North Rocks, New South Wales

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North Rocks
SydneyNew South Wales
North Rocks School.JPG
Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children
Coordinates 33°46′34″S 151°01′11″E / 33.77607°S 151.01984°E / -33.77607; 151.01984Coordinates: 33°46′34″S 151°01′11″E / 33.77607°S 151.01984°E / -33.77607; 151.01984
Population 7,625 (2011 census)[1]
Established median age 62.7
Postcode(s) 2151
Location 26 km (16 mi) north-west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) City of Parramatta
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Suburbs around North Rocks:
Baulkham Hills West Pennant Hills West Pennant Hills
Northmead North Rocks Carlingford
Northmead North Parramatta Oatlands
Colloquially known as the North Rocks Dam, off Rifle Range Road, about 30m in height. Not officially a dam, but a retarding basin wall.
Rear of the North Rocks Dam Wall, about 30m in height.

North Rocks is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia, located 26 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district. Following the amalgamation of council areas in 2016, the majority of North Rocks falls into the council area of the City of Parramatta. Streets north of the M2 Hills Motorway are within The Hills Shire.

History[edit]

The name "North Rocks" dates back to the beginning of the settlement at Parramatta and is older even than the name of the city itself, which at first was called Rosehill. In 1789 Governor Phillip reserved large areas to the north and west of Rosehill for the use of Government stock - the present Northmead and Westmead. The reserve to the north was described as extending as far as 'the North Rocks'. The area was also known as Jerusalem Rocks.[2]

North Rocks was once considered as the haunt of convict bolters and bushrangers and regarded as an unsavoury area. With the constant flow of people between Windsor and Parramatta, a gold watch was always a good steal! A noted experience was the hold-up of Dr Sherwin in 1830 by John Macnamara and William Dalton, which resulted in ex-convicts' demise.[3] The North Rocks were a massive sandstone outcrop, which terminated the ridge on the south side of Hunts Creek. These rocks so dominated the landscape and were such prominent features that they gave their name to the locality but were not preserved. In 1841 when it was decided to build a new gaol at Parramatta, a contractor bought the Rocks as they consisted of the best sandstone in the district - and were very conveniently situated. His tender was accepted, and much of the North Rocks became gaol walls and flagstones in 1844. Further inroads were made on what was left when the wall of masonry was erected in 1855-56 which held back the waters of Lake Parramatta. Much stone was needed for the dam, as the wall is about 240 feet (73 m) long and is fifteen feet thick at the base.[4]

A North Rocks Post Office first opened on 1 February 1894; it was renamed Forrester later that year, Maraylya in 1921 and closed in 1970. The current Post Office opened on 1 November 1921.[5]

Prior to North Rocks being rezoned around 1958, it housed around 40 farms, including peach and nectarine orchards, poultry farms and piggeries. When the area was rezoned, one of many new housing estates was named Lynwood Estate.[6]

Commercial area[edit]

North Rocks Shopping Centre (prior to rebranding)

North Rocks Shopping Centre and the Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children school are located around North Rocks Road. The shopping centre features a Coles Supermarket and Kmart discount department store and specialty shops. Beside the shopping centre is a new development featuring an Aldi supermarket, Anytime Fitness and First Choice Liquor . A small group of shops is also located on the opposite side, around the intersection of North Rocks Road and Lawndale Avenue.

Conducted on Sundays, the Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children hosts a market that incorporates a variety of stalls covering new and second hand items, food, and a computer market that has operated at various locations in the area over 20 years.

There is a light industrial area towards North Parramatta in the area around Loyalty Road, which includes industrial businesses such as Unilever, Rexona and Officeworks and many other businesses in various industrial estates.

Transport[edit]

At the 2011 census, only 13.0% of employed people travelled to work on public transport and 67.3% by car (either as driver or as passenger).[1]

The M2 Hills Motorway runs through North Rocks, and there is access to the motorway from Pennant Hills Road in Carlingford and Windsor Road in Baulkham Hills. Public transport to, from and throughout the area is provided by bus.

Train[edit]

North Rocks does not have a railway station. However, train services are accessible from nearby Carlingford, Epping and Parramatta railway stations.

Bus[edit]

The Barclay Road M2 Bus Station provides services to the City and Castle Hill as well as services to Macquarie Park, Blacktown and Norwest Business Park. Sydney Buses provides links from Parramatta railway station to Epping railway station through different parts of North Rocks, although both converge at North Rocks Shopping Centre. There are also very limited services to Beecroft railway station.

