What's the Matter with Kansas? (film)

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What's the Matter with Kansas?
Directed by Joe Winston
Produced by Laura Cohen
Joe Winston
Based on What's the Matter with Kansas
by Thomas Frank
Cinematography T.W. Li
Edited by Joe Winston
Alex MacKenzie
Release date
  • September 15, 2009 (2009-09-15)
Running time
90 minutes
Country United States
Language English

What's the Matter with Kansas? is a 2009 documentary film by filmmakers Joe Winston and Laura Cohen. It is based on the book What's the Matter with Kansas? How Conservatives Won the Heart of America (2004) by Thomas Frank.


The documentary highlights the lives of people in Middle America, Central United States small town or suburb where most people are middle class, Protestant, and white, which twice helped elect George W. Bush. The movie shows how Kansas, once home to left-wing movements like the Populist Party, became very socially conservative in the late 20th century.

Abortion is a particularly volatile issue in Kansas, and anti-abortion organizations like Operation Rescue had long staged protests around Dr. George Tiller's abortion clinic, because he was one of the few doctors in the country who performed late-term abortions. The largest of these protests, the Summer of Mercy campaign in 1991, sparked a conservative takeover of the state's Republican Party.

The movie features a variety of Kansans, most of them conservative, but focuses on three main characters.

Angel Dillard is a mother of two, and a Republican activist. She is introduced at the Kansas State Fair, where she is volunteering for the Kansans For Life booth.

Brittany Barden, 18 years old, is a veteran of several rounds of Republican campaigns. Her mission is to make America "a Christian nation".

Donn Teske describes himself as "a red-neck Kansas farmer". He also says corporate greed is "not very Christian". He fights to save his family farm and others like it.

Angel and Brittany both attend Terry Fox’s 6,000-member Immanuel Baptist Church in Wichita. Fox thunders from his pulpit denouncements of gay marriage, abortion and liberal politicians. He urges his flock to vote to "preserve Kansas' conservative movement" on the eve of the midterm elections.

In 2006, the winds of change blow through Kansas. Terry Fox’s church forces him to resign. He quickly found a new one—in an amusement park called Wild West World. Angel follows Fox to his new church, and invests heavily in the park. Wild West World suddenly goes bankrupt, and the owner skips town with everyone’s money. In November, Republicans, even in Kansas, lose heavily in the 2006 midterm elections.

Meanwhile, Donn Teske finds that the United States Congress is finally listening to him. He reminds them that family farmers care about the environment and global warming.

Despite all their defeats, the Christian Right remains defiant, organized and ready. “We may lose an election or two, but we’ll be back,” says Pastor Fox, speaking to his congregation, gathered at the Wichita Best Western motel.


Critics differed considerably in their response to the film. Among the most enthusiastic was Roger Ebert, who included the film in his list of the best ten documentaries of 2009 and who wrote, "What's interesting is that every single person in this film is seen as themselves, is allowed to speak and seems to have a good heart. I've rarely seen a documentary quite like it. It has a point to make but no ax to grind."[1][2] Ted Johnson wrote in Variety that "What makes What's the Matter with Kansas? work, however, is not its colorful cast of characters and situations but its complexity."[3] Andy Webster was more critical, writing in The New York Times that "The specific roots of a pervasive sense of disenfranchisement are barely described, as are strategies for liberals seeking to reclaim the state. What’s the Matter With Kansas? depicts a groundswell of anger but largely ignores the external forces that helped shape it.[4] Kyle Smith wrote in The New York Post that "It’s condescending, it’s vague, it’s unfair and, ultimately, it’s pointless."[5]

Home media[edit]

The Special Edition DVD was released in 2011. The volume includes commentary, extended/deleted scenes, and audience question & answer with Thomas Frank, Joe Winston, and Laura Cohen.[6]


  1. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 22, 2009). "Ten Best Documentaries of 2009". The Chicago Sun Times. 
  2. ^ Ebert, Roger (September 17, 2009). "What's the Matter with Kansas?". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  3. ^ Johnson, Ted (May 7, 2009). "What's the Matter with Kansas?". Variety. 
  4. ^ Webster, Andy (July 29, 2010). "A State of Transformation". The New York Times. 
  5. ^ Smith, Kyle (July 30, 2010). "Red state as red herring". The New York Post. 
  6. ^ What's the Matter with Kansas? (DVD). Passion River Media. January 25, 2011. OCLC 681786380. 

External links[edit]