West Parish Center District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
West Parish Center District
AndoverMA WestParishCommon.jpg
West Parish Common and Church
West Parish Center District is located in Massachusetts
West Parish Center District
West Parish Center District is located in the US
West Parish Center District
Location Andover, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°39′26″N 71°9′56″W / 42.65722°N 71.16556°W / 42.65722; -71.16556Coordinates: 42°39′26″N 71°9′56″W / 42.65722°N 71.16556°W / 42.65722; -71.16556
Area 90 acres (36 ha)
Architect Multiple
Architectural style Greek Revival, Georgian, Federal
MPS Town of Andover MRA
NRHP reference # 82000480[1]
Added to NRHP October 7, 1982

The West Parish Center District encompasses the social and religious center of the part of Andover, Massachusetts, that is located west of the Shawsheen River. It is mostly spread along Lowell Street (Massachusetts Route 133) on either side of a major intersection with four other roads: Shawsheen Road, Reservation Road, Beacon Street, and High Plain Road. The centerpiece of the district is the 1826 West Parish Church, which is the oldest church standing in Andover. It is an elegant Federal style granite structure topped with a wooden steeple, added in 1863. The roof is made of Spanish tile, which was probably part of changes made around 1908. Opposite the church on the south side of the common is the West Parish Cemetery, which began as a small burying ground in the 1790s, and was substantially enlarged and restyled (including the addition of the large arch at its main entrance) in the early 1900s.[2]

In addition to the church, common, and cemetery, a number of period houses line Lowell Street and the nearby streets. Most of them were built between 1780 and 1830, and are in Federal or Greek Revival styles. One notable exception is the C. A. Holt House at 202 Shawsheen Road, which is a fine Queen Anne style Victorian. The newest house in the district, 181 Lowell Street, is a Bungalow-style 1-1/2 story house built about 1920, and the oldest is an early Federal style house built about 1780, at 173 Lowell.[2]

The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "MACRIS inventory record for West Parish Center District". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2013-12-25.