Western Highlands Province
|Western Highlands Province|
Western Highlands Province in Papua New Guinea
|Country||Papua New Guinea|
|• Governor||Paias Wingti 2012-|
|• Total||4,299 km2 (1,660 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||84/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10)|
Western Highlands is a province of Papua New Guinea. The provincial capital is Mount Hagen. The province covers an area of 4,299 km², and there are 362,850 inhabitants (2011 census), making the Western Highlands the most densely populated province (apart from the National Capital District). Tea and coffee are grown in the Western Highlands.
Split to create Jiwaka Province
In July 2009, Parliament passed legislation to create two new provinces by 2012. One of these was to be created by removing Jimi District, North Waghi District, and the South Waghi part of Anglimp-South Waghi District from the Western Highlands Province to form the new Jiwaka Province. "Jiwaka" is a portanteau word combining the first two letters each of Jimi, Waghi and Kambia.
Jiwaka Province officially came into being on 17 May 2012.
The Western Highlands economy is primarily based on coffee. Coffee is grown on plantations and small-holder blocks. They are picked, dried and processed for export. In addition, tea is also a major crop grown and processed, but in plantations by W. R. Carpenter & Co Ltd for local consumption and export. Apart from these, vegetables are grown for the domestic market, and sold mainly to markets Lae and Port Moresby. [clarification needed]
Districts and LLGs
Since the separation of Jiwaka there are now four districts in the province. Each district has one or more Local Level Government (LLG) areas. For census purposes, the LLG areas are subdivided into wards and those into census units.
The province was governed by a decentralised provincial administration, headed by a Premier, from 1978 to 1995. Following reforms taking effect that year, the national government reassumed some powers, and the role of Premier was replaced by a position of Governor, to be held by the winner of the province-wide seat in the National Parliament of Papua New Guinea.
|provincial government suspended||1987|
|provincial government suspended||1992–1995|
Members of the National Parliament
|Western Provincial||Paias Wingti|
|Baiyer-Mul Open||Koi Trape|
|Dei Open||Wesley Nukundj|
|Hagen Open||William Duma|
|Tambul-Nebilyer Open||Benjamin Poponawa|
- "PNG to create two new provinces", Sydney Morning Herald, July 15, 2009
- "PNG’S new province Hela, Jiwaka declared", The National, 17 May 2012
- National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea
- May, R. J. "8. Decentralisation: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back". State and society in Papua New Guinea: the first twenty-five years. Australian National University. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "Provinces". rulers.org. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
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