Western Wei

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Western Wei

西魏
535–557
Western Wei and neighbors
Western Wei and neighbors
CapitalChang'an
GovernmentMonarchy
Emperor 
• 535–551
Emperor Wen of Western Wei
• 552–554
Emperor Fei of Western Wei
• 554–557
Emperor Gong of Western Wei
Historical eraSouthern and Northern Dynasties
• Establishment of Eastern Wei, start of division of Northern Wei
8 November 534[2]
• Emperor Wen's ascension, often viewed as establishment
18 February 535[1] 535
• Disestablished
14 February 557[3] 557
Area
557[4]1,300,000 km2 (500,000 sq mi)
CurrencyChinese coin,
Chinese cash
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Northern Wei
Liang Dynasty
Northern Zhou
Today part ofChina
History of China
History of China
ANCIENT
Neolithic c. 8500 – c. 2070 BC
Xia c. 2070 – c. 1600 BC
Shang c. 1600 – c. 1046 BC
Zhou c. 1046 – 256 BC
 Western Zhou
 Eastern Zhou
   Spring and Autumn
   Warring States
IMPERIAL
Qin 221–206 BC
Han 202 BC – 220 AD
  Western Han
  Xin
  Eastern Han
Three Kingdoms 220–280
  Wei, Shu and Wu
Jin 265–420
  Western Jin
  Eastern Jin Sixteen Kingdoms
Northern and Southern dynasties
420–589
Sui 581–618
Tang 618–907
  (Second Zhou 690–705)
Five Dynasties and
Ten Kingdoms

907–979
Liao 907–1125
Song 960–1279
  Northern Song Western Xia
  Southern Song Jin
Yuan 1271–1368
Ming 1368–1644
Qing 1636–1912
MODERN
Republic of China 1912–1949
People's Republic of China 1949–present

The Western Wei (/w/;[5] Chinese: 西魏; pinyin: Xī Wèi) followed the disintegration of the Northern Wei, and ruled northern China from 535 to 557. As with the Northern Wei state that preceded it, the ruling family of Western Wei were members of the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei.

After the Xianbei general Yuwen Tai killed the Northern Wei emperor Yuan Xiu, he installed Yuan Baoju as emperor of Western Wei while Yuwen Tai would remain as the virtual ruler. Although smaller than the Eastern Wei in territory and population, Western Wei was able to withstand the attacks from the eastern empire. Due to its better economical conditions, Western Wei was even able to conquer the whole western part of the Liang empire in the south and occupied the territory of modern Sichuan. In 557 Yuwen Tai's nephew Yuwen Hu deposed Emperor Gong and placed Yuwen Tai's son Yuwen Jue on the throne, ending Western Wei and establishing Northern Zhou.

Rulers[edit]

Posthumous Names ( Shi Hao 諡號) Born Names Period of Reigns Era Names (Nian Hao 年號) and their according range of years
Northern dynasty
Western Wei Dynasty 535-556
Convention: Western Wei + posthumous name
Wen Di (文帝 wén dì) Yuan Baoju (元寶炬 yuán bǎo jù) 535-551 Datong (大統 dà tǒng) 535-551
Fei Di (廢帝 fèi dì) Yuan Qin (元欽 yuán qīn) 552-554 Did not exist
Gong Di (恭帝 gōng dì) Tuoba Kuo (拓拔廓 tuò bá kuò) 554-557 Did not exist

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 157.
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 156.
  3. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 166.
  4. ^ Rein Taagepera "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D.", Social Science History Vol. 3, 115-138 (1979)
  5. ^ "Wei". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.

References[edit]