Whaddon, Buckinghamshire

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Whaddon
Whaddon is located in Buckinghamshire
Whaddon
Whaddon
 Whaddon shown within Buckinghamshire
Population 533 [1]
OS grid reference SP805340
Unitary authority Aylesbury Vale
Ceremonial county Buckinghamshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MILTON KEYNES
Postcode district MK17
Dialling code 01908
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Buckingham
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire

Coordinates: 52°00′00″N 0°49′41″W / 52.000°N 0.828°W / 52.000; -0.828

Whaddon is a village and also a civil parish within Aylesbury Vale district, in Buckinghamshire.

The village name is Anglo Saxon in origin, and means 'hill where wheat is grown'. The village is referred to several times in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle generally in the form of Hwætædun.

The village is at the centre of the ancient Whaddon Chase, the site for many centuries of royal hunting lands. Whaddon Chase is designated an area of 'Special Landscape Interest'.

Whaddon Church of England School is a mixed Church of England primary school. It is a voluntary controlled school, which takes children from the age of four through to the age of eight. The school has approximately 50 pupils.

Whaddon Hall[edit]

Whaddon Hall, (the village manor) was once home to the Selby family, (before by ways and means his friend added Selby to his name of lownes,)whose ancestor William Lowndes built the larger and grander Winslow Hall. Both mansions are still private houses.

During World War II Whaddon Hall served as headquarters of Section VIII (Communications) of MI6, under the command of Brigadier Richard Gambier-Parry. The "Station X" wireless interception function was transferred here from Bletchley Park in February 1940.[2] That facility served in a number of capacities, the most critical the sending of Ultra intelligence from Bletchley Park to officers in the field. The term Ultra was used to convey the status of the intelligence which was considered to be above Top Secret. It consisted of information that was gathered by breaking encrypted radio communications.[3] At the time that France fell to the Axis Powers in June 1940, only a small number of SIS agents were in communication with Whaddon Hall. Early in the war, until about 1941, inexperienced SIS agents on the European continent spent too much time on the air, and jeopardised their security. However, by 1943, Gambier-Parry and his staff had engineered a substantial improvement in clandestine wireless communication.[4] The covert wireless network that Gambier-Parry established allowed him to stay in communication with SIS agents in many countries.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 census, Accessed 3 February 2013
  2. ^ Pidgeon, Geoffrey (2003). Station X — The Secret Wireless War. Universal Publishing Solutions Online Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84375-252-3. 
  3. ^ "From the Wireless War to Warwick". 2.warwick.ac.uk. University of Warwick. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Blishen, A. O. "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: Parry, Sir Richard Gambier- (1894–1965), army officer and intelligence signals officer". oxford.dnb.com. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 23 November 2012. 
  5. ^ Asa Briggs (14 May 2012). "Book Reviews — MI6: The History of the Secret Intelligence Service". History Today. Retrieved 22 Apr 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Whaddon, Buckinghamshire at Wikimedia Commons