Weston-under-Redcastle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Weston-Under-Redcastle
St Luke's Church, Weston-under-Redcastle.jpg
St Luke's Church
Weston-Under-Redcastle is located in Shropshire
Weston-Under-Redcastle
Weston-Under-Redcastle
Weston-Under-Redcastle shown within Shropshire
Population285 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ564288
Civil parish
  • Weston-Under-Redcastle
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSHREWSBURY
Postcode districtSY4
Dialling code01948
PoliceWest Mercia
FireShropshire
AmbulanceWest Midlands
EU ParliamentWest Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Shropshire
52°51′18″N 2°38′49″W / 52.855°N 2.647°W / 52.855; -2.647Coordinates: 52°51′18″N 2°38′49″W / 52.855°N 2.647°W / 52.855; -2.647

Weston-under-Redcastle is a small village and civil parish in Shropshire, England. It lies 10 km (6.2 miles) by road east of Wem, within the North Shropshire District. At one end of the village is the main entrance to Hawkstone Park hotel and golf courses, and at the other end is a wood.[2] Weston was mentioned in the Domesday Book, and part of the 1989 BBC adaptation of Prince Caspian was filmed in the village. It is under the south west edge of the Hawkstone Ridge.[citation needed]

The village[edit]

Weston has a Village Hall, and Maynard’s Farm Shop mentioned in Rick Stein's Food Heroes of Britain.[3] Two bus stops lie opposite and adjacent to the church providing links to Wem and Bings Heath. Weston is home to the 18th century Hawkstone Park Hotel which has two golf courses, two restaurants, bars and award-winning Hawkstone Park Follies.[4]

Population 1881-1961
1871? 296
1881 282
1891 272
1901 222
1911 231
1921 246
1931 253
1951 266
1961 289

History[edit]

St Luke's Church[edit]

The Church of England church of St Luke dates back to 1791, built in the Gothic style but with a Georgian tower.

It is a Grade II listed building. It was originally a chapel of ease, attached to the parish of Hodnet, but is now a parish church. The red sandstone building of 1791, on a medieval site, was mostly funded by Sir Richard Hill, 2nd Baronet of Hawkstone. It was restored in the late 19th century: this included the chancel, the gabled timber porch, stained glass, pews and octagonal font.[5]

Domesday Book[edit]

Derelict windmill just north of Weston village

Weston-under-Redcastle was pronounced[clarification needed] as Westune in the 1086 Domesday Book; it was included in the Hundred of Hodnet within the county of Shropshire. The village had 21 households, which was considered quite large for the time, with total tax value of 3 geld units.[clarification needed] In 1066 the value to the lord was £3; in 1086 it was £2. The village contained 3 villages[villeins?], 9 smallholders, 8 slaves and 1 rider. Weston had 8 plough lands, 2 lord's plough teams and one men’s[clarification needed] plough team. In 1066 the lord was Edric the Wild, and in 1086 it was Ranulf Peverel.[6] The fifteen Shropshire hundreds mentioned in the Domesday Survey were entirely rearranged in the 1100-1135 reign of King Henry I, and the Hundred of Hodnet was merged before 1203 into the Hundred of Bradford. When Bradford was split up, Weston was in North Bradford.

Hawkstone Park[edit]

Hawkstone Park consists of 100 acres (40 ha) of follies and landscaped parkland grounds and rocky outcrops, based around the authentic[clarification needed] Norman castle of Red Castle. The history of Hawkstone Park stretches back almost 800 years. In 1227 Henry de Audley, Sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire, built a sandstone castle on a natural outcrop of rock that was flanked on all sides by wide valleys. Hawkstone house, also known as the 'Great Hill', was established by Richard Hill of Hawkstone (1655-1727) .

King Arthur[edit]

There is a legend that one of the caves of Hawkstone Park was the burial ground of King Arthur.[7]

1968 siege[edit]

In 1968 a farmer named John James held a woman hostage in a derelict cottage just north of the village. The siege lasted for 17 days, with James shooting at photographers and an armoured car sent in by the Army. The siege ended when the hostage threw James's shotgun out of a window, which allowed soldiers and police to storm the cottage. It remains the longest siege in UK history.[8][9][10]

Transport[edit]

The village is just east of the A49, linking it with nearby Shrewsbury. The nearest railway station is Wem, with a usually two-hourly service south to Shrewsbury and north to Crewe. There are two bus stops in Weston, connecting the village with Shrewsbury.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2015". Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  2. ^ "North Shropshire Tourism". Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  3. ^ "Maynardsfarm". Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  4. ^ "Hawkstone Park Follies". Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  5. ^ Church of St Luke: list entry Historic England. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  6. ^ "domesdaymap Weston-Under-Redcastle". Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  7. ^ "BBC Shropshire". Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Siege gunman killed himself". BBC News. 11 January 2003. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Farmer Still Holds UK Hostage Record". The Free Library. Birmingham Post. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  10. ^ Neal, Toby; Gillam, Phil (2003). "It made the news". Shropshire: Pictures from the Past. Derby: Breedon Books. p. 44. ISBN 1-85983-371-3.

External links[edit]

Media related to Weston-under-Redcastle at Wikimedia Commons