West Syrian liturgical rites
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West Syrian liturgical rites, also known as Jacobite, or Antiochene liturgical rites, are the liturgical rites practiced by churches following the West Syrian tradition of Syriac Christianity. These rites developed out of the ancient Antiochene Rite of the Patriarchate of Antioch, adapting the old Greek liturgy into Syriac, the language of the Syrian countryside.
West Syrian liturgies represent one of the major strains in Syriac Christianity, the other being the East Syrian Rite, the liturgy of the Church of the East and its descendants. Distinct West Syrian liturgies developed following the Council of Chalcedon, which largely divided the Christian community in Antioch into Melkites, who supported the Emperor and the Council and adopted the Byzantine Rite, and the non-Chalcedonians, who rejected the council and developed an independent liturgy – the West Syrian Rite. An independent West Syrian community that grew around the monastery of Saint Maron eventually developed into the Maronite Church, which uses its own Maronite Rite. A variant of the West Syrian Rite, the Malankara Rite, developed in the Malankara Church of India and is still used in its descendant churches.
Today, the surviving West Syrian liturgical rites are:
- The West Syrian Rite – used in the Syriac Orthodox Church and the Syriac Catholic Church
- The Maronite Rite – used in the Maronite Church
West Syrian Rite liturgy of Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
West Syrian Rite Liturgy of the Jacobite Syrian Christian Church
- Chupungco, Anscar J. (1997). Handbook for Liturgical Studies. Liturgical Press. ISBN 0-8146-6161-0. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
- King, Archdale (2007). The Rites of Eastern Christendom. 1. Gorgias Press LLC. ISBN 1-59333-391-9. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
- Wainwright, Geoffrey; Karen Beth Westerfield Tucker (2006). The Oxford History of Christian Worship. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-513886-4. Retrieved April 5, 2010.