West Virginia's 3rd congressional district

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West Virginia's 3rd congressional district
West Virginia US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
West Virginia's 3rd congressional district since January 3, 2013
U.S. RepresentativeVacant 
Distribution
  • 40.16% urban
  • 59.84[1]% rural
Population (2016)591,121[2]
Median income25,630
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+23[3]

West Virginia's 3rd congressional district is a U.S. congressional district located in southern portion of the U.S. state of West Virginia. The district covers the state's second largest city, Huntington, includes Bluefield, Princeton and Beckley and has a long history of coal mining (especially in the southwestern counties), forestry and farming.[4]

It is currently vacant, and was last represented by Republican Evan Jenkins in the 115th United States Congress, who resigned on September 30, 2018 to take a seat on the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals. Carol Miller won the regular election for the next term.

Character[edit]

The modern district has grown in geographic size over the years, as it contains the area of the state that has lost the most population. Most of the congressmen listed below prior to the 1992 election cycle actually represented other parts of the state, as most of the modern 3rd District's history is found in the obsolete 4th, 5th, and 6th Districts.

The modern 3rd District began to take shape in the 1960s. For much of its history, the 4th district had been focused on Huntington and the mill towns and farm communities north of that city along the Ohio River, while the 5th and 6th Districts were focused on the then safely Democratic coal fields. In the 1970 redistricting, the 5th (which had absorbed most of the 6th due to population loss 10 years earlier) was eliminated, and most of its territory was merged into the 4th to form what is now the western half of the modern 3rd. In the 1990 redistricting the old 4th was renumbered as the 3rd and took in what is now the eastern half of its current shape from a previous version of the 2nd District.

The current major areas of the district include the industrial and university city of Huntington, the coal producing southwestern part of the state, and the more conservative farm and timber region of the southeastern part of the state. 2010 Census figures again showed a major population loss, and Mason County was transferred from the 2nd to the 3rd District. This will not change the character of the district in a significant way.

Despite the strength of Democrats at the local and state level, in presidential elections the district has followed the increasing Republican trend in West Virginia. While Bill Clinton twice carried the district handily in three-way races, Al Gore just narrowly won the district in 2000 with 51% of the vote. George W. Bush won the district in 2004 with 53% of the vote, and John McCain carried the district in 2008 with 55.76% of the vote, continuing the district, and the state's rightward shift despite a large shift towards the Democrats nationally in 2008. In 2012, the district shifted significantly towards the Republicans yet again, with Republican Mitt Romney defeating President Barack Obama 65.0% to 32.8% in the district. In 2016, the district shifted even further towards the Republican Party, with Republican Donald Trump defeating Democrat Hillary Clinton (wife of Bill Clinton, who carried the district by significant margins in the 1992 and 1996 presidential elections), by a massive margin of 72.5% to 23.3%.

Statewide election results[edit]

Election results from presidential races:

Year Office Results
1996 President Bill Clinton 58% - Bob Dole 32%
2000 President Al Gore 51% - George W. Bush 44%
Senate Robert Byrd 80% - David Gallaher 18%
2004 President George W. Bush 53% - John Kerry 46%
2008 President John McCain 56% - Barack Obama 42%
2012 President Mitt Romney 65% - Barack Obama 33%
Senate Joe Manchin 65% - John Raese 32%
2014 Senate Shelly Moore Capito 61% - Natalie Tennant 36%
2016 President Donald Trump 73% - Hillary Clinton 23%

History[edit]

The Third District as originally formed in 1863 included Kanawha, Jackson, Mason, Putnam, Cabell, Clay, Wayne, Logan, Boone, Braxton, Nicholas, Roane and McDowell counties. It was essentially the successor of Virginia's 12th congressional district.

