West Virginia House of Delegates

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West Virginia House of Delegates
West Virginia Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 9, 2019[1]
Leadership
Roger Hanshaw (R)
since August 29, 2018
Speaker pro tempore
Daryl Cowles (R)
since December 10, 2018
Majority Leader
Amy Summers (R)
since December 10, 2018
Minority Leader
Tim Miley (D)
since January 14, 2015
Structure
Seats100
Composition of the West Virginia House of Delegates
Political groups
Majority (58)
  Republican (58)

Minority (41)

  Democratic (41)

Other (1)

Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle VI, West Virginia Constitution
Salary$20,000/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 6, 2018
(100 seats)
Next election
November 3, 2020
(100 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
WV-House-of-Delegate.jpg
House of Delegates Chamber
West Virginia State Capitol
Charleston, West Virginia
Website
wvlegislature.gov

The West Virginia House of Delegates is the lower house of the West Virginia Legislature. Only three states—Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia—refer to their lower house as the House of Delegates.

Organization[edit]

Regular sessions begin with an organizational day on the second Wednesday of January of each year.[2] The length of regular session is limited to 60 calendar days.[2] The governor can call for special sessions.[2]

Delegates are elected for terms of two years.[2]

Legislative process[edit]

Delegates submit bill proposals to the Office of Legislative Services or legislative staff counsel, who draft the bill.[3] Once the bill draft is approved by the delegate, it is submitted for introduction.[3] Bills then undergo committee review and three readings in the house of origin and then the other house of the state legislature.[3]

An unusual feature of the West Virginia legislative process is that revenue bills can originate in either house.[2] The state constitution also prohibits multiple subjects in a single bill.[2]

If approved by both the West Virginia House of Delegates and the West Virginia Senate, bills are submitted to the governor, who may sign them into law or veto them.[2] State legislators can override the governor's veto of bills with a simple majority vote of both houses, unless the bill is a revenue bill, in which case two-thirds of the members elected to each house are required to override the governor's veto or line-item veto.[2]

Membership[edit]

Historical[edit]

Affiliation (Elected) Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Other
81st Legislature (2012) 54 46 100 0
53 47[note 1] 100 0
82nd Legislature (2014) 36 64 100 0
83rd Legislature (2016) 36 63 100 1 (Independent)
36 64[note 2] 100 0
84th Legislature (2018) 41 59 100 0
41 58[note 3] 100 1 (Independent)
Latest voting share 41% 59%
  1. ^ Ryan Ferns (District 3) changed party affiliation from Democratic to Republican.
  2. ^ Rupert Phillips (District 24) changed party affiliation from Democratic to Independent to Republican.
  3. ^ Marshall Wilson (District 60) changed party affiliation from Republican to Independent

District organization[edit]

Prior to the 1970 Census, districts always respected county lines, with districts always consisting of either a single entire county, or several entire counties. Beginning with that year, the state began to use smaller geographic areas.

The 2000 House of Delegates' districting system divided the state into 58 districts that elected a varying number of members. The majority of districts, 35, were single-member districts. 23 districts were multi-member districts, varying from two to seven (the 30th District in Kanawha County) delegates.

In response to the 2010 Census, the Legislature again was required to redistrict. The Republican Party, and groups from the growing eastern panhandle and Putnam County were among those calling for 100 single member districts. Eventually redistricting was adopted by House Bill 201, which divided the state into 67 districts, of which 47 are one-member districts, 11 two-member districts, 6 three-member districts, 2 four-member districts, and 1 five-member district. The old 30th District was abolished; however, the five-member district, covering most of Monongalia County, remains among the ten largest multi-member lower house districts in the country. These changes took effect with the 2012 election cycle. The state Supreme Court rejected legal challenges and no federal challenge was filed.

Speaker[edit]

The Speaker of the House is selected by its members. In contrast to the tradition of the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, the Speaker must vote unless excused. The House rules state that in some cases, he or she is not required to vote unless the House is equally divided, or unless his or her vote, if given to the minority, will make the division equal. In the latter case, the question is lost.

