Westgate, Oxford

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Westgate Shopping Centre
Westgate centre - geograph.org.uk - 1408257.jpg
The side entrance to the
Westgate Shopping Centre.
Location Oxford, England
Coordinates 51°45′04″N 1°15′40″W / 51.751°N 1.261°W / 51.751; -1.261
Opening date 1972
Architect Douglas Murray (City Architect)
Website westgateoxford.co.uk
Part of the back of the Westgate Shopping Centre.
The former multi-storey car park of Westgate which was demolished early 2015 ahead of redevelopment.

The Westgate Shopping Centre (aka the Westgate Centre and just Westgate) is a shopping centre in central Oxford, England. It was built between 1970–72, designed by the City Architect Douglas Murray and built by Taylor Woodrow.[1] Excavations for the 1970s service basements destroyed evidence for over a twentieth of the remains of the original medieval town, [2] and the 2015-2017 redevelopment saw "the extensive remains of the medieval Greyfriars friary (AD 1244-1538)" destroyed in favour of an underground car park [3]

The centre has been closed since February 2016 for redevelopment and is planned to re-open on October 2017.[4]

Overview[edit]

Westgate is located at the west end of Queen Street, where the west gate of the city of Oxford used to be situated. A car park, including a multi-storey section, is attached to the shopping centre, with access from Oxpens Road. Plans to expand the shopping centre, tripling it in size, are well underway, with construction originally planned to start January 2009.

Bonn Square is close to the main entrance and Oxford Castle is to the northwest. The Clarendon Centre, a smaller shopping centre completed in 1984, is also in Queen Street.

Redevelopment[edit]

In September 2004, The Westgate Partnership published plans for redevelopment of the Westgate area in Oxford.[5] This set out a strategy to provide improved and extended retail space as part of a wider regeneration of the Westgate area, aiming to ensure that any new development is integrated into the surrounding area, taking into account the history of Oxford.

This was endorsed by Oxford City Council and Oxfordshire County Council in October 2004.[citation needed] Following this, the Partnership worked on issues raised during the consultation period and in August 2005, published a Response to Consultation, which incorporated work undertaken with the Transport Working Group. Since then, work has been undertaken on the detailed design in consultation with local stakeholders, including the local community and special interest groups. A detailed planning application was submitted on 13 June 2006.[citation needed] On 9 March 2007, Capital Shopping Centres received approval for the extension and the partial redevelopment of the existing Westgate Shopping Centre.[citation needed]

The mixed-use scheme to regenerate the Westgate area includes:[citation needed]

  • A shopping area of approximately 750,000 sq ft (69,675 m²), (including the existing centre) with 90 new shops, bars, restaurants and cafes, including a John Lewis department store and a defined area for smaller independent retailers
  • Facilities include Shopmobility, toilets, baby care, a crèche and a children’s play area
  • 127 new city centre apartments, 50% of which will be affordable homes
  • A total refurbishment of the existing Westgate Centre
  • A prominent new three-storey glazed entrance for Oxford’s County Library
  • A roof-top garden, providing a local habitat for wildlife
  • Landscaping strategy for the streets and green spaces around the development, including enhancements to the existing Paradise Square and the area alongside Castle Mill Stream
  • Designed to achieve “Very Good” ratings for BREEAM for Retail and EcoHomes, with proposals to provide approximately on-site renewables, rainwater collection, green roofs and naturally ventilated malls
  • Over 2,000 jobs will be created when the new retail offer opens, increasing the number employed in the centre to around 3,300. In addition, there will be around 2,000 jobs during construction. The Westgate Partnership has said it will support a programme of skills training in conjunction with the City Council, local colleges and job centres.[citation needed]
  • Accessibility for all including provision for pedestrians, cyclists, buses and taxis
  • A new 900 to 1,100 space multi-storey car park
  • A significant investment in delivering improved public transport

The Westgate redevelopment is part of a wider scheme proposed by the City Council.[citation needed] This scheme includes a redesign of the centre of Oxford to "pedestrianise" the city. The scheme is entitled Transform Oxford.[citation needed]

The Westgate shopping centre will reopen on 24 October 2017.

Expansion criticism[edit]

In 2008, a local campaign group, called Oxford Against Westgate Expansion, was set up to oppose the redevelopment.[citation needed] The campaigners are critical of the consultation process that led to the approval of the plans and point out that the redevelopment would create more traffic and air pollution, demolish the Abbey Place sheltered housing complex and remove 40 mature trees. An underground multi-storey car park is planned, which campaigners say may increase flooding in Oxford because if its location on the flood plain. They also criticise the building's design and say that it would be highly inefficient and contribute to climate change.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hibbert, Christopher, ed. (1988). "Westgate Centre". The Encyclopaedia of Oxford. Macmillan. pp. 495–496. ISBN 0-333-39917-X. 
  2. ^ Hassall, Tom (1987). Oxford: The Buried City. Oxford Archaeological Unit. p. 7. ISBN 0 904220 09 5. 
  3. ^ Westgate Project Website by Oxford Archaeology [1]
  4. ^ Loughlan Campbell, Shops to shut for Westgate demolition, Oxfordshire Guardian, October 2015.
  5. ^ "The Westgate Partnership wins strong support for design proposals". Capital Shopping Centres, UK. 14 December 2005.  External link in |publisher= (help)

External links[edit]