Westmere (microarchitecture)

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Westmere
L1 cache 64 KB per core
L2 cache 256 KB per core
L3 cache 4 MB to 30 MB shared
Model Core Series
Created January 7, 2010
Transistors 382M 32nm (C2)
Architecture Nehalem x86
Instructions MMX, AES-NI, CLMUL
Extensions
Socket(s)
Predecessor Nehalem
Successor Sandy Bridge
GPU 533 MHz to 900 MHz
177M 45nm (K0)
Connection of the GPU inside the Westemere microarchitecture

Westmere (formerly Nehalem-C) is the name given to the 32 nm die shrink of Nehalem. The first Westmere-based processors were launched on January 7, 2010 by Intel Corporation. Westmere designs included 1st generation Intel Core processors, including Core i3, i5, and i7. The Core i5 and i7 had been available under Nehalem, but this was the first Core i3.

Technology[edit]

Westmere's feature improvements from Nehalem, as reported:

  • Native six-core (Gulftown) and ten-core (Westmere-EX) processors.[1]
  • A new set of instructions that gives over 3x the encryption and decryption rate of Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) processes compared to before.[2]
    • Delivers seven new instructions (AES instruction set or AES-NI) that will be used by the AES algorithm. Also an instruction called PCLMULQDQ (see CLMUL instruction set) that will perform carry-less multiplication for use in cryptography.[3] These instructions will allow the processor to perform hardware-accelerated encryption, not only resulting in faster execution but also protecting against software targeted attacks.
  • Integrated graphics, added into the processor package (dual core Arrandale and Clarkdale only).
  • Improved virtualization latency.[4]
  • New virtualization capability: "VMX Unrestricted mode support," which allows 16-bit guests to run (real mode and big real mode).
  • Support for "Huge Pages" of 1 GB in size.
Translation lookaside buffer sizes [5]
Cache Page Size
Name Level 4 KB 2 MB 1 GB
DTLB 1st 64 32 N/A
ITLB 1st 128 7 / logical core N/A
STLB 2nd 512 none none

CPU variants[edit]

Processing Cores (Interface) Process Die Size CPUID Model Stepping Mobile Desktop, UP Server DP Server MP Server
Ten-Core (Quad-channel)[6] 32 nm 513 mm² 206F2 47 A2 Westmere-EX (80615)
Six-Core (Triple-Channel) 32 nm 248 mm² 206C0 (ES/QS),
206C1 (ES/QS),
206C2
44 A0,
B0,
B1
Gulftown (80613) Westmere-EP (80614)
Dual-Core (Dual-Channel, PCIe, Graphics Core) 32 nm
45 nm
81+114 mm² 20652
20655
37 C2
K0
Arrandale (80617) Clarkdale (80616)

Westmere CPUs[edit]

  • TDP includes the integrated GPU, if present.
  • Clarkdale processors feature 16 PCIe 2.0 lanes, which can be used in 1x16 or 2x8 configuration.
  • Clarkdale and Arrandale contain the 32 nm dual core processor Hillel and the 45 nm integrated graphics device Ironlake, and support switchable graphics.[7][8]

Server / Desktop processors[edit]

