What's Up, Doc? (1972 film)
|What's Up, Doc?|
|Directed by||Peter Bogdanovich|
|Screenplay by||Buck Henry|
|Story by||Peter Bogdanovich|
|Produced by||Peter Bogdanovich|
|Edited by||Verna Fields|
|Music by||Artie Butler|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Box office||$66 million|
What's Up, Doc? is a 1972 American romantic screwball comedy film released by Warner Bros., directed by Peter Bogdanovich and starring Barbra Streisand, Ryan O'Neal, and Madeline Kahn. It was intended to pay homage to comedy films of the 1930s and 1940s, especially Bringing Up Baby, and Warner Bros. Bugs Bunny cartoons.
What's Up, Doc? was a success, and became the third-highest grossing film of 1972. It won the Writers Guild of America (WGA) 1973 "Best Comedy Written Directly for the Screen" award for Buck Henry, David Newman and Robert Benton. What's Up, Doc? was ranked number 61 on the list of the 100 greatest American comedies published by the American Film Institute (AFI), number 68 on the AFI's list of 100 greatest love stories in American cinema, and number 58 on the list of the WGA's 101 Funniest Screenplays published by the Writers Guild of America. The film was very loosely based on the novel A Glimpse of Tiger by Herman Raucher.
Dr. Howard Bannister, a musicologist from the Iowa Conservatory of Music, has travelled to San Francisco to compete for a research grant offered by Frederick Larrabee. Howard is accompanied by his tightly wound, overbearing fiancée Eunice Burns. As the two check into the Hotel Bristol, Howard runs into the charming trouble-magnet Judy Maxwell in the drug store. She never finished college, but nevertheless has amassed a considerable amount of knowledge from all of the academic institutions from which she was expelled. She begins to pursue Howard and lodges herself in the hotel without paying.
Coincidentally, four parties are staying on the same floor of the Bristol, all carrying identical plaid overnight bags:
- Howard's bag contains igneous "tambula" rocks that have certain musical properties.
- The mysterious "Mr. Smith" has a bag containing top-secret government papers, which he has obtained illegally. He is followed by the equally mysterious "Mr. Jones", a government agent on a mission to recover the documents.
- Wealthy socialite Mrs. Van Hoskins has a bag containing her sizable collection of valuable jewels. Hotel employees Harry and Fritz attempt to steal the jewels.
- Judy's bag is filled with her clothing and a large dictionary.
Over the course of the evening, the bags get switched haphazardly from room to room as the four parties unwittingly take one another's suitcases. Howard ends up with the jewels, Judy with the documents, Mr. Smith with Judy's clothes, and the thieves with the rocks.
Judy, masquerading as Eunice at the musicologists' banquet, uses her humor, wit and academic knowledge to charm everyone except Howard's competitor, Hugh Simon. Unable to overcome Judy's pretense – and realizing Larrabee's infatuation with her might win him the grant – Howard denies knowing the real Eunice when she tries to enter the banquet. Judy later intrudes into Howard's hotel room. His attempts to hide her presence from Eunice eventually lead to a fire and the destruction of the room.
The following day, everyone makes their way to a reception in Larrabee's upscale Victorian home, where a fight breaks out involving guns, furnishings, and thrown pies. Howard and Judy take all four bags and flee through San Francisco, first on a delivery bike, and then in a decorated Volkswagen Beetle stolen from a wedding party, pursued by Mr. Smith, Mr. Jones and the jewel thieves, who also have taken Eunice, Larrabee and Hugh Simon hostage. They go through Chinatown disrupting a parade, down Lombard Street, through wet cement, through a panel of glass, and eventually into San Francisco Bay at the ferry landing, after causing several collisions.
Everyone ends up in a court room, where Judge Maxwell, already on the point of a nervous breakdown, tries to clear up the matter but only succeeds in finding his daughter Judy as the cause of all the trouble. Later, after the bags have been returned to their rightful owners, Howard and Judy find themselves at the airport again. "Mr. Smith" is pursuing "Mr. Jones", who is now back in possession of the government papers, while the thieves plan their escape from the country. Mrs. Van Hoskins pays for the considerable damage and splits the remaining $50 of the reward she had offered among those who helped retrieve her jewels. Eunice appears with Larrabee and Hugh Simon, who won the grant. However, he is exposed by Judy as a plagiarist, thus getting Howard the grant after all. Still, Eunice leaves Howard for Larrabee.
