What Happened (Clinton book)

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What Happened
What Happened (Hillary Rodham Clinton) book cover.jpg
Author Hillary Rodham Clinton
Country United States
Language English
Subject United States presidential election, 2016
Publisher Simon & Schuster
Publication date
September 12, 2017
Media type Print
Pages 512
ISBN 978-1-5011-7556-5
Preceded by Stronger Together
Website Official website

What Happened is a 2017 book by Hillary Clinton about her experiences as the Democratic Party's nominee and general election candidate for President of the United States in the 2016 election.[1] Published on September 12, 2017, it is her seventh book with her publisher, Simon & Schuster.[2]

Inception and advance publicity[edit]

Clinton discussing the book with Cheryl Strayed at BookExpo America

Existence of a new Clinton work was first revealed in February 2017, but at the time it was billed as a volume of essays centered around the author's favorite sayings, with only some allusions to the campaign.[3][4][5] Financial terms of that work, which had no announced title, were not publicly disclosed but industry observers expected her monetary compensation to be large.[6] The new purposing of the work and its thematic substance were revealed in July 2017.[5][2] After the title was announced, it was parodied with memes on Twitter.[7][8]

The New York Times wrote that the stated aim of the book was to offer an intimate view of what it was like for Clinton to run as the first female presidential candidate from a major party in United States history, in an often vicious and turbulent campaign. This is her third memoir, following 2003's Living History and 2014's Hard Choices; advance publicity for the work said it would be her "most personal" yet[1] and quoted from her words in the book's Introduction: "In the past, for reasons I try to explain, I've often felt I had to be careful in public, like I was up on a wire without a net. Now I'm letting my guard down."[1] Clinton promised a new level of candor as a major theme of the initial publicity surrounding the book.[9][4][2] The work was also said to include some self-help ideas about how to get past highly unpleasant experiences.[10]

Contents[edit]

What Happened is organized into six main parts, entitled "Perseverance", "Competition", "Sisterhood", "Idealism and Realism", "Frustration", and "Resilience". Each part has from two to five chapters within it.[11]

The book opens with a scene from the United States presidential inauguration of 2017,[12] attended by her and her husband, where Clinton watched Donald Trump take office. She begins:

The book closes with a scene from a speech she gave at her alma mater Wellesley College.[14] Clinton concludes the book with the advice to readers to "Keep going."[15]

The book is a first-person account by one of the candidates involved in the United States presidential election, 2016.[16] The book is dedicated to "the team that stood with me in 2016",[17] and one of the chapters of the book is largely a list of everyone who worked on her campaign.[12]

In the book, Clinton blames her electoral loss on a combination of factors, including James Comey, Vladimir Putin, Barack Obama, Mitch McConnell, The New York Times, the media as a whole, Bernie Sanders and his supporters, Green Party candidate Jill Stein, sexism, white resentment, and herself, specifically her comments on putting "coal miners out of business" and labeling her opponent's supporters as a "basket of deplorables".[18][12][19]

The book contains a number of Clinton's policy proposals, featuring her analysis of a problem area and her ideas for how to solve it.[14]

Another subject of the book is how to get through difficult experiences. Clinton discusses her practice of yoga and her liking of chardonnay.[20] But in particular, she lists a large number of books that helped her cope with the loss in one way or another. These included mysteries by Louise Penny, Jacqueline Winspear, Donna Leon, and Caroline and Charles Todd. They also included the Neapolitan novels of Elena Ferrante, the spiritual works of Henri Nouwen, and the collected poems of Maya Angelou, Marge Piercy and T. S. Eliot.[20]

Sales[edit]

Domestic sales[edit]

Copies of What Happened during Clinton's appearance at the Hill Auditorium in October 2017

The hardcover edition was published on September 12, 2017; it immediately went to the top of the Barnes & Noble, Amazon,[21] and the USA Today bestseller lists.[22]

