Whalley / City Centre

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Whalley / City Centre

Surrey City Centre
Downtown core with 3 Civic Plaza and Surrey City Hall
Downtown core with 3 Civic Plaza and Surrey City Hall
Whalley / City Centre is located in Vancouver
Whalley / City Centre
Whalley / City Centre
Location of Whalley within Metro Vancouver
Coordinates: 49°11′30″N 122°50′45″W / 49.19167°N 122.84583°W / 49.19167; -122.84583Coordinates: 49°11′30″N 122°50′45″W / 49.19167°N 122.84583°W / 49.19167; -122.84583
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
RegionLower Mainland
Regional DistrictMetro Vancouver
CitySurrey
Incorporated1948
Government
 • MayorDoug McCallum
 • MP (Fed.)Randeep Sarai (Liberal)[3]
 • MLA (Prov.)Bruce Ralston (NDP)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total102,555[1][2]
 Including City Centre
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Websitehttps://www.surrey.ca/community/23627.aspx

Whalley / City Centre is the downtown district of Surrey, British Columbia, Canada, and is the most densely populated and urban of Surrey's six town centres. It is home to the Surrey City Hall, the main branch of Surrey Libraries, Central City Shopping Centre, Simon Fraser University's Surrey campus[4] and the site of Kwantlen Polytechnic University's (KPU) Civic Plaza campus.[5]

Based on the city of Surrey statistics, Whalley / City Centre is the second-most populous community in Surrey after Newton.[6] As of 2018, the population of Whalley is 75,610,[7] while the population of the City Centre itself is 26,945.[8] Combining the two neighbourhoods increases the total population of the area to 102,555.

It is the only town centre in Surrey serviced by Metro Vancouver's SkyTrain rapid transit system. Expo Line stations servicing Surrey include, Scott Road, Gateway, Surrey Central and King George stations.

History[edit]

As early as the 1880s, people began settling what is now Whalley.[9]

The municipal council in 1908 requested a grant to construct a roadway from Fraser Bridge to present-day 108 Avenue. This provided a much safer path to the river compared to the steep, winding Old Yale Road, and the new road later became part of the King George Highway.[9]

In 1925, Arthur Whalley moved his family from Cloverdale to a three-acre triangle of land at the future intersection of Ferguson Road (108 Avenue), Grosvenor Road and the King George Highway. After clearing the land and spending their first winter in tents, they built a service station, which included a general store, soft drink stand, and tourist cabins.[9]

The community officially adopted the name of Whalley in 1948, after the board of trade held a contest to rename what had become known as "Whalley's Corner". "Binnieville" had also been recommended, in honour of Tom Binnie, a local real estate and insurance broker who had fostered Whalley's growth as a commercial centre.[9]

In the mid-20th century, Whalley saw numerous debates regarding its secession from Surrey to become a separate city or municipality. In 1976, Metro Vancouver (then known as the GVRD) identified Whalley as one of four regional town centres, sparking off revitalization of the town centre.[10] The City of Surrey adopted the "Whalley-Guildford Plan" in 1985, proposing high-density commercial development along 104 Avenue between the Whalley and Guildford areas.[10]

In 2016, the City of Surrey began publishing data separately for the area of Whalley as a new neighbourhood - City Centre - was incorporated into the overall city structure. The addition of City Centre created an additional (seventh) neighbourhood in Surrey.[11] City Centre is located directly in the heart of the original Whalley neighbourhood.

Government[edit]

Whalley / City Centre is represented in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia by the Surrey-Whalley riding and in the House of Commons of Canada by the Surrey North riding. Randeep Sarai is Whalley's Member of Parliament, and Bruce Ralston is the MLA.

Culture and cityscape[edit]

Inside of Surrey City Centre Library

Whalley / City Centre is home to several public facilities such as Surrey City Hall, Surrey City Centre Library and North Surrey Recreation Centre with indoor swimming pool and two ice rinks. It is also the largest concentration of highrises, both office and residential buildings south of Fraser river. As of June 2017, the tallest building in Surrey is the 3 Civic Plaza at a height of 50 stories and 164 metres (538 ft). It consists of residential and office units as well as a hotel.

Central City Shopping Centre in Whalley

Events[edit]

Attracting 15,000 people every February since 2004, WinterFest is a day of live music, sporting activities, food, and fireworks, held at the Central City Plaza.

Due in part to having one of British Columbia's youngest populations, with nearly one-third of all citizens under 18,[citation needed] Surrey has become known for its annual Children's Festival,[citation needed] which began 2004. The free, multi-day festival features circus and clay arts, world rhythm music and movement, popular children's performers, storytelling sessions, and a parade.

In 2008, the City, thanks to the federal government's designation of Surrey as Canada's Cultural Capital for the year,[citation needed] put on a three-day multicultural festival. The Fusion Festival celebrated over 60 different cultures through food, music, and dance. The event attracted 60,000 attendees,

Whalley / City Centre is also home to the city's Annual Christmas Tree Lighting Festival. Previously held at Holland Park, it was moved to Central City Mall plaza. Whalley / City Centre also welcomes the annual parade of lights in 2011, which used to be held only in Cloverdale.