Howard boards a plane back to Iowa alone, only to find Judy in the seat behind him. He declares his love for her and apologizes for what he said earlier. Judy responds: "Love means never having to say you're sorry" – a reference to the 1970 film Love Story also starring Ryan O'Neal – to which Howard replies, "That's the dumbest thing I've ever heard." As the two kiss, the film ends with a scene from the Bugs Bunny cartoon that gave the film its name, screened on the plane.
- Barbra Streisand as Judy Maxwell
- Ryan O'Neal as Howard Bannister
- Madeline Kahn as Eunice Burns
- Kenneth Mars as Hugh Simon
- Austin Pendleton as Frederick Larrabee
- Michael Murphy as Mr. Smith
- Philip Roth as Mr. Jones
- Sorrell Booke as Harry
- Stefan Gierasch as Fritz
- Mabel Albertson as Mrs. Van Hoskins
- Liam Dunn as Judge Maxwell
- John Hillerman as Hotel Manager Kaltenborn
- George Morfogen as Rudy, Head Waiter
- Graham Jarvis as Bailiff
- Randy Quaid as Professor Hosquith
- M. Emmet Walsh as Arresting Officer
- Mel Blanc as Bugs Bunny and Porky Pig (archival footage, in the last scene, uncredited)
- Arthur Q. Bryan as Elmer Fudd (archival footage, singing "What's up, Doc," uncredited)
Development and writing
John Calley, who was then head of production, called me into his office and said: "Look, Barbra really wants to work with you. If you were going to make a picture with Barbra Streisand, what kind of picture would you do?" I said: "Oh, I don't know, kind of a screwball comedy, something like Bringing Up Baby: daffy girl, square professor, everything works out all right." He said, "Do it."
So we had to work fast on the script. Because of Barbra's commitments, and Ryan O'Neal's, we had to start shooting in August  and this was May. We got a script done with two different sets of writers—first, Robert Benton and David Newman who did Bonnie and Clyde, and then Buck Henry. Both of them went through three drafts. So there was quite a bit of work.
The opening and ending scenes were filmed at the San Francisco International Airport (SFO) in the South Terminal (now Terminal 1). The opening scene was filmed in the downstairs TWA Baggage Claim area, and the next to last scene was filmed in the upstairs departure area beneath the arrival/departure board and at the flight insurance counter.
The San Francisco setting was chosen to allow an elaborate comic spoof of the San Francisco car chase in the hit 1968 film Bullitt. Bogdanovich claims the rousing chase sequence accounted for one-fourth of the film's $4 million budget. The classic "plate glass" scene, in which O'Neal and Streisand are pedaling on a stolen grocery store delivery bicycle, was filmed at Balboa and 23rd Avenue in the Richmond District. In another scene, their out of control bike goes down Clay Street in Chinatown. The Volkswagen Beetle is stolen from the curb in front of Saint Peter and Paul Church at Washington Square Park, and the Beetle hides on a car carrier on Sacramento St. just west of Van Ness Avenue, in an area where many car dealerships were once located (Van Ness was San Francisco's "Auto Row"). The production did not have permission from the city to drive cars down the concrete steps in Alta Plaza Park in San Francisco; these were badly damaged during filming and still show the scars today. At the end of the car chase, almost everyone ends up foundering in San Francisco Bay—except O'Neal and Streisand, comfortably afloat in their Volkswagen Beetle. During the making of this scene, the actor Sorrell Booke almost drowned in the Bay.
Although What's Up, Doc? is not a musical, it contains some singing and other musical moments. The song "You're the Top" from the musical Anything Goes is sung as a solo during the opening credits by Streisand, and as a duet during the closing credits by Streisand and O'Neal. The same Cole Porter musical supplied at least two other tunes played as background music: "Anything Goes" and "I Get a Kick Out of You", heard during the first hotel lobby scene.
“Funiculì, Funiculà” is whistled by the Streisand character as she crosses the street, following the pizza delivery man, into the Bristol Hotel before the first hotel lobby scene.
