Westminster North (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Westminster North in Greater London.
|Electorate||65,936 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Maida Vale
St John's Wood
|Member of parliament||Karen Buck (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Regent's Park & Kensington North
Cities of London & Westminster(one ward and parts of two others)
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Regent's Park & Kensington North
Cities of London & Westminster
|Created from||Paddington and St Marylebone|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Westminster North is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Karen Buck, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2] Its previous 1983 to 1997 existence is also covered by this article.
The seat was created under the Third Periodic Review of constituencies in 1983, which followed the first Boundary Commission Review in 1945, which in turn directly followed the Representation of the People Act 1918 review. It was based largely on Paddington but also took in the abolished St Marylebone constituency.
- Political history
The seat was held with modest majorities for the first creation, made up of three terms, by John Wheeler, a Conservative. Paddington constituency, its main predecessor was often marginal: by length of a single party's representation and by majorities achieved. The far less contributory precursor, St Marylebone, was a Conservative safe seat.
The 1997 boundary changes expanded the constituency to the west, taking in Labour-voting areas of north Kensington and tilting the seat towards Labour. Wheeler decided that he did not wish to contest such unfavourable territory and sought selection elsewhere. However he was unsuccessful in finding a new safe seat and thus retired at the 1997 general election.
2010 to date
- Political history
The seat was tipped in mainstream newspapers to be likely to achieve the necessary notional swing based on the same areas votes in the previous election, in 2005, to fall to the Conservative candidate; however the seat fell short of the national average swing and was accordingly won by Karen Buck. The 2015 result gave the seat the 21st most marginal majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
The seat has electoral wards:
- Abbey Road; Bayswater; Church Street; Harrow Road; Lancaster Gate; Little Venice; Maida Vale; Queen's Park; Regent's Park; and Westbourne in the City of Westminster.
History of boundaries
From 1983–1997 the constituency had the wards:
- Bayswater; Church Street; Hamilton Terrace; Harrow Road; Lancaster Gate; Little Venice; Lords;[n 3] Maida Vale; Queen's Park; Regent's Park; and Westbourne.
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which called for the recreation of this constituency for the General Election 2010. This was achieved from parts of two seats: the eastern three quarters of Regent's Park and Kensington North and northern parts of "Cities of London and Westminster":
- Lancaster Gate ward (that part of Bayswater closest to Hyde Park)
- A major part of a shared ward next to this, Bayswater
- Loss of a minor part of a shared ward, "Bryanston and Dorset Square", centred on Baker Street.
Population expansion across the former main seat was a factor, including Maida Vale, West Kilburn and to a lesser degree in St John's Wood which are retained as well as in Notting Hill and North Kensington which were therefore removed.
Comprising the northwestern part of the City of Westminster, this seat and its main forerunner have been a Conservative hope since they effectively lost it in the 1997 General Election, but Labour have stubbornly held on to it following local council embezzlement under Shirley Porter, even though the constituency contains some affluent residential areas that have historically voted Conservative in large numbers such as Bayswater and the area on the western and northwestern sides of Regent's Park.
Lord's Cricket Ground and the famous Abbey Road Studios are in the seat, while the Queen's Park, Church Street, Westbourne Park and Harrow Road areas, further from central London are more of mixed income brackets and have since 1997 often elected Labour councillors, though most parts of the seat have Conservative councillors in local elections.
