Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads?
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|Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads?|
|Theme music composer||Mike Hugg
Ian La Frenais
|Opening theme||"Whatever Happened to You?"|
|Ending theme||"Whatever Happened to You?"|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||2|
|No. of episodes||27|
|Running time||30 mins|
|Original release||9 January 1973 – 24 December 1974|
|Preceded by||The Likely Lads|
Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads? is a British sitcom which was broadcast between 9 January 1973 and 9 April 1974 on BBC1. It was the colour sequel to the mid-1960s hit The Likely Lads. It was created and written, as was its predecessor, by Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais. There were 26 television episodes over two series; and a subsequent 45-minute Christmas special was aired on 24 December 1974.
The cast were reunited in 1975 for a BBC radio adaptation of series 1, transmitted on Radio 4 from July to October that year. In 1976, a feature film spin-off was made. Around the time of its release, however, Rodney Bewes and James Bolam fell out over a misunderstanding involving the press and have not spoken since. This long-suspected situation was finally confirmed by Bewes while promoting his autobiography in 2005. Unlike Bewes, Bolam is consistently reluctant to talk about the show, and has vetoed any attempt to revive his character.
Set in Newcastle upon Tyne in north east England, the show follows the friendship, resumed after five years apart, of two working class young men, Bob Ferris (Rodney Bewes) and Terry Collier (James Bolam).
The word "likely" in the title referred, in the 1960s series, to those showing promise, but also to those likely to get up to well-meaning mischief.
The humour was based on the tension between Terry's firmly working class outlook and Bob's aspirations to join the middle class, through his new white-collar job, suburban home, and impending marriage to prissy librarian Thelma Chambers (Brigit Forsyth).
Since the ending of the original series in 1966, Bob has left factory life behind and now works for his father-in-law's building firm (something which makes Bob even more desperate to curry favour with Thelma and her family). At Thelma's urging, Bob is also joining sports clubs and attending dinner parties, which Terry views as Bob aspiring to join the middle classes. This results in Terry viewing Bob as a class traitor, and believing his own Army experience and solid working class ethos gives him moral superiority.
To a considerable degree, in fact, the comedy is built upon a basis of class warfare – a theme which was very familiar to British television audiences in the 1970s, a period of virtually continuous industrial strife in Britain. Whereas Bob, Thelma and Terry's sister Audrey have adapted to the various changes, Terry's five-year absence in the Army results in him being left behind, a relic of the attitudes of the mid-1960s.
Terry finds it particularly hard to adjust to all the changes that have occurred during his time in the Army. As implied in the lyrics to the programme's theme song, the 1970s series plays on both lads' feelings of nostalgia for the lost days of their reckless youth. Both of them are depressed by the demolition of so many of the landmarks of their youth, though Bob, who works for a building firm, sometimes sees it as progress. Bob has also bought his own house on a newly-built estate, further distancing him from his and Terry's pasts.
Reflecting the distinctions now separating the two young men, the opening credits show Terry amongst the older and more industrial buildings of the city, with Bob seen outside his new home with his own car in the more attractive surroundings of a modern housing estate.
The conflict between what Bob had become, and what he saw himself as, led him to be impulsively inclined to follow the lead set by the more headstrong Terry, who led them recklessly into one scrape after another. Bob usually blamed his drinking, heavy smoking, poor diet and reckless behaviour on Terry, a view Audrey and Thelma only too willingly agreed with. This may have been true in part, but actually Bob needed little persuasion to stay out drinking with Terry or to behave accordingly.
Bob does not actually move into his new house until after his wedding to Thelma due to fears of being judged by his new neighbours (although, in the final episode of series 1, both Bob and Thelma make it clear they have an active sex life), and for the first series lives with his mother. Terry lives with his parents in a 19th-century terrace, which he claims has far more character than Bob's new house, where "the only thing that tells you apart from your neighbours is the colour of your curtains".
The thirteen episodes of the first series, aired in 1973, have a loose narrative thread. The early episodes focus on Terry's return to civilian life following his discharge from the army, whereas later episodes focus on the planning for Bob and Thelma's wedding.
The thirteen episodes of the second series, aired the following year, are mostly self-contained. However, the series opens with a focus on the growing romance between Terry and Thelma's sister Susan, partially continued from the first series. A four-episode storyline concerning Bob and Thelma's brief separation also begins during the middle of the series.
