Wharton Barker

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Wharton Barker
Wharton Barker cph.3b20311.jpg
Personal details
Born(1846-05-01)May 1, 1846
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
DiedApril 9, 1921(1921-04-09) (aged 74)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Other political
affiliations
Populist
Silver Republican
Spouse(s)Margaret Corlies
MotherSarah Wharton
FatherAbraham Barker
RelativesJacob Barker (grandfather)
EducationUniversity of Pennsylvania
AwardsOrder of Saint Stanislaus
Military service
Years of service1861-1865
Unit United States Army (Union Army)
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Wharton Barker (May 1, 1846 – April 9, 1921) was an American financier and publicist who held influence in the Republican presidential selection during the 1880s and was a rival Populist presidential candidate in 1900.

Life[edit]

Wharton Barker was born on May 1, 1846 to Abraham Barker and Sarah Wharton in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1867 he married Margaret Corlies and later had three children with her.

He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1866, but prior to this time had organized and commanded a company in the Civil War. As a member of the banking firm of Barker Bros. & Co., he was appointed in 1878 as special financial agent of the Russian government. During the Russo-Turkish War he helped the Russian Empire obtain warships and for it was given the Order of Saint Stanislaus. He became an acquaintance of Tsar Alexander II of Russia who helped him in the development of mining lands throughout Russian and Europe.[1] He also obtained valuable railroad, telegraph, and telephone concessions that were later withdrawn from China. As early as 1869 he founded the Penn Monthly, a weekly devoted to political, economic, and social questions, which in 1880-1900 was published under the name The American.

At the 1880 Republican convention he opposed Ulysses S. Grant's attempt to gain a third term and helped Representative James A. Garfield win the Republican nomination. After winning the presidency Garfield offered Barker the position of Secretary of the Interior, but he declined. At the 1888 convention he supported former Senator Benjamin Harrison. During the 1896 presidential election he left the Republican Party and joined the Populist Party due to his support of the free silver movement and supported William Jennings Bryan.[2][3][4] During the 1900 presidential election Populists opposed to William Jennings Bryan met in Cincinnati, Ohio to nominate an independent ticket rather than fuse with Bryan and narrowly selected Barker with 370 delegates for him to 336 delegates for Milford W. Howard.[5] During the 1912 presidential election the Republican Party was divided over William Taft and Theodore Roosevelt's presidential campaigns, but Barker opposed both of them and supported Senator Albert B. Cummins for the Republican nomination, but after Cummins lost the nomination Barker switched his support to Roosevelt and his Progressive Party.[6][7]

On April 9, 1921 Barker died at age 74 in Philadelphia after suffering from an illness for one month.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wharton Barker, Retired Banker, Dies In 75th Year". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 9 April 1921. p. 1. Archived from the original on 12 December 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ "Wharton Barker". The Morning Post. 11 April 1921. p. 6. Archived from the original on 12 December 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  3. ^ "Hoping Against Hope". The Times. 5 November 1896. p. 5. Archived from the original on 12 December 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  4. ^ "Another Queer Boom". Nashville Banner. 2 July 1896. p. 4. Archived from the original on 12 December 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "Split Averted". The Indianapolis Journal. 11 May 1900. p. 1. Archived from the original on 12 December 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Wharton Barker Scores Roosevelt". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 18 June 1912. p. 2. Archived from the original on 12 December 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ "Wharton Barker, Noted Economist, Out for T.R." The Indianapolis Star. 4 November 1912. p. 2. Archived from the original on 12 December 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ "Wharton Barker, Who Led Populist Party in 1900, Dies". New-York Tribune. 10 April 1921. p. 16. Archived from the original on 12 December 2019 – via Newspapers.com.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
William Jennings Bryan
Populist Party Presidential candidate
1900
Succeeded by
Thomas E. Watson