Westmorland and Lonsdale (UK Parliament constituency)
|Westmorland and Lonsdale|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Westmorland and Lonsdale in Cumbria.
Location of Cumbria within England.
|Electorate||66,609 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Tim Farron (Liberal Democrat)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Morecambe and Lonsdale and Westmorland|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
Westmorland and Lonsdale is a constituency[n 1] in the south of Cumbria, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Tim Farron, the former leader of the Liberal Democrats (2015-2017).
The constituency is based on the South Lakeland district of Cumbria. Important towns by size in the constituency include Kendal, Windermere and Kirkby Lonsdale.[n 2] It is named for the historic county of Westmorland and the Lancashire Hundred of Lonsdale. (The main part of that hundred is still part of Lancashire. However, Westmorland and Lonsdale contains not only the old Westmorland part of geographic Lonsdale, Kirkby Lonsdale, but also some of the detached part of the old Lancashire administrative hundred of Lonsdale in the Lake District, made up of old Furness and Cartmel, both of which are not geographically in the dale of the River Lune, or "Lonsdale".)
- Arnside and Beetham, Burneside, Burton and Holme, Cartmel, Coniston, Crooklands, Grange, Hawkshead, Holker, Kendal Castle, Kendal Far Cross, Kendal Fell, Kendal Glebelands, Kendal Heron Hill, Kendal Highgate, Kendal Kirkland, Kendal Mintsfeet, Kendal Nether, Kendal Oxenholme, Kendal Parks, Kendal Stonecross, Kendal Strickland, Kendal Underley, Kirkby Lonsdale, Lakes Ambleside, Lakes Grasmere, Levens, Lyth Valley, Milnthorpe, Natland, Sedbergh, Staveley-in-Cartmel, Staveley-in-Westmorland, Whinfell, Windermere Applethwaite, Windermere Bowness North, Windermere Bowness South and Windermere Town
This removed Broughton-in-Furness from the constituency.
Having been a Conservative-dominated seat since its creation in 1983, the 1997 election saw the Conservatives' majority cut to less than 5,000 votes. This was further reduced at the 2001 election. In 2005, the constituency featured among a list of seats held by high-profile Conservatives (in this case, Shadow Education minister Tim Collins) targeted by Liberal Democrats by deploying supporters from across each region in what was referred in the media as a "decapitation strategy". Westmorland and Lonsdale was the shadow ministerial loss in the following election — Tim Farron gained the seat by a marginal majority.
At the 2010 general election, the local electorate caused the largest (Conservative-to-Liberal Democrat) swing nationally, of 11.1% — equally the lowest share of the vote for Labour (2.2%, one of five lost deposits for Labour), nationally. With 96.2% of votes cast for either the Conservative or Liberal Democrat candidates, Westmorland and Lonsdale had the highest combined share of the vote cast for the Coalition parties.
Contrasting with its Conservative long-term history, the combined Conservative/UKIP vote narrowly failed to reach 40% in 2015. Equally Tim Farron, who would become party leader two months later, was the only member of his party to secure an absolute majority (over 50%) of votes cast.
Members of Parliament
|2005||Tim Farron||Liberal Democrat|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Tim Farron||23,686||45.8||-5.7|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||-8.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Tim Farron||25,194||51.5||−8.5|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||−2.75|
|Liberal Democrat||Tim Farron||30,896||60.0||+14.1|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+11.1|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Tim Farron||22,569||45.5||+5.1|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.5|
note: The Robert Gibson who stood in this election and the similarly named candidate in 1983 are not the same person.
|Liberal Democrat||Tim Farron||19,339||40.4||+7.0|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Stanley Collins||16,942||33.4||+5.9|
|Referendum||Michael H. Smith||1,924||3.8||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Stanley Collins||15,362||27.5||−1.7|
|Labour||Dickon J. Abbott||8,436||15.1||+1.9|
|Natural Law||Robert Johnstone||287||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-12.
- Senior Tories Avoid LibDem "decaptitation" The Evening Standard 6 May 2005
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 3)
- "UK Parliamentary election: Westmorland & Lonsdale constituency - Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). South Lakeland District Council. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Westmorland & Lonsdale". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Westmorland and Lonsdale Conservatives, Westmorland and Lonsdale Conservatives
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.