Westley Allan Dodd

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Westley Allan Dodd
WestleyDodd.png
Dodd testifying in court
Born(1961-07-03)July 3, 1961
DiedJanuary 5, 1993(1993-01-05) (aged 31)
Cause of deathExecution by hanging
Other namesThe Vancouver Child Killer, Shellie "LEE" Brooks
Conviction(s)
Criminal penaltysentenced to Death in July 14, 1990.
Details
Victims3
Span of crimes
September 4, 1989–November 13, 1989
CountryUnited States
State(s)Washington
Date apprehended
November 13, 1989
Imprisoned atWashington State Penitentiary

Westley Allan Dodd (July 3, 1961 – January 5, 1993), was an American serial killer and convicted sex offender. In 1989, he sexually assaulted and murdered three young boys in Vancouver, Washington. He was arrested later that year after a failed attempt to abduct a six-year-old boy at a movie theater.

Dodd wrote detailed accounts of his murders in a diary which was found by police. After pleading guilty to the charges of murder, he received the death penalty. After refusing an automatic appeal, his execution by hanging on January 5, 1993 was the first legal hanging in the United States since 1965.

Early life[edit]

Westly Allan Dodd was born in Toppenish, Washington, on July 3, 1961, the oldest of Jim and Carol Dodd's three children.[1] Dodd claimed he was never abused or neglected as a child.[2] He claimed, however, that the words "I love you" were never said to him as he grew up, nor could he ever remember saying them.[3]

The Seattle Times reported that Dodd described in a diary written during his imprisonment that his father was emotionally and physically abusive, that he was often neglected in favor of his younger siblings, and that he witnessed violent fights between his parents. At school, Dodd was not welcome into any social groups, leaving him with no friends. By the age of 9, Dodd was aware of this attraction to boys.[4] On July 3, 1976—Dodd's 15th birthday—his father attempted suicide following an argument with his wife.[5]

Criminal history[edit]

Sex offenses[edit]

At the age of 13, Dodd began exposing himself to children in his neighborhood. His father eventually told an Oregon newspaper that he was aware of the boy's behavior but largely ignored it, since he felt his son was otherwise "a well-behaved child who never had problems with drugs, drinking, or smoking."[6] By the time he entered high school, Dodd had progressed to molestation, beginning with his younger cousins, and then neighborhood children he offered to babysit, as well as the children of a woman his father was dating.[7] At the age of 15, Dodd was arrested for indecent exposure, but police released him with a recommendation of juvenile counseling.[8]

In August 1981, Dodd tried to abduct two little girls, who reported him to the police. No action was taken. The following month, he enlisted in the US Navy, and was assigned to the submarine base in Bangor, Washington, where he began abusing children who lived on the base.[9]

Once, Dodd offered a group of boys $50 to accompany him to a motel room for a game of strip poker. This time, he was arrested. Despite confessing to police that he planned to molest the boys, he was released, with no charges filed.[8] Shortly afterwards, he was arrested again for exposing himself to a boy and discharged from the Navy. Dodd spent 19 days in jail and underwent court-ordered counseling. In May 1984, he was arrested for molesting a 10-year-old boy, but received only a suspended sentence.

Dodd planned his entire life around easy access to "targets", as he referred to children. He moved into an apartment block that housed families with children, and worked at fast food restaurants, as a charity truck driver, and other such jobs. He repeatedly molested the pre-school-aged children of a neighbor, but the woman declined to press charges, fearing the experience would be too traumatic for her children.

In 1987, Dodd tried to lure a young boy into a vacant building, but the boy refused to go with him and instead told police. Prosecutors were aware of his history of sexual offenses, and recommended five years in prison. However, once again, Dodd received minimal punishment because he had not actually touched the boy or exposed himself. He was placed on probation and ordered to seek psychiatric treatment. After finishing probation, he stopped going to treatment and he moved to Vancouver, Washington,[4] where he was hired as a shipping clerk.

In the early autumn of 1989, Dodd decided that David Douglas Park in Vancouver, a heavily wooded park with several secluded trails, would be a good place to find potential victims.[5] He was arrested several times over the next few years for child molestation, each time serving short jail sentences and being given court-mandated therapy.[5] All his victims (around 50 in all) were below the age of 12, some of them as young as 2, most of them boys.

