West Virginia Day

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

West Virginia Day
Observed byWest Virginia
DateJune 20
Next timeJune 20, 2022 (2022-06)
Frequencyannual
Flag of West Virginia

West Virginia Day is a state holiday in the US state of West Virginia. Celebrated annually on June 20, the day celebrates the state's 1863 admission to the Union as a result of the secession of several northwestern counties of Virginia during the American Civil War.[1]

History[edit]

During the Civil War, the Virginia General Assembly in Richmond chose to join the Confederate States of America, much to the chagrin of many Union loyalists in the counties bordering Pennsylvania and Ohio in the trans-Allegheny region of the state.[2] They created a Unionist state government in Wheeling, which began to call for the creation of a new Union state in western Virginia, but the inclusion of many Confederate counties in the new state complicated their efforts.[3] After two years of legal maneuvering, West Virginia was formally admitted to the United States of America on June 20, 1863.

June 20 had been informally celebrated across West Virginia over the next six decades until the West Virginia Legislature gave the holiday formal recognition in 1927.[4] The day has traditionally been celebrated with festivities at the state capitol complex in Charleston and at other locations across the state.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Remarks by U.S. Senator Robert C. Byrd, Happy Birthday, West Virginia!, June 20, 2003
  2. ^ Ambler, Charles Henry, A History of West Virginia, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1933, pg. 357. "There is no denying the fact that West Virginia was largely the creation of the Northern Panhandle and of counties along the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad..."
  3. ^ Curry, Richard Orr, A House Divided, A study of Statehood Politics and the Copperhead Movement in West Virginia, Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, 1964, pg. 49.
  4. ^ Official State of WV website