It debuted at number one on The New York Times Best Seller List for both hardcover nonfiction and combined print and e-book nonfiction sales where it stayed for 2 weeks.[23][24] It dropped to number two on both lists in its third week.[25] By the beginning of November it had spent six weeks in the top four positions of the list.[26] By the beginning of January 2018 the book had spent sixteen weeks on the list.[27] The following week it fell off.[28]

What Happened sold 300,000 copies in its first week.[29][30] The first-week sales were lower than her 2003 memoir, Living History, but triple the first-week sales of Clinton's previous memoir, 2014's Hard Choices.[29][31]

The first-week hardcover sales for What Happened were 167,000.[29][30] This marked the strongest hardcover debut for a nonfiction book since 2012's No Easy Day.[29] Simon & Schuster also announced that What Happened sold more e-books in its first-week than any nonfiction book had since 2010.[29]

The book debuted at number one of the Publishers Weekly "Top 10 overall" and "hardcover nonfiction" bestseller lists. In its third week on the lists, it dropped to number three of the "Top 10 overall" and to number two of the "hardcover nonfiction" lists with a total of 311,982 hardcover copies sold.[32][33] As of December 10, 2017, the book had sold 448,947 hardcover copies.[34]

International sales[edit]

What Happened also performed strongly in its release outside of the United States.

In Canada, What Happened debuted atop The Globe and Mail's hardcover non-fiction best sellers list.[35] It remained atop the chart for six consecutive weeks.[36][37][38][39][40][41]

In the United Kingdom, What Happened debuted atop The Sunday Times bestseller list.[30]

In Ireland, What Happened was able to peak atop the Nielson Bookscan component chart for hardcover non-fiction.[42] On the primary Irish Nielsen Bookscan chart tracking sales of both hardcover and paperback books in all genres, What Happened debuted at number ten (selling 767 copies).[43] It jumped to number seven in its second week (selling 800 copies).[44] It jumped further to number four in its third week (selling 1,117 copies).[42] In its fourth week it dropped to number six (however with consistent sales, selling 1,116 copies).[45] It exited the top-ten in its seventh week.[46]

In New Zealand, What Happened debuted number 8 on Nielsen Bookscan's "International Non-fiction - Adults" chart.[47]

In Australia, What Happened charted on Books+Publishing's bestsellers chart.[48]

Critical reception[edit]

What Happened polarized book critics.[49][50][51]

Entertainment Weekly gave it a "B" grade.[12][52] Writer Tina Jordan said:

I think the first woman candidate for President, the one who won the popular vote, has every right to offer her own take on the election. But bear in mind that many — if not all — of the people tearing down Clinton and her new memoir, What Happened, haven't actually read it. Bear in mind, too, that few — if any — of these same people called out Bernie Sanders for writing his own campaign memoir, one that dropped just days post-election. No, there's some sort of special virulence reserved for Clinton. And she gets it. In fact, she spends much of What Happened parsing that very question.[12]

Jennifer Senior of The New York Times said:

"What Happened" is not one book, but many. It is a candid and blackly funny account of her mood in the direct aftermath of losing to Donald J. Trump. It is a post-mortem, in which she is both coroner and corpse. It is a feminist manifesto. It is a score-settling jubilee. It is a rant against James B. Comey, Bernie Sanders, the media, James B. Comey, Vladimir Putin and James B. Comey. It is a primer on Russian spying. It is a thumping of Trump.[51]

For The Washington Post, writer David Weigel noted that Clinton "apologizes to the reader, who has to relive all of this. 'It wasn't healthy or productive,' she writes, 'to dwell on the ways I felt I'd been shivved.' It's a perfect word, 'shivved.' The Hillary Clinton of this bitter memoir ... again and again ... blames herself for losing, apologizing for her 'dumb' email management, for giving paid speeches to banks, for saying she would put coal miners 'out of business.' She veers between regret and righteous, sometimes in the same paragraph."[53]

