Western red colobus

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Western red colobus[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Procolobus
Subgenus: Piliocolobus
Species: P. badius
Binomial name
Procolobus badius
(Kerr, 1792)
Western Red Colobus area.png
Western Red Colobus range
(green — extant, orange — possibly extinct)

The western red colobus (Procolobus badius), also known as the rust red colobus, is a species of Old World monkey found in West African forests from Senegal to Ghana.[1] All other species of red colobuses have formerly been considered subspecies of P. badius. It is often hunted by the common chimpanzee. In 1994, western red colobus monkeys infected many chimpanzees with Ebola virus when they were hunted and eaten by the chimpanzees.[3]

Subspecies[edit]

This red colobus has three subspecies, including the nominate:[1]

  • Bay red colobus, Procolobus badius badius
  • Temminck's red colobus, Procolobus badius temminckii
  • Miss Waldron's red colobus, Procolobus badius waldronae

P. b. waldronae is critically endangered, possibly even extinct. The other two subspecies are endangered.[2]

Description[edit]

The western red colobus grows to a head-and-body length of 450 to 670 mm (18 to 26 in) with a tail of 520 to 800 mm (20 to 31 in), and a weight of between 5 and 11 kg (11 and 24 lb). It has red or chestnut-brown head and limbs and black, slatey-grey or dark brown upper parts. It does not have long fringes of hair, or tufts of hair on the tail. Compared to monkeys in the genus Colobus, the nostrils are V-shaped, the digits are long and the big toe short.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The red colobus is endemic to tropical West Africa. Its range includes various fragmentary populations in Sierra Leone, and contiguous populations in Liberia, Guinea and western Ivory Coast. It is unclear exactly where the ranges of P. b. badius and P. b. temminckii meet, but P. b. badius populations are separated from P. b. waldronae by the Bandama River in Ivory Coast. The red colobus is an arboreal species, typically found in primary rainforest, but also inhabiting secondary forest and gallery forest.[2]

Ecology[edit]

The red colobus lives in colonies of between twelve and eighty members. There are usually several males and up to three times this number of adult females. There is a social hierarchy, giving access to food, space and grooming.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 169. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ a b c Oates, J.F.; Struhsaker, T.; McGraw, S. (2016). "Piliocolobus badius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  3. ^ Ebola Cote d'Ivoire Outbreaks
  4. ^ a b Ronald M. Nowak (1999). Walker's Primates of the World. JHU Press. pp. 38–39. ISBN 978-0-8018-6251-9. 

External links[edit]