Dodd's sexual fantasies became increasingly violent over the years saying, "The more I thought about it, the more exciting the idea of murder sounded. I planned many ways to kill a boy." A psychiatrist who evaluated Dodd following one of his convictions said that he fit the legal criteria for a "sexual psychopath".[5]

Murders[edit]

On September 4, 1989, Dodd went to Vancouver's David Douglas Park, with a fish fillet knife and shoelaces, and sought out young boys to kill.[4] He lured two brothers, 11- and 10-year-old Cole and William Neer, to a secluded area, where he forced them to undress, tied them to a tree and performed sex acts on them both. When he was done, he stabbed them repeatedly with a knife and fled the scene. The boys were soon discovered in the park. Cole was dead at the scene, while William died en route to the hospital.[1]

After the murders of the two brothers, Dodd started a scrapbook with newspaper clippings and other facts about the murders.[4] On October 29, Dodd drove to Portland, Oregon and there he encountered four-year-old Lee Iseli and his nine-year-old brother Justin at a local park. The boy was playing alone on a slide, and Dodd succeeded in convincing the boy to come with him. Justin had gone home, so Dodd told Lee that he "would drive him back to his house". He managed to bring Lee to his apartment in Vancouver apparently unnoticed, and he ordered the boy to undress. Dodd then tied Lee to his bed and molested him, taking photographs of the abuse. Dodd kept Lee overnight while he continued to molest him, all the while jotting down every detail in his diary. The next morning, he strangled Lee to death with a rope and hung his body in the closet, photographing it as a macabre "trophy".[10]

He would later confess to police that he had not originally planned to kill the boy, but eventually decided that it was necessary to keep him from telling anyone. Dodd stuffed Lee's nude body in trash bags and threw it in some bushes near Vancouver Lake. He burned Lee's clothing in a trash barrel except for the boy's underwear, which he kept as a souvenir of the crime. One day later, Lee's body was discovered, which sparked a manhunt for the killer.[4] Dodd kept a low profile and mostly stayed in his apartment, writing down future plans for child abduction and also constructing a homemade torture rack for the next victim.[11]

Arrest[edit]

On November 13, 1989, Dodd attempted to abduct 6-year-old James Kirk II from the restroom of the New Liberty Theater in Camas, Washington, but the child began fighting and crying as Dodd was leaving the theater through the lobby, carrying the boy in his arms. Despite Dodd's attempts to calm the boy, theater employees became suspicious. Once outside, Dodd released his victim before getting into his car and driving away.[12]

The boyfriend of the boy's mother, William "Ray" Graves, came to the theater lobby and was told that the boy had nearly been abducted. Graves went outside the theater in the direction where Dodd was last seen. Dodd's car had broken down a short distance away from the theater and he was attempting to start the motor. In order not to raise Dodd's suspicion and to stall for time, Graves offered to help him. He then put Dodd into a headlock and brought him back to the theater, where employees called the police.[13]

The local police contacted the Portland Police task force investigating the kidnapping and murder of Lee Iseli. Dodd was brought to the Camas Police station, where the Portland task force lead detectives C.W. Jensen and Dave Trimble interviewed him. He was then taken to the Clark County jail in Vancouver where Jensen and Trimble continued their interrogation over the course of three days. Eventually, Dodd confessed to all three murders. Jensen and Trimble then served a search warrant at Dodd's home in Vancouver.

During the search of Dodd's home, police discovered a homemade torture rack, along with newspaper clippings about his crimes, a briefcase containing Lee Iseli's underwear, a photo album containing pictures of Lee Iseli, and assorted photographs of children in newspaper and store catalog underwear advertisements. They also discovered Dodd's diary, in which he wrote in detail about the murders.

Dodd was charged with first-degree murder in the deaths of the Neer brothers and Lee Iseli, plus attempted kidnapping of another child. He initially pleaded not guilty to all charges, but later changed his plea to guilty.

Trial[edit]

During his trial in Clark County Superior Court, the prosecution read aloud excerpts of Dodd's diary, and displayed the photographs of Lee Iseli. The defense did not call any witnesses, or present any evidence, suggesting only that Dodd must be legally insane. Prosecutors requested the death penalty, and the jury agreed. Dodd would claim that speaking in his own defense was pointless, and ultimately, "the system had failed repeatedly". He stated that he would like to die by hanging, and that he was willing to die if "it brought peace to the victims' families".