A review in the Chicago Tribune by Heidi Stevens stated that the passages in the book about Russia's involvement in the US election "read like a spy novel".[16] Thomas Frank in The Guardian contends that "Unfortunately, her new book is less an effort to explain than it is to explain away. ... Still, by exercising a little discernment, readers can find clues to the mystery of 2016 here and there among the clouds of blame-evasion and positive thinking."[14]

An analysis by Ezra Klein, editor-in-chief of Vox, saw a different role for the book, making reference to Clinton's belief that progress is best made by working within the political system: "What Happened has been sold as Clinton's apologia for her 2016 campaign, and it is that. But it's more remarkable for Clinton's extended defense of a political style that has become unfashionable in both the Republican and Democratic parties."[54]

David L. Ulin of the Los Angeles Times wrote in his review for the newspaper that the book is a "necessary — if at times clunky and unconvincing — retrospective" and that "She should have been president, and she knows it; regret and loss is palpable throughout the book. And yet it's also the case that she remains unable to reckon with just what happened in the 2016 election, looking for explanations, for reasons, while at the same time never quite uncovering her own complicity."[15]

Sarah Jones of The New Republic wrote:

The real problem with What Happened is that it is not the book it needed to be. It spends more time on descriptions of Clinton's various post-election coping strategies, which include chardonnay and "alternative nostril breathing," than it does on her campaign decisions in the Midwest. It is written for her fans, in other words, and not for those who want real answers about her campaign, and who worry that the Democratic Party is learning the wrong lessons from the 2016 debacle.[50]

Jeff Greenfield wrote in Politico Magazine that the book suggests "that the person we've seen over the past quarter-century, and the person we watched seek the presidency twice, is the authentic Hillary. In fact, to judge by her book, she may have been the most authentic person in the race."[55]

Awards and honors[edit]

Time magazine listed What Happened as #1 on its list of the best non-fiction books of 2017.[56] NPR's Book Concierge included What Happened on its list of "2017’s Great Reads".[57] What Happened also won the Goodreads Choice Award for Best Memoir & Autobiography.[58]

Book tour[edit]

The Hill Auditorium during Hillary Clinton Live

It was announced on August 28, 2017, that Hillary Clinton would be starting a North American book tour in September 2017 to promote What Happened, as well as the picture book It Takes a Village (a new take on that 1996 volume).

Clinton scheduled more than thirty appearances in cities across the United States and Canada as part of an official book tour which lasted through December 2017.[59][60]

Clinton also traveled to the United Kingdom to promote the book. In part, the events in the United Kingdom were considered a great success, with tickets being sold out in less than an hour in some places.[61]

In May 2018 she took her book tour to New Zealand and Australia.[62]

Hillary Clinton: Live[edit]

Clinton partook in a series of engagements titled Hillary Clinton: Live. At many of her appearances, Clinton was met with enthusiastic audiences filling multi-thousand-seat venues. Starting prices for general admission tickets ranged from $30 to $125.[63]

Map of cities visited by Hillary Clinton: Live[64]
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Hillary Clinton: Live tour dates[64]
Date City Country Venue
September 18, 2017 Washington, D.C. United States Warner Theatre (hosted by Politics & Prose)
September 28 Toronto Canada Enercare Centre
October 3 Fort Lauderdale United States Broward Center for the Performing Arts
October 9 Davis Jackson Hall
October 23 Montreal Canada Palais des congrès de Montréal
October 24 Ann Arbor United States Hill Auditorium
October 30 Chicago Auditorium Theatre
November 1 New York City The Temple Emanu-El Streicker Center
November 9 Milwaukee Riverside Theater
November 13 Atlanta Fox Theatre
November 16 Denver Bellco Theatre
November 28 Boston Boston Opera House
November 30 Philadelphia Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts
December 11 Seattle Paramount Theatre
December 12 Portland Arlene Schnitzer Concert Hall
December 13 Vancouver Canada Vancouver Convention Centre

Book signings[edit]

In addition to Hillary Clinton Live events, Clinton also held book signings at locations across the United States as part of her book tour.

