Western Military District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Western Special Military District of the Soviet Union, see Belorussian Military District.
Western Military District
Западный военный округ
ZVO Russia medium emblem.svg
Emblem of the Western Military District
Founded October 20, 2010 – present
Country  Russia
Type Military district
Part of Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (obverse).svg Russian Armed Forces
Headquarters Saint Petersburg
Decorations Order of Lenin ribbon bar.png Order of Lenin
Colonel General Andrey Kartapolov

Western Military District (Russian: Западный военный округ) is one of the four operational strategic commands of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The district was formed in Presidential Decree №1144 signed on September 20, 2010.[1] The district includes the Baltic Fleet and the Northern Fleet of the Russian Navy.

The district controls the 6th and 20th Guards Armies, the 1st Guards Tank Army, formations and units of the Russian Airborne Troops (including the 76th Air Assault Division), and Baltic Fleet coastal defence units under Fleet HQ in Kaliningrad, as well as the 6th Air and Air Defence Forces Army of the Russian Air Force. It is headquartered in Saint Petersburg's General Staff Building on the north end of Palace Square.

On 26 February 2014, during the Crimean crisis, President Vladimir Putin ordered the Russian Armed Forces to be "put on alert in the Western Military District as well as units stationed with the 2nd Army Central Military District Command involved in aerospace defense, airborne troops and long-range military transport." Despite media speculation it was for in reaction to the events in Ukraine, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said it was not connected to the unrest in Ukraine.[2]

List of commanders from 2010[edit]

  • 2010 (acting) Colonel General Valery Gerasimov
  • 2010–2012 Colonel General Arkady Bakhin
  • 2012–10 November 2015 Colonel General Anatoly Sidorov
  • 10 November 2015-present Colonel General Andrey Kartapolov


Western Military District HQ at the Saint Petersburg General Staff Building

Parts of district subordination:

1st Guards Tank Army (Odintsovo, Moscow Region) (reinstated 2014)[3]

6th Army (Saint Petersburg)

20th Guards Army (n. Mulino, Nizhny Novgorod region)

Russian Airborne Troops:

Intelligence/Spetsnaz units and formations:

  • 2nd Spetsnaz Brigade
  • 16th Spetsnaz Brigade
  • 322nd Special Forces Training Center

Naval Forces

Part of the Naval Infantry and Coast Defense:


Coordinates: 59°56′17″N 30°19′02″E / 59.9381°N 30.3172°E / 59.9381; 30.3172