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The Western Institute in Poznań (Polish: Instytut Zachodni, German West-Institut, French: L'Institut Occidental) is a scientific research society focusing on the Western provinces of Poland - Kresy Zachodnie (including Greater Poland, Silesia, Pomerania), history, economy and politics of Germany, and the Polish-German relations in history and today.
Full name: Instytut Zachodni. Instytut Naukowo-Badawczy im. Zygmunta Wojciechowskiego w Poznaniu
The Western Institute was founded in 1944 and became the flagship of the Polish Research of the West.
The mission of the Institute is to conduct research projects within fields of political science, sociology, history, economics and law-especially focusing on Polish-German issues as well as European politics. It has been founded by a group of Poznań University professor in 1944, and incorporated with Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1992
- I often used the archives of the Western Institute, when writing my works on the Nazi terror. They reliably researched Nazi atrocities. The series "Documenta Occupationis"-a collection of original documents concerning German policy in occupied Poland is a canon position. Many American, Israeli and German scholars use them to this day without reservations. They are part of scholarly literature and this is the greatest contribution of the Institute during its early years of existence
The work of the Institute carried out while Poland was a communist country has been criticised by German-American historian Richard Blanke as having anti-German bias Other criticism of work from this period have included allegations of propaganda and dullness while admitting that the Institute produced "some good works on political sciences and legal systems"
German historian Gregor Thum has written that the premise of the research concept of the Western Institute in the first decades was the idea of an eternal German-Polish antagonism and thus the Institute's research, like its German counterpart, the Ostforschung, was based on explicit political objectives, active support of the territorial claims of the state and the distribution of research results by popular science.
After the fall of communism, the Institute has been one of the leading institutions in joint Polish-German scholarship and cooperation.
- 1945-1955 - prof. Zygmunt Wojciechowski
- 1956-1958 - prof. Kazimierz Piwarski
- 1959-1961 - prof. Gerard Labuda
- 1961-1964 - prof. Michał Sczaniecki
- 1964-1965 - prof. Zdzisław Kaczmarczyk
- 1966-1973 - prof. Władysław Markiewicz
- 1974-1978 - prof. Lech Trzeciakowski
- 1978-1990 - prof. Antoni Czubiński
- 1990-2004 - prof. Anna Wolff-Powęska
- since 2004 - prof. Andrzej Sakson
- The Western Review (Przegląd Zachodni)
- Polish Western Affairs
- La Pologne et les Affaires Occidentales
- Gregor Thum, Die fremde Stadt. Breslau nach 1945", 2006, pp.276, ISBN 3-570-55017-6, ISBN 978-3-570-55017-5
- Historia Instytutu Zachodniego
- Dla swoich pobudką, dla wrogów przestrogą - portret Zygmunta Wojciechowskiego, Magdalena Grochowska, Gazeta Wyborcza, 2005
- Richard Blanke, The American Historical Review, Vol. 97, No. 2. Apr., 1992, pp. 580-582. Review of: Włodzimierz Jastrzębski,Der Bromberger Blutsonntag: Legende und Wirklichkeit. and Andrzej Brożek, Niemcy zagraniczni w polityce kolonizacji pruskich prowincji wschodnich (1886-1918)
- Faraldo, José M. (2008). Europe, Nationalism, Communism. Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften. p. 46. ISBN 978-3-631-56762-3.
- Thum, Gregor (2011). Uprooted: How Breslau became Wroclaw during the century of expulsions. Princeton University Press. pp. 195, 196. ISBN 978-0-691-14024-7.
- http://www.iz.poznan.pl/ Instytut Zachodni official site (in English and Polish)