|Location||130 Westminster Street and 65 Weybosset Street, Providence, Rhode Island|
|Architect||Russell Warren; Tallman & Bucklin|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|Part of||Customhouse Historic District (#75000058)|
|NRHP Reference #||71000029|
|Added to NRHP||May 06, 1971|
|Designated NHL||May 11, 1976|
|Designated CP||February 20, 1975|
The Westminster Arcade, also known as the Providence Arcade, Arcade Providence, or The Arcade, is a historic shopping center at 130 Westminster Street and 65 Weybosset Street in downtown Providence, Rhode Island. Built in 1828, it is notable as the first enclosed shopping mall in the United States. Lauded as fine example of commercial Greek Revival architecture, it served as a shopping center for many years before falling into decline in the late 20th century. It has since been closed for renovation and rehabilitation several times, and most recently reopened its doors in October 2013 as a residential and commercial mixed-use building. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976.
The Arcade was developed as a commercial business venture by Cyrus Butler. Although its preliminary design called for only two floors of shops, a third floor was added to the plans before construction began. The building, designed by Russell Warren and Tallman & Bucklin, called for an arcaded lane of shops, with skylights in the roof providing illumination, in emulation to similar structures then found in some European cities. Construction of the mall roughly followed the original plan, but the need for a vestibule and stairway on the Weybosset Street side of the building to provide access to the third floor necessitated some hasty alterations which were not well-constructed and required repairs in the 1940s.
At the time of the Arcade's opening, there were few retail stores on the west side of the Providence River. Most shopping was located on the east side or Cheapside district. The arcade was slow to attract customers and was known as "Butler's Folly" for many years because of its distance from the retail districts. This changed when a fashionable hat shop opened next door, which attracted wealthy female customers to the neighborhood. After that, Westminster Street and downtown evolved into a major shopping area.
The building served as a shopping center well into the 20th century. After falling into disrepair, it was rehabilitated by architects Irving B. Haynes & Associates and Gilbane Properties, and reopened in 1980. It closed again in 2008 for renovations, and reopened in October 2013 as a mixed-use commercial and residential "micro-loft" space.
The Arcade is a long, narrow building extending between Westminster and Weybosset Streets, north of Orange Street in downtown Providence. The two street-facing sides consist of Greek temple fronts, with six massive Ionic columns 45 feet (14 m) high. On the Westminster Street side, the columns are topped by a triangular pediment, while that on the Weybosset Street side has a simple block-and panel railing above a simple entablature. Behind these fronts are open vestibule areas with stairs leading to the upper levels; those leading to the third level are somewhat crowded beneath the roofline, particularly on the Weybosset Street side, where the vestibule was a late addition occasioned by the decision to add a third floor. The long sides of the building are relatively unadorned, as it was expected by the architects that buildings would eventually be built abutting them.
The interior consists of a main avenue 13 feet (4.0 m) on the ground floor, above which the second and third floor lanes are protected by richly decorated cast iron railings capped in mahogany. The skylit roof extends the length of the building, its ridgeline aligned at the Westminster end with the top of the triangular pediment. Emphasis in all of the building's construction was on the use of fireproof materials: granite, brick, and cast iron are all used, and the roof was made of tin.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Rhode Island
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Providence, Rhode Island
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Arcade". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-05-03.
- Kandarian, Paul (9 October 2013). "Arcade in Providence opening eateries". Boston.com. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Marcelo, Philip (May 7, 2009). "Landmark Buildings in Disrepair". Providence Journal. p. B.1.
- "Historic Providence Arcade Reopens its Doors". GoLocal Prov. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- "The Arcade Providence - a Historic Revival". Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- Carolyn Pitts (February 3, 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination:" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying eight photos, exterior and interior, from c.1924, 1944, 1957, 1967, 1969, 1970 (32 KB)
- Raven, Rory (2008). Haunted Providence: Strange Tales from the Smallest State. Arcadia Publishing. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
- Eil, Philip (26 December 2012). "At the Arcade, micro-living". The Providence Phoenix. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Arcade Providence - official site
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. RI-206, "The Arcade, 130 Westminster Street, Providence, Providence County, RI", 2 photos, 5 data pages