Wetterhorn

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Wetterhorn
Wetterhorn and Bärglistock.jpg
The Wetterhorn above Grindelwald
Highest point
Elevation 3,692 m (12,113 ft)
Prominence 202 m (663 ft) [1]
Isolation 0.81 kilometres (0.50 mi)
Parent peak Mittelhorn
Coordinates 46°38′19.5″N 8°6′55.9″E / 46.638750°N 8.115528°E / 46.638750; 8.115528Coordinates: 46°38′19.5″N 8°6′55.9″E / 46.638750°N 8.115528°E / 46.638750; 8.115528
Geography
Wetterhorn is located in Switzerland
Wetterhorn
Wetterhorn
Location in Switzerland
Location Bern, Switzerland
Parent range Bernese Alps
Climbing
First ascent 31 August 1844 by Melchior Bannholzer and Hans Jaun
Easiest route rock/snow/ice climb

The Wetterhorn (3,692 m) is a peak in the Swiss Alps towering above the village of Grindelwald. Formerly known as Hasle Jungfrau, it is one of three summits on a mountain named the "Wetterhörner", the highest of which is the Mittelhorn (3,704 m) and the lowest and most distant the Rosenhorn (3,689 m). The latter peaks are mostly hidden from view from Grindelwald.

The Grosse Scheidegg Pass crosses the col to the north, between the Wetterhorn and the Schwarzhorn.[2]

Ascents[edit]

The Wetterhorn summit was first reached on August 31, 1844, by the Grindelwald guides Hans Jaun and Melchior Bannholzer, three days after they had co-guided a large party organized by the geologist Édouard Desor to the first ascent of the Rosenhorn. The Mittelhorn was first summitted on 9 July 1845 by the same guides, this time accompanied by a third, Kaspar Abplanalp, and by British climber Stanhope Templeman Speer. The son of a Scottish physician, Speer lived in Interlaken, Switzerland.[3][4]

Chromolithograph Christmas card, of the Wetterhorn, seen from the Little Scheideck, by Helga von Cramm, c. 1880.

A September 1854 summit by a party which included Alfred Wills, who apparently believed he'd made the first ascent, is much celebrated in Great Britain. Wills' description of this trip in his book "Wanderings Among the High Alps" (published in 1856) helped make mountaineering fashionable in Britain and ushered in the so-called golden age of alpinism, the systematic exploration of the Alps by British mountaineers. Despite several by then well-documented earlier ascents and the fact that he was guided to the top, Willis was lauded in his 1912 obituary as "Certainly the first who can be said with any confidence to have stood upon the real highest peak of the Wetterhorn proper" (i.e. the 3,692 m summit)[5] In a subsequent corrigendum, the editors admitted two earlier ascents, but considered his still "the first completely successful" one.[6]

In 1866, Lucy Walker was the first documented female to summit the peak.

The 24-year-old English mountaineer William Penhall and his Meiringen guide Andreas Maurer were killed by an avalanche high up on the Wetterhorn on 3 August 1882.

The famed guide and Grindelwald native Christian Almer climbed the mountain many times in his life, including on his first of many trips with Meta Brevoort and her nephew W. A. B. Coolidge in 1868. His last ascent was in 1898 at the age of 72 together with his wife to celebrate their golden anniversary on the summit.

Winston Churchill climbed the Wetterhorn in 1894.[7]

Aerial tramway[edit]

The Wetterhorn summit was the intended terminal for the world's first passenger carrying aerial tramway, but only the first quarter was built. It was in operation until the beginning of World War I.[citation needed]

Joseph Anton Koch, The Wetterhorn with the Reichenbachtal, 1824

References[edit]

  1. ^ Retrieved from the Swisstopo topographic maps and Google Earth. The key col is located near the Wettersattel at 3,490 metres.
  2. ^ map.geo.admin.ch (Map). Swiss Confederation. Retrieved 2015-05-18. 
  3. ^ Williams, Charles (1854). The Alps, Switzerland, and the North of Italy. J. Cassell. pp. 319–326. 
  4. ^ Chambers, William; Chamber, Robert (1846). Chambers's Journal. Volume 5. pp. 59–61. 
  5. ^ In memoriam. Rt. Hon. Sir Alfred Wills, The Alpine Journal 27, 1912, pp. 47-
  6. ^ Addenda and Corrigenda: The Wetterhorn, The Alpine Journal 27, 1912, p. 235
  7. ^ Churchill, Winston S. (1930). A Roving Commission: My Early Life. New York: Scribner's. p. 37. 

External links[edit]