In 1882, the district was reformed of Logan, Wyoming, McDowell, Mercer, Raleigh, Boone, Kanawha, Fayette, Clay, Nicholas, Greenbrier, Monroe, Summers, Webster, Pocahontas, and Upshur counties. In 1902, Logan, Wyoming, McDowell, Raleigh, Boone and Mercer were removed. In 1916 the district was, more or less, renumbered as the new 6th District, and the 3rd was totally reconstituted as Ritchie, Doddridge, Harrison, Calhoun, Gilmer, Lewis, Upshur, Braxton, Clay, Nicholas, and Webster counties. In 1934, Fayette was added. In 1952, Wirt was added. In 1962, the district was again totally broken up and reconstituted as Boone, Clay, Kanawha, Nicholas and Raleigh. In 1972, Raleigh was removed and Ritchie, Wirt, Gilmer, Calhoun, Mason, Jackson, Roane, Braxton, Putnam, Lincoln, and Boone were added. In 1982, Lewis was added.

The district's current configuration dates from the 1990 round of redistricting. From 1992 to 2002, it consisted of Boone, Cabell, Fayette, Greenbrier, Lincoln, Logan, McDowell, Mercer, Mingo, Monroe, Pocahontas, Raleigh, Summers, Wayne, Webster, and Wyoming. In 2002, Nicholas was added. For the 2012 cycle, Mason was added.[5]

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created December 7, 1863
KVRWhaley.jpg
Kellian Whaley
Unconditional Unionist December 7, 1863 –
March 3, 1867
[Data unknown/missing.]
Daniel Polsley.jpg
Daniel Polsley
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing.]
Gen. John S. Witcher - NARA - 527399.jpg
John Witcher
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
[Data unknown/missing.]
Frank Hereford - Brady-Handy.jpg
Frank Hereford
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
January 31, 1877
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
Vacant January 31, 1877 –
March 3, 1877
JohnEKenna.jpg
John E. Kenna
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1883
Re-elected in 1882, but resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
Vacant March 4, 1883 –
May 15, 1883
CharlesPSnyder.jpg
Charles P. Snyder
Democratic May 15, 1883 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing.]
John D. Alderson Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
James H. Huling Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles Dorr Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
[Data unknown/missing.]
David E. Johnston Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
[Data unknown/missing.]
JosephHGaines.jpg
Joseph H. Gaines
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1911
[Data unknown/missing.]
Adam Brown Littlepage (West Virginia Congressman).jpg
Adam B. Littlepage
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
Samuel B. Avis Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
[Data unknown/missing.]
Adam Brown Littlepage (West Virginia Congressman).jpg
Adam B. Littlepage
Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
Redistricted to the 6th district.
StuartFReed.jpg
Stuart F. Reed
Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1925
[Data unknown/missing.]
JohnMWolverton.jpg
John M. Wolverton
Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1927
[Data unknown/missing.]
William S. O'Brien Democratic March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1929
[Data unknown/missing.]
JohnMWolverton.jpg
John M. Wolverton
Republican March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lynn S. Hornor (West Virginia Congressman).jpg
Lynn Hornor
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
September 23, 1933
Died.
Vacant September 23, 1933 –
November 28, 1933
Andrew Edmiston, Jr. Democratic November 28, 1933 –
January 3, 1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
Edward G. Rohrbough Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
[Data unknown/missing.]
Cleveland M. Bailey (West Virginia Congressman).jpg
Cleveland M. Bailey
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
[Data unknown/missing.]
Edward G. Rohrbough Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
[Data unknown/missing.]
Cleveland M. Bailey (West Virginia Congressman).jpg
Cleveland M. Bailey
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
John M. Slack.jpg
John M. Slack, Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
March 17, 1980
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Died.
Vacant March 17, 1980 –
June 30, 1980
John G. Hutchinson Democratic June 30, 1980 –
January 3, 1981
[Data unknown/missing.]
Mick Staton.png
Mick Staton
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
1983 Bob Wise p144.jpg
Bob Wise
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Nick Rahall.jpg
Nick Rahall
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2015
Redistricted from the 4th district.
Evan Jenkins official congressional photo.jpg
Evan Jenkins
Republican January 3, 2015 –
September 30, 2018
Resigned to become Justice of the
Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia.
Vacant September 30, 2018 –
January 3, 2019
Carol Miller Republican January 3, 2019 –
Elected in 2018.

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ "West Va.'s 3rd District Is not a Simple 'Trump Country' Race - Daily Yonder". www.dailyyonder.com. Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  5. ^ West Virginia Blue Book (pp 538, 2012 edition)

Coordinates: 37°59′28″N 81°13′06″W / 37.99111°N 81.21833°W / 37.99111; -81.21833