Tickets for particular signings sold-out very soon after going on sale. For instance, tickets to Clinton's signing at Vroman's Bookstore in Pasadena sold-out within ninety minutes. The president of Vroman's Bookstore reported that it was the fastest that the store had ever sold-out for an event.[65]

In the United States, some of the book tour's stops were located relatively near Chappaqua, New York, where Clinton maintains her personal residence. However, she also held book signings at faraway places like California or Colorado.

Map of cities visited by book signings
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Book signings[66]
Date City Venue Notes
September 12 New York City Barnes & Noble (Union Square) Inaugural event of book tour; took place on book's release date
September 16 Brookfield, Connecticut Costco
September 23[67] Chappaqua, New York Chappaqua Library
September 26 Montclair, New Jersey Watchung Booksellers
September 27 New York City Greenlight Bookstore In Brooklyn
September 28 Buffalo Larkin Square Hosted by Larkin Square Author Series with the Talking Leaves bookstore[68]
October 6 San Francisco Books Inc. (Opera Plaza)
October 21 Middletown, Connecticut Wesleyan RJ Julia Bookstore
October 30 Winnetka, Illinois Book Stall
November 3 Falls Church, Virginia Barnes & Noble
November 17 Austin BookPeople
November 18 Little Rock, Arkansas Butler Center Gallery Hosted by Books-A-Million
November 29[69] New York City Strand Books Joint book signing with Chelsea Clinton to promote their picture books
December 1 Pasadena Vroman's Bookstore
December 5 Concord, New Hampshire Gibson’s Bookstore
December 7 Rhinebeck, New York Oblong Books & Music
December 11 Denver Tattered Cover (Colfax)
December 12 Seattle Elliott Bay Books