About two-thirds of the way into the film, Howard accompanies Judy at a piano (on a floor of the Hotel Bristol apparently under construction or renovation) as she sings the beginning of "As Time Goes By" (made famous in the film Casablanca). The scene includes Streisand imitating Humphrey Bogart with the line, "Of all the gin joints, in all the towns, in all the world, he walks into mine. Play it, Sam."
Musical in-jokes appear throughout the film. Over-the-top Muzak-styled elevator music featuring Cole Porter's songs is used throughout the hotel elevator scenes. In the chase scene, a Chinese marching band is inexplicably playing the Mexican tune "La Cucaracha" (although, in certain prints, it sounds more like "Deep in the Heart of Texas") on German glockenspiels. At the American Musicologists' banquet, themes from Thoinot Arbeau's Orchésographie can be heard in the background, incongruously played on a Hammond organ and a sitar.
George Gershwin's "Someone to Watch over Me" is whistled by Streisand outside the hotel drug store.
The Bugs Bunny number—derived from his characteristic tagline—that gives the movie its title appears as well, with the original animation, in the last scene. Instrumental versions of "Please Don't Talk About Me When I'm Gone", an old Tin Pan Alley hit which had appeared in Looney Tunes cartoon One Froggy Evening, are background music during the opening scene in the airport.
What's Up, Doc? was originally released on VHS in 1982.
In the United States and Canada, the movie grossed $66,000,000 against a budget of $4 million. It became the 3rd highest grossing film of the year, ranking behind The Godfather and The Poseidon Adventure.
As of June 2021, the film held an 89% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 44 reviews, with the consensus: "Barbra Streisand was never more likable than in this energetic, often hilarious screwball farce from director Peter Bogdanovich."
In his review of What's Up, Doc?, critic John Simon (upon whom, according to director Bogdanovich, the character of Hugh Simon was based) said that Barbra Streisand "look[ed] like a cross between an aardvark and an albino rat surmounted by a platinum-coated horse bun," and called the film a heavy-handed attempt at nostalgia.
The film won the Writers Guild of America 1973 "Best Comedy Written Directly for the Screen" award for writers Buck Henry, David Newman and Robert Benton. Madeline Kahn was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress. The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- What's Up, Doc? at the American Film Institute Catalog
- "Box Office Information for What's Up, Doc?". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Peter Bogdanovich's commentary on the Bringing Up Baby DVD
- "100 Greatest Comedies of the 20th Century" (PDF). wfblibrary.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 23, 2017. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
- Brownfield, Paul. "101 Funniest Screenplays". Offbroadway.broadwayworld.com. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- Weisberg, Sam (November 9, 2014). "The Little Movie That Couldn't: An Oral History of Elliott Gould's Never-Completed "A Glimpse of Tiger"". Hidden Films. Retrieved Oct 9, 2019.
- Kilday, Gregg (April 19, 2013). "Peter Bogdanovich on Barbra Streisand: 'Funny, Cute and Kind of a Wiseass'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
- Howe, Matt. "What's Up Doc? (1972)". barbra-archives.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
- "MisterSF.com". www.mistersf.com. Retrieved Oct 9, 2019.
- Iskowitz, Mark (30 August 2003). "What's Up, Doc? DVD in Stores July 1, 2003". bjsmusic.com. Archived from the original on November 9, 2007. Retrieved November 13, 2007.
- Dancis, Bruce (11 August 2010). "Screwball Comedy Is Revisited in This Sparking Blu-Ray Version of What's Up, Doc?". PopMatters. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- "WB's Habit of Last-Possible-Moment Screenings Irritates New York Critics". Variety. February 23, 1972. p. 7.
- What's Up, Doc? at Rotten Tomatoes
- "Hollywood", Peter Bogdanovich, Esquire, December 1977, p. 96
- Simon, John (1982). Reverse Angle: A Decade of American Film. Crown Publishers Inc. p. 70. ISBN 9780517544716.
- "Big Rental Films of 1973". Variety. 9 January 1974. p. 19.
- "Big Rental Films of 1975". Variety. 7 January 1976. p. 14.
- "Winners & Nominees New Star Of The Year". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved 2017-01-30.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 6, 2019. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 6, 2019. Retrieved 2016-08-07.