Mall entrance to Macy's store, viewed from the upper level
|Location||Wheaton, Maryland, United States|
|Address||11160 Veirs Mill Road, Wheaton, Maryland 20902-1094|
|Opening date||February 5, 1960|
|Developer||Isadore M. Gudelsky and Theodore N. Lerner|
|Architect||Arthur L. Anderson and Lathrop Douglas|
|No. of stores and services||195|
|No. of anchor tenants||5|
|Total retail floor area||1,650,334 sq ft (153,321.0 m2)|
|No. of floors||2 (3 in Target, 4 in JCPenney)|
|Parking||6,481 parking spaces and 2 4-story Parking Garages|
|Public transit access|| Washington Metro: |
Ride On bus: 7, 8, 9, 31, 34, 37, 38
Metrobus: C2, C4, Q1, Q2, Q4, Q5, Q6, Y2, Y7, Y8
On March 23, 1954, real estate developer Simon Sherman announced he had bought 80 acres of land in Wheaton from Charles Heitmuller for $800,000. Heitmuller was a farmer who sold fruit wholesale. At the time Sherman announced the purchase, Sherman would not disclose the plans for the site. Sherman later successfully petitioned to have the zoning for a portion of the land changed from residential to commercial zoning.
Simon Sherman announced plans for a shopping mall in Wheaton on February 9, 1955. The planned shopping mall would include 50 stores in eight buildings on 15 acres, and another 40 acres of parking and access roads.
The Wheaton Plaza's official groundbreaking was held on January 21, 1956. Giant Foods became the first store to open on the site on September 17, 1956. A Shell service station opened on Veirs Mills Road in August 1957.
The developer applied for a zoning exception in order to allow a parking lot to be built on the land that had been zoned for residential use. The surrounding neighborhood advocated against the zoning exception, saying that the proposed five-foot fence surrounding the parking lot would be insufficient. Montgomery County approved the zoning exception on the condition that the developer only constructed entrances and exits on Viers Mill Road and Kensington-Wheaton Road. Isadore M. Gudelsky and Theodore N. Lerner took over as the developers at the end of 1957.
Wheaton Plaza officially opened on February 5, 1960, as a single-level, open-air mall, with Woodward & Lothrop and Montgomery Ward as anchors. Thirteen other stores also opened on the same date. Wheaton Plaza's grand opening celebration was held on March 31, 1960.
Wheaton Plaza was built in a modified Georgian architectural style with bubbles, globes, and hemispheres as part of the exterior design. It was decorated with Italian marble, exotic woods, and Florentine glass mosaic panels. There was a marble-tiled fountain that was sculpted by Barbara Chase-Riboud, art instructor from Yale University. The center pathway was an open-air plaza, lined with boxed evergreen trees.
At the time of its opening, Wheaton Plaza was the largest shopping center in the Washington Metropolitan Area and the sixth largest in the United States. 411,000 people visited Wheaton Plaza during its first week.
By March 1960, stores at Wheaton Plaza included Strosnider's Hardware, Bank of Silver Spring, Lamp & Shade Center, Raleigh's Haberdasher, Baker Shoes, E. D. Edwards Shoe Store, Embassy Men's Wear, Hanover Shoes, Peoples Drug Store, Dolls and Dames, Miles Shoes, Happy Time Togs, Hahn Shoes, Variety Records, Fannie May Candy Store, Lerner Shops, National Shirt Shops, Vincent & Vincent, Webster Clothes, Winthrop Jewelers, Kay Jewelers, and Hot Shoppes. Unconventionally, the developers decided where tenants' stores needed to be located, rather than allow tenants to choose. Rents were relatively high.
Store owners in downtown Silver Spring considered Wheaton Plaza to be a threat. Developer Theodore N. Lerner said Wheaton Plaza "is the way the future's going to be—a suburban 'downtown' with a mall and free parking."
In 1962, construction started on Wheaton Plaza's second office building. At ten stories high, it was the largest office building in Montgomery County. Hechinger opened a store at Wheaton Plaza on December 13, 1963.
In 1964, the nation's first self-service post office opened in Wheaton Plaza. The post office had vending machines for stamps and envelopes, and scales for customers to use. It was located in a plywood shelter in the parking lot.
Wheaton Plaza remained the largest shopping center in the area until the Lerner-Gudelsky development Tysons Corner Center opened in 1968.
Wheaton Plaza was the site of the 1975 disappearance of the Lyon Sisters, whose case was solved in 2015.
