. Accessed June 12, 2012. "'You have to remember it was the middle class and upper class who came here for political reasons, and they've remained politically involved,' said Ms. Farber, who came to West New York in 1961 at age 16 and lived with eight relatives in one apartment."
- Holloway, Chad. "Where Are They Now: WPT Season II Borgata Poker Open Champ Noli Francisco", PokerNews, April 18, 2012. Accessed October 25, 2015. "I live with my wife in West New York. You know where West New York is? That's in New Jersey, west of Manhattan along the river."
- via Associated Press. "Morton Freedgood, 93, Author Who Specialized in Crime Fiction, Dies ", The New York Times, April 22, 2006. Accessed June 12, 2012. "WEST NEW YORK, N.J., April 21 (AP) — Morton Freedgood, who wrote "The Taking of Pelham One Two Three" and many other detective and mystery novels under the pen name John Godey, died on Sunday at his home here. He was 93."
- via Associated Press. "Walter Hendl, Dies at 90; Led Eastman School", The New York Times, April 16, 2007. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Mr. Hendl was born Jan. 12, 1917, in West New York, N.J. He won the New Jersey State Piano Competition in 1936 and entered the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia the next year."
- Hague, Jim. "Holiday gift from Imperatore Palisades Medical Center receives $2M from NY Waterway founder", Hudson Reporter, December 12, 2006. Accessed June 12, 2012. "When Imperatore, a native of West New York and a long-time resident of Weehawken, first envisioned developing his real estate holdings along River Road, he was influential in bringing the hospital to its current location in 1978."
- Narvaez, Alfonso A. "Christopher Jackman Dies at 74; Longtime Legislator in New Jersey", The New York Times, January 30, 1991. Accessed October 25, 2015. "State Senator Christopher J. Jackman, a legislator in New Jersey for more than 20 years and a former Speaker of the Assembly, died on Monday at University Hospital in Newark. He was 74 years old and lived in West New York, N.J."
- Assemblywoman Angelica M. Jimenez, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed October 25, 2015.
- Wuebben, Joe. "The new king: unassuming? Humble? Quiet? What happened to King Kamali? We spent a couple of days with him to get to know the man who would be king", Muscle & Fitness, July 2004. Accessed October 6, 2008. "At least, that seemed to be the case when I spent a few days hanging out with him at his home in West New York, New Jersey, a few weeks out from the 2004 Arnold Classic."
- Ford, James. "NJ Mayor Out On Bail For Computer Hacking, But Bigger Drama Outside Court Hearing: After West New York Mayor Roque and son arrested, ex-wife falls unconscious, fireworks on courthouse steps", WPIX, May 24, 2012. Accessed June 12, 2012. "'It's time for him to step aside and lead by example and move on,' said Jerry Lange, a former four-term town commissioner in West New York who had been defeated by Roque in the last election, on the courthouse steps."
- Strauss, Gerry. "Homecoming Queen: Local Talent At WrestleMania; Jersey Girl April Mendez brings her vengeful alter ego to WrestleMania at MetLife Stadium this month.", New Jersey Monthly, March 11, 2013. Accessed October 25, 2015. "For Mendez, a native of North Bergen, the road from rags to WrestleMania wasn’t easy. 'I’ve lived in so many different towns—Guttenberg, Union City, West New York, Jersey City,' she says of her childhood."
- Staff. "Maack, 'Iron Man' Tackle, Elected Captain Of Columbia Football Team for Next Fall", The New York Times, December 6, 1940. Accessed January 27, 2011.
- John Mahnken profile, Basketball Reference. Accessed August 7, 2007.
- Interviews with Harold Martin, Center on the American Governor, Eagleton Institute of Politics. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Born on February 25, 1918 in West New York, at six years old Harold Martin moved with his family to Brooklyn, where his father ran a successful men's clothing store."
- "!5 Facts You May Not Know About Maytee!", Maytee Martinez, July 10, 2010. Accessed October 25, 2015. "2. I am Cuban American born in West New York"
- Cerbo, Toni-Ann. "Edward James Olmos has fond memories of living in West New York while he built stage career", The Jersey Journal, December 1, 2010. Accessed September 29, 2014. "Before Edward James Olmos was an award-winning actor, producer and social activist, he was a West New York resident. From 1979 to 1987, Olmos rented an apartment on Boulevard East after departing East L.A., he said."
- Harry Otis Statistics and History, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed October 25, 2015.
- Commissioner Caridad Rodriguez, Town of West New York. Accessed June 12, 2012.
- Disbato, Pat. "NFL / Roehl living out a dream", The Star (Tinley Park), February 1, 2004. Accessed October 6, 2008. "'I lived in New Jersey, a little town called West New York,' said Roehl, who calls teammate Jeremy Shockey one of his closest friends."
- Staff. "After Months of Running, Marathon Ends Tuesday; Heading Toward Finish Line at the Statehouse", The New York Times, November 2, 1997. Accessed June 6, 2010.
- Wills, Adam. "The Jewish KingHockey's Mathieu Schneider puts down roots in L.A., seeks a more Jewish life.", The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, March 22, 2001. Accessed October 25, 2015. "Raised in West New York and Toms River, N.J., Schneider first experienced the joy of skating when Sam took him to Rockefeller Center at the age of 3."
- Staff. "Dick Seay, 2d Baseman, Black Baseball All-Star", The New York Times, April 10, 1981. Accessed June 12, 2012. "A native of West New York, N.J., Mr. Seay graduated from high school there and then began his pro career with the Pennsylvania Red Caps in 1925."
- Price, S.L. "The Revenge Of Jeremy Shockey: Or, how a fatherless boy from Oklahoma poured his rage into football, stuck it to doubting coaches, made himself into the most explosive young player in the NFL and became the toast of New York ", Sports Illustrated, July 28, 2003. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Derek Jeter might have toned down his nightclubbing this summer, but Shockey, working out of his West New York, N.J., condo overlooking the Hudson River, has picked up the slack. "
- Heinis, John. "Rep. Albio Sires, of West New York, gives House Homeland Security Committee chairman Peter King tour of Hudson's tunnels and transit sites", The Jersey Journal, January 27, 2012. Accessed June 12, 2012.
- Vito Valentinetti, MLB.com. Accessed October 25, 2015.
- Staff. "West New York Mayor Roque challenges Vega's Board Of Education appointments", Hudson Reporter, July 14, 2011. Accessed June 12, 2012. "On Thursday Mayor Roque filed a challenge with the State Commissioner of Education against the appointment of Board of Education members Janet Passante and Alex Locatelli made by an outgoing Mayor Silverio Vega two months ago, shortly before he left office."
- Hirsch, Corin. "Lunch Box Diaries; Vermonters recall their school cafeteria cuisine", Seven Days (newspaper), August 31, 2011. Accessed August 2, 2012. "Armando Vilaseca – Vermont education commissioner; I came from Cuba in 1964 and moved to West New York, N.J., an immigrant area that from the 1960s until the 1980s had a huge Cuban immigrant population. My high school, Memorial High School, was probably 70 percent Cuban American..."
- Gerard Way photo, The New York Times Agency, October 19, 2007. Caption: "Gerard Way, lead singer of My Chemical Romance, near his home in West New York, N.J., on September 24, 2007."
- Herzog, Laura. "Lawsuit: West New York mayoral candidate Count Wiley, wife committed fraud", New Jersey advance Media for NJ.com, April 10, 2015. Accessed October 25, 2015. "A civil lawsuit alleging 'legal fraud' was filed against a West New York commissioner mayoral hopeful and his wife, a North Bergen county committeewoman."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to West New York, New Jersey.|