Demographics[edit]

Whalley[edit]

Ethnic groups in Whalley (2016)
Source: [1]
%
Ethnic group South Asian 51%
European 27%
Filipino 7%
Chinese 4%
Aboriginal 3%
Other 8%
Total % 100%
Languages spoken in Whalley (2016)
Source: [2]
%
Language English 53%
Punjabi 30%
Hindi 4%
Tagalog 2%
Mandarin 1%
Other 10%
Total % 100%

City Centre[edit]

Ethnic groups in City Centre (2016)
Source: [3]
%
Ethnic group European 43%
South Asian 14%
Filipino 11%
Chinese 11%
Aboriginal 5%
Other 16%
Total % 100%
Languages spoken in City Centre (2016)
Source: [4]
%
Language English 68%
Mandarin 6%
Punjabi 4%
Tagalog 4%
Korean 3%
Other 15%
Total % 100%

Climate[edit]

Temperature extremes range from 37.0 °C, recorded on 29 May 1983 to -21.7 °C, recorded on 28 January 1969.

Climate data for Whalley (Elevation: 83.3m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
19.5
(67.1)
24.5
(76.1)
29.5
(85.1)
37
(99)
34.4
(93.9)
36.7
(98.1)
35
(95)
36
(97)
29
(84)
19
(66)
16.5
(61.7)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
8.1
(46.6)
10.8
(51.4)
13.9
(57.0)
17.3
(63.1)
19.6
(67.3)
22.9
(73.2)
23.2
(73.8)
20.2
(68.4)
14.7
(58.5)
8.6
(47.5)
5.7
(42.3)
14.2
(57.6)
Average low °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
1.1
(34.0)
2.5
(36.5)
4.7
(40.5)
7.7
(45.9)
10.2
(50.4)
12.1
(53.8)
12.5
(54.5)
9.9
(49.8)
6.4
(43.5)
2.4
(36.3)
0.2
(32.4)
5.8
(42.4)
Record low °C (°F) −21.7
(−7.1)
−14
(7)
−12.2
(10.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.2
(36.0)
5.6
(42.1)
4.4
(39.9)
0.6
(33.1)
−4
(25)
−17.5
(0.5)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−21.7
(−7.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 187.7
(7.39)
169.2
(6.66)
143.2
(5.64)
115.4
(4.54)
88.9
(3.50)
73.9
(2.91)
53.7
(2.11)
53.8
(2.12)
71
(2.8)
131.8
(5.19)
231.8
(9.13)
228.3
(8.99)
1,548.5
(60.96)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 163.3
(6.43)
155.0
(6.10)
139.3
(5.48)
115.1
(4.53)
88.9
(3.50)
73.9
(2.91)
53.7
(2.11)
53.8
(2.12)
71.0
(2.80)
131.6
(5.18)
226.7
(8.93)
208.1
(8.19)
1,480.4
(58.28)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 24.4
(9.6)
14.2
(5.6)
3.9
(1.5)
0.2
(0.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.1)
5.1
(2.0)
20.2
(8.0)
68.2
(26.9)
Source: Environment Canada[12]

Crime[edit]

Whalley / City Centre was once regarded as the one of the most dangerous part of the Lower Mainland and was notorious for its crime.[13][14] After redevelopment of Whalley / City Centre in recent years, violent crime has shifted south to Newton which has taken over Whalley's reputation as being the most dangerous part of Surrey.[15]

Surrounding communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.surrey.ca/files/Neighbourhood-Profile-Whalley.pdf
  2. ^ https://www.surrey.ca/files/Neighbourhood-Profile-City-Centre.pdff
  3. ^ http://www.elections.ca/res/rep/off/ovr2015app/41/table11E.html
  4. ^ "Surrey Campus". Simon Fraser University. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  5. ^ "KPU Civic Plaza". Kwantlen Polytechnic University. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Surrey Population Estimates and Projections". City of Surrey. Archived from the original on 18 October 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2009.
  7. ^ "Neighbourhood Profile-Whalley" (PDF). City of Surrey. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  8. ^ "City Centre Neighbourhood Profile" (PDF). City of Surrey. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d "Whalley". Community Profiles. City of Surey. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2009.
  10. ^ a b "Surrey Central Transit Village Planning Process" (PDF). City of Surrey. 6 January 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2007. Retrieved 20 April 2009.
  11. ^ "Surrey Communities". City of Surrey. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  12. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 27 January 2019
  13. ^ "Steel-fisted Surrey enforcer who terrorized the streets of Whalley meets his bloody end". The Province. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  14. ^ "Teen beaten, stabbed near Whalley ball park in Surrey". The Now. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  15. ^ "Newton taking over Whalley's crime reputation". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 18 August 2014.

Further reading[edit]

  • Natrasony, S.M. & Alexander, D. (2005). "The rise of modernism and the decline of place: The case of Surrey City Centre, Canada". Planning Perspectives, 20(4), 413-433. doi: 10.1080/02665430500239489. Retrieved: /10613/2895

External links[edit]