What's the Frequency, Kenneth?

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This article is about the 1994 song. For the 1986 phrase, see Dan Rather § "Kenneth, what is the frequency?".
"What's the Frequency, Kenneth?"
R.E.M. - What's the Frequency Kenneth.jpg
Single by R.E.M.
from the album Monster
B-side "What's the Frequency, Kenneth?" (instrumental version)
Released September 5, 1994
Format Maxi-single, CD single, 12" single, 7" single, cassette
Recorded October 1993[1]
Genre Alternative rock,[2] hard rock, grunge[3]
Length 4:00
Label Warner Bros.
Writer(s) Bill Berry, Peter Buck, Mike Mills, and Michael Stipe[4]
Producer(s) Scott Litt & R.E.M.
R.E.M. singles chronology
"Find the River"
(1993)
"What's the Frequency, Kenneth?"
(1994)
"Bang and Blame"
(1994)
Music sample

"What's the Frequency, Kenneth?" is a song by the American alternative rock band R.E.M. from their 1994 album Monster. It was the first single taken from the album, which was released three weeks later. It peaked at number 21 on the Billboard Hot 100, number 9 on the UK Singles Chart, and was the first song to debut at number one on Billboard Modern Rock Tracks.[5] The song's title refers to an incident in New York City in 1986, when two then-unknown assailants attacked journalist Dan Rather, while repeating "Kenneth, what is the frequency?"

It was placed on R.E.M.'s compilation albums In Time: The Best of R.E.M. 1988–2003 in 2003 and Part Lies, Part Heart, Part Truth, Part Garbage 1982–2011 in 2011, the only track from Monster to feature on either. The song is one of the band's most-played songs at live gigs, and was played at every show on their 2008 Accelerate tour.[6] A live version was released on R.E.M. Live in 2007.

History[edit]

Background and recording[edit]

R.E.M. began work on Monster in August 1993 and "What's the Frequency, Kenneth?" was realized about two months later in October. This song was written and recorded at Kingsway Studio, New Orleans, where the band also wrote and recorded "Tongue" and "Crush with Eyeliner".[1] Lead singer Michael Stipe has said in interviews[when?] that the lyrics are about the Generation X phenomenon in contemporary mass media, sung in character as an older critic whose information consists exclusively of media products.

Guitarist Peter Buck explained why the song slows towards its conclusion in an interview with Guitar World magazine:

Post release[edit]

"What's The Frequency, Kenneth?" made its first live television debut on November 12, 1994, for Saturday Night Live, recorded at NBC Studios in New York City. The set on the show opened with "What's the Frequency, Kenneth?" and was followed by two other songs from the new album, Monster, "Bang and Blame" and "I Don't Sleep, I Dream".[1] The following year, on June 22, 1995, at Madison Square Garden in New York City, Dan Rather accompanied the band during a soundcheck performance of the song. The clip was shown prior to R.E.M.'s performance of "Crush with Eyeliner" on the Late Show with David Letterman the following night.

Music video[edit]

The music video was directed by Peter Care, who had previously worked with the band on music videos for "Drive" and "Man on the Moon" in 1992. It features the band playing along to the song under bright blue, red and yellow flashing lights. Michael Stipe appears timid behind the microphone until the first chorus, breaking into an energetic dance. Prominent in the guitar solo, Peter Buck uses Kurt Cobain's Jag-Stang that he received as a gift from Courtney Love after Cobain died; he plays it upside-down as Cobain was left-handed. Singer Stipe's newly shaven head and bassist Mike Mills's new look (long-hair and the use of Nudie suits) prominent on the 1995 Monster world tour, were given wide exposure in this video. The suit seen in the music video was in fact owned by musician Gram Parsons.[8]

The DVD companion to In Time, entitled In View: The Best of R.E.M. 1988–2003 (featuring the promotional videos to most of the songs from In Time) included the music video to "What's the Frequency, Kenneth?".

Track listing[edit]

All songs written by Bill Berry, Peter Buck, Mike Mills, and Michael Stipe.

12" and CD maxi-single[edit]

  1. "What's the Frequency, Kenneth?" (Radio Edit)  – 4:00
  2. "Monty Got a Raw Deal" (Live)  – 4:22
  3. "Everybody Hurts" (Live)  – 5:41
  4. "Man on the Moon" (Live)  – 5:22

7", CD single, and cassette[edit]

  1. "What's the Frequency, Kenneth?"  – 4:00
  2. "What's the Frequency, Kenneth?" (Instrumental Version)  – 3:59

The live recordings of "Monty Got a Raw Deal", "Everybody Hurts" and "Man on the Moon" were recorded at the 40 Watt Club, Athens, Georgia on November 19, 1992. The performance—a benefit for Greenpeace—was recorded in a solar-powered mobile studio.

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (1994) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[9] 24
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[10] 21
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[11] 19
Canada Top Singles (RPM) 2
Finland (Suomen virallinen lista)[12] 6
Germany (Official German Charts)[13] 74
Ireland (IRMA) 8
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[14] 21
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[15] 4
Norway (VG-lista)[16] 9
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[17] 21
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[18] 22
UK Singles (The Official Charts Company)[19] 9
US Billboard Hot 100[20] 21
US Billboard Hot 100 Airplay[20] 14
US Billboard Hot Dance Music/Maxi-Singles Sales Chart[20] 24
US Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks[20] 2
US Billboard Modern Rock Tracks[20] 1
US Billboard Top 40 Mainstream[20] 10

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "R.E.M. Timeline – 1992/93/94 Concert Chronology". iinet.net.au. 
  2. ^ The Ultimate Nineties Alt-Rock Playlist
    The Atlantic. Retrieved 2016-08-08
  3. ^ "The 20 Best R.E.M. Songs of All Time". pastemagazine.com. 
  4. ^ "ALBUMS". R.E.M.Hq. Retrieved April 9, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Powter Stays Hot, Chili Peppers Sizzle On Charts". Billboard.com. 
  6. ^ "Setlist.fm tour statistics". Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  7. ^ Garbarini, Vic. "Reconstruction Of The Fables". Guitar World. November 14, 1996.
  8. ^ "Rec.music.rem Frequently-Asked Questions list (1 of 3)". faqs.org. 
  9. ^ "Australian-charts.com – R.E.M. – What's The Frequency, Kenneth?". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
  10. ^ "Austriancharts.at – R.E.M. – What's The Frequency, Kenneth?" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  11. ^ "Ultratop.be – R.E.M. – What's The Frequency, Kenneth?" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  12. ^ Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin – levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5. 
  13. ^ "Musicline.de – R.E.M. Single-Chartverfolgung" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH.
  14. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – R.E.M. – What's The Frequency, Kenneth?" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  15. ^ "Charts.org.nz – R.E.M. – What's The Frequency, Kenneth?". Top 40 Singles.
  16. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – R.E.M. – What's The Frequency, Kenneth?". VG-lista.
  17. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – R.E.M. – What's The Frequency, Kenneth?". Singles Top 100.
  18. ^ "Swisscharts.com – R.E.M. – What's The Frequency, Kenneth?". Swiss Singles Chart.
  19. ^ "UK Top 40 Hit Database". Retrieved May 29, 2008. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f "allmusic (Monster > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles)". Retrieved March 7, 2006. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
"Basket Case" by Green Day
Billboard Modern Rock Tracks number-one single
September 24, 1994 – October 22, 1994
Succeeded by
"Zombie" by The Cranberries