Wharram Percy

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Wharram Percy is a deserted medieval village (DMV) on the western edge of the chalk Wolds of North Yorkshire, England. It is about 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Wharram-le-Street and is signposted from the B1248 Beverley to Malton road. Wharram Percy was part of the East Riding of Yorkshire until the 1974 boundary changes.

Ruin of St Martin's parish church

Wharram Percy is a significant English DMV, although there are remains of others in a similarly good state of preservation. The earthworks of the village have been known for many years, and outlines of house platforms were drawn onto the first Ordnance Survey six-inch maps of Yorkshire published in 1854.[1] The site was researched each summer by combined teams of archaeologists, historians and even botanists, from about 1950 to 1990 after it was singled out for study in 1948 by Professor Maurice Beresford of the University of Leeds.[2]

Although the site seems to have been settled since prehistory, the village appears to have been most active from the 10th to the 12th centuries. The Domesday Book of 1086 records it as 'Warran' or 'Warron'. The Black Death of 1348–49 does not seem to have played a significant part in the desertion of Wharram Percy although the large fall in population in the country as a whole at that time must have made relocation to a less remote spot more likely. The villagers of Wharram Percy seem to have suffered instead from changes in prices and wages in the 15th century, which gave pastoral farming (particularly of sheep) an advantage over traditional cereal farming. The village was finally abandoned in the early 16th century when the lord of the manor removed the last few families and had their homes demolished to make room for more sheep pasture.[3]

View north across the fish pond to the deserted village

The site is now in the care of Historic England. Although only the ruined church is easily visible above ground, much more of the village layout can be seen in the surrounding fields. English Heritage installed information panels around the site, and provided an audio tour downloadable in MP3 format from the English Heritage website.

A scientific study published in 2004 of human skeletal remains from the deserted village reveals details of disease, diet and death in a rural medieval community.[4]

The Yorkshire Wolds Way National Trail passes through the site, and the Centenary Way long-distance footpath passes to the east of the village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ O.S. Yorkshire Sheet 143, 6" = 1 mile, surveyed:1850–51, published:1854
  2. ^ M.Aston, Interpreting the Landscape: Landscape Archaeology and Local History (1985), p.67
  3. ^ J. M. Eaton, An Archaeological History of Britain: Continuity and Change from Prehistory to the Present (2014), p.151
  4. ^ Mays, Simon (Spring 2004). "Human Osteology at Wharram Percy: Life and death in a medieval village" (PDF). Conservation Bulletin (Historic England) (45): 22–23. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Wharram Percy at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 54°04′13″N 0°41′25″W / 54.07020°N 0.69036°W / 54.07020; -0.69036