West Parley

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West Parley
Parley Cross - geograph.org.uk - 1171530.jpg
Parley Cross road junction
West Parley is located in Dorset
West Parley
West Parley
West Parley shown within Dorset
Population 3,585 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SZ081984
Civil parish
  • West Parley
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town FERNDOWN
Postcode district BH22
Dialling code 01202
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
DorsetCoordinates: 50°47′10″N 1°53′10″W / 50.786°N 1.886°W / 50.786; -1.886

West Parley is a village and civil parish in south-east Dorset, England, situated on the River Stour between Bournemouth and Ferndown and off of the B3073 road. The parish of West Parley covers an area of 4.52 square kilometres (1,120 acres).[1] It is also about 4 miles (6.4 km) to the closest city of Bournemouth. West Parley has a primary school, a post office, a garden centre and a church. In the 2011 census the parish had a population of 3,585.[2]

Shops at Parley Cross
Map of West Parley, 1945 shown by Ordnance Survey

History[edit]

West Parley is older than both Bournemouth and Ferndown, it features in the Doomsday book when it had 60 inhabitants. At that time it had a Saxon Church, replaced by the present All Saints Church in the 12th century. There is evidence of West Parley being much older as Dudsbury Rings, to the South West of West Parley is the remains of a hill fort dated to the Iron Age, it can be seen as a defensive site that overlooks the River Stour. The walls of the fort can still be seen today.[3]

In 1870–1872 West Parley was described by John Marius Wilson in the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales as

"The living is a rectory in the diocese of Salisbury. The church is ancient; and there is an Independent chapel".[4]

In the 1800s the main source of materials were gravel and clay and these were important in helping build within West Parley, the materials enabled the local community to create tracks that were passable and the clay meant that the workers could use the bricks to build houses within West Parley as well as supplying the city of Bournemouth with bricks for the construction.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Over the last 200 years the population of West Parley has changed dramatically, In 1801 the population of West Parley was 180, since then the population has mainly increased, the total population decreased three times since then, once where the population went from 180 in 1801 to 175 in 1811. The second time went from 336 in 1881 to 334 in 1891, the largest increases were during the Baby Boom from 1921 to 1951, this was when everyone was procreating tenfold due to welfare benefits and due to lower income jobs. From 1921 to 1931 the population rose from 1,130 to 1,671 and then from 1931 to 1951 the population rose to a huge 2,947, this may also be due to the fact that children were also moved to small areas in the countryside and this can also account for the drop to 2,002 people in 1961.[6]

Total Population of West Parley Civil Parish, Dorset as reported by the Census of Population from 1801 to 2011

Housing[edit]

There is a total of 1,562 houses, the largest house is with 8 residents and there is only one of these, the majority of the housing is for 2 people and there is 733 of these households and the second amount is one person per household with 377 people.[7]

Age Structure[edit]

Information published by the 2011 census shows that 22.1% of the population was aged between 45–59, this means that it is the largest age group in West Parley, the second largest group in the area was 65–79 which equated to 17.1% of the total population, 79.7% of the population are aged 25 and over and the largest age group remaining out of the 20.3% is 10–14 which equates to 4.4% of the total population and so the population of West Parley is an ageing population as there are fewer younger residents.[8]

Employment[edit]

Occupation of women in 1881 shown by the census

In 1881 the main employment for males was agriculture with 45 people, during this era this was the common practice and therefore this is not peculiar, however 37 females had an unknown occupation, the main occupation for females at this date was for domestic services or offices and this only had a total of 8 women which shows the inequality at the time.[9]

According to the 2001 census the number of full-time employees aged 16–74 years of age was 733 people, the number of part-time workers was 316 and the self-employed workers equated to 290 people[10] The main industry of employment was wholesale & retail trade; repair of motor vehicles with 283 people with the second largest being real estate with 170 people.[11] In comparison the 2011 census shows that there was 758 full-time employees, 408 part-time workers and 335 self-employed people.[12] Wholesale and retail trade was still the main industry of employment in 2011 with 304 people and the second largest was in fact Human health and social work activities with 174 people.[13]

Male occupation in West Parley from the 1881 census

Ethnicity[edit]

In the 2001 census of the total population of 3,532 the largest ethnicity of West Parley was White British with 3,438 people, this only leaves 94 residents that are not White British, 76 of these residents are also white which means that there are only 18 people of other ethnicities and this means that there is not many different ethnicities such as 5 Chinese and 13 mixed ethnicities in West Parley during 2001.[14] In contrast in the 2011 census there was 3,460 White British out of a total population of 3,585, there are a further 78 white residents leaving 22 mixed race and 22 Asian residents as well 3 other ethnic group, this shows that there has been an increase in ethnic diversity since 2001.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Office For National Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. March 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "West Parley (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighborhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  3. ^ "West Parley Parish Council". West Parley Parish Council. Paul Heaslip. 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  4. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A.Fullerton & Co. 
  5. ^ "West Parley Parish Council". 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "History of population change in Parish of West Parley". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS/ University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  7. ^ "West Parley (Parish) Household Size, 2011". Neighbourhood Statisticss. Office for National Statistics. March 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "West Parley (Parish) Age Structure, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. March 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  9. ^ "History of population change in Parish of West Parley". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS/ University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  10. ^ "West Parley (Parish)-Economic Activity – All People, 2001". Office for National Statistics. Neighbourhood Statistics. April 2001. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  11. ^ "West Parley (Parish)- Industry of Employment – All People, 2001". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. April 2001. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  12. ^ "West Parley (Parish) Economic Activity, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. March 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  13. ^ "West Parley (Parish) Industry 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. March 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  14. ^ "West Parley (Parish) Ethnic Group 2001". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. April 2001. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  15. ^ "West Parley (Parish) Ethnic Group, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. March 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to West Parley at Wikimedia Commons