Bank of New South Wales building, Brisbane

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Bank of New South Wales Building, Brisbane
Bank of New South Wales Building, Brisbane.jpg
Bank of New South Wales Building, 2017
Location 33 Queen Street, Brisbane City, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Coordinates 27°28′16″S 153°01′26″E / 27.471°S 153.0239°E / -27.471; 153.0239Coordinates: 27°28′16″S 153°01′26″E / 27.471°S 153.0239°E / -27.471; 153.0239
Design period 1919 - 1930s (interwar period)
Built 1928 - 1930
Architect Hall & Devereux
Architectural style(s) Beaux Arts
Official name: Westpac Bank Building, Bank of New South Wales Building
Type state heritage (built)
Designated 21 October 1992
Reference no. 600154
Significant period 1928-1929 (fabric)
1930-1970 (historical)
Significant components banking chamber, furniture/fittings
Builders F J Corbett & Sons
Bank of New South Wales building, Brisbane is located in Queensland
Bank of New South Wales building, Brisbane
Location of Bank of New South Wales Building, Brisbane in Queensland

The Bank of New South Wales Building is a heritage-listed former bank building located at 33 Queen Street, Brisbane City, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It was designed by Hall & Devereux and built from 1928 to 1930 by F J Corbett & Sons. It is also known as Westpac Bank Building. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992.[1]

History[edit]

This bank was constructed between 1928–30, replacing an earlier building.

The Bank of New South Wales began operating on the site in rented premises in 1851. In 1853, the bank purchased the property and in 1866 erected a purpose-built bank with residence.[1] The contractor was Hugo William Du Rietz.[2]

This first building was demolished in 1928 and replaced by the current building which was completed in 1930. Designed by the firm of Hall and Devereux, it was erected by FJ Corbett & Sons for approximately £124,000. It was an example of the pervasive fashion for the neo-classical style in commercial and civic buildings of similar scale and materials during this period. 33 Queen Street remained the headquarters of the Bank of New South Wales until a new chief office was built in 1970. Later it became a branch of the Westpac Banking Corporation, a successor of the Bank of New South Wales.[1]

In April 2013 the building was sold for $34 million to Abacus Property Group and is no longer used as a bank.[3]

Description[edit]

The Westpac Bank building is a six storeyed masonry building located on the corner of Queen and George Streets. The structure is steel-framed with reinforced concrete floors. It contains Neo-classical elements that were common in bank architecture of this period.[1]

The main facades comprise Helidon freestone as a stone facing on a base of Uralla polished granite, that on Queen Street incorporating a "piano nobile" of giant order Ionic columns. This facade projects forward in the immediate area of the columns bringing them to greater prominence. The entablature above the columns incorporates the name "BANK OF NEW SOUTH WALES" into the frieze. A decorative dentil cornice line runs around the perimeter of the building above this. The parapet is relatively austere, and the portion above the columns rises to a low apex.[1]

The George Street facade also contains five window bays. The three central ones are recessed rather than projecting.[1]

The larger openings below the "piano nobile" are arched, with small square openings above them except the main entrance. The stone facing on this section resembles ashlar.[1]

Internally the main banking chamber and its entry are predominantly intact. Both the foyer to George Street and that at the corner of Queen and George Streets have been refurbished. Giant order square columns rise from the ground floor through the mezzanine level with gilded corinthian capitals. The building has a rooftop atrium courtyard with cast iron Ionic columns, but this is now roofed over. These columns were verandah posts from the 1866 bank building and were incorporated in the design of the new building.[1]

Heritage listing[edit]

The Bank of New South Wales Building was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992 having satisfied the following criteria.[1]

The place is important in demonstrating the evolution or pattern of Queensland's history.

The building and site are significant in illustrating the pattern and evolution of Queensland's history. The site has been associated with the Bank of New South Wales/Westpac since 1851.[1]

The place demonstrates rare, uncommon or endangered aspects of Queensland's cultural heritage.

The building is significant as the predominantly intact 1920s interior of the ground floor banking chamber represents a rare aspect of Queensland's cultural heritage.[1]

The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places.

The building is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of an interwar neo-classical bank building.[1]

The place is important because of its aesthetic significance.

The building is important in exhibiting aesthetic characteristics valued by the community, in particular the use of the neo-classical design for a 20th-century financial institution reflecting the dignity and solidity of such institutions and the quality and craftsmanship of the building's main interior spaces.[1]

The building makes a significant contribution to the streetscape of Queen and George Streets.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Westpac Bank Building (entry 600154)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "PUBLIC WORKS". The Brisbane Courier. XX, (2,382). Queensland, Australia. 16 September 1865. p. 1 (Supplement to the Brisbane Courier). Retrieved 14 September 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  3. ^ Jonathan Chancellor (23 April 2013). "33 Queen Street, Brisbane sells for $34 million to Abacus". Property Observer. Retrieved 17 October 2013. 

Attribution[edit]

CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article incorporates text from "The Queensland heritage register" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence (accessed on 7 July 2014, archived on 8 October 2014). The geo-coordinates were computed from the "Queensland heritage register boundaries" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence (accessed on 5 September 2014, archived on 15 October 2014).

External links[edit]

Media related to Bank of New South Wales building, Brisbane at Wikimedia Commons