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Originally developed around a crossroads the area now also includes two major estates, Park Hall – developed in the 1970s, and Coalville – a 1950s estate built for the National Coal Board (NCB) to house many of its miners.
Weston Coyney is almost entirely a residential area with little industry and most of the residents work elsewhere in the city.
Weston Coyney is identified in the Domesday Book as a manor called Westone or West Town in lands belonging to Robert de Stafford and held by Ernulf de Hesding. The land was recorded as being mostly woodland but with enough arable land to require three ploughs. At some time during the 13th century, during the reign of Henry III the manor of Westone had passed to the Coyney family who held the manor for several hundred years.
In the 17th century the Coyneys built Weston Coyney Hall as the family residence and continued to live there until 1910. The hall was eventually demolished in 1944. Another major family, the Parkers, built Park Hall also during the 17th century. A relative of the family, Sir Thomas Parker, became Lord Macclesfield and was Lord Chancellor between 1718–1725 before being convicted of corruption. Park Hall was not as fortunate as Weston Coyney Hall and had to be rebuilt following a fire in 1793. The last known owners of Park Hall were Joseph and Anne Jackson. The hall became known as the Safari Club under the ownership of Joseph, Stanford and Spencer Jackson. The rebuilt hall survived until the late 1960s when it was demolished.
Apart from the two halls, the area remained mostly farmland until the 20th century when residential development started along Leek Road. Post war development saw much more housing built until Weston Coyney now merge into Meir without a break.
The exception to the rural land use was at the western side of Weston Coyney where coal deposits existed. Mining started in the 18th century and continued until the 1960s. The last coal mine was Park Hall colliery which closed in 1962 when incorporated with the nearby Florence Pit. The site is now occupied by an industrial estate called Cinderhill after the most visible reminder of the colliery. A considerable amount of gravel extraction took place between 1930 and 1970 in the area that now forms Park Hall Country Park.
Weston Coyney is a ward within Stoke City Council. As of May 2015[update] the ward has one councillor, Ross Irving, who represents the Conservative Party. Prior to the 1960s Coalville was not within the boundaries of Stoke but was part of Cheadle Rural District.
The area is almost entirely residential, with two small industrial estates on the edge of Longton. There is a small supermarket, one remaining pub as well as other facilities based around New Kingsway.
Coalville is a former NCB housing estate now the subject of a regeneration scheme. Coalville was built in 1954 to provide cheap housing to attract more miners to work in the then thriving North Staffordshire coalfield. Over 400 homes were built in under a year, most being prefabricated off site. Designed with a life span of only 15 years, by the 1980s they were found to be unsellable as the reinforced concrete they were built of was disintegrating. Coupled with the closure of the local coal mines the estate entered a period of decline. Although about 150 homes were improved to make them more marketable, the rest continued to deteriorate and by the late 1990s the estate was collapsing into a state of near dereliction. A housing regeneration partnership was set up and with the aid of funding from the Housing Market Renewal Initiative the estate was transformed into a modern housing estate called Weston Heights over a period of 10 years from 2006 to 2016.
Like much of North Staffordshire, the area lies over coal measures, but the north and east areas sit mostly on sandstone and gravel. It was this latter resource that was extensively quarried in the mid 20th century. Most of the area is at an elevation of approximately 200 metres (656 ft). There are no major watercourses but the River Blithe forms the eastern boundary of the area and of the city.
The only national nature reserve in Stoke is Park Hall Country Park, and is part of Weston Coyney. Partly open heathland and partly redeveloped gravel quarry pits, an area of the park is a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest.
There are three schools within Weston Coyney; Weston Heights Infant School (for children ages 3–7) - formerly Weston Coyney Infant School, Weston Coyney Junior School (for children ages 7–11) and Park Hall Primary School (for children ages 3–11). Children of secondary school age attend one of the city's high schools, none of which are in Weston Coyney. Following the closure of Longton High School in 2010, the nearest secondary schools in the city boundaries are The Discovery Academy and Sandon Business and Enterprise College although the Staffordshire County Council controlled Moorside High School is closer than either The Discovery Academy or Sandon.
In the 1970s and 80s, Weston Coyney had a vibrant range of shops. Hodgkinson's Newsagents occupied the end of the row of shops nearest to the green followed by the bookmaker's then Maurice's greengrocers. Adjacent was a chemists and then the Co-Operative which is still present today. Opposite was a butchers, next door to a haberdashery. The Weston Inn pub, which is now built over with houses, used to have off-licence sales at the side.
Church of England
Weston Coyney was traditionally in the parish of Caverswall in the Diocese of Lichfield and parishioners had to travel to St Peter's in Caverswall. In 1984 Weston Coyney got its own church with the opening of St Andrew's church. This now forms part of the United Benefice of Caverswall with Dilhorne, with St Peter's and All Saints church in Dilhorne.
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- "Park Hall Colliery". Staffordshire Pasttrack. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
- "Park Hall Country Park". Stoke-on-Trent City Council. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
- "Election results for Weston Coyney". Stoke-on-Trent City Council. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Weston Coyney pubs". Pubs Galore. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Weston Heights, Stoke-on-Trent". Compendium Group. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- "Schools in Weston Coyney". DirectGov. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
- "The Church of England – Weston Coyney". A Church Near You. Retrieved 18 December 2009.