Classification of wetlands has been a problematical task, with the commonly accepted definition of what constitutes a wetland being among the major difficulties. A number of national wetland classifications exist. In the 1970s, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance introduced a first attempt to establish an internationally acceptable wetland classification scheme.
The Ramsar classification of wetland types is intended as a means for fast identification of the main types of wetlands for the purposes of the Convention.
The wetlands are classified into three major classes:
- Marine/coastal wetlands
- Inland wetlands
- Human-made wetlands
National systems of classification
- " Classification and inventory of wetlands: A global overview", D. A. Scott and T. A. Jones, Plant Ecology, Volume 118, Numbers 1-2, 1995, pp. 3-16, doi:10.1007/BF00045186
- "Ramsar Classification System for Wetland Type"
- "Directory of Important Wetlands in Australia". Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 7 October 2015.