Whatever Happened to Jugula?

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Whatever Happened to Jugula?
Roy Harper & Jimmy Page - Whatever Happened to Jugula? album cover.jpg
Studio album by Roy Harper & Jimmy Page
Released March 4, 1985
Recorded Clapham
Mamaraneck, West Cork
Boilerhouse Studios, Lytham
Genre Rock, folk rock, progressive folk
Length 45:25
Label Beggars Banquet BEGA 60,
Science Friction HUCD032
Producer Roy Harper
Roy Harper chronology
Born in Captivity
Whatever Happened to Jugula?
Descendants of Smith
Jimmy Page chronology
Death Wish II
Whatever Happened to Jugula?
The Firm
(1985) with The Firm

Whatever Happened to Jugula? is the thirteenth studio album by English folk / rock singer-songwriter and guitarist Roy Harper. It was first released in 1985. Jimmy Page contributes.


With a working title of Rizla due to the album's cover art (an unravelled orange Rizla pack), Jugula, as this album is often called, was released on the Beggars Banquet label (BBL60) and reached the UK Top 20. The album contains a number of original songs written by Harper. It is recorded in a fresh and spontaneous manner, often with only the unique sound of Ovation guitars and vocals. Occasionally, the arrangements are filled with synthesizer and electric guitar.

The album was partially recorded in the basement of an old school friends house in Lytham. Boiler House Studios were run by Tony Beck who encouraged Harper to renew his acquaintance with Jimmy Page. Together they began work on what was to become the 'Jugula' album.[1]

'Jugula' brought Harper to a new and wider audience, mainly due to Harper and Jimmy Page's appearances at the Cambridge Folk Festival in 1984, an album tour (of which four performances were filmed and exist on archive footage[1]) and a 15-minute televised interview by Mark Ellen on the Old Grey Whistle Test (16 November 1984). The interview featured Harper and Page playing their acoustic guitars on the side of Side Pike in the English Lake District, a somewhat different and unusual interview for the time. Songs played included "Hangman" and part of "The Same Old Rock".[2]

The album was the fifth that Harper and Page had worked on, but the first entire record they made together.[3] Page's guitar playing is quite evident throughout the album, and is a natural complement to Harper's unique guitar work. The first track, "Nineteen Forty-Eightish", a reference to George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four, crescendos with lead guitar by Page. Other tracks include "Hangman", a song that expresses the feelings of an innocent man condemned to die and "Frozen Moment", a song played entirely in the chord of C.


The title for 'Jugula' came from playing Trivial Pursuit, in order to explain to everyone how they should go about answering the questions as straight and honestly as possible I'd say, "Go for the jugula". It was going to be 'Harper & Page' for a while, but that's like selling Jimmy's name, then it went to '1214' which is the year that the Magna Carta was signed... but that was a bit esoteric. So one day we were talking and "jugula" came up, so I phoned the artist and they'd designed up to the 'Whatever happened to...' bit so I said leave it there and put Jugula at the end.[4]


The track "Hope" originated as a tune written by David Gilmour for his second solo album About Face.[5] He asked Pete Townshend to supply lyrics, but felt that he couldn't relate to them, so Townshend used the song instead, as "White City Fighting", with Gilmour playing guitar,[5] on his album White City: A Novel.[5] Gilmour sent the same tune to Harper, whose lyrics had the same effect on Gilmour.[5] Harper used the result, "Hope", which has a markedly slower tempo,[5] on this album, with his son Nick Harper (16 years old at the time), playing the lead guitar (not Gilmour as is often mistakenly stated).

A cover version of "Hope", with "Bad Speech" as an introduction, can be found on the album Eternity by the Liverpudlian band Anathema, an album that Harper also appears on.

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 3/5 stars link

Track listing[edit]

Side one
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Nineteen Forty-Eightish"   Harper 9:45
2. "Bad Speech"   Harper 1:17
3. "Hope"   Harper, Gilmour 4:31
4. "Hangman"   Harper 7:09
Side two
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Elizabeth"   Harper 6:39
2. "Frozen Moment"   Harper 3:18
3. "Twentieth Century Man"   Harper 4:27
4. "Advertisement (Another Intentional Irrelevant Suicide)"   Harper 8:19


12" Single cover link

"Elizabeth", a song that originally appeared on Harpers 1984 release Born in Captivity, was re-recorded and released as a 12" single. Again the artwork featured an unravelled Rizla package, this time in green. The 12" was released on Beggars Banquet Records (BEG 131T).

  1. Side A – "Elizabeth"
  2. Side B –
    1. "Advertisement (Another Intentional Irrelevant Suicide)"
    2. "I Hate The White Man" (Live) (Recorded at Poynton, 18 October 1984)[6]

Chart positions[edit]


Year Chart Peak Position
1985 UK Albums Chart[7] 44
1985 US Billboard The 200 Albums Chart[8] 60



  1. ^ a b Boiler House Studios
  2. ^ Live performance history
  3. ^ Roy Harper official site
  4. ^ Naming The Album
  5. ^ a b c d e Miles, Barry; Andy Mabbett (1994). Pink Floyd the visual documentary ([Updated ed.] ed.). London :: Omnibus,. ISBN 0-7119-4109-2. 
  6. ^ Harper single discography
  7. ^ Warwick, Neil (2004). "Jimmy Page – 16 March 1985". The Complete Book of the British Charts (3rd ed.). London: Omnibus Press. p. 821. ISBN 1-84449-058-0. 
  8. ^ "The Billboard 200 – March 1985". billboard.com. Retrieved 17 January 2009. 

External links[edit]