In 1990, Dodd was sentenced to death for the murder of the Neer brothers, as well as for the separate rape and murder of Lee Iseli.

Execution[edit]

Less than four years elapsed between the murders and Dodd's execution. He refused to appeal his case or the capital sentence. He insisted that he was uncontrollable and would kill again, stating in one court brief: "I must be executed before I have an opportunity to escape or kill someone else. If I do escape, I promise you I will kill and rape again, and I will enjoy every minute of it."[1] He also said in some interviews that death would give him relief from guilt over the murders.[14] During his trial, he wrote a pamphlet on how parents could protect children from child molesters such as himself.[15]

Washington state law gave Dodd the choice of either lethal injection or hanging for his execution. He chose hanging, later stating in interviews that he preferred that method "because that's the way Lee Iseli [his final victim] died".[16] His execution by hanging was the first in the United States since George York and James Latham were hanged by Kansas in 1965. Dodd's execution was witnessed by 12 members of local and regional media,[17] prison officials, and family members of the three victims. Dodd ordered broiled salmon and fried potatoes for his last meal. His last words, spoken from the second floor of the indoor gallows, were recorded by the media witnesses as:

I was once asked by somebody, I don't remember who, if there was any way sex offenders could be stopped. I said, 'No.' I was wrong. I was wrong when I said there was no hope, no peace. There is hope. There is peace. I found both in the Lord, Jesus Christ. Look to the Lord, and you will find peace.[18]

Washington State Penitentiary at Walla Walla.

Dodd was executed by hanging at 12:05 a.m. on January 5, 1993 at Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla. He was pronounced dead by the prison doctor and his body transported to Seattle for autopsy. The witnesses said that the King County Medical Examiner, Donald Reay, found that Dodd had died quickly, within two to three minutes, though not from a broken neck, which is the usual cause of death from hanging. Reay stated that Dodd's death had likely not been very painful.[19] Dodd was cremated following the autopsy, and his ashes turned over to his family.[20]

Execution controversy[edit]

Dodd's execution came with some controversy over his choice of execution by hanging. The American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit saying that this method of execution was a violation of the 8th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.[21] The law suit made it all the way to the Washington Supreme Court, which ended up being unsuccessful in blocking Dodd's execution, largely because Dodd himself chose hanging.[22]

On the day of the execution, many people were gathered outside the prison, either supporting or protesting the execution.[23] There was much media attention, some TV news reports featured stories on the history of hanging, showing such things as the loud sound that the trap door can make, along with the silence that follows it, and the type of rope that was going to be used, and how to properly prepare it for optimum effects.[24]

In popular culture[edit]

Dodd's crimes are included in the Investigation Discovery series Real Detective. In the episode titled "Malice" detective C. W. Jensen describes his involvement in bringing Dodd to justice and the effect it had on him personally.

Dodd was the basis for an unseen character, a child killer named "Wayne Dobbs", in the 2002 film Insomnia, starring Al Pacino. He was fictionalized as a man who murdered a young boy in a way similar to Dodd's murder of Lee Iseli. Dodd was mentioned in an episode of the popular NBC procedural crime drama Law & Order. Dodd was also mentioned in Michael Connelly's novel The Concrete Blonde.

Several books have been written about the case, including: When The Monster Comes Out Of The Closet by Lori Steinhorst, who communicated with Dodd in writing and by phone almost daily for 18 months prior to his execution; Driven to Kill by true crime author Gary C. King;[25] and Dr. Ron Turco's book about his experience during the initial investigation to assist in developing a profile of the killer.[26]

See also[edit]

General:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Egan, Timothy (December 29, 1992). "Illusions Are Also Left Dead As Child-Killer Awaits Noose". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Archived from the original on November 14, 2013. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
  2. ^ Griffiths, Richard (producer and director). "Murder by Number" (video). Atlanta, Georgia: CNN
  3. ^ Tithecott, Richard (1998). Of men and monsters: Jeffrey Dahmer and the construction of the serial killer. Madison, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-0299156848.
  4. ^ a b c d e Johnson, Rick (2009). The Power of a Man: Using Your Influence as a Man of Character. Ada, Michigan: Revell. pp. 29–31. ISBN 978-1441203670.
  5. ^ a b c d Ostrom, Carol M.; Broom, Jack (January 3, 1993). "Westley Dodd: A Long, Steady Slide Into Dark Desperation". Seattle Times. Seattle, Washington: The Seattle Times Company. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  6. ^ Gibson, Dirk Cameron (2006). "Westley Allan Dodd". Serial Murder and Media Circuses. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 160. ISBN 978-0275990640.
  7. ^ Hickey, Earl W. (2013). "Westley Allan Dodd, Sadistic Child Killer, 1989". Serial Murderers and their Victims. Boston, Massachusetts: Cengage. p. 184. ISBN 978-0495600817.
  8. ^ a b Abrams, Joan (January 12, 1992). "Westley Allan Dodd: The System Failed". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Lewiston, Idaho: T.C.I. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  9. ^ Rothgeb, Jon (January 4, 1993). "14 local kids were victims, Dodd claims". Kitsap Sun. Bremerton, Washington: Gannett Company. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  10. ^ Waxman, Olivia B. (January 5, 2018). "Lessons of the Gruesome Case Behind One of America's Last Legal Executions by Hanging". Time. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  11. ^ Wolcott, Martin Gilman (2004). The Evil 100. New York City: Citadel Press. p. 282. ISBN 978-0806525556.
  12. ^ Geranios, Nicholas K. (December 21, 1992). "Citizen who caught Dodd doesn't think himself a hero". Kitsap Sun. Bremerton, Washington: Gannett Company. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  13. ^ Geranios, Nicholas K. (December 21, 1992). "Citizen who caught Dodd doesn't think himself a hero". Kitsap Sun. Bremerton, Washington: Gannett Company. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  14. ^ Kroll, Michael (January 7, 1993). "Interview With A Monster". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois: Tronc. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  15. ^ "Killer Writes Girl on How to Foil Molesters". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California: Tronc. Associated Press. January 3, 1993. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  16. ^ McCabe, Scott (January 4, 2011). "Crime history: Child molester hanged to death". Washington Examiner. Washington, DC: MediaDC. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  17. ^ Associated Press Bulletin, Jan 4 1993, 23:26
  18. ^ "Killer's Final Words: 'There Is Peace'". Kitsap Sun. Bremerton, Washington: Gannett Company. January 5, 1993. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  19. ^ Press, The Associated (1993-01-10). "Coroner Concludes Murderer Felt Little Pain When Hanged". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  20. ^ King, Gary (2011). Driven To Kill. New York City: Pinnacle Books. ISBN 978-1452454504.
  21. ^ "Death Watch". National Catholic Reporter. Kansas City, Missouri: The National Catholic Reporter Publishing Company. 29 (11): 12. January 15, 1993.
  22. ^ Duke, Lynne (January 6, 1993). "A Hanging Fires Debate Over Cruelty". The Washington Post. Washington, DC: The Washington Post Company.
  23. ^ Sullivan, Robert (February 1, 1993). "Lynch burg". The New Republic. 208 (5): 12–13.
  24. ^ "Hanging: A matter of choice". The Economist. 326 (7793): 25. January 9, 1993.
  25. ^ "Driven to Kill". The True Crime Website of Author Gary C. King. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
  26. ^ Ronald Turco Archived February 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine

Further reading[edit]

  • Carol M. Ostrom, Jack Broom, Westley Dodd: A Long, Steady Slide Into Dark Desperation, The Seattle Times (1993-01-03), Retrieved on 2007-11-10
  • Gary C. King (October 2000), Driven to Kill, Pinnacle Books, ISBN 978-0786013470, Retrieved on 2009-08-16
  • Westley Allan Dodd, John Rose, Lori Steinhorst (November 1994), When the Monster Comes Out of the Closet, Rose Publishing, ISBN 978-1881170068, Retrieved on 2014-05-19
  • Michael H. Stone, M.D. & Gary Brucato, Ph.D., The New Evil: Understanding the Emergence of Modern Violent Crime (Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books), pp. 413-414. ISBN 978-1-63388-532-5.

External links[edit]