In 1974, a plan to enclose the mall was initiated. The seven-year delay to enclose the mall and anchor expansion by business partner Lerner who also had interests in nearby White Flint Mall caused a $30 million lawsuit between partners. and a new wing, anchored by Hecht's, was built in 1987. Target replaced Montgomery Ward after the latter chain ceased operations.
In 2005, the service tunnel beneath the mall was converted to retail space, and Macy's opened a new store, shortly before Macy's owner Federated Department Stores purchased Hecht's owner May Department Stores. The Hecht's store was closed after the May-Federated merger. Temporary anchor IFL Furniture took over the Hecht's location in 2006, and closed in March 2008. DSW Shoe Warehouse opened in the mall in November 2008. In 2010, Costco announced that it would build a new store on the site of the vacant Hecht's; Costco opened in April 2013, in a new building that also contains a Dick's Sporting Goods.
The mall has five anchor stores:
- "First Section of $25 Million Wheaton Plaza Opens Feb. 5". The Washington Post. January 29, 1960. p. C5.
- "Wheaton Plaza Plans Spring Opening". The Washington Post. November 7, 1959. p. B11.
- "Westfield Wheaton". Westfield Group. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- "Heitmuller Tract Sold To Sherman: Wheaton Dealer Pays $800,000; Mum On Plans". The Washington Post. March 24, 1954. p. 17.
- "Gudelsky, Lerner Built Center; Had a 'Feeling for Real Estate': Developer By Chance". The Washington Post. March 30, 1960. p. C13.
- Stern, Laurence. "$20 Million Shop Center For Wheaton: Regional Project Reported to Be Largest in Area". The Washington Post. February 10, 1955. p. 1.
- "Wheaton Plaza Ground-Breaking". The Washington Post. January 22, 1956. p. G3.
- "11 More Sign Leases at New Shop Center". The Washington Post. September 20, 1956. p. 36.
- "Plaza Suits Everyone's Taste". The Washington Post. March 30, 1960. p. C4.
- "Area Residents Oppose Wheaton Parking Area". The Washington Post. March 23, 1956. p. 42.
- Stone, Victoria. "Plaza Will Open on Thursday". The Washington Post. p. C2.
- "NAACP Pickets New Store in Wheaton Plaza". The Washington Post. February 6, 1960. p. D2.
- Anderson, J.W. "Largest Shopping Center in Washington Area Opens at Wheaton Plaza: Third County Store". The Washington Post. February 6, 1960. p. C18.
- Feinberg, Samuel (1960). What makes shopping centers tick?. Fairchild Publications. p. 10.
Wheaton Plaza, Wheaton, Md., opened 15 of its planned 75 stores in February 1960. Total store space will be 1,100,000 square feet (100,000 m2). A Woodward & Lothrop store of 162,000 square feet (15,100 m2) and a Wards of 235,000 square feet (21,800 m2) are the principal tenants. Parking is provided for 5,300 cars.
- Goodman, S. Oliver. "First Week:411,000 Visit Wheaton Plaza". The Washington Post. February 14, 1960. p. C8.
- "Candidates' Itinerary Is Listed]". The Washington Post. May 9, 1960. p. A18.
- "Rally to Hear Mrs. Roosevelt Thursday Night". The Washington Post. November 1, 1960. p. A2.
- "Montgomery's Largest Office Started". The Washington Post. September 15, 1962. p. B9.
- "As Hechinger Opened Store". The Washington Post. December 14, 1963. p. E15.
- Eagle, George. "Self-Service Post Office Set to Open". The Washington Post. October 10, 1964. p. B1.
- "Nation's First Fully Automatic Post Office". The Washington Post. October 17, 1964. p. B1.
- "Wheaton Plaza Partners Sue Developer Theodore Lerner: Wheaton Plaza Shopping Mall Partners Sue Developer Theodore Lerner for $30 Million". The Washington Post. 7 June 1995.
- Frank Ahrens (November 29, 1996). "At Malls, the Trends of Change". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
- "Wheaton Urban District Advisory Committee". Meeting Minutes, January 2008. Montgomery County, Maryland. January 30, 2008.
- Parcher, Amber (January 18, 2010). "Costco mulls move to Wheaton". The Gazette. Archived from the original on June 12, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
- Westfield Wheaton map Page accessed July 24, 2015
- "It's Wheaton's Turn Now; 40 Years Past Its Prime, Downtown Is Set to Catch Up With Silver Spring". The Washington Post. May 24, 2003.
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