Members[edit]

Current party leadership[edit]

Position Name Party District County
Speaker of the House Roger Hanshaw Republican 33 Clay Co.
Speaker pro tempore Daryl Cowles Republican 58 Morgan Co.
Majority Leader Amy Summers Republican 49 Taylor Co.
Minority Leader Tim Miley Democratic 48 Harrison Co.
Majority Whip Paul Espinosa Republican 66 Jefferson Co.
Minority Whip Mike Caputo Democratic 50 Marion Co.

Current members[edit]

District Senator Party Since Residence Counties represented[4]
1 Pat McGeehan Republican 2014 Chester Brooke, Hancock
Randy Swartzmiller Democratic 2018 Chester
2 Phil Diserio Democratic 2016 Follansbee Brooke, Ohio
3 Shawn Fluharty Democratic 2014 Wheeling Ohio
Erikka Lynn Storch Republican 2010 Wheeling
4 Joe Canestraro Democratic 2016 Benwood Marshall
Lisa Zukoff Democratic 2018 Moundsville
5 Dave Pethtel Democratic 1998 Burton Monongalia, Wetzel
6 David Kelly Republican 2018 Sistersville Doddridge, Pleasants, Tyler
7 Trenton Barnhart Republican 2019 St. Marys Pleasants, Ritchie
8 Bill Anderson Republican 1992 Williamstown Wood
9 Chuck Little Republican 2019 Davisville Wirt, Wood
10 Tom Azinger Republican 2018 Vienna Wood
Vernon Criss Republican 2016 Parkersburg
John R. Kelly Republican 2014 Parkersburg
11 Martin Atkinson III Republican 2015 Reedy Jackson, Roane
12 Steve Westfall Republican 2012 Ripley Jackson
13 Scott Cadle Republican 2018 Letart Jackson, Mason, Putnam
Joshua Higginbotham Republican 2016 Poca
14 Jim Butler Republican 2012 Gallipolis Ferry Mason, Putnam
15 Geoff Foster Republican 2014 Winfield Putnam
16 Sean Hornbuckle Democratic 2014 Huntington Cabell, Lincoln
Daniel Linville Republican 2018 Milton
Vacant
17 Chad Lovejoy Democratic 2016 Huntington Cabell, Wayne
Matthew Rohrbach Republican 2014 Huntington
18 Evan Worrell Republican 2018 Barboursville Cabell
19 Kenneth Hicks Democratic 2014 Kenova Wayne
Robert Thompson Democratic 2016 Wayne
20 Nathan Brown Democratic 2018 Williamson Logan, Mingo
21 Mark Dean Republican 2016 Gilbert McDowell, Mingo, Wyoming
22 Joe Jeffries Republican 2018 Culloden Boone, Lincoln, Logan, Putnam
Zack Maynard Republican 2016 Harts
23 Rodney Miller Democratic 2016 Madison Boone
24 Ralph Rodighiero Democratic 2014 Logan Boone, Logan, Wyoming
Tim Tomblin Democratic 2018 Logan
25 Tony Paynter Republican 2016 Hanover McDowell, Mercer, Wyoming
26 Ed Evans Democratic 2016 Welch McDowell, Mercer
27 Joe Ellington Republican 2010 Princeton Mercer, Raleigh
Eric Porterfield Republican 2018 Princeton
John Shott Republican 2012 Bluefield
28 Roy Cooper Republican 2012 Wayside Monroe, Raleigh, Summers
Jeffrey Pack Republican 2018 Cool Ridge
29 Brandon Steele Republican 2018 Beckley Raleigh
30 Mick Bates Democratic 2014 Beckley Raleigh
31 Chris Toney Republican 2018 Beckley Raleigh, Wyoming
32 Tom Fast Republican 2014 Fayetteville Clay, Fayette, Kanawha, Nicholas, Raleigh
Kayla Kessinger Republican 2014 Mt. Hope
Margaret Anne Staggers Democratic 2018 Fayetteville
33 Roger Hanshaw Republican 2014 Wallback Calhoun, Clay, Gilmer
34 Brent Boggs Democratic 1996 Gassaway Braxton, Gilmer