The show's catchy theme song, "Whatever Happened to You", was written by Mike Hugg (of Manfred Mann) and La Frenais and performed by Hugg's session band, featuring session singer Tony Rivers supplying the lead vocals. A group named Highly Likely subsequently appeared on Top of the Pops to promote the song, and participated in a short UK tour as a result, but Rivers was not involved in these appearances. The song made the lower reaches of the UK Top 40 in 1973. Mike Hugg also wrote the theme tune to the spin-off 1976 feature film, entitled "Remember When".
The complete first and second series of the 1970s show (including the Christmas special) are available in the UK on Region 2 DVD.
Changes in format and style from The Likely Lads
Although Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads? was a continuation of the earlier series and featured many of the same characters, the style and format had changed.
Unlike the original show, Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads? was made in colour. Also, The Likely Lads had been quite "stagy" (in the theatrical sense) in its format: being studio bound, with little in the way of location filming; whereas the 1970s show made extensive use of location filming, in and around the North East, in most episodes of series 1, and quite a few in series 2.
In terms of humour, the two shows are very different. The Likely Lads had been a broad comedy, full of jokes and obvious gags, whereas Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads? used much subtler humour, derived from the dialogue and characterisation, often interspersed with sentimentality (as the Lads mourned their lost past), and even touches of pathos.
The latter aspect was usually a consequence of one of the Lads, often the more sentimental Bob, reflecting on the past. Nostalgia was a strong thread running through the show. The Lads frequently did ask each other the question in the show's title, Whatever happened to us?, particularly during their more mellow moments in the pub.
- James Bolam – Terence Daniel "Terry" Collier
- Rodney Bewes – Robert Andrew Scarborough "Bob" Ferris
- Brigit Forsyth – Thelma Chambers, later Ferris, Bob's fiancée in series 1, and his wife in series 2
- Sheila Fearn – Audrey Collier, married name unknown, Terry's older sister
- Bill Owen – George Chambers: Thelma's father
- Joan Hickson – Mrs Chambers: Thelma's mother (Series 1)
- Noel Dyson – Mrs Chambers: Thelma's mother (Series 2)
- Anita Carey – Susan Chambers: Thelma's sister, who lives in Toronto, Canada with her accountant fiancé Peter
- Olive Milbourne – Edith Collier: Terry, Audrey and Linda's mother
- Barbara Ogilvie – Alice Ferris: Bob's mother
- Ronald Lacey – Ernie: Audrey's husband
- Elizabeth Lax – Wendy: Bob's secretary
- Christopher Biggins – Podge Rowley: Bob and Terry's friend
- Julian Holloway – Alan Boyle: Bob's friend from Surrey
- Juliet Aykroyd – Anthea: Thelma's assistant at the library
- Cyril Collier – Terry and Audrey's dad.
- Leslie Ferris – Bob's dad (Note: It was established in the 1960s series that Bob's father is deceased).
- Linda Collier – Terry and Audrey's sister.
- Frank Clark – Bob's original choice for best man.
- Nigel "Little Hutch" Hutchinson – a sex-mad pal who always has a racing tip for Terry.
- Cloughie – A workmate of Bob and Terry from the 1960s series. It is mentioned in passing that he now runs a newsagents.
- Hugh and Janey – Bob and Thelma's new middle-class friends.[Although it would appear that the Janey Freeman and partner Hugh from Birthday Boy were actually them]
- Jutta Baumgarten – Terry's estranged West German wife. She was due to appear at Bob and Thelma's wedding played by April Walker, and remains on the credits despite not appearing in the episode.
- Maurice "Memphis" Hardaker – a member of a skiffle group called Rob Ferris and the Wildcats, he was also mentioned in the original '60s series as colleague Morrie Hardaker.
- Deirdre Birchwood – an ex-girlfriend of Bob's with somewhat loose morals. The frequent references to her became a running gag (with the line "Don't mention Deirdre Birchwood!" becoming a catchphrase).