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Alter, Alexander (July 27, 2017). "New Details From Hillary Clinton's Memoir Revealed". The New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Siu, Diamond Naga. "Hillary Clinton to open up about the 2016 election in new book titled 'What Happened'". Politico. Retrieved 2017-07-29. 
  3. ^ Italie, Hillel. "AP NewsBreak: Clinton will reflect on 2016 race in new book". Associated Press. 
  4. ^ a b Flood, Alison (27 July 2017). "Hillary Clinton to 'let her guard down' in candid 2016 election memoir". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Shaub, Michael (27 July 2017). "Hillary Clinton's new book, 'What Happened,' will address the 2016 election". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  6. ^ Feldman, Dana. "Hillary Clinton Inks Book Deal With Simon & Schuster". Forbes. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  7. ^ Cobos, Daniela (July 27, 2017). "Twitter Explodes With Memes After Hillary Clinton Announces Election Memoir 'What Happened'". International Business Times. Retrieved July 28, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Hillary Clinton viciously mocked on Twitter over 'What Happened' book title". AOL News. July 27, 2017. Retrieved July 28, 2017. 
  9. ^ Italie, Hillel. "Hillary Clinton will release a book called 'What Happened?' about her 2016 defeat to Trump". Business Insider. Associated Press. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  10. ^ Kelley, Seth (27 July 2017). "Hillary Clinton Reveals Title, Description of 2016 Election Tell-All". 
  11. ^ What Happened, pp. viii-ix.
  12. ^ a b c d e Jordan, Tina (September 12, 2017). "Hillary Clinton is upset about a lot of things in What Happened: EW review". Retrieved September 23, 2017. 
  13. ^ What Happened, p. 3.
  14. ^ a b c Frank, Thomas (September 12, 2017). "Hillary Clinton's book has a clear message: don't blame me". Guardian (UK). 
  15. ^ a b David L. Ulin (2017-09-15). "Hillary Clinton's 'What Happened' says something revealing about America". Latimes.com. Retrieved 2018-02-12. 
  16. ^ a b Stevens, Heidi (September 12, 2017). "Hillary Clinton in new book 'What Happened' shoulders blame, takes aim". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 14, 2017. 
  17. ^ What Happened, p. 465.
  18. ^ Zurcher, Anthony. "What Happened: The long list of who Hillary Clinton blames". BBC News. 
  19. ^ Allison Adato (2017-09-12). "Hillary Clinton's What Happened: Book Review". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 2018-02-12. 
  20. ^ a b Hohmann, James (2017-09-18). "The reading list that helped Hillary Clinton cope". Philly. Retrieved 2018-02-12. 
  21. ^ Pallotta, Frank (September 12, 2017). "Hillary Clinton's 'What Happened' tops Amazon as readers line up for book signing". CNN Money. Retrieved September 16, 2017. 
  22. ^ McClurg, Jocelyn (September 20, 2017). "Hillary Clinton lands at No. 1 on USA TODAY books list; Katy Tur is No. 7". USA Today. Retrieved September 22, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Books/Best Sellers/October 1, 2017". The New York Times. 
  24. ^ "Books/Best Sellers/October 8, 2017". The New York Times. 
  25. ^ "Books/Best Sellers/October 15, 2017". The New York Times. 
  26. ^ Lucidon, Amanda (2017-11-05). "Hardcover Nonfiction Books - Best Sellers - November 5, 2017". New York Times. Retrieved 2018-02-12. 
  27. ^ Union, Gabrielle (2018-01-14). "Hardcover Nonfiction Books - Best Sellers - January 14, 2018". New York Times. Retrieved 2018-02-12. 
  28. ^ Kalanithi, Paul (2018-01-21). "Hardcover Nonfiction Books - Best Sellers - January 21, 2018". New York Times. Retrieved 2018-02-12. 
  29. ^ a b c d e Italie, Hillel (September 21, 2017). "Clinton book has sold more than 300,000 copies". Yahoo! Entertainment (Associated Press story). Retrieved October 7, 2017. 
  30. ^ a b c Charles, Ron (September 20, 2017). "Hillary Clinton's memoir sells 300,000 copies in its first week". www.washingpost.com. The Washington Post. Retrieved September 20, 2017. 
  31. ^ Nevins, Jake (September 20, 2017). "Hillary Clinton's What Happened sells 300,000 copies in first week". The Guardian. Retrieved September 20, 2017. 
  32. ^ "Bestsellers/Top_10_overall". Publishers Weekly. 
  33. ^ "Bestsellers/Hardcover Nonfiction". Publishers Weekly. 
  34. ^ "Bestsellers/Hardcover Nonfiction". Publishers Weekly. 
