This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutral point of view of the subject. (April 2017)
|Initial release||January 2009|
|Operating system||Android, iOS, Windows Phone, BlackBerry OS, Symbian (there are Windows, macOS and web app clients that work only in presence of a connected mobile app client)|
|Type||Instant messaging and social media|
|Alexa rank||53 (March 2019[update])|
|Type of business||Subsidiary|
|Founded||February 24, 2009|
|Headquarters||Mountain View, California, United States|
|Feb 24, 2009||Jan Koum incorporates WhatsApp in California.|
|Oct 2009||Brian Acton persuades five ex-Yahoo! friends to invest $250,000 in seed funding, and is granted co-founder status.|
|Aug 2009||WhatsApp 2.0 is released on the App Store for the iPhone.|
|Dec 2009||WhatsApp for the iPhone is updated to send photos.|
|Aug 2010||WhatsApp support for Android OS is added.|
|Jan 21, 2011||WeChat, a messenger app, is founded. It eventually becomes very popular in China.|
|Apr 2011||In Series A round, WhatsApp founders agree to take $7 million from Sequoia Capital on top of their $250,000 seed funding, after months of negotiation with Sequoia partner Jim Goetz.|
|May 2011||SnapChat, a competing photo messaging app, is founded.|
|Jan 6, 2012||An unknown hacker publishes a website that makes it possible to change the status of an arbitrary WhatsApp user, as long as the phone number was known.|
|Aug 2012||The WhatsApp support staff announce that messages were encrypted in the "latest version" of the WhatsApp software for iOS and Android (but not BlackBerry, Windows Phone, and Symbian), without specifying the cryptographic method.|
|Feb 2013||WhatsApp's user base swells to about 200 million active users and its staff to 50.|
|Jul 2013||Sequoia invests another $50 million in Series B round, valuing WhatsApp at $1.5 billion.|
|Jul 16, 2013||WhatsApp goes free, with an annual subscription fee of $1 after the first year.|
|Aug 2013||Telegram, a cloud-based instant messaging service, launches.|
|Aug 2013||WhatsApp introduces voice messaging.|
|Feb 19, 2014||Facebook announces its acquisition of WhatsApp for US$19 billion, its largest acquisition to date. Facebook pays $4 billion in cash, $12 billion in Facebook shares, and an additional $3 billion in restricted stock units granted to WhatsApp's founders.|
|Mar 2014||Someone discovers a vulnerability in WhatsApp encryption on the Android application that allows another app to access and read all of a user’s chat conversations within it.|
|Nov 2014||WhatsApp introduces a feature named Read Receipts, which alerts senders when their messages are read by recipients. Within a week, WhatsApp introduces an update allowing users to disable this feature so that message recipients do not send acknowledgements.|
|Jan 21, 2015||WhatsApp launches WhatsApp Web, a web client which can be used through a web browser by syncing with the mobile device's connection.|
|Jan 21, 2015||WhatsApp announces its policy on cracking down on 3rd-party clients, including WhatsApp+. Users would not be able to use WhatsApp’s services at all until the third-party apps are uninstalled.|
|Dec 2015||WhatsApp is briefly shut down in Brazil after it refuses to place wiretaps on certain WhatsApp accounts. It is shut down in Brazil again on May 2016 and in July 2016.|
|Jan 18, 2016||Jan Koum announces that WhatsApp will no longer charge its users a $1 annual subscription fee. There is still no clear plan for monetizing WhatsApp.|
|Mar 2016||Diego Dzodan, a Facebook executive, is arrested by Brazilian federal police after Facebook fails to turn over information from his WhatsApp messaging account into a judge's request for a drug trafficking investigation.|
|Mar 2, 2016||WhatsApp introduces its document-sharing feature, initially allowing users to share PDF files with their contacts.|
|Apr 5, 2016||WhatsApp and Open Whisper Systems announce that they finish adding end-to-end encryption to "every form of communication" on WhatsApp, and that users could now verify each other's keys.|
|May 10, 2016||WhatsApp is introduced for both Windows and Mac operating systems.|
|Sep 5, 2017||WhatsApp started external testing of an enterprise platform which enables companies to provide customer service to users at scale. Airline KLM launches such a service.|
WhatsApp Messenger is a freeware, cross-platform messaging and Voice over IP (VoIP) service owned by Facebook. It allows the sending of text messages and voice calls, as well as video calls, images and other media, documents, and user location. The WhatsApp client application runs on mobile devices but is also accessible from desktop computers while the mobile device is connected to the Internet. The service requires users to provide a standard cellular mobile number. Originally, users could communicate only with others individually or in groups of individuals, but in September 2017, WhatsApp announced a forthcoming business platform to enable companies to provide customer service to users at scale.