Reflective of the excellent transport links to the selective professional industries of the City of London and long-standing desirable housing in this area, workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
|1983||John Wheeler||Conservative||Knighted in 1993[n 4]|
|constituency abolished in 1997|
|2010||Karen Buck||Labour||Member for main successor/predecessor seat (1997–2010)|
|General Election 1983 
Turnout: 44,262 (64.2%)
Majority: 1,710 (3.8%)
Swing: 0.5% from Con to Lab
|John Daniel Wheeler||Conservative||19,134||43.2||–3.8|
|Arthur Charles Latham||Labour||17,424||39.4||–2.8|
|Thomas Guy Clare Halliwell||Social Democratic||6,956||15.7||+7.1|
|Timothy Haydon Cooper||Ecology||527||1.2|
|Thomas Leslie Keen[n 5]||Independent||148||0.3|
|General Election 1987 
Turnout: 42,138 (71.1%) +6.9
Majority: 3,310 (7.8%) +4.0
Swing: 2.0% from Lab to Con
|John Daniel Wheeler||Conservative||19,941||47.3||+4.1|
|Jennifer Fitzgerald Edwards||Labour||16,631||39.5||+0.1|
|Richard John De Ste Croix||Social Democratic||5,116||12.1||–3.6|
|General Election 1992 
Turnout: 44,585 (75.1%) +4.0
Majority: 3,733 (8.4%) +0.6
Swing: 0.3% from Lab to Con
|John Daniel Wheeler||Conservative||21,828||49.0||+1.7|
|Jennifer Fitzgerald Edwards||Labour||18,095||40.6||+1.1|
|Lewis Justin Wigoder||Liberal Democrat||3,349||7.5||–4.6|
|Amelia Nicola Burke||Green||1,017||2.3||+1.2|
|Jonathan Robert Hinde||Natural Law||159||0.4|
|Michael Francis Domville Kelly||Anti-Federalist League||137||0.3|
|General Election 2010 
Turnout: 39,598 (59.3%)
Majority: 2,126 (5.4%)
Swing: 0.6% from Lab to Con
|Karen Patricia Buck||Labour||17,377||43.9||+4.0|
|Joanne Catherine Cash||Conservative||15,251||38.5||+5.2|
|Mark David Harry Blackburn||Liberal Democrat||5,513||13.9||–5.7|
|Tristan James Law Smith||Green||478||1.2||–3.5|
|Edward Roseman||English Democrat||99||0.3|
|Gabriela Paulo Fajardo||Christian||98||0.2|
|Abdulla Janmohamed Dharamsey||Independent||32||0.1|
|General Election 2015 
Turnout: 39,514 (63.4%) +4.1
Majority: 1,977 (5.0%) -0.4
Swing: 0.2% from Lab to Con
|Karen Patricia Buck||Labour||18,504||46.8||+2.9|
|Lindsey Jayne Bruce Hall||Conservative||16,527||41.8||+3.3|
|Kirsty Roberta Allan||Liberal Democrat||1,457||3.7||–10.2|
|Jennifer Dunham Nadel||Green||1,322||3.3||+2.1|
|Gabriela Paulo Fajardo||Christian||152||0.4||+0.2|
|Charles John Nicholas Ward||Independent||63||0.2|
- Kensington (UK Parliament constituency)
- Cities of London and Westminster (UK Parliament constituency)
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- This was one of several small wards, not shown in the 2010 post-revision (and pre-revision) map of the area, which was thus abolished before the Fifth review – the actual area around "Lords" remained squarely within the seat on the re-appearance of the constituency in 2010.
- Since January 1993 John Wheeler only has the title: Sir
- Used the description "Tactically Vote Conservative Annihilates Bennites Livingstonites"
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- 2011 Census
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Britain Votes 4, ed. F. W. S. Craig, Parliamentary Research Services, Chichester, 1987, p. 24; Return of Election Expenses, HC Paper 130 of session 1983-84, p. 71.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Britain Votes 4, ed. F. W. S. Craig, Parliamentary Research Services, Chichester, 1987, p. 24; Return of Election Expenses, HC Paper 426 of session 1987-88, p. 62.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Britain Votes 5, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher, Dartmouth Publishing, Aldershot, 1993, p. 152; Return of Election Expenses, HC Paper 603 of session 1992-93, p. 79.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Election 2010: The Official Results, compiled by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher, Biteback Publishing, London, 2010, p. 176.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "7 May 2015 - UK general election". Westminster City Council. Retrieved 8 May 2015.