  35. ^ "Bestsellers: Hardcover Non-Fiction, Sept. 23, 2017". www.theglobrandmail.com. The Globe and Mail. September 22, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  36. ^ "Bestsellers: Hardcover Non-Fiction, Sept. 30, 2017". www.theglobrandmail.com. The Globe and Mail. September 29, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  37. ^ "Bestsellers: Hardcover Non-Fiction, Oct. 7, 2017". www.theglobrandmail.com. The Globe and Mail. October 6, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  38. ^ "Bestsellers: Hardcover Non-Fiction, Oct. 14, 2017". www.theglobrandmail.com. The Globe and Mail. October 13, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  39. ^ "Bestsellers: Hardcover Non-Fiction, Oct. 21, 2017". www.theglobrandmail.com. The Globe and Mail. October 20, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  40. ^ "Bestsellers: Hardcover Non-Fiction, Oct. 28, 2017". www.theglobrandmail.com. The Globe and Mail. October 27, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  41. ^ "Bestsellers: Hardcover Non-Fiction, Nov. 3, 2017". www.theglobrandmail.com. The Globe and Mail. November 2, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  42. ^ a b Brown, Rebecca (October 7, 2017). "Irish Bestsellers 30th September 2017". writing.ie. Writing.ie. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  43. ^ Brown, Rebecca (September 23, 2017). "Irish Bestsellers 16th September 2017". writing.ie. Writing.ie. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  44. ^ Brown, Rebecca (September 30, 2017). "Irish Bestsellers 23rd September 2017". writing.ie. Writing.ie. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  45. ^ Brown, Rebecca (October 14, 2017). "Irish Bestsellers 7th October 2017". writing.ie. Writing.ie. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  46. ^ Brown, Rebecca (October 21, 2017). "Irish Bestsellers October 2017". writing.ie. Writing.ie. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  47. ^ "Nielsen Weekly Bestsellers for week ending 16 September". www.booksellers.co.nz. Booksellers. September 21, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  48. ^ "Charts". www.booksandpublishing.com.au. Books+Publishing. n.d. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  49. ^ "Bookmarks reviews of What Happened by Hillary Clinton". LitHub. Retrieved October 18, 2017. 
  50. ^ a b "Hillary Clinton Doesn't Get It". 
  51. ^ a b "Hillary Clinton What Happened?". 
  52. ^ "Making the Grades". Entertainment Weekly. May 11, 1990. Retrieved September 23, 2017.  EW review system: B - Good, something you'll be glad you took in, even if it doesn't become a classic.
  53. ^ Weigel, David (September 12, 2017). "Clinton's account of how she was 'shivved' in the 2016 presidential election". Retrieved September 30, 2017 – via www.WashingtonPost.com. 
  54. ^ "What Hillary Clinton really thinks". Vox.com. September 13, 2017. Retrieved September 30, 2017. 
  55. ^ Greenfield, Jeff (September 20, 2017). "The Strange Authenticity of Hillary Clinton". Politico. Retrieved September 21, 2017. 
  56. ^ Howorth, Claire (November 21, 2017). "The Top 10 Non-Fiction Books of 2017". Time. Retrieved December 13, 2017. 
  57. ^ Cohen, Nicole; Friedman, Rose; Petra, Mayer; Weldon, Glen; Silva, Ellen (December 5, 2017). "NPR's Book Concierge Our Guide To 2017's Great Read". www.npr.org. NPR. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  58. ^ "Best Books of 2017". www.goodreads.com. Goodreads. n.d. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  59. ^ "VIP TICKETS FOR HILLARY CLINTON'S BOOK TOUR COST OVER $2,000". Newsweek. August 31, 2017. Retrieved September 6, 2017. 
  60. ^ Lim, Naomi (December 15, 2017). "Hillary Clinton's 2017 book tour comes to an end". Washington Examiner. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  61. ^ Phillips, Jenni (2017-10-15). "Everything you need to know about Hillary Clinton's visit". gloucestershirelive. Retrieved 2018-05-14. 
  62. ^ "Hillary Clinton coming to NZ and Australia". NZ Herald. 2018-02-18. ISSN 1170-0777. Retrieved 2018-05-14. 
  63. ^ Sarah Toy. "Hillary Clinton's book tour stop draws thousands in Boston". USA Today. Retrieved 2018-02-12. 
  64. ^ a b "Hillary Clinton: Live". www.hillaryclintonbooktour.com. Hillary Clinton Book Tour. n.d. Retrieved October 26, 2017. 
  65. ^ "Hillary Clinton to appear at sold-out Vroman's Bookstore event Friday". www.pasadenastarnews.com. Pasadena Star News. November 30, 2017. Retrieved December 23, 2017. 
  66. ^ "Book signings". www.hillaryclintonemoir.com. Simon & Schuster. n.d. Retrieved November 23, 2017. 
  67. ^ "Hillary Clinton - Book Signing "What Happened"". www.eventbrite.com. Eventbrite. n.d. Retrieved December 23, 2017. 
  68. ^ Zemsky, Leslie (August 24, 2017). "SOLD OUT: Hillary Rodham Clinton to sign books in Larkin Square, Thursday, September 28th, 12:30 pm". www.larkinsquare.com. Larkin Square. Retrieved October 27, 2017. The Larkin Square Author Series and Talking Leaves books is hosting a book signing with Hillary Rodham Clinton on Thursday, September 28th, 2017 at 12:30 pm 
  69. ^ "EXCLUSIVE CHILDREN'S BOOK SIGNING: SECRETARY HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON & CHELSEA CLINTON". www.strandbooks.com. Strand Books. n.d. Retrieved November 8, 2017. 

External links[edit]