35 Andrew Byrd Democratic 2014 South Charleston Kanawha
Moore Capito Republican 2016 Charleston
Eric Nelson Republican 2010 Charleston
Doug Skaff Democratic 2018 South Charleston
36 Amanda Estep-Burton Democratic 2018 Charleston Kanawha
Andrew Robinson Democratic 2016 Charleston
Larry Rowe Democratic 2014 Malden
37 Mike Pushkin Democratic 2014 Charleston Kanawha
38 Dianna Graves Republican 2017 Cross Lanes Kanawha, Putnam
39 T. Kevan Bartlett Republican 2019 Sissonville Kanawha
40 Dean Jeffries Republican 2018 Elkview Kanawha
41 Jordan Hill Republican 2014 Summersville Greenbrier, Nicholas
42 Jeff Campbell Democratic 2017 Lewisburg Greenbrier, Monroe, Summers
Cindy Lavender-Bowe Democratic 2018 Lewisburg
43 William Hartman Democratic 2002 Elkins Pocahontas, Randolph
Cody Thompson Democratic 2018 Elkins
44 Caleb Hanna Republican 2018 Fenwick Nicholas, Randolph, Upshur, Webster
45 Carl Martin Republican 2018 Buckhannon Upshur
46 Patrick S. Martin Republican 2016 Weston Lewis, Upshur
47 Chris Phillips Republican 2018 Buckhannon Barbour, Tucker
48 Danny Hamrick Republican 2012 Lost Creek Harrison, Taylor
Tim Miley Democratic 2004 Bridgeport
Ben Queen Republican 2016 Bridgeport
Terry Waxman Republican 2018 Bridgeport
49 Amy Summers Republican 2014 Flemington Marion, Monongalia, Taylor
50 Michael Angelucci Democratic 2018 Farmington Marion
Mike Caputo Democratic 1996 Rivesville
Linda Longstreth Democratic 2004 Fairmont
51 Barbara Fleischauer Democratic 2006 Morgantown Monongalia
Evan Hansen Democratic 2018 Morgantown
Rodney Pyles Democratic 2016 Morgantown
Danielle Walker Democratic 2018 Morgantown
John Williams Democratic 2016 Morgantown
52 Terri Funk Sypolt Republican 2016 Kingwood Preston
53 D. Rolland Jennings Republican 2017 Thornton Preston, Tucker
54 John Paul Hott Republican 2018 Petersburg Grant, Mineral, Pendleton
55 Isaac Sponaugle Democratic 2012 Franklin Hardy, Pendleton
56 Gary Howell Republican 2010 Keyser Mineral
57 Ruth Rowan Republican 2004 Points Hampshire, Mineral
58 Daryl Cowles Republican 2006 Berkeley Springs Hampshire, Morgan
59 Larry Kump Republican 2018 Falling Waters Berkeley, Morgan
60 S. Marshall Wilson Independent 2016 Hedgesville Berkeley
61 Jason Barrett Democratic 2016 Martinsburg Berkeley
62 Tom Bibby Republican 2018 Falling Waters Berkeley
63 John Hardy Republican 2018 Shepherdstown Berkeley
64 Eric Householder Republican 2010 Martinsburg Berkeley
65 Sammi Brown Democratic 2018 Charles Town Jefferson
66 Paul Espinosa Republican 2012 Charles Town Jefferson
67 John Doyle Democratic 2018 Shepherdstown Jefferson

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "West Virginia Legislature". Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h West Virginia Constitution, West Virginia Legislature (accessed May 29, 2013)
  3. ^ a b c How a Bill Becomes Law, West Virginia State Legislature (accessed May 29, 2013)
  4. ^ "Senate District Maps - 2010 Plan". West Virginia Legislature. Retrieved July 7, 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°20′9.8″N 81°36′41.5″W / 38.336056°N 81.611528°W / 38.336056; -81.611528