Western Air Express Flight 7
A Boeing 247 similar to the plane that crashed.
|Date||January 12, 1937|
|Summary||Controlled flight into terrain|
|Site||Los Pinetos Peak, near|
Saugus and Newhall, California
|Aircraft type||Boeing 247D|
|Operator||Western Air Express|
|Flight origin||Salt Lake City, Utah|
Western Air Express Flight 7, a domestic scheduled passenger flight from Salt Lake City to Burbank, California, crashed on January 12, 1937 near Newhall, California. The twin engine Boeing 247D, registration NC13315, crashed shortly after 11:00 a.m. in adverse weather conditions. Of the three crew and ten passengers on board, one crew member and four passengers perished. One of the fatalities was noted international adventurer and filmmaker Martin Johnson, of Martin and Osa Johnson fame.
The off-course Boeing 247D, en route from Salt Lake City, was on approach to the Union Air Terminal at Burbank, California in severely lowered visibility due to heavy rain and fog. On suddenly spotting a ridge looming directly ahead, pilot William L. Lewis cut the engine and "pancaked" onto the hillside to reduce the force of the impact.
The airliner first struck the ground with the left wing tip. It then skidded along the side of the mountain in a curved path for approximately 125 feet, finally coming to rest headed in the opposite direction from which it struck. The point of collision was at an elevation of 3550 feet near the summit of Los Pinetos, the highest mountain in the immediate vicinity.
One passenger died immediately and three more died within a week, as did the co-pilot, C. T. Owens. Martin Johnson died of a fractured skull while hospitalized. His wife Osa suffered back and neck injuries but continued with the couple’s lecture circuit, doing so from her wheelchair. She later sued Western Air Express and United Airports Co of California for $502,539 but lost on appeal in 1941.
One of the survivors was Arthur Robinson, a 25-year-old passenger who managed to hike five miles down the mountainside where he met rescuers from the Olive View Sanitarium who were searching for the accident site. Another survivor was Robert Andersen who recovered from numerous broken bones and became owner-operator of “Pea Soup Andersen’s,” a dining establishment in Buellton, north of Santa Barbara.
The accident was investigated by the Accident Board of the Bureau of Air Commerce, under the authority of the Department of Commerce. The cause was attributed to the adverse weather conditions, coupled with the pilot’s decision to descend to a dangerously low altitude without positive knowledge of his position.
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- "Report of the Accident Board; Western Air Express near Newhall, California, on January 12, 1937" (PDF). Department of Commerce. Adopted May 12, 1937. Check date values in:
|date=(help) (a text version is also available)
(if links above fail to load report, visit http://dotlibrary.specialcollection.net and select "Historical Aircraft Accident Reports (1934-1965)", then retry report links)
- Kansas State Historical Society - Profile of Osa Johnson
- Osa Johnson Loses Appeal, Los Angeles Times, July 1, 1941, p. A14 - brief excerpt
- Andersen eventually sold his restaurant business to local businessman and rancher, Vince Evans; in a twist of fate, Evans would lose his life an airplane accident.Pea Soup Andersen's history Archived 2010-02-20 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Transport: Wreck and Radio". TIME. January 25, 1937.
- "1934 travelogue film featuring the Boeing 247". travelfilmarchive.com. - includes brief glimpse of NC13315 at 06:00 mark
- "Santa Clarita Valley History in Pictures, Boeing 274 Crash, 1937]". scvhistory.com. - includes wreckage photographs
- "Another Airplane Crash Kills 2". The Newhall Signal and Saugus Enterprise. January 14, 1937. - names of passengers & crew
- "Crash Kills Martin Johnson". The Evening Independent. St. Petersburg, Florida. AP. January 13, 1937. pp. 1–2.
- "Martin Johnson Second Crash Victim". The Prescott Evening Courier. AP. January 13, 1937. pp. 1, 3. (related to above Evening Independent article, but edited with alternate content)