Schools[edit]

Christ the King School

Public[edit]

  • North Rocks Public School (which has an Opportunity Class);[7]
  • Burnside Public School;[8]
  • Muirfield High School [9] is a comparatively small high school with around 700 students.A defining feature of the school is its agricultural program run out of the Barclay farm. Muirfield has run an agricultural display at the Castle Hill Show since 1992. In 2006 the school won the award for "Best School Display".[citation needed] Issues arising from drought resulted in the School withdrawing from the show in 2007. In 2010 Muirfield High School was invited to participate in the first Sydney Royal Easter Show Schools Fruit and Vegetable Display, where the school was awarded 2nd place.

Private[edit]

  • Christ the King Catholic Primary School[10]

Tertiary education[edit]

  • United Theological College.[11]

Places of worship[edit]

Christ the King Church
  • Liberty Baptist Church [12]
  • North Rocks Anglican Church [Anglican Church] [13]
  • Christ the King [Catholic Church] [14]
  • North Rocks Community Church [Uniting Church] [15]
  • Sydney Saesoon Presbyterian Church [16]

Sport and recreation[edit]

Public services in the suburb include a number of large reserves, sporting facilities, a community centre, and a number of schools, and an active Rotary and Lions clubs as well as Scout & Girl Guide groups. North Rocks also boasts an 18 hole competition Golf Course and club facilities on Barclay Road. There are also local softball, soccer, rugby clubs and the Murri-Yanna Track in Bidjigal Reserve which can be accessed from Whitbread Place.

Parks and reserves[edit]

North Rocks features a number of parks and reserves, such as the Bidjigal Reserve, which includes a towering eucalypt forest, weathered sandstone cliffs, sparkling creeks and sheltered rainforest gullies which surrounds the north and west periphery of the North Rocks border. Fauna includes koala, swamp wallaby, echidna, sugar gliders and eastern water dragon. Platypus were regularly seen up till the installation of the sewer in the mid-1970s, but none since. The diversity of birds is well known in Bidjigal Reserve with 127 species being documented. Rare insectivorous species such as wrens and thornbills have been recorded and the more common species of kookaburras and crimson rosellas seem to be doing well. In recent years, there has also been an increase in numbers of sulphur crested cockatoos and rainbow lorikeets. The powerful owl, Australia’s largest owl, also breeds in the reserve and can be heard hooting throughout North Rocks at night. Many of these bird species can be seen throughout North Rocks.

Demographics[edit]

The 2011 census conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics reports the population of North Rocks as 7,625 residents, with 3,761 males and 3,864 females.[1] The demographic breakdowns show that:

Age distribution 
The distribution of ages in North Rocks was similar to the country as a whole. North Rocks residents' median age was 40 years, compared to the national median of 37. Children aged 0–14 years made up 19.6% of the population (national average is 19.3%) and people aged 65 years and over made up 16.2% of the population (national average is 14.0%).
Ethnic diversity 
Just under two-thirds (65.7%) of people were born in Australia; the next most common countries of birth were China 5.4%, England 3.1%, South Korea 2.0%, Hong Kong 1.9% and India 1.8%. However, only 22.3% identify their ancestry as Australian, which is the largest group; the next most common self-identified ancestries were English 22.3%, Chinese 11.3%, Irish 7.3% and Scottish 6.0%. 68.3% of people only spoke English at home; the next most common languages were Cantonese 6.2%, Mandarin 5.7%, Korean 2.8%, Arabic 2.0% and Greek 1.2%.
Income 
The average weekly household income was $1,891, compared to the national average of $1,234.
Housing 
The great majority (92.0%) of private dwellings were separate houses; another 7.4% were semi-detached (townhouses etc.), and 0.6% were flats, units or apartments. Most are either owned outright (45.3%) or owned with a mortgage (41.8%), while only 11.2% were rented. The average household size was 3.0 people.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "North Rocks (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  2. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 189
  3. ^ McClymont, John (2003). Pictorial history Baulkham Hills Shire. Alexandria, NSW: Kingsclear Books. ISBN 0908272758. 
  4. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 201
  5. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 11 April 2008. 
  6. ^ McGuinness, Bill. "North Rocks, Part one". 
  7. ^ North Rocks Public School
  8. ^ Burnside Public School
  9. ^ Muirfield High School
  10. ^ "Christ the King Catholic Primary School Web page". Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  11. ^ United Theological College
  12. ^ Liberty Baptist Church
  13. ^ North Rocks Anglican Church
  14. ^ Christ the King Church
  15. ^ North Rocks Community Church
  16. ^ Sydney Saesoon Presbyterian Church

External links[edit]