- Wendy Thwaites – another ex-girlfriend of Bob's, with whom he had his first sexual experience.
|Episode Number||Episode Title||Summary|
|1.||Strangers on a Train||The lads are reunited by chance, after five years, aboard a homeward-bound train. Unfortunately for Bob, he inadvertently becomes stranded at Doncaster railway station, with fiancée Thelma waiting for him on the platform at Newcastle.|
|2.||Home is the Hero||Terry, newly demobbed from the Army, finds it hard to adjust to all the changes which have occurred in his home town during the five years he's been away.|
|3.||Cold Feet||Due to a misunderstanding, Terry causes havoc between Bob and Thelma, leading Bob to get cold feet about the wedding.|
|4.||Moving On||A depressed Terry decides to go around the world with his old army pal, Hughie McClaren, who's living conveniently nearby in Berwick upon Tweed.|
|5.||I'll Never Forget Whatshername||Terry, now back home again, looks up some of his old flames. His lack of success with them makes him self-pitying and Bob smug, until it emerges that Terry may once have had a drunken fling with Thelma on a coach trip to Blackpool Illuminations.|
|6.||Birthday Boy||Terry becomes depressed when he thinks everyone has forgotten his birthday. A surprise party organised by Bob goes wrong when someone else is accidentally invited to it instead but when he finally arrives, Terry manages inadvertently to offend most of the other guests.|
|7.||No Hiding Place||The Lads try to avoid learning the result of an England football match before the TV highlights are shown that evening. Flint (Brian Glover) tries to spoil it for them, having bet them £10 that they won't get through the day without learning the result. The Lads get to the TV highlights none the wiser about the score, except for Terry seeing a newspaper headline that says "England F...". When Flint tracks them down to Bob's new house, an angry Terry pays him off with £10 (borrowed from Bob). After all that, the match turns out to have been postponed due to a waterlogged pitch: "England – flooded out..."|
|8.||Guess Who's Coming to Dinner?||Concerned with Terry's lack of social activities, Bob invites him to a dinner party at Alan and Brenda's. The occasion turns into a disaster, with Terry inadvertently causing havoc.|
|9.||Storm in a Tea Chest||Thelma forces Bob to throw out all his treasured childhood possessions (kept in two battered old tea chests) while hypocritically hanging on to all of hers.|
|10.||The Old Magic||At an upmarket restaurant, the Lads test out whether they still have 'the old magic'.|
|11.||Count Down||The countdown to Bob's wedding-day begins. Terry, who despises the over-elaborate wedding preparations, finds an unexpected ally in Thelma's father George, a staunchly working-class builder. Stirred up by Terry's ridicule, the three men decide to rebel...|
|12.||Boys Night In||The night before the wedding: Bob refuses to have an old-fashioned stag night, preferring a quiet night in with a cup of cocoa and a game of Ludo. Terry tries to get him in the party mood nonetheless; and as a result, they end up in a police cell.|
|13.||End of an Era||Bob and Thelma are finally married. Things will never be the same again: old ways, old days, gone forever. Or are they?|
|Episode Number||Episode Title||Summary|
|14.||Absent Friends||Terry looks after Bob's new house while Bob and Thelma are on honeymoon, and romances Thelma's younger sister, Susan (Anita Carey). This picks up some of the threads from the episode "The Old Magic".|
|15.||Heart to Heart||Bob and Thelma return from honeymoon, while Terry and Susan realise that their feelings for each other were stronger than they previously thought.|
|16.||The Ant and the Grasshopper||An overworked Bob grows increasingly tired of funding Terry's lazy lifestyle.|
|17.||One for the Road||Bob is arrested for drink-driving. Terry, in the same cell for football hooliganism, attempts to help him out.|
|18.||The Great Race||The Lads relive their active youth with a bicycle race to Berwick-upon-Tweed, but cheat each other to a standstill.|
|19.||Some Day We'll Laugh About This||Bob and Thelma go away for a weekend's skiing in Scotland. In their absence, Terry romances Bob's bored neighbour, Sandra, whilst doing some building work at Bob's new house.|
|20.||In Harm's Way||Having been informed his unemployment benefit is to be withdrawn, Terry reluctantly takes a job as a hospital porter. Bob, who injured his leg falling through a floor, is the victim of the disasters Terry causes.|
