Whangarei (New Zealand electorate)

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Whangarei electorate boundaries used since the 1999 election

Whangarei is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that was first created for the 1972 election. The electorate is a reasonably safe National seat, and was held for long periods by John Banks (1981–1999) and Phil Heatley (1999–2014), before being won in the 2014 election by Shane Reti.

Population centres[edit]

Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election,[1] and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87.[2] Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. [2] In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created.[3] In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated, and six electorates were newly created (including Whangarei).[4]

The boundaries of the Whangarei electorate were last adjusted for the 1999 election; before then, the electorate bordered onto the Kaipara Harbour. Subsequent redistributions in 2002,[5] 2007,[6] and 2013/14[7] did not change the boundaries further.

The electorate includes the following population centres:

It extends from Hikurangi in the north to Ruatangata and Poroti in the west and Waipu and Langs Beach in the south.

History[edit]

The electorate was created for the 1972 election, and apart from a Labour win that year, it has been won by National in every election since. Phil Heatley, who held the electorate since 1999,[8] retired at the end of the current parliamentary term in 2014.[9] Shane Reti stood for the National Party in the 2014 election and had a large margin over Labour's Kelly Ellis.[10][11]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.

Key

 Labour    National  
 NZ First    ACT  
Election Winner
1972 election Murray Smith
1975 election John Gordon Elliott
1978 election
1981 election John Banks
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
1996 election
1999 election Phil Heatley
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election Shane Reti
2017 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Whangarei electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Brian Donnelly
Muriel Newman
1999 election Brian Donnelly (2nd time)
Muriel Newman (2nd time)
2002 election Brian Donnelly (3rd time)
Muriel Newman (3rd time)
2005 election Brian Donnelly (4th time) 1
2014 election Pita Paraone
2017 election Shane Jones

1Donnelly resigned in February 2008 when appointed High Commissioner to the Cook Islands

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election, 2014: Whangarei[12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Shane Reti 20,111 55.07 -4.11 18,503 50.08 -0.59
Labour Kelly Ellis 6,942 19.01 -3.43 6,575 17.79 -2.54
Green Paul Doherty 3,163 8.66 -0.17 3,611 9.77 -0.87
NZ First Pita Paraone 2,944 8.06 +3.60 4,936 13.36 +3.68
Conservative Don Nightingale 984 2.69 -0.69 1,925 5.21 +0.99
Democrats Chris Leitch 978 2.68 +2.26 116 0.31 +0.07
Independent Les King 341 0.93 +0.37
Māori Anaru Kaipo 300 0.82 +0.82 196 0.53 -0.08
ACT Robin Grieve 285 0.78 -0.22 205 0.55 -1.18
Focus Les King 136 0.37 +0.37 34 0.09 +0.09
Internet Mana   386 1.04 +0.35
Legalise Cannabis   183 0.50 -0.03
United Future   93 0.25 -0.27
Ban 1080   38 0.10 +0.10
Civilian   16 0.04 +0.04
Independent Coalition   15 0.04 +0.04
Informal votes 336 117
Total Valid votes 36,520 36,949
National hold Majority 13,169 36.06 -0.68

2011 election[edit]

General election, 2011: Whangarei[13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Phil Heatley 20,049 59.18 -4.98 17,486 50.67 +0.63
Labour Pat Newman 7,602 22.44 -0.92 7,017 20.33 -8.27
Green Rick Bazeley 2,993 8.83 +1.23 3,673 10.64 +4.65
NZ First Pita Paraone 1,512 4.46 +4.46 3,340 9.68 +3.52
Conservative Ross Craig 1,146 3.38 +3.38 1,457 4.22 +4.22
ACT Robin Grieve 338 1.00 +0.15 596 1.73 -2.07
Democrats Edgar Kenneth Goodhue 142 0.42 -0.08 84 0.24 +0.06
Libertarianz Helen Hughes 97 0.29 +0.12 31 0.09 +0.04
Mana   238 0.69 +0.69
Māori   212 0.61 -0.30
Legalise Cannabis   184 0.53 +0.07
United Future   180 0.52 -0.19
Alliance   14 0.04 -0.01
Informal votes 654 287
Total Valid votes 33,879 34,512
National hold Majority 12,447 36.74 -4.06

