Westcott, Surrey

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Westcott
Westcott - geograph.org.uk - 135569.jpg
Village green area with flowers
The Lake, Westcott - geograph.org.uk - 589263.jpg
A dammed part of the Pipp Brook forms the Lake at Westcott
Westcott is located in Surrey
Westcott
Westcott
Location within Surrey
Population2,251 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ1448
Civil parish
  • n/a
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDorking
Postcode districtRH4
Dialling code01306
PoliceSurrey
FireSurrey
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Surrey
51°13′26″N 0°21′43″W / 51.224°N 0.362°W / 51.224; -0.362Coordinates: 51°13′26″N 0°21′43″W / 51.224°N 0.362°W / 51.224; -0.362

Westcott is a semi-rural English village and former civil parish 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of the centre of Dorking on the A25 between the North Downs and Greensand Ridge, making it one of the 'Vale of Holmesdale' villages (greatly in Westcott an AONB) and is in Surrey in the direction of Guildford. It is served by a local bus service and is 1 mile (1.6 km) from Dorking West railway station on the North Downs Line.

Topography[edit]

The village rainwater drains into the midsection of the Pipp Brook which comes from Wotton Common and sources in the parish (rising at its furthest source 3 miles (4.8 km) south at Leith Hill). The stream then flows past the village centre near its northern farmland, flowing into Dorking and discharging at the lowest part of Dorking's former other chapelry in Pixham. The village is dominated by its main road, the A25 and rests in a valley at the foot of the steep slopes of Ranmore and the North Downs to the north and Greensand Ridge to the south. Some of the village is in the Surrey Hills AONB and its single through-road in two directions is on the annual London-Surrey cycle classic route.

In Squire's Wood, south of Westcott, is Mag's Well, one of the sources of Pipp Brook. It was formerly of some repute as a medicinal spring, and is strongly impregnated with iron. A building, ruined, existed over it, and in the Victorian period children still bathed in it.[2]

There is a thatched dovecot on the village green. The weather vane on top of the dovecot has had the N replaced by a T such that it now shows the letters WEST.

History[edit]

Holy Trinity Church in Westcott

Westcott or Westcote lay in the Wotton Hundred. Along with superseded Milton, it was the upper borough, turned into a chapelry of Dorking also in the Victorian period. The lower hamlet being Pixham As such, it contributed significantly to the wealth and trade of Dorking, including in the wool and meat from sheep farming on the North Downs within the parish bounds.[2]

Bury Hill, between Dorking and Westcott, was recorded in the 15th century. It became a manor, formed from waste (infertile land) of the manor of Milton, Dorking. James Walter bought the land in 1753, he built the house there and planted the grounds. He died 1780, when the 3rd Viscount Grimston, his daughter's husband, succeeded him. In 1812 his son and heir, about to be created Earl of Verulam, sold it to a wealthy scot, Robert Barclay and it descended to his Barclay heir in the Edwardian period when The Nower was "a favourite place to walk for Dorking people". He was the ancestor of comedy executive/producer Humphrey Barclay.[3]

Many pre-1800 listed buildings including some that are thatched are in the lanes leading off the A25, including Leslie Howard's (actor 1893–1943) Stowe Maries (built in the 1550s) in Balchins Lane. Milton Street and Westcott Street lead to several more old buildings.[4] The Church of the Holy Trinity is Grade II* as it was commissioned to be designed 1851, by Sir George Gilbert Scott made of knapped flint with ashlar quoins/dressings. Its spire has a clock, striking bell and weather vane.[5] The church is built of stone, with a small western turret. Charles Barclay of Bury Hill gave equivalent to £110,298 in 2019 for it to be built, and Lady Mary Leslie the same as an endowment. The clock was installed to commemorate the Jubilee of 1887. The parsonage was built at the expense of Barclay and the secular Westcott School was built by subscription in 1854; the infant school by subscription in 1882.[3]

It was the second nearest village, with some trade, to John Evelyn's Wotton House and Estate, well known by the diarist, garden landscaper and society favourite in the mid to late 17th century; in 1694 Evelyn moved into his completed house.

Economy and amenities[edit]

The average distance travelled to work is 17 kilometres (11 mi).[6]

Of the original six public houses The Prince of Wales remains. The Crown closed in September 2011 and is being converted into private housing. The others were the Bricklayers' Arms, the Cabin, the Cricketers' and Uncle Tom's Cabin. 'The Cricketers' was converted into an Indian restaurant called the Bay Leaf but it failed and the building is now derelict.

The village has an art gallery, a small shop, a bicycle shop and a hairdressers. The main village crocery with Post Office closed in December 2016. The village has very difficult parking and is busy with cyclists every weekend.

Westcott Church of England primary school celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2004. In 2010 it was merged with Abinger Common CEP school to create a two-campus school known as the Surrey Hills Church of England Primary School.

In 2009 a skate ramp and football goals were installed in the village park.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Ward Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats Shared between households[1]
Westcott 339 309 126 143 1 0
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
2011 Census Households
Ward Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
Westcott 2,251 918 39 34 978

The proportion of households who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

See also[edit]

EnglandSurrey.png Surrey portal Media related to Westcott, Surrey at Wikimedia Commons

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 20 December 2013
  2. ^ a b H.E. Malden, ed. (1911). "The hundred of Wotton: Introduction and map". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  3. ^ a b H.E. Malden, ed. (1911). "Parishes: Dorking". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  4. ^ English Heritage search for Westcott
  5. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1227892)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 June 2012. Church of The Holy Trinity
  6. ^ 2001 census table

External links[edit]