|21.||Affairs and Relations||During a weekend fishing trip to Northumberland, Terry and Bob encounter Thelma's father, who appears to be having an affair with his secretary, Beryl. Bob becomes despondent with having to constantly phone Thelma, who unexpectedly turns up later. A series of misunderstandings involving Beryl and the hotel barmaid (who is attempting to seduce Terry) results in Thelma accusing Bob of having an affair with Beryl.|
|22.||The Expert||Thelma and Bob separate due to the events of the previous episode. Terry offers marriage guidance to Bob, despite the failure of his own marriage.|
|23.||Between Ourselves||Terry moves in with a depressed Bob and plays housewife in Thelma's absence, while Bob tries unsuccessfully to conceal from their friends and neighbours that Thelma has left him. After living with Bob, Terry and Thelma discover that they both find Bob impossible to live with.|
|24.||The Go-Between||Terry continues to try and help Bob and Thelma salvage their marriage. Another series of misunderstandings result in Bob and Thelma reconciling.|
|25.||Conduct Unbecoming||Terry appears in court charged with assault after a fight with Douggie Scaife (Alun Armstrong). Terry and Scaife settle their differences, but a misunderstanding on Bob's part results in him ending up in court for assaulting Scaife too.|
|26.||The Shape of Things to Come||Terry's uncle Jacob dies, and he becomes despondent when he realises few people had a good word for him. At the wake, the Lads speak with Jacob's lifelong friend Joe, and Bob sees in Jacob and Joe a vision of how he and Terry will be in forty years time.|
|27.||Special Christmas Edition||Terry passes his driving test and gets a job as a minicab driver. On Christmas Eve he drives Thelma and Bob to a party, which leads to more trouble.|
The 13 episodes of Series 1 were adapted for radio, with the original television cast, and broadcast on Radio 4 in 1975, from 30 July to 22 October. This series is periodically re-broadcast in the "classic comedy" hour on digital radio channel BBC Radio 4 Extra.
Before the Seventies series was made, the cast had already been re-united twice, in 1967 and 1968, to record sixteen of the original television scripts for two series (of eight episodes each) on BBC radio, the scripts for which were adapted for radio by James Bolam.
To emphasise continuity, the opening section of the title credits at the start of each episode includes a short montage of black-and-white stills photos of Bob and Terry in scenes from the 1960s series, presented as if in a photograph album. The leather-bound photo album, which Bob gives Terry before the wedding, in the episode "End of an Era", is also the one seen in the opening credits.
To avoid bad feeling over billing, Rodney Bewes and James Bolam were alternated in the opening credits, so that one week Bewes was billed first and the following week Bolam was. In the closing credits the billing was reversed, with whoever had been billed second in the opening credits being billed first.
Bewes maintained his connections with The Likely Lads, appearing in a cameo role as the old newspaper seller in a 2002 ITV re-make of the series' most popular episode, "No Hiding Place", starring Tyneside presenters/actors/entertainers Ant and Dec, which aired under the title "A Tribute to the Likely Lads".
In 1995 and 1996 the series was repeated in its entirety on BBC2. It went on to become a short-term staple of cable channels, and was again shown on satellite and cable TV in 2008–9. In April 2013, the first series began a repeat run on BBC Four, its first showing on terrestrial television since 1996. It has also been released on DVD. The movie spin-off usually appears at least once a year on TV, around Christmas.
One of the most notable continuity points about the show is that Terry has been away in the Army for "five years". However, there was a real-life gap of seven years between the end of the original series in 1966 and the sequel in 1973. Also, there are numerous references in the Seventies show to the Lads' shared adventures in 1967, plus citations of that year as the time when Terry was last in town. And, from the audience's point of view, Terry was last heard in the radio series, broadcast during 1967 and 1968. Taken all together, it suggests Terry's army service lasted for the five years from 1968 (i.e. the end of the radio series) to 1973.
Terry's full name is Terence Daniel Collier, born 29 February 1944. Bob's full name is Robert Andrew Scarborough Ferris, born a week earlier. These dates can be worked out from dialogue in the episode "Birthday Boy". The "Scarborough" in Bob's name is because he was conceived there (although this is contradicted in the opening flashback sequence in the 1976 feature film). However, Terry's "silver tankard" joke in his best man's speech at the end of Season 1 (in the episode "End of an Era") seems to imply that he, not Bob, turned 21 first.
