Westwood Park, San Francisco

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Coordinates: 37°43′39.31″N 122°27′29.58″W / 37.7275861°N 122.4582167°W / 37.7275861; -122.4582167

Westwood Park is a residential neighborhood located in southwestern San Francisco, California, near St. Francis Wood and City College of San Francisco. Westwood Park is bordered by Monterey Boulevard (to the north), Ocean Avenue (to the south), Faxon Avenue (to the west), and Phelan Avenue now Frida Kahlo Way (to the east). Architecturally, the neighborhood contains a mix of smaller, more modest Craftsman style and Mediterranean style bungalows on a series of concentric oval-shaped streets. The ovals are bisected by Miramar Avenue, which features a landscaped median planted with a variety of trees. Many streets in this neighborhood have a suffix of "wood," such as Eastwood, Northwood, Wildwood, and so forth.

History[edit]

Baldwin & Howell, one of San Francisco's oldest real estate firms, developed Westwood Park in 1916. Their mission was to create "a modern residence park which was to be a model home community for the family of average means." The residents in Westwood Park formed The Westwood Park Association on March 22, 1917 to serve the community of 650 homes. The Association continues to help to maintain the historical landscape of the neighborhood.[1]

The main architect, Charles F. Strothoff, designed nearly 500 of the 650 houses in Westwood Park. The development spanned over approximately five years, from 1918 through 1923, after World War I ended. [2]From 1918 – 1923, a series of newspaper advertisements promoted Westwood Park as “an ideal vacation without leaving the city”, and a place where you could “give your children the right kind of a start.”[3] Buying a home in Westwood Park was attractive, as one advertisement declared "young married people find that the sunshine and fresh air take the place of medicines for their children..."[4] Homebuyers could choose the design of their choice from a catalog by the contracting firm of Barrett & Hilp. Each home ranged from 5 to 8 rooms at different price levels. The Park was laid out in an elongated oval shape with multiple rings radiating out from a central intersection. [5]

Westwood Park development's 1917 founding documents read: "No person of African, Japanese, Chinese or any Mongolian descent shall be allowed to purchase, own or lease any real property in said Westwood Park." In 1959, the first black family, Dorothy Mae Provost Adams, and her husband, Artemus Adams, were able to purchase a house in the neighborhood with the help of a third party. Upon learning that the home was sold to a black family, the seller refused to give the Adams the keys to their new home. After six months of failed attempts to convince the seller that they should be allowed to move in, the Adams broke into their own home and began the long-delayed process of moving in.[6]

Although racial restrictions were declared illegal and unenforceable in 1948 by Shelley v. Kraemer, social pressure and threats of violence were used to keep neighborhoods segregated, such as the 1958 cross burning in the nearby neighborhood of Ingleside Terraces.[7]

Section IV of the neighborhood's covenants prohibits the construction of "any flats, apartment houses ... nor shall any building be erected thereon excepting only residence or dwelling houses, nor shall more than one residence or dwelling house be erected on any single lot."[8]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Westwood Park A Short History of Westwood Park". Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Westwood Park A Short History of Westwood Park". Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  3. ^ "historical advertisements". Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  4. ^ "The Birth of Westwood Park, Part II". Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  5. ^ "Photo Essay: Westwood Park, A Vast Bungalow Enclave in Victorian San Francisco". Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  6. ^ Asimov, Nanette (14 January 2015). "Dorothy Adams dies; broke race restriction on homeowners in S.F." SFGate. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  7. ^ "SAN FRANCISCO PLANNING COMMISSION RESOLUTION NO. 14993" (PDF). May 23, 2000. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  8. ^ "DECLARATION of Easements, Restrictions, Conditions, Covenants, Charges and Agreements affecting real property known as WESTWOOD PARK" (PDF). Retrieved 19 January 2019.