West Worcestershire (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of West Worcestershire in Worcestershire.
Location of Worcestershire within England.
|Electorate||73,001 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Harriett Baldwin (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South Worcestershire, Leominster|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Bewdley, Droitwich, Evesham, East Worcestershire and North Worcestershire|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
- 1 Members of Parliament
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 Boundaries
- 4 History
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
- 9 External links
Members of Parliament
- Worcestershire West
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||Hon. Henry Lygon[n 3]||Tory||Hon. Thomas Foley||Whig|
|1833 by-election||Henry Winnington||Liberal|
|1853 by-election||The Viscount Elmley[n 4]||Conservative|
|1863 by-election||Hon. Frederick Lygon||Conservative|
|1866 by-election||William Edward Dowdeswell||Conservative|
|1876 by-election||Sir Edmund Lechmere, Bt||Conservative|
MPs since 1997
|1997||Sir Michael Spicer||Conservative|
The seat is known nationally for its hilly landscape, with products such as regional speciality cheeses, drinks and mineral water, a major economic sector is tourism and leisure, however the principal industries are in agriculture/food, chemicals, distribution, waste and mineral processing, printing and publishing, transport and retail.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
West Worcestershire stretches from the Gloucestershire border in the south almost to Shropshire in the north, taking in Pershore and Bredon Hill in its eastern side. Its other major towns are Malvern in the west and Upton-upon-Severn in the centre.
Boundary changes for 2010, the fifth modern review nationwide, added an area including Tenbury Wells to the seat (formerly in the Leominster constituency) and lost the small shared part of the Fladbury ward to the Mid Worcestershire seat.
1832-1885: The Petty Sessional Divisions of Upton, Worcester, Hundred House and Kidderminster, and the City and County of the City of Worcester.
1997-2010: The District of Malvern Hills wards of Baldwin, Broadheath, Chase, Hallow, Kempsey, Langland, Laugherne Hill, Leigh and Bransford, Link, Longdon, Martley, Morton, Powick, Priory, Ripple, Temeside, The Hanleys, Trinity, Upton-on-Severn, Wells, West, and Woodbury, and the District of Wychavon wards of Bredon, Eckington, Elmley Castle, Pershore Holy Cross, Pershore St Andrew's, Somerville, and South Bredon Hill.
2010–present: The District of Malvern Hills, and the District of Wychavon wards of Bredon, Eckington, Elmley Castle and Somerville, Pershore, and South Bredon Hill.
West Worcestershire formally, the Western division of Worcestershire, was created the first time for the 1832 general election, by the Reform Act 1832 which radically changed the boundaries of many British parliamentary constituencies. It was created by the division of the old Worcestershire constituency (which had existed since 1290) into two new two-member constituencies: West Worcestershire and East Worcestershire.
During this first creation, three members of the Lygon family, the Earls Beauchamp (pronounced Beecham) represented the constituency - their large country estate in the county had its seat at Madresfield Court near the heart of Madresfield village.
The constituency then existed, basically unchanged, until its abolition by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, when the constituency's territory was variously incorporated into the seats of Bewdley, Droitwich, Evesham, East Worcestershire and North Worcestershire.
The seat was created on Parliament's approval for the 1997 general election of the Boundary Commission's fourth periodic review (following the first such review in 1945, which in turn followed that of the Representation of the People Act 1918.
- Political history
In the four elections to date the seat has alternated between Conservative majorities that were quite marginal (7.8% and 5.3%) and those that were greater than 10%, at 12% and 12.7%, close to average in terms of security for any of the three largest parties. As never having had a majority that exceeded 15% of the vote (in this modern creation) and having had the two marginal majorities to date, the seat cannot be classified as safe.
- Prominent frontbenchers
The modern seat has had no notable frontbenchers but a notable parliamentarian in the backbenches. The MP for the seat from 1997 to 2010 was Sir Michael Spicer of the Conservative Party. He previously represented the former seat of Worcestershire South from 1974, and was chairman of the backbench 1922 Committee from 2001 until 2010 when he retired.
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Edward McMillan-Scott||5,307||9.4||0.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Dennis Wharton||5,245||9.7||28.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Burt||20,459||37.7||1.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Tom Wells||18,484||39.3||5.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Hadley||15,223||34.0|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Hadley||18,377||37.2||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1880s
|Independent Liberal||Henry Richard Willis||1,231||17.3||N/A|
|Turnout||4,175 (est)||60.0 (est)||−9.2|
Elections in the 1870s
- Caused by Dowdeswell's resignation.
|Conservative||William Edward Dowdeswell||2,910||41.5||N/A|
|Turnout||4,272 (est)||69.2 (est)||N/A|
Elections in the 1860s
|Conservative||William Edward Dowdeswell||Unopposed|
|Conservative||William Edward Dowdeswell||Unopposed|
- Caused by Lygon's succession to the peerage, becoming 6th Earl Beauchamp.
- Caused by Lygon's succession to the peerage, becoming 5th Earl Beauchamp.
Elections in the 1850s
- Caused by Lygon's succession to the peerage, becoming 4th Earl Beauchamp
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Later Earl Beauchamp
- Viscount Elmley is a courtesy title given by the Earl Beauchamp to his eldest son, as his main subsidiary title.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England Archived 2013-07-14 at WebCite
- "The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 & 3 William IV. Cap. LXIV. An Act to settle and describe the Divisions of Counties, and the Limits of Cities and Boroughs, in England and Wales, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament". London: His Majesty's statute and law printers. 1832. pp. 300–383. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
- "West Worcestershire Nomination of Candidates" (PDF). Malvern Hills District Council. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "WORCESTERSHIRE WEST". Sky News. Sky UK. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "West Worcestershire Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "UK Polling Report". Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Worcestershire West". Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 486–487. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "West Worcestershire Parliamentary Election, 1880: Bills, Charges & Claims". Worcestershire Chronicle. 17 April 1880. p. 4. Retrieved 23 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "The Forthcoming Elections". The Morning Post. 9 March 1880. p. 6. Retrieved 23 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
Reference: Statutory Instrument 1987 No. 2208 The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) (Miscellaneous Changes) (No. 3) Order 1987 
- West Worcestershire Liberal Democrats
- Official website of Richard Burt, Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Candidate
- West Worcestershire Conservative Association
- West Worcestershire Conservative Future
- Official website of MP Sir Michael Spicer
- Official website of Harriett Baldwin, Parliamentary Candidate