Weston-Sub-Edge

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Weston Sub Edge
Church Street, Weston-sub-Edge (geograph 2079276).jpg
Church Street, Weston-sub-Edge
Weston Sub Edge is located in Gloucestershire
Weston Sub Edge
Weston Sub Edge
Weston Sub Edge shown within Gloucestershire
Population 431 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference SP126412
Civil parish
  • Weston Sub Edge Parish
District
  • Cotswold
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHIPPING CAMPDEN
Postcode district GL55 6
Dialling code 01386
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire
52°04′05″N 1°49′01″W / 52.068°N 1.817°W / 52.068; -1.817Coordinates: 52°04′05″N 1°49′01″W / 52.068°N 1.817°W / 52.068; -1.817

Weston-Sub-Edge ( also known as Weston Subedge ) is a village in Gloucestershire, England.

History[edit]

This Cotswold village, recorded in the Domesday Book,[2] lies at the foot of Dover's Hill. Named after Robert Dover who organised his ‘Olimpick’ Games there from 1612, it is a well-known beauty spot with extensive views over the surrounding countryside. The Cotswold Olimpick Games, held annually, were revived in 1966. The Bowling Club, formed in 1987, has adopted certain features – their blazer badge is the silver castle (presented then as a prize in some events) while Robert Dover can be seen on the men’s ties. The designs are taken from the frontispiece to the “Annalia Dubrensia”, a book of poems written in praise of Robert Dover and published in 1636.[3] The hill was gifted to The National Trust in 1928[4] and lies within the Cotswolds AONB.

The Romans occupied Weston from the 2nd Century AD, a date based on coins and pottery found in the village.[5] Their Ryknild Street (now called Buckle Street) forms the parish boundary with Saintbury and provided a link with Watling Street and The Fosse Way. Weston, said to have been a station for the Imperial Post, lies roughly halfway between Alcester and Slaughter Bridge, near Bourton-on-the-Water, where Ryknild joins the Fosse. There are three listed Romano-British sites in the village, including one just below the Lynches Wood. It is said that the Romans grew their vines on the clearly defined terraces there. Not far from the hill is the Kiftsgate Stone,[6] the stone pillar marking the Kiftsgate Hundred. It is an ancient monument.[7] Here in Saxon times, the Court of the Hundred met and public announcements were proclaimed. The Stone can be seen on the boundary of Weston Park, almost 200 acres of ancient woodland, first sold from the Giffard Estate in 1610. It still remains in private hands. A boundary stone at the south end of the parish was erected in the 18th century and has been designated as a listed building.[8]

The manor house, next to the church, was built in the late 17th century.[9] The village has some stone houses and a public house, called the Seagrave Arms which was built in the 17th century.[10] The school, built in 1852, was closed in 1985,[11] and the small post office closed in 2008.[12]

Weston-sub-Edge railway station is a disused station on the Honeybourne Line from Stratford-upon-Avon to Cheltenham which served the village between 1904 and 1960.

Name[edit]

The exact spelling of the name is inconsistent, with several variants being used. The Domesday Book refers to Westone,[2] but the Ordnance Survey currently use the spelling Weston Subedge,[13] and that is the spelling used by the government in its statutory instruments.[14] However the Parish Council now uses the hyphenated version.[15]

The hyphenated version appeared on all of the railway timetables when the Honeybourne Line was active.[16] It may well be[opinion] that this was taken from the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales which had added hyphens to a lot of the names in the content.[17] Burnt Norton and Chipping Campden quoted in the item on Weston-sub-Edge certainly should not have hyphens.[citation needed] Bigland's Gloucestershire still shows the two word title 10 years later.[18] so it is difficult to establish when the hyphenated version started to be used.[opinion]

To add to the problem, Royal Mail use a spelling of Weston-Subedge on postal addresses.[19]

Industry[edit]

Weston Industrial Estate

As well as a few local businesses, Weston Industrial Estate just north of the village provides a number of specialist businesses.[20] The site of the estate was originally developed as a service area for RAF Honeybourne and a number of the original buildings from the 1940s are still recognizable today. The area contained the CO's office, Naffi and Sergeants Mess well away from the main runways and taxi areas.

Religious sites[edit]

The church of St Lawrence was built in the 13th century. It underwent Victorian restoration by Frederick Preedy in the 1850s.[21] The lych gate was added in 1922 by Norman Jewson.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Note – Parish population 2011 - Includes Saintbury". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Doomsday Entry Weston Subedge". Open Domesday. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "Scanned copy of original book". 
  4. ^ "An historical summary of Trust acquisitions" (PDF). National Trust. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Weston Subedge". Ancient and Historical Monuments in the County of Gloucester Iron Age and Romano-British Monuments in the Gloucestershire Cotswolds. London: HMSO. 1976. pp. 123–124. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  6. ^ "Kiftsgate Stone". Pastscape. Historic England. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  7. ^ "Kiftsgate Stone". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  8. ^ "Boundary stone at south end of Weston- Sub Edge". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  9. ^ "Manor House". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  10. ^ "Seagrave Arms". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  11. ^ "Record of archive of material relating to Weston Sub Edge C. of E. School". National Archives. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "Gloucestershire Post Offices six months on". Gloucester Citizen. 15 October 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  13. ^ "Weston Subedge". Linked data. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  14. ^ "The District of Cotswold (Electoral Changes) Order 2001" (PDF). The Stationery Office. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  15. ^ "Parish and town councils-Weston-sub-Edge". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  16. ^ Crowder, Ian (2014). "Chronology". GWR - Gloucestershire's mainline heritage railway. Retrieved 14 September 2015.  Contains a list of the stations on the line
  17. ^ GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. "History of Weston Subedge, in Cotswold and Gloucestershire | Map and description". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 14 September 2015. [not in citation given]
  18. ^ "Bigland's Gloucestershire". B417/38840GS. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  19. ^ "Postcode: GL55 6QH". Address Postcode Finder. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  20. ^ "Business Directory". Weston Industrial Estate. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  21. ^ "Church of St. Lawrence". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 

External links[edit]