Westhead

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Westhead
Village
Wigan Road, Westhead.jpg
Wigan Road, Westhead
Westhead is located in the Borough of West Lancashire
Westhead
Westhead
Shown within West Lancashire
Westhead is located in Lancashire
Westhead
Westhead
Location within Lancashire
Area0.203 km2 (0.078 sq mi)
Population886 (2014 estimate)
• Density4,365/km2 (11,310/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSD441077
• London182 mi (293 km) SE
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townOrmskirk
Postcode districtL40
Dialling code01695
PoliceLancashire
FireLancashire
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°33′47″N 2°50′38″W / 53.563°N 2.844°W / 53.563; -2.844Coordinates: 53°33′47″N 2°50′38″W / 53.563°N 2.844°W / 53.563; -2.844

Westhead is a village in the West Lancashire district of Lancashire, England. As of 2014, the estimated population was 886.[1]

History[edit]

The former site of Westhead Halt railway station

Westhead was, for most of its existence, a hamlet in the township of Lathom.[2] It was located in the West Derby Hundred. In 1066, the Lord of the area was Uhtred.[3]

In 1851, Westhead Church was built with land donated from Edward Wilbraham-Bootle, 1st Baron Skelmersdale, the cost of which was paid for by the Earl of Derby and the sandstone was donated by Edward Stanley of Cross Hall, who owned the Ruff Wood quarry in Lathom at the time.[2]

Westhead Halt was a request stop on the Skelmersdale to Rainford line,[2] and evidence of the former line can be seen around the town.

Toponymy[edit]

Westhead means "western hill" and comes from the Old English west + hēafod. The name was recorded as Westheft c. 1190 and Westheved c. 1200, and refers to the western headland at the end of the ridge that leads towards Scarth Hill.[4]

Geography[edit]

Westhead is located in rural West Lancashire and is part of the unparished area of Ormskirk. It lies about 1.2 miles (1.9 km) east of Ormksirk town centre and is bordered to the north, east and south by the civil parishes of Burscough, Lathom, Lathom South and Bickerstaffe.[5]

Westhead is about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Preston, the administrative centre of Lancashire, and 182 miles (293 km) northwest of London.

Culture and community[edit]

Westhead Carnival is a popular summertime fête which has been held annually since 1973. The event is typically held over three days at the start of July and hosts a variety of activities, including a carnival parade, funfair rides, car boot sale, bingo and fancy dress ball. In 2014, the carnival was attended by around 3,000 people and raised over £2,000 for local community projects.[6][7]

Transport[edit]

The A577 road runs east through Westhead for a distance of approximately 1 mile (1.6 km), connecting the nearby towns of Ormskirk and Skelmersdale.[5] There are several bus services operated by Arriva North West that pass along this route: the 310 is a half-hourly service between Skelmersdale and Liverpool,[8] while the 375 and 385 are hourly services (alternating every half hour) from Southport to Wigan.[9] The nearest motorway link is junction 3 of the M58, about 1.7 miles (2.7 km) to the south at Bickerstaffe.

Westhead Halt, situated on Castle Lane, was a former railway station on the Skelmersdale Branch which connected Ormskirk with Rainford. However, the station closed in 1951 and has since been demolished, the line having closed to all traffic in 1963.[10] The nearest railway station today is Ormskirk, about 1.2 miles (1.9 km) east, which provides passenger services to Liverpool and Preston.[11]

Education[edit]

Westhead Lathom St James is a Church of England primary school associated with the nearby parish church of St James. The school is located on School Lane near the village centre and provides mixed gender education for children aged four to eleven.[12] An Ofsted report published in January 2015 gave Westhead Lathom St James an "Outstanding" rating in all categories,[13] and in December 2015 it was ranked amongst the top 1000 primary schools in England in the National Curriculum assessment performance tables.[14] As of September 2019, the headteacher was Miss Helen Clark.

The school building with attached master's house dates from 1889 and is a Grade II listed building. It is made of sandstone with crazy paving walling and a slate roof, and is built in the Gothic style. The school has a single storey with a T-shaped plan, formed by a main range and cross wing to the left, while the house has two storeys and is attached to the right.[15][16]

Religious sites[edit]

St James Church, Westhead

St James Church is a Grade II listed building situated on Vicarage Lane, about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) southwest of the village. The ecclesiastical parish of St James Westhead is in the Anglican Diocese of Liverpool, the archdeaconry of Ormskirk, and forms part of a benefice with the nearby parish of Christ Church, Newburgh.[17] In the churchyard are two Commonwealth War Graves, one belonging to a soldier of World War I and the other an airman of World War II.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Westhead (Lancashire)". City Population. 24 April 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Ormskirk Nostalgia:Passing through Westhead". Southport Visiter. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Open Domesday". Anna Powell-Smith. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  4. ^ Mills, David (1976). The Place Names of Lancashire. B. T. Batsford. pp. 147–8. ISBN 0-7134-3248-9.
  5. ^ a b "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  6. ^ Fitzsimmons, Francesca (2 July 2015). "Westhead Carnival kicks off in Ormskirk". Southport Visiter. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  7. ^ Park, Stan (9 July 2012). "All hands to pumps!". Champion. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Skelmersdale to Liverpool via Ormskirk, Maghull, Aintree and Walton". Arriva North West. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Southport to Wigan via Ormskirk, Skelmersdale and Wigan". Arriva North West. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  10. ^ Wright, Paul; Price, Bevan. "Westhead Halt". Disused Stations. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  11. ^ "Ormskirk train station". Merseyrail. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  12. ^ "Westhead Lathom St James' Church of England Primary School". Department for Education. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  13. ^ McCoid-Sou, Sophie (31 January 2015). "Westhead school graded Outstanding by Ofsted". Southport Visiter. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  14. ^ Gurney-Read, Josie (10 December 2015). "Primary league tables 2015: Top 1,000 primary schools". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  15. ^ "St James Church of England School with attached masters house". Historic England. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  16. ^ Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006). Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West. Pevsner Architectural Guides. Yale University Press. pp. 536–7. ISBN 0-300-10910-5. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ Magee, Stephen (23 November 2015). "St James Church, Westhead". A Church Near You. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  18. ^ "Lathom (St. James) Churchyard, Ormskirk". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 20 June 2016.

External links[edit]