Westmorland and Lonsdale (UK Parliament constituency)
|Westmorland and Lonsdale|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Westmorland and Lonsdale in Cumbria
Location of Cumbria within England
|Electorate||66,609 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Grange-over-Sands, Kendal, Windermere|
|Member of Parliament||Tim Farron (Liberal Democrats)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Morecambe and Lonsdale and Westmorland|
Westmorland and Lonsdale is a constituency[n 1] in the south of Cumbria, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Tim Farron, the former leader of the Liberal Democrats (2015–2017).
Since 2017, Westmorland and Lonsdale has been the only Liberal Democrat seat in the whole of Northern England.
The constituency is similar in extent to the South Lakeland district of Cumbria. Important towns by size in the constituency include Kendal, Windermere and Kirkby Lonsdale. It is named for the historic county of Westmorland and the Lancashire Hundred of Lonsdale, both of which extend beyond the bounds of the constituency.
- Arnside and Beetham, Burneside, Burton and Holme, Cartmel, Coniston, Crooklands, Grange, Hawkshead, Holker, Kendal Castle, Kendal Far Cross, Kendal Fell, Kendal Glebelands, Kendal Heron Hill, Kendal Highgate, Kendal Kirkland, Kendal Mintsfeet, Kendal Nether, Kendal Oxenholme, Kendal Parks, Kendal Stonecross, Kendal Strickland, Kendal Underley, Kirkby Lonsdale, Lakes Ambleside, Lakes Grasmere, Levens, Lyth Valley, Milnthorpe, Natland, Sedbergh, Staveley-in-Cartmel, Staveley-in-Westmorland, Whinfell, Windermere Applethwaite, Windermere Bowness North, Windermere Bowness South and Windermere Town
This removed Broughton-in-Furness from the constituency.
Having been a Conservative-dominated seat since its creation in 1983, the 1997 general election saw the Conservatives' majority cut to fewer than 5,000 votes. This was further reduced at the 2001 general election. In 2005, the constituency featured among a list of seats held by high-profile Conservatives (in this case, Shadow Education minister Tim Collins) targeted by the Liberal Democrats by deploying supporters from across each region in what was referred in the media as a "decapitation strategy". Westmorland and Lonsdale was the single shadow ministerial loss at the following election — Tim Farron gained the seat by a marginal majority of 267 votes.
At the 2010 general election, the local electorate caused the largest Conservative-to-Lib Dem swing nationally, of 11.1% — equally the lowest share of the vote for Labour (2.2%, one of five lost deposits for Labour), nationally. With 96.2% of votes cast for either the Conservative or Liberal Democrat candidates, Westmorland and Lonsdale had the highest combined share of the vote cast for the Coalition parties.
Contrasting with its long-term Conservative support, the combined Conservative/UKIP vote narrowly failed to reach 40% in 2015. Equally, Farron, who would become Leader of the Liberal Democrats two months later; was the only member of his party to secure an absolute majority (over 50%) of votes cast, after what was a poor result for the party nationwide with their seat count reduced from 57 seats to 8. In 2017 (when Farron was Lib Dem leader), Farron's majority fell to just 777 votes. However in 2019, he was re-elected with a majority increased to 1,934.
Members of Parliament
|2005||Tim Farron||Liberal Democrats|
Elections in the 2010s
In 2019, Westmorland and Lonsdale was one of five English constituencies, the others being Esher and Walton, East Devon, Cheltenham and Winchester, where Labour failed to obtain over 5% of the vote and lost their deposit.
|Liberal Democrats||Tim Farron||25,795||48.9||+3.1|
|Brexit Party||Steven Bolton||763||1.5||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||+1.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Tim Farron||23,686||45.8||−5.7|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||−8.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Tim Farron||25,194||51.5||−8.5|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||−2.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Tim Farron||30,896||60.0||+14.1|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||+11.1|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Tim Farron||22,569||45.5||+5.1|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Tim Farron||19,339||40.4||+7.0|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Stanley Collins||16,942||33.4||+5.9|
|Referendum||Michael H. Smith||1,924||3.8||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Stanley Collins||15,362||27.5||−1.7|
|Labour||Dickon J. Abbott||8,436||15.1||+1.9|
|Natural Law||Robert Johnstone||287||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Note: The Robert Gibson who stood in this election and the similarly named candidate in 2001 and 2005 are not the same person.
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer).
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-12.
- Lyon, Sam (6 May 2005). "Senior Tories Avoid LibDem "decaptitation"". Evening Standard.
- Gosden, Emily (2015-05-09). "Liberal Democrat survivors round on Nick Clegg". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2019-08-16.
- Harris, John (12 July 2015). "The strange death of the Liberal Democrats". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 3)
- "Lord Buckethead among candidates to lose deposit". December 13, 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). southlakeland.gov.uk. South Lakeland Council. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
- "Westmorland & Lonsdale parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". Retrieved 2019-12-16.
- "UK Parliamentary election: Westmorland & Lonsdale constituency - Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). South Lakeland District Council. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Westmorland & Lonsdale". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Westmorland and Lonsdale Conservatives, Westmorland and Lonsdale Conservatives
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.