Western Tokyo

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Western Tokyo
Located in the green highlights
Located in the green highlights
CountryJapan
IslandHonshū
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
Area
 • 26 cities,
3 towns,
1 village
1,160 km2 (450 sq mi)
Population
(October 1, 2018)
 • 26 cities,
3 towns,
1 village
4,233,493
 • Density3,650/km2 (9,500/sq mi)

Western Tokyo, also known as the Tama area (多摩地域, Tama chiiki), Tama region (多摩地方, Tama-chihō) or toka (都下), consists of the part of Tokyo Prefecture to the west of the 23 special wards.

Overview[edit]

Whereas the special wards occupy the space that was formerly the city of Tokyo, western Tokyo consists of 26 cities, three towns, and one village occupying the area that was not part of the former city. They largely serve as commuter towns for those working in central Tokyo, although some of them have a local commercial and industrial base, such as Tachikawa.

List of cities, towns and a village[edit]

No. Flag Name Japanese Population
(as of October 2016)
Density
(/km²)
Area
(km²)
01 Flag of Hachioji, Tokyo.svg Hachiōji 八王子市 0577,254 03,097 0186.38
02 Flag of Tachikawa, Tokyo.svg Tachikawa 立川市 0180,214 07,398 0024.36
03 Flag of Musashino, Tokyo.svg Musashino 武蔵野市 0147,607 13,443 0010.98
04 Flag of Mitaka, Tokyo.svg Mitaka 三鷹市 0191,408 11,657 0016.42
05 Flag of Ome, Tokyo.svg Ome 青梅市 0134,857 01,305 0103.31
06 Flag of Fuchu, Tokyo.svg Fuchū 府中市 0263,835 08,965 0029.43
07 Flag of Akishima, Tokyo.svg Akishima 昭島市 0111,942 06,456 0017.34
08 Flag of Chofu, Tokyo.svg Chōfu 調布市 0237,637 11,012 0021.58
09 Flag of Machida, Tokyo.svg Machida 町田市 0433,938 06,065 0071.80
10 Flag of Koganei, Tokyo.svg Koganei 小金井市 0124,712 11,036 0011.30
11 Flag of Kodaira, Tokyo.svg Kodaira 小平市 0194,757 09,496 0020.51
12 Flag of Hino, Tokyo.svg Hino 日野市 0188,990 06,860 0027.55
13 Flag of Higashimurayama, Tokyo.svg Higashimurayama 東村山市 0150,101 08,757 0017.14
14 Flag of Kokubunji, Tokyo.svg Kokubunji 国分寺市 0126,317 11,022 0011.46
15 Flag of Kunitachi, Tokyo.svg Kunitachi 国立市 0075,022 09,205 0008.15
16 Flag of Fussa, Tokyo.svg Fussa 福生市 0058,184 05,727 0010.16
17 Flag of Komae, Tokyo.svg Komae 狛江市 0083,003 12,990 0006.39
18 Flag of Higashiyamato Tokyo.svg Higashiyamato 東大和市 0084,480 06,295 0013.42
19 Flag of Kiyose Tokyo.svg Kiyose 清瀬市 0075,400 07,370 0010.23
20 Flag of Higashikurume, Tokyo.svg Higashikurume 東久留米市 0116,309 09,030 0012.88
21 Flag of Musashimurayama, Tokyo.svg Musashimurayama 武蔵村山市 0071,804 04,687 0015.32
22 Flag of Tama, Tokyo.svg Tama 多摩市 0147,822 07,036 0021.01
23 Flag of Inagi, Tokyo.svg Inagi 稲城市 0090,774 05,051 0017.97
24 Flag of Hamura, Tokyo.svg Hamura 羽村市 0055,004 05,556 0009.90
25 Flag of Akiruno, Tokyo.svg Akiruno あきる野市 0080,242 01,092 0073.47
26 Flag of Nishitokyo, Tokyo.svg Nishitōkyō 西東京市 0203,258 12,905 0015.75
27 Flag of Mizuho, Tokyo.svg Mizuho 瑞穂町 0032,867 01,951 0016.85
28 Flag of Hinode, Tokyo.svg Hinode 日の出町 0017,226 00614 0028.07
29 Flag of Hinohara, Tokyo.svg Hinohara 檜原村 0002,073 00019.7 0105.41
30 Flag of Okutama, Tokyo.svg Okutama 奥多摩町 0005,023 00022.3 0225.53
Overall 4,233,493 03,650 1,160


The towns of Hinode, Mizuho, Okutama, and the village of Hinohara lie in Nishitama District.

The offshore islands of Tokyo (including the Bonin, Volcano, Izu island chains, and the uninhabited islands of Okinotorishima and Minamitorishima) are not considered part of Western Tokyo.

History[edit]

Under the Ritsuryō system, Western Tokyo was part of Musashi Province. The provincial capital was at Fuchū. The provincial temple (kokubunji) was at Kokubunji and the principal shrine (ichinomiya) was at Tama.

Western Tokyo previously consisted of three districts:

  • Nishi-Tama District (西多摩郡, Nishi-Tama-gun) (lit. "Western Tama") encompassed the present-day cities of Akiruno, Fussa, Hamura, and Ōme; in addition to the four municipalities (3 towns and a village) that still remain a part of the district.
  • Minami-Tama District (南多摩郡, Minami-Tama-gun) (lit. "Southern Tama") covered the area now occupied by Hachiōji, Hino, Inagi, Tama, and Machida. With the formation of Inagi (the last city to be created in Tokyo in 1971), Minamitama District ceased to exist.
  • Kita-Tama District (北多摩郡, Kita-Tama-gun) (lit. "Northern Tama") consisted of the locations of the present-day cities of Akishima, Chōfu, Fuchū, Higashikurume, Higashimurayama, Higashiyamato, Kiyose, Kodaira, Koganei, Kokubunji, Komae, Kunitachi, Mitaka, Musashimurayama, Musashino, Nishitokyo, and Tachikawa, as well as some land now in Setagaya. With the establishment of the city of Musashimurayama in 1970, Kitatama District ceased to exist.

References[edit]