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,511[14]

2008 election[edit]

General election, 2008: Whangarei[15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Phil Heatley 23,056 64.16 18,252 50.04
Labour Paul Chalmers 8,393 23.36 10,433 28.60
Green Paul Doherty 2,731 7.60 2,187 6.00
Progressive Viv Shepherd 636 1.77 531 1.46
ACT Thomas John McClelland 304 0.85 1,385 3.80
RAM Martin Kaipo 281 0.78 25 0.07
Democrats Edgar Kenneth Goodhue 179 0.50 66 0.18
Independent Simon Vallings 113 0.31
United Future Maureen Gunston 107 0.30 260 0.71
Independent Don Hedges 74 0.21
Libertarianz Helen Hughes 61 0.17 18 0.05
NZ First   2,246 6.16
Māori   333 0.91
Bill and Ben   231 0.63
Legalise Cannabis   169 0.46
Kiwi   167 0.46
Family Party   128 0.35
Alliance   17 0.05
Workers Party   13 0.04
Pacific   12 0.03
RONZ   3 0.01
Informal votes 413 240
Total Valid votes 35,935 36,476
National hold Majority 14,663 40.80

2005 election[edit]

General election, 2005: Whangarei[16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Philip Heatley 18,900 53.81 +10.56 15,333 43.11
Labour Paul Chalmers 9,811 27.93 -5.27 12,884 36.22
NZ First Brian Donnelly 2,983 8.49 -3.31 3,217 9.04
Green Moea Armstrong 1,240 3.53 1,648 4.63
ACT Muriel Newman 1,067 3.04 707 1.99
Māori Rangi Ngāti Huna Tahiao 384 1.09 264 0.74
Progressive Viv Shepherd 311 0.89 409 1.15
Destiny Tony Ford 178 0.51 240 0.67
United Future Craig Hunt 168 0.48 637 1.79
Libertarianz Helen Hughes 80 0.23 39 0.11
Legalise Cannabis   81 0.23
Christian Heritage   46 0.13
Democrats   23 0.06
Alliance   19 0.05
RONZ   6 0.02
99 MP   4 0.01
Direct Democracy   4 0.01
One NZ   4 0.01
Family Rights   3 0.01
Informal votes 243 117
Total Valid votes 35,122 35,568
National hold Majority 9,089 25.88 +15.88

2002 election[edit]

General election, 2002: Whangarei[17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Philip Heatley 13,829 43.03 7,493 23.17
Labour David Shearer 10,615 33.03 11,374 35.17
NZ First Brian Donnelly 3,774 11.74 5,008 15.48
ACT Muriel Newman 1,297 4.03 2,623 8.11
Green Calvin Green 1,180 3.60 2,111 6.52
Christian Heritage Rod Harris 521 1.62 807 2.49
United Future Gary Phillips 268 0.83 1,483 4.58
Alliance Ticia Cutforth 239 0.74 351 1.08
Progressive David Wilson 156 0.48 394 1.21
Libertarianz Helen Hughes 97 0.30
ORNZ   383 1.18
Legalise Cannabis   143 0.44
One NZ   23 0.07
Mana Māori   11 0.03
NMP   3 0.009
Informal votes 159 125
Total Valid votes 32,135 32,332
National hold Majority 3,214 10.00

1999 election[edit]

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Whangarei for a list of candidates.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  2. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 115.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 112, 116.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 115.
  5. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2002 (PDF). Representation Commission. 21 March 2002. p. 8. ISBN 0-478-20169-9. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  6. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  7. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Hon Phil Heatley". New Zealand Parliament. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  9. ^ Vance, Andrea (1 November 2013). "MP Phil Heatley to Retire". stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Watkins, Tracy (10 March 2014). "Labour announces Chch Central candidate". The Press. p. A2. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "Election 2014: Shane Reti wins Whangarei". The New Zealand Herald. 20 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  12. ^ 2014 election results
  13. ^ 2011 election results
  14. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  15. ^ 2008 election results
  16. ^ election result Whangarei 2005
  17. ^ election result Whangarei 2002

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 266. OCLC 154283103. 

External links[edit]