Westbourne Park tube station

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Not to be confused with Westcombe Park railway station.
Westbourne Park London Underground
Westbourne Park tube station MMB 01 S Stock.jpg
Westbourne Park is located in Greater London
Westbourne Park
Westbourne Park
Location of Westbourne Park in Greater London
Location Notting Hill
Local authority Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Managed by London Underground
Owner London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 2
London Underground annual entry and exit
2012 Increase 3.37 million[1]
2013 Increase 3.73 million[1]
2014 Steady 3.73 million[1]
2015 Increase 3.79 million[1]
Railway companies
Original company Hammersmith and City Railway
Key dates
1 February 1866 H&C station opened
30 October 1871 GW main line station opened
13 March 1992 GW main line station closed
Other information
Lists of stations
WGS84 51°31′16″N 0°12′04″W / 51.5211°N 0.2011°W / 51.5211; -0.2011Coordinates: 51°31′16″N 0°12′04″W / 51.5211°N 0.2011°W / 51.5211; -0.2011

Westbourne Park is a London Underground station in the Notting Hill area of The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. It is on the Circle and Hammersmith and City lines, between Ladbroke Grove and Royal Oak stations and is in Travelcard Zone 2.[2]

It is in close proximity with Harrow Road W9.[3] Tower Transit's Westbourne Park bus garage is opposite this station on the other side of the Great Western Road.[3]

History[edit]

Although the Metropolitan Railway had been extended to Notting Hill and Hammersmith on 1 June 1864 the first station by this name did not open until 1 February 1866.[4][5] In 1867, with the companies on better terms, the Metropolitan bought a share of the H&CR from the GWR, after which they eliminated the broad-gauge track and operated almost all the trains (the H&CR's identity being effectively lost).[4]

The original station closed on 31 October 1871 and was replaced the following day by a new station[4] constructed to the east of the original.[6] To remove this traffic from their own busy main line, the GWR built a new pair of tracks from Paddington to Westbourne Park, and on 12 May 1878 they opened a diveunder to remove conflicts where the service crossed the main line.[4][note 1] In February 1913 a bomb (possibly planted by the Suffragettes) was discovered at the station.[citation needed]

In 2009 the Circle line was extended to Hammersmith.[7] The line now operates between Hammersmith and Edgware Road via a single complete circuit of the previous route.[7][note 2] This was done with the aim of improving reliability by providing a place for trains to terminate after each trip rather than letting delays accumulate.[7] However, it means that no trains through Notting Hill Gate go east of Edgware Road.[7]

National Rail platforms[edit]

Victorian Turntable excavated near the station
Victorian engine shed excavated near the station

There were once British Rail platforms on the Great Western Main Line but these closed in March 1992.[citation needed] Closure notices had been posted on 13 December 1990 as the Up line through the station had a 30 mph speed limit which was unacceptable for the planned Heathrow Express services; instead of modifying the station's platforms, British Rail decided that it would be more cost-effective to dispense with them.[8]

Another station on the Hammersmith & City line, Royal Oak, was also served by the GWR but their services were withdrawn in 1934[9] Today the first stop out of Paddington is at Acton Main Line. Industrial archaeologists have found the remains of buildings including a broad gauge train shed for Brunel's original lines, a turntable, and engine sheds in excavations east of the station as part of the land clearance work for the Crossrail project.[10]

Connections[edit]

London Bus routes 7, 18, 23, 28, 31, 36, 70 and 328,[11] and night routes N28 and N31[12] serve the station. In addition, bus route 23 provide a 24-hour bus service.[11]

In popular culture[edit]

The station was featured in the video of the Boris Gardiner song "I Want to Wake Up with You".[13][14]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ These tracks were dedicated to Underground use but they only came into LU control on 1 January 1948 and ownership on 1 January 1950.[4]
  2. ^ Hammersmith, Edgware Road, Liverpool Street, Tower Hill, South Kensington, High Street Kensington, Paddington, and Edgware Road (and vice versa).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. April 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  2. ^ Transport for London (January 2016). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 January 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Google Maps – Westbourne Park Tube Station
  4. ^ a b c d e Clive's Underground Line Guides – Hammersmith & City line
  5. ^ Butt 1995, p. 244
  6. ^ Rose 2007
  7. ^ a b c d e Clive's Underground Line Guides – Circle line
  8. ^ Leigh, Chris, ed. (March 1991). "Rail report: Westbourne Park closure". Railway World. 52 (611): 165. 
  9. ^ Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley- page78/79
  10. ^ Hamish McDougall (2014). "Crossrail uncovers Brunel's railway heritage". Crossrail. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Buses from Westbourne Park" (PDF). Transport for London. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  12. ^ Westbourne Park Underground Station – Bus
  13. ^ Tube Facts – Music Videos filmed on the tube
  14. ^ Westbourne Park tube station is seen in the video from 0:58 to 1:43.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. 
  • Rose, Douglas (December 2007) [1980]. The London Underground: A Diagrammatic History (8th ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-315-0. 
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Hammersmith
Circle line
towards Edgware Road (via Aldgate)
Hammersmith & City line
towards Barking