Western Visayas

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Western Visayas
Region VI
Region
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°35′N 122°35′E / 10.58°N 122.58°E / 10.58; 122.58Coordinates: 10°35′N 122°35′E / 10.58°N 122.58°E / 10.58; 122.58
Country Philippines
Island group Visayas
Regional center Iloilo City
Area
 • Total 12,828.97 km2 (4,953.29 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[1]
 • Total 4,477,247
 • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ISO 3166 code PH-06
Provinces
Cities
Municipalities 95
Barangays 3,389
Cong. districts 11
Languages

Western Visayas (Hiligaynon: Kabisay-an Nakatundan; Filipino: Kanlurang Kabisayaan) is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region VI. It comprises five provinces: (Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Guimaras and Iloilo) and one highly urbanized city (Iloilo City) which serves as the regional center.[2]

History[edit]

The Western Visayas region was created from Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Iloilo (including its then-subprovince of Guimaras) and Negros Occidental by Presidential Decree No. 1 as part of the Integrated Reorganisation Plan of President Ferdinand Marcos.

The province of Palawan was transferred to Region VI (Western Visayas) on May 23, 2005 by Executive Order 429.[3] The Department of the Interior and Local Government announced in June 2005 that the transfer had been completed.[4] However, Palaweños criticized the move, citing a lack of consultation, with most residents in Puerto Princesa City and all municipalities but one preferring to stay with Region IV-B. Consequently, Administrative Order No. 129 was issued on August 19, 2005 to address this backlash. This Order directed the abeyance of Executive Order 429 pending the approval of an implementation plan for the orderly transfer of Palawan from Region IV-B to Region VI.[5] Hence, Palawan is currently still part of Region IV-B.

By virtue of Executive Order No. 183 issued on May 29, 2015, by President Benigno Aquino III, the province of Negros Occidental was transferred to the Negros Island Region.[6]

Geography[edit]

Western Visayas.png

Western Visayas comprises the major islands of Panay and Guimaras, including several outlying islands. The region is bordered to the north by the Sibuyan Sea, northeast by the Visayan Sea, east by the Guimaras Strait, south by the Iloilo Strait and the Panay Gulf, and west by the Sulu Sea.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Western Visayas comprises 5 provinces, 1 highly urbanized city, 2 component cities, 95 municipalities and 3,389 barangays.

Province or HUC Capital Population (2015)[1] Area[7] Density Cities Muni. Bgy.
km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi
Aklan Kalibo 12.8% 574,823 1,821.42 703.25 320 830 0 17 327
Antique San Jose de Buenavista 13.0% 582,012 2,729.17 1,053.74 210 540 0 18 590
Capiz Roxas 17.0% 761,384 2,594.64 1,001.80 290 750 1 16 473
Guimaras Jordan 3.9% 174,613 604.57 233.43 290 750 0 5 98
Iloilo Iloilo City 43.3% 1,936,423 5,000.83 1,930.83 390 1,000 1 42 1,721
Iloilo City 10.0% 447,992 78.34 30.25 5,700 15,000 180
Total 4,477,247 12,828.97 4,953.29 350 910 3 95 3,389
  •  †  Iloilo City is a highly-urbanized city; figures are excluded from Iloilo province.
  • On 23 May 2005, Executive Order 429 ordered Palawan and Puerto Princesa City transferred from Region IV-B to Region VI.[5] But on 19 August 2005, Administrative Order 129 ordered the transfer held in abeyance.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of
Western Visayas
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 5,393,333 —    
2000 6,211,038 +1.42%
2010 7,102,438 +1.35%
2015 4,477,247 −8.41%
Data until 2010 includes Negros Occidental and Bacolod City.
Source: National Statistics Office[1][9]

Languages[edit]

The languages native to the inhabitants of Western Visayas are:

  • Aklanon (Akeanon), spoken in Aklan and northwestern Capiz.
  • Capiznon, spoken in Capiz, northern Iloilo, and eastern Aklan.
  • Hiligaynon (Ilonggo), spoken in Iloilo, Guimaras, Capiz, Antique, and Aklan.
  • Kinaray-a, spoken in Antique, southern Iloilo, Guimaras, western Capiz, and western Aklan.
  • Malaynon, spoken in western Aklan.

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

International[edit]

Domestic[edit]

Rail[edit]

Proposals to re-connect again Iloilo-Roxas, Iloilo-Kalibo, Iloilo-Malay (Aklan) and Iloilo-San Jose (Antique) from the Iloilo City via rail was included in the revival of the currently defunct Panay Railways network which has a station in Santa Barbara town proper.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d PSA; Census of Population (2015), Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population, retrieved 20 June 2016 
  2. ^ "History of Urban Growth of Iloilo City". Iloilo City Government. Retrieved June 28, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b President of the Philippines. "Executive order No. 429". Office of the Press Secretary. 
  4. ^ "Palawan, Puerto Princesa Transfer to Region VI" (Press release). Government of the Philippines - News. 3 June 2005. 
  5. ^ a b President of the Philippines (August 19, 2005). "Administrative Order No. 129". Office of the Press Secretary. Archived from the original on 2006-07-13. 
  6. ^ "Executive Order No. 183, s. 2015". Official Gazette (Philippines). May 29, 2015. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  7. ^ "PSGC Interactive; List of Provinces". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  8. ^ "PSGC Interactive; List of Cities". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  9. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Salvilla, Rex S. (July 28, 2006). "Anything Under the Sun: Panay Railways". The News Today. TNT Publishing, Inc. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 

External links[edit]