Codename Market Cores /
Threads
Socket Processor
Branding & model
Clock rate Turbo TDP Interfaces L3
cache
Release
Date
Price
Core GPU Chipset Memory
Westmere-EX[9] MP Server 10 (20) LGA
1567
Xeon E7-8870 2.4 GHz N/A Yes 130 W 4× QPI 6.4 GT/s 4× DDR3-1066 30 MB 2011-04-05[10] $4616
E7-4870 $4394
E7-2870 $4227
E7-8867L 2.13 GHz 105 W $4172
E7-8860 2.26 GHz 130 W 24 MB $4061
E7-4860 $3838
E7-2860 $3670
E7-8850 2 GHz $3059
E7-4850 $2837
E7-2850 $2558
8 (8) E7-8837 2.66 GHz $2280
8 (16) E7-8830 2.13 GHz 105 W
E7-4830 $2059
E7-2830 $1779
E7-4820 2 GHz 4× QPI 5.86 GT/s 18 MB $1446
E7-2820 $1334
6 (12) E7-4807 1.86 GHz No 95 W 4× QPI 4.8 GT/s 4× DDR3-800 $890
E7-2803 1.73 GHz 105 W $774
Gulftown /
Westmere-EP
[11]
DP Server 2 (4) LGA
1366
Xeon X5698[12] 4.4 GHz N/A No 130 W 2× QPI 6.4 GT/s 3× DDR3-1333 12 MB Q1 2011 OEM
6 (12) X5690 3.46 GHz Yes 2011-02-13 $1663
X5680 3.33 GHz 2010-03-16
X5679 3.2 GHz 115 W 2011-02-13 OEM
X5675 3.06 GHz 95 W $1440
X5670 2.93 GHz 2010-03-16
X5660 2.8 GHz $1219
X5650 2.66 GHz $996
E5649 2.53 GHz 80 W 2× QPI 5.86 GT/s 2011-02-13 $774
E5645 2.4 GHz 2010-03-16 $551
L5645 60 W 2011-02-13 OEM
L5640 2.26 GHz 2010-03-16 $996
L5639 2.13 GHz 2011-02-13 OEM
L5638 2.0 GHz 2010-03-16 $958
4 (8) X5687 3.6 GHz 130 W 2× QPI 6.4 GT/s 2011-02-13 $1663
X5677 3.46 GHz 2010-03-16
X5672 3.2 GHz 95 W 2011-02-13 $1440
X5667 3.06 GHz 2010-03-16
X5647 2.93 GHz 130 W 2× QPI 5.86 GT/s 3× DDR3-1066 2011-02-13 $774
E5640 2.66 GHz 80 W 2010-03-16
E5630 2.53 GHz $551
E5620 2.4 GHz $387
L5630 2.13 GHz 40 W $551
L5618 1.86 GHz $530
4 (4) L5609 1.86 GHz No 2× QPI 4.8 GT/s $440
L5607 2.26 GHz 80 W 8 MB 2011-02-13 $276
L5606 2.13 GHz $219
L5603 1.6 GHz 4 MB $188
UP Server 6 (12) Xeon W3690 3.46 GHz N/A Yes 130 W 1× QPI 6.4 GT/s DDR3-1333 12 MB 2011-02-13[13] $999
W3680 3.33 GHz 2010-03-16[14] $999
W3670 3.20 GHz 1× QPI 4.8 GT/s 3× DDR3-1066 2010-08-29 $885
Extreme /
Performance
Desktop
Core i7
Extreme
990X 3.46 GHz 1× QPI 6.4 GT/s 2011-02-13 $999
980X 3.33 GHz 2010-03-16
Core i7 980 1× QPI 4.8 GT/s 2011-06-26 $583
970 3.20 GHz 2010-07-17 $583
Clarkdale[15] UP Server 2 (4) LGA
1156
Xeon L3406 2.26 GHz N/A Yes 30 W DMI 2× DDR3-1066 4 MB 2010-03-16 $189
2 (2) L3403 2.0 GHz 2010-10 $
Mainstream /
Value
Desktop
2 (4) Core i5 680 3.6 GHz 733 MHz 73 W 2× DDR3-1333 2010-04-18 $294
670 3.46 GHz 2010-01-07 $284
661 3.33 GHz 900 MHz 87 W $196
660 733 MHz 73 W
655K 3.2 GHz 2010-05-30 $216
650 2010-01-07 $176
Core i3 560 3.33 GHz No 2010-08-29 $138
550 3.20 GHz 2010-05-30
540 3.06 GHz 2010-01-07 $133
530 2.93 GHz $113
2 (2) Pentium G6960 533 MHz 2× DDR3-1066 3 MB 2011-01-09 $89
G6951 2.8 GHz Q3 2010 OEM
G6950 2010-01-07 $87
Celeron G1101 2.26 GHz 2 MB $70

Mobile processors[edit]

Codename Market Cores /
Threads
Processor
Branding & Model
CPU Clock rate GPU Clock rate Turbo TDP Memory L3
cache
Interface Release
Date
Price
Standard Turbo
(1C/2C active cores )
Arrandale Mainstream /