Terry is younger than his sisters Audrey (Sheila Fearn) and Linda (who is never seen). Their parents are Edith and Cyril Collier. Terry's father is not seen in either series of the 1970s show; neither is Bob's father, Leslie, who had died 12 years previously (as established in the Sixties episode "Friends and Neighbours"), so wasn't around when Bob, an only child, was growing up. Terry's dad is neither dead nor absent: he is continually referred to in the Seventies series, and also in the feature film, but is never actually seen (although, in the opening flash-back in the film, a back view of him is briefly visible, which is clearly James Bolam; and Bolam also provides the voice-over dialogue in that scene). Bob's mother, Alice, occasionally appears; Terry's mother (Olive Milbourne) is frequently seen in the 1973 series.
Thelma's full maiden name is Thelma Ingrid Chambers. Thelma's father, played by Bill Owen, is George Chambers. Her younger sister is Susan, who lives in Toronto, Canada with her accountant fiancé Peter.
The lads attended Park Infants School, Park Junior School, and Park Secondary Modern. Thelma was with them for infants and juniors, but then went to the grammar school. One of Bob's most notable school romances is the often mentioned but unseen Deirdre Birchwood, who was the basis of a running joke in Series 1, where any mention of her (or of any other former girlfriend of Bob's) was guaranteed to upset Thelma. (A Deidre Birchwood actually appears in an episode of the Bewes vehicle, Dear Mother...Love Albert, and is referred to in many episodes of that programme. Her name comes from a little girl Bewes knew in real life, he was re-united with her on This is Your Life.) The lads also were in the Scouts together.
Bob lost his virginity to Wendy Thwaite, according to the Series 1 episode "I'll Never Forget Whatshername", who scored 8 stars (out of 7) on his scoring system.
Terry's West German wife was Jutta Baumgarten. The couple married in November 1969 but separated in June 1970 after West Germany defeated England in the World Cup. Confusingly, Terry later says they were married for two years "on and off", which further clouds the continuity issue of Terry's time away. She was due to appear in the episode "End of an Era", played by April Walker, but the scenes featuring her were omitted from the broadcast version.
Terry's address is given in the dialogue as 127 Inkerman Terrace ("No Hiding Place"); but external shots (in "The Ant and the Grasshopper") clearly show a different house number. Bob and Thelma live at Number 8 of an unspecified avenue on the Elm Lodge Housing Estate (The house in the opening titles is on Agincourt at the Highfields estate in Killingworth).
Bob's immediate neighbours at his new house are the Lawsons and the Jeffcotes, again never actually seen in the show. A couple called the Nortons are also later referred to as living next door.
It is revealed (in the episode "Storm in a Tea Chest") that the boys used to be in a skiffle group called Rob Ferris and the Wildcats. Other group members included Maurice "Memphis" Hardaker, named after a real-life friend of the show's co-creator and co-writer Ian La Frenais.
The Lads' workmate from the 1960s series, Cloughie (played by Bartlett Mullins), does not appear, but it is mentioned in the first episode that he now runs a newsagent's.
Two aspects of the show are never fully explained: Terry's supposedly injured leg, which he claims to have injured in the Army ("I never talk about it"), and his dislike of being referred to as "thin" or "slim", preferring to describe himself as "wiry". The latter is, in fact, a continuation of a running gag in the original 1960s series, in which Terry was paranoid about being thought weedy.
The pubs frequented by the lads include The Black Horse (which is their most regular "local", featuring landlord Jack and barmaid Gloria), The Fat Ox, The Drift Inn, and The Wheatsheaf. Others mentioned in passing include The Swan, The Ship, The Institute and The Railway.
Friends of the Lads who are regularly spoken of but never seen include Frank Clark (Bob's original choice for best man, who had the same name as a Newcastle United F.C. player of the time), and Nigel "Little Hutch" Hutchinson (a sex-mad pal, who frequently has a racing tip for Terry). A new friend of Bob's, affable Londoner Alan Boyle (Julian Holloway), appears in "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner" and "The Ant and the Grasshopper" with his wife Brenda.
The episodes "I'll Never Forget Whatshername" and "Storm in a Tea Chest" were based in part on elements in the 1960s episode "Where Have All The Flowers Gone?"
The titles for the 1974 Christmas Special call the show simply The Likely Lads. The opening scenes are set in late September, on the day of Terry's successful driving test.
Exterior shots were filmed on Tyneside and around the North East, while interiors were shot at the BBC Television Centre in London.
