Westkreis-Liga

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Westkreis-Liga
Founded
1908
Disbanded
1918
Nation
Flag of the German Empire German Empire
Map of German Reich 1871–1918
State
Alsace-Lorraine Alsace-Lorraine
Flag of Bavaria Palatinate
Grand Duchy of Baden Grand Duchy of Baden
Flag of the Rhine Province Rhine Province
Number of Seasons
10
Replaced by
Kreisliga Pfalz
Kreisliga Saar
Kreisliga Hessen
Level on Pyramid
Level 1
Last Champions 1917-18
FC Phönix Mannheim

The Westkreis-Liga (English: Western district league) was the highest association football league in the Bavarian region of Palatinate, the northern parts of the Grand Duchy of Baden, the southern parts of the Prussian Rhine Province and parts of Lorraine from 1908 to 1918. The league was disbanded with the introduction of the Kreisliga Pfalz, Kreisliga Saar and Kreisliga Hessen in 1919.

History[edit]

The league was formed in a move to improve the organisation of football in Southern Germany in the early 1900s. Within the structure of the Southern German football championship, four regional leagues were gradually established from 1908, these being:

Until then, regional leagues had existed which send their champions to the Kreis finals and, from there, the winners went on to the Southern and German championships.

In 1908, the Westkreis-Liga was established, consisting of seven clubs from the Palatinate, playing a home-and-away season, these clubs being:[1]

FC 1900 Kaiserlautern, the first league champion, qualified thereby for the Southern German championship, where it did not impress, finishing last with only one point out of six games.[2]

In its second year, the league expanded to nine clubs, now spanning a wider area and including clubs from Mannheim and Darmstadt.[3] In 1909-10, the league played in an unchanged format, but was reduced to eight clubs for the next season, a format it maintained until 1914.

In the last pre-First World War season, 1913–14, with the SpVgg Metz, a club from Lorraine joined the league.[4]

The war starting in August 1914 meant an end to the league, no championship was played in 1914-15 at all. In the following three seasons, regional leagues operated, like before 1908. A Westkreis championship as well as a Southern German one was played, but no national title games were held.[5]

With the end of the war in November 1918, football came to a halt once more. Lorraine ceased to be a part of Germany and the German football league system, being awarded to France. New leagues started to operate from 1919 and in the parts of the Westkreis still with Germany, the Kreisliga Pfalz, Kreisliga Saar and Kreisliga Hessen were formed.[6]

National success[edit]

The Westkreis was one of the weaker regions as football was concerned in this era, taking out no Southern German championships at the time and never qualifying for the German championship.

Southern German championship[edit]

Qualified teams and their success:

  • 1909: FC 1900 Kaiserlautern, 4th
  • 1910: Mannheimer FG Union 97, 3rd
  • 1911: Mannheimer FG Union 97, 3rd
  • 1912: FC Phönix Mannheim, Runners-up
  • 1913: VfR Mannheim, 3rd
  • 1914: VfR Mannheim, 4th
  • 1916: FC Pfalz Ludwigshafen, Runners-up
  • 1917: FC Pfalz Ludwigshafen, 4th
  • 1918: FC Phönix Mannheim, Runners-up

German championship[edit]

None qualified.

Winners and runners-up of the Westkreis-Liga and championship[edit]

Season Winner Runner-Up
1908-09 FC 1900 Kaiserlautern FC Pfalz Ludwigshafen
1909-10 Mannheimer FG Union 97 FV Kaiserslautern
1910-11 Mannheimer FG Union 97 Mannheimer FC Viktoria 97
1911-12 FC Phönix Mannheim FV Kaiserslautern
1912-13 VfR Mannheim FC Phönix Mannheim
1913-14 VfR Mannheim FC Phönix Mannheim
1914-15 not held
1915-16 FC Pfalz Ludwigshafen FC Phönix Mannheim
1916-17 FC Pfalz Ludwigshafen FC Phönix Mannheim
1917-18 FC Phönix Mannheim FC Alemannia Worms
1918-19 not held

Placings in the Westkreis-Liga 1908-14[edit]

Club 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914
FC 1900 Kaiserlautern 1 1
FC Pfalz Ludwigshafen 2 8 4 4 6 5
Palatia Kaiserslautern 1 3
Ludwigshafener FG 03 4 7 6 5 3 6
Germania Ludwigshafen 5 9 9 7
Revida Ludwigshafen 6
Bavaria Kaiserslautern 1 7
Mannheimer FG Union 97 2 1 1
FV Kaiserslautern 1 2 3 2 5 4
FC Phönix Mannheim 3 7 1 2 2
Union VfB Mannheim 97 4 5
FC Olympia Darmstadt 5 8 6 8
Mannheimer FC Viktoria 97 2 6 2
VfR Mannheim 3 1 1
Phönix Ludwigshafen 8 4 3
Borussia Neunkirchen 7 7
SpVgg Metz 3 8
  • 1 In 1909, FC 1900 merged with FC Palatia and FC Bavaria to form FV Kaiserslautern. In 1929, this club merged with SV Phönix to form 1. FC Kaiserslautern.
  • 2 In 1911, FG Union 97 merged with FC Viktoria 97 and FG 1896 to form VfR Mannheim.
  • 3 SpVgg Metz (sometimes SV Metz) players formed Cercle Athlétique Messin in 1919, which evolved to become FC Metz in 1932.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1909 (German), accessed: 17 May 2009
  2. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 35, accessed: 17 May 2009
  3. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1910 (German), accessed: 17 May 2009 Archived June 10, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1914 (German), accessed: 17 May 2009 Archived February 16, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 54-56, accessed: 21 April 2009
  6. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 62, accessed: 17 May 2009

Sources[edit]

  • Fussball-Jahrbuch Deutschland (German) (8 vol.), Tables and results of the German tier-one leagues 1919-33, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll

External links[edit]