Value Mobile

2 (4) Core i7 640M 2.8 GHz 3.46/3.2 GHz 766 MHz Yes 35 W 2× DDR3-1066 4 MB * DMI
* PCIe 1 x16
* Socket:
µPGA-988 /
BGA-1288
2010-09-26 $346
620M 2.66 GHz 3.33/3.06 GHz 2010-01-07 $332
610E 2.53 GHz 3.2/2.93 GHz
660LM 2.26 GHz 3.06/2.8 GHz 566 MHz 25 W 2010-09-26 $346
640LM 2.13 GHz 2.93/2.66 GHz 2010-01-07 $332
620LM / 620LE 2.0 GHz 2.8/2.53 GHz $300
680UM 1.46 GHz 2.53/2.16 GHz 500 MHz 18 W 2× DDR3-800 2010-09-26 $317
660UM / 660UE 1.33 GHz 2.4/2.0 GHz 2010-05-25
640UM 1.2 GHz 2.26/1.86 GHz 2010-01-07 $305
620UM / 620UE 1.06 GHz 2.13/1.76 GHz $278
Core i5 580M 2.66 GHz 3.33/2.93 GHz 766 MHz 35 W 2× DDR3-1066 3 MB 2010-09-26 $266
560M 3.2/2.93 GHz $225
540M 2.53 GHz 3.06/2.8 GHz 2010-01-07 $257
520M / 520E 2.4 GHz 2.93/2.66 GHz $225
560UM 1.33 GHz 2.13/1.86 GHz 500 MHz 18 W 2× DDR3-800 2010-09-26 $250
540UM 1.2 GHz 2.0/1.73 GHz 2010-05-25
520UM 1.06 GHz 1.86/1.6 GHz 2010-01-07 $241
480M 2.66 GHz 2.93/2.93 GHz 766 MHz 35 W 2× DDR3-1066 2011-01-09 OEM
460M 2.53 GHz 2.8/2.8 GHz 2010-09-26
450M 2.4 GHz 2.66/2.66 GHz 2010-06-26
430M 2.26 GHz 2.53/2.53 GHz 2010-01-07
470UM 1.33 GHz 1.86/1.6 GHz 500 MHz 18 W 2× DDR3-800 2010-10-01
430UM 1.2 GHz 1.73/1.46 GHz 2010-05-25
Core i3 390M 2.66 GHz n/a 667 MHz No 35 W 2× DDR3-1066 2011-01-09
380M 2.53 GHz 2010-09-26
370M 2.4 GHz 2010-06-20
350M 2.26 GHz 2010-01-07
330M / 330E 2.13 GHz
380UM 1.33 GHz 500 MHz 18 W 2× DDR3-800 2010-10-01
330UM 1.2 GHz 2010-05-25
2 (2) Pentium P6300 2.26 GHz 667 MHz 35 W 2× DDR3-1066 2011-01-09
P6200 2.13 GHz 2010-09-26
P6100 2.0 GHz
P6000 1.86 GHz 2010-06-20
U5600 1.33 GHz 500 MHz 18 W 2× DDR3-800 2011-01-09
U5400 1.2 GHz 2010-05-25
Celeron P4600 2.0 GHz 667 MHz 35 W 2× DDR3-1066 2 MB 2010-09-26 $86
P4500 / P4505 1.86 GHz 2010-03-28 OEM
U3600 1.2 GHz 500 MHz 18 W 2× DDR3-800 2011-01-09 $134
U3400 / U3405 1.06 GHz 2× DDR3-800 / 1066 2010-05-25 OEM

Roadmap[edit]

The main article for this category is Intel Tick-Tock.

The successor to Nehalem and Westmere is Sandy Bridge.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Valich, Theo (2009-04-16). "Intel says no to 28nm, focuses on 22nm: Ivy Bridge/Haswell & Larrabee". Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  2. ^ Smalley, Tim (2007-09-19), Westmere is Nehalem's successor, bit-tech.net 
  3. ^ Carry-Less Multiplication and Its Usage for Computing The GCM Mode – Intel Software Network, 2008-04-11, retrieved 2009-03-01 
  4. ^ Fuad Abazovic (2008-09-16), Westmere 32nm to improve Nehalem features, Fudzilla.com, retrieved 2009-03-01 
  5. ^ (PDF) http://software.intel.com/sites/default/files/m/7/c/9/9/c/18976-Nehalem_Uarch_Spring_2008_IDF.pdf. Retrieved January 16, 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  6. ^ Westmere-EX 10 core CPUs announced by Intel at IDF
  7. ^ Bell, Brandon (2009-02-10), Intel CPU Roadmap 2009–2010, FS Media, Inc, retrieved 2009-03-01 
  8. ^ CPU list, archived from the original on 2012-03-01 
  9. ^ Westmere-EX: Intel Improves their Xeon Flagship 
  10. ^ Intel Launches New Xeon Chips with Up to Ten Cores 
  11. ^ Intel pushes workhorse Xeons to six cores 
  12. ^ Hilbert Hagedoorn (March 15, 2011). "Intel ships a 4.4GHz Xeon X5698". The Guru of 3D. 
  13. ^ Intel Xeon X5690 - AT80614005913AB (BX80614X5690) 
  14. ^ Intel Launches Its Most Secure Data Center Processor 
  15. ^ Intel Clarkdale Processor, XTREVIEW, 2009-02-09, retrieved 2009-03-01 

External links[edit]