Wezembeek-Oppem

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Wezembeek-Oppem
Municipality
R0 north of Quattre Bras Brussels Ring.JPG
Flag of Wezembeek-Oppem
Flag
Coat of arms of Wezembeek-Oppem
Coat of arms
Wezembeek-Oppem is located in Belgium
Wezembeek-Oppem
Wezembeek-Oppem
Location in Belgium
Location of Wezembeek-Oppem in Flemish Brabant
Wezembeek-OppemLocatie.png
Coordinates: 50°51′N 04°29′E / 50.850°N 4.483°E / 50.850; 4.483Coordinates: 50°51′N 04°29′E / 50.850°N 4.483°E / 50.850; 4.483
CountryBelgium
CommunityFlemish Community
RegionFlemish Region
ProvinceFlemish Brabant
ArrondissementHalle-Vilvoorde
Government
 • MayorFrédéric Petit (LB-Union)
 • Governing party/iesLB-Union
Area
 • Total6.82 km2 (2.63 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2017)[1]
 • Total14,044
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,300/sq mi)
Postal codes1970
Area codes02
Websitewww.wezembeek-oppem.be

Wezembeek-Oppem Dutch: [ˈʋeːzɛmˌbeːk ˈɔpɛm] (About this soundlisten) is a municipality in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the centre of Brussels. The municipality only comprises the town of Wezembeek-Oppem proper. On January 1, 2016, Wezembeek-Oppem had a total population of 14,095. The total area is 6.82 km² which gives a population density of 2,066 inhabitants per km².

Wezembeek-Oppem is home to a large community of international expatriates, in part because of the presence of the Internationale Deutsche Schule Brüssel (iDSB) in Wezembeek-Oppem itself, and the British School of Brussels in nearby Tervuren.

Language controversies

Wezembeek-Oppem town hall

Wezembeek-Oppem is one of the six municipalities with language facilities in the Flemish Region surrounding the Brussels-Capital Region. Wezembeek-Oppem is the only one of these that does not border Brussels directly since a narrow landstrip belonging to the municipality of Kraainem lies in between.

When the last official language census was taken in 1947, just under 30% of the population in Wezembeek-Oppem had French as their mother tongue.[2] In 1963, when the official language border was finalised in Belgium, the municipality was designed as officially Dutch-speaking, however with facilities for French-speakers. In 1993, when Belgium was turned into a federation, the municipality was included in the newly established Flemish Region.

The official language is Dutch (as everywhere in Flanders), but the facility status means citizens have the right to request official documents from the local administration in French, may get primary school education in French as well as certain other public services.

Orphanage in World War II

During the Nazi German occupation in the Second World War, Wezembeek was the home of an orphanage set up by the Association of Belgian Jews [fr] (AJB), a Judenrat-like authority forcibly organised by the German occupational force and collaborating with the Nazis.[3] The orphanage was for Jewish children who had been orphaned because their parents were sent to death camps. From August 1944, the AJB, under hard pressure of the Comité de Défense des Juifs, decided to hide the children until the end of the occupation. The children were dispersed to Catholic schools, orphanages and other locations. During the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944 and January 1945, the children survived bombardment by American and British forces while in the basements of homes, schools and orphanages which were occupied by Nazi troops resisting the Allied forces. Children who were at the orphanage and survived include Regina Feld Glinzman (born 1935 as Rosa Feld in Antwerp) and Estelle Alter (born 1936 as Stella Feld in Antwerp)

Education

The International German School of Brussels is located in the municipality.

References

  1. ^ Population per municipality as of 1 January 2017 (XLS; 397 KB)
  2. ^ Frenchification of Brussels, Wikipedia, and "Histoire des discriminations linguistiques ou pour motifs linguistiques, contre les francophones de la périphérie bruxelloise (de 120.000 à 150.000 citoyens belges)". Histoire (in French). Carrefour. 2007-11-08. Archived from the original on 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
  3. ^ "Association of Jews in Belgium" (PDF). Shoah Resource Center. Retrieved 2009-04-09.

External links