West Union, Iowa

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West Union, Iowa
City
West Union Heiserman Library
West Union Heiserman Library
Motto: Deeply connected[1]
Location of West Union, Iowa
Location of West Union, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°57′43″N 91°48′36″W / 42.96194°N 91.81000°W / 42.96194; -91.81000Coordinates: 42°57′43″N 91°48′36″W / 42.96194°N 91.81000°W / 42.96194; -91.81000
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Fayette
Area[2]
 • Total 2.78 sq mi (7.20 km2)
 • Land 2.78 sq mi (7.20 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,188 ft (362 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 2,486
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 2,486
 • Density 894.2/sq mi (345.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52175
Area code(s) 563
FIPS code 19-84765
GNIS feature ID 0462922

West Union is a city in Fayette County, Iowa, United States. The population was 2,486 at the 2010 census.[5] It is the county seat of Fayette County.[6]

History[edit]

Originally called Knob Prairie, it was founded by William Wells, naming it for his hometown, also called West Union, in Ohio.

Geography[edit]

West Union is located at 42°57′43″N 91°48′36″W / 42.96194°N 91.81000°W / 42.96194; -91.81000 (42.962035, -91.810055).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.78 square miles (7.20 km2), all of it land.[2]

The city lies at the junction of U.S. Route 18 with Iowa Highways 56 and 150.

West Union is the home of the North Fayette Valley Community School District, which comprises the communities of West Union; Clermont; Elgin; Wadena; Hawkeye; Fayette, the unincorporated town of Alpha and the surrounding rural areas. North Fayette and Valley Community Schools combined services in 2013 with the high school in West Union and the middle school in Elgin. The new school's mascot is called the Tigerhawks, due to the merging of the schools mascots, the Valley Tigers and the North Fayette Hawks. This agreement came about as a result of low enrollment and less state aid. This agreement will last until the 2015-2016 school year, unless the two districts' school boards decide to end it early. At the end of the 2015-16 school year, the school boards can decide to either: continue the whole-grade sharing agreement, end the agreement and go back to the North Fayette and Valley school districts, or officially consolidate the two districts.

Demographics[edit]

West Union historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1870 1,489 —    
1880 1,551 +4.2%
1890 1,676 +8.1%
1900 1,935 +15.5%
1910 1,652 −14.6%
1920 1,777 +7.6%
1930 2,056 +15.7%
1940 2,059 +0.1%
1950 2,141 +4.0%
1960 2,551 +19.1%
1970 2,624 +2.9%
1980 2,783 +6.1%
1990 2,490 −10.5%
2000 2,549 +2.4%
2010 2,486 −2.5%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. 

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 2,486 people, 1,106 households, and 626 families residing in the city. The population density was 894.2 inhabitants per square mile (345.3/km2). There were 1,240 housing units at an average density of 446.0 per square mile (172.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 1.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 5,106 households of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.4% were non-families. 38.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the city was 42.4 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 24.9% were from 45 to 64; and 22.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 2,549 people, 1,107 households, and 660 families residing in the city. The population density was 947.8 people per square mile (365.9/km²). There were 1,198 housing units at an average density of 445.4 per square mile (172.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.41% White, 0.24% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.37% of the population.

There were 1,107 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.87.

Age spread: 22.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,515, and the median income for a family was $45,128. Males had a median income of $30,246 versus $20,677 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,937. About 6.0% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.westunion.com/
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): West Union city, Iowa". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 2, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "AINSWORTH, Lucien Lester". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved February 14, 2011. 

External links[edit]