The genuine affection held by Clement and LaFrenais for the golden age of movies is reflected in the show. For instance, nearly all of the episode titles (from "Strangers on a Train" to "The Shape of Things to Come") are based on the titles of well known films; and the script frequently features jokes about popular movies (such as Terry's dig at Bob, on learning that he's becoming middle-class, that his new friends include "Bob and Carole, and Ted and Alice" – a reference to the 1969 film of that name).
The BBC decided not to commission a third series of the show, partly because Dick Clement and Ian LaFrenais had written a pilot script for another 1973 series, entitled Seven of One, in which Ronnie Barker appeared in seven different situations from different writers, each of which was a try-out for a possible series. The BBC decided they liked best the one by Clement and LaFrenais, who found themselves suddenly offered a new series, starring Ronnie Barker, which became the television comedy Porridge.
Writing and production for the new show, which debuted in the autumn of 1974 and ran for three series, made it impossible to schedule a further series of The Likely Lads. Instead, Clement and LaFrenais began to develop a one-off script, which became the Likely Lads feature film, which was eventually made in 1976.
In 1976 a feature-length movie was released, written by Clement and La Frenais, which was directed by Michael Tuchner. By this time both lads had moved house (Bob and Thelma to their detached house, and Terry to a high-rise flat). Terry now has a Finnish girlfriend called Christina ("Chris"), played by Mary Tamm.
The movie opened with the Lads lamenting the demolition of their favourite pub, The Fat Ox, before they go on a caravanning holiday with Thelma and Chris. The complications resulting from the trip lead to Terry and Chris splitting up, as a result of which Terry decides to emigrate, signing on as a crewman on a cargo ship.
Bob and Terry sneak one last late-night drink together aboard Terry's ship, anchored in the docks; but Terry has second thoughts and disembarks the next morning. Bob, however, awakes – hung over – aboard the ship, as it sails for Bahrain. This was an ironic reversal of the ending of the original Sixties show (where Terry, missing Bob – who had joined the Army – joined up too, only to discover that Bob had been discharged with flat feet).
Any future plans for the lads were never announced; but if they existed they were scuppered by Bewes and Bolam falling out.
In 2008, The Gala Theatre in Durham staged the world premiere of The Likely Lads, adapted for the stage by Dick Clement and Ian LaFrenais and directed by Simon Stallworthy. The title roles of Bob and Terry were played by David Nellist and Scott Frazer respectively.
In May 2011, The Tynemouth Priory Theatre, in Tynemouth, Tyne and Wear, were granted the rights to become the first non-professional company to stage the production. It became one of the theatre's most attended productions, selling out well in advance for all performances. Terry was played by Brendan Egan and Bob by Stu Bowman.
In popular culture
- The song "It Could Be You" by the Britpop band Blur contains a reference to the Likely Lads at the start of the second verse: "The likely lads are picking up the uglies. Yesterday they were just puppies."
- The title song "What Happened to You?" was recorded and released as a single, sung by Highly Likely. It was also released as a single by the British punk band Snuff, entitled "Christmas Single".
- The Libertines have a song entitled "What Became of the Likely Lads".
- The characters of Bob and Terry appear in the Kim Newman short story anthology Back in the USSA, in the story "Teddy Bears' Picnic".
- Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant have said the show was an influence on The Office.
- McSmith, Andy (7 November 2007). "Look back in anger: Whatever happened to The Likely Lads?". The Independent. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
For years afterwards, it was assumed that Bolam and Bewes were friends off screen as well as on, a pretence they kept up because their public expected it. It was finally blown in 2005, when the ageing Bewes published his memoirs, in which he revealed that they had comprehensively fallen out 30 years earlier and had not spoken since. He blamed Bolam's fear of having his privacy invaded and of being eternally typecast.
The final breach, as Bewes told it, occurred after Bolam's wife, Sue, announced to her husband, while he was driving, that she was pregnant. He almost crashed the car. Bewes repeated this story in a newspaper interview, thinking that it was already public knowledge, then got a frosty reaction when he rang Bolam to forewarn him. "There was this dreadful silence. He put the phone down. I called him back. He didn't answer. He hasn't spoken to me since", Bewes claimed.
- "BBC Two - The Office - An interview with Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant".
- A Likely Story: The Autobiography of Rodney Bewes. Century. 1 September 2005. ISBN 0712669922.
- BBC Comedy Guide, The Likely Lads
- BBC Comedy Guide, Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads?
- The Likely Lads on Tyne