The client application was created by WhatsApp Inc. of Mountain View, California, which was acquired by Facebook in February 2014 for approximately US$19.3 billion. By February 2018, WhatsApp had over one and a half billion users, making it the most popular messaging application at the time. It has grown in multiple countries, including Brazil, India, and large parts of Europe, including the United Kingdom and France.
- 1 History
- 2 SMB and Enterprise platforms
- 3 Platform support
- 4 Technical
- 5 Reception and criticism
- 6 User statistics
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
WhatsApp was founded in 2009 by Brian Acton and Jan Koum, former employees of Yahoo!. After leaving Yahoo! in September 2007, they took some time off in South America. At one point, they applied for jobs at Facebook but were rejected.
In January 2009, after purchasing an iPhone and realizing the potential of the app industry on the App Store, Koum and Acton began visiting Koum's friend Alex Fishman in West San Jose to discuss a new type of messaging app that would "[show] statuses next to individual names of the people". They realized that to take the idea further, they'd need an iPhone developer. Fishman visited RentACoder.com, found Russian developer Igor Solomennikov, and introduced him to Koum.
Koum named the app WhatsApp to sound like "what's up". On February 24, 2009, he incorporated WhatsApp Inc. in California. However, when early versions of WhatsApp kept crashing, Koum considered giving up and looking for a new job. Acton encouraged him to wait for a "few more months".
In June 2009, Apple launched push notifications, allowing users to be pinged when they were not using an app. Koum changed WhatsApp so that when a user's status is changed, everyone in the user's network would be notified. WhatsApp 2.0 was released with a messaging component and the number of active users suddenly increased to 250,000. Although Acton was managing another startup, he decided to join the company. In October 2009, Acton persuaded five former friends at Yahoo! to invest $250,000 in seed funding, and Acton became a co-founder and was given a stake. He officially joined WhatsApp on November 1. After months at beta stage, the application launched in November 2009, exclusively on the App Store for the iPhone. Koum then hired a friend in Los Angeles, Chris Peiffer, to develop a BlackBerry version, which arrived two months later.
To cover the primary cost of sending verification texts to users, WhatsApp was changed from a free service to a paid one. In December 2009, the ability to send photos was added to the iPhone version. By early 2011, WhatsApp was one of the top 20 apps at Apple's U.S. App Store.
By February 2013, WhatsApp had about 200 million active users and 50 staff members. Sequoia invested another $50 million, and WhatsApp was valued at $1.5 billion.
In a December 2013 blog post, WhatsApp claimed that 400 million active users used the service each month.
Facebook subsidiary (2014–present)
On February 19, 2014, months after a venture capital financing round at a $1.5 billion valuation, Facebook announced it was acquiring WhatsApp for US$19 billion, its largest acquisition to date. At the time, it was the largest acquisition of a venture-backed company in history. Sequoia Capital received an approximate 5000% return on its initial investment. Facebook, which was advised by Allen & Co, paid $4 billion in cash, $12 billion in Facebook shares, and (advised by Morgan Stanley) an additional $3 billion in restricted stock units granted to WhatsApp's founders Koum and Acton. Employee stock was scheduled to vest over four years subsequent to closing. Days after the announcement, WhatsApp users experienced a loss of service, leading to anger across social media.
At a keynote presentation at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona in February 2014, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg said that Facebook's acquisition of WhatsApp was closely related to the Internet.org vision. A TechCrunch article said this about Zuckerberg's vision:
The idea, he said, is to develop a group of basic internet services that would be free of charge to use – 'a 911 for the internet.' These could be a social networking service like Facebook, a messaging service, maybe search and other things like weather. Providing a bundle of these free of charge to users will work like a gateway drug of sorts – users who may be able to afford data services and phones these days just don’t see the point of why they would pay for those data services. This would give them some context for why they are important, and that will lead them to paying for more services like this – or so the hope goes.
Just three days after announcing the Facebook purchase, Koum said they were working to introduce voice calls. He also said that new mobile phones would be sold in Germany with the WhatsApp brand, and that their ultimate goal was to be on all smartphones.
In August 2014, WhatsApp was the most globally popular messaging app, with more than 600 million users. By early January 2015, WhatsApp had 700 million monthly users and over 30 billion messages every day. In April 2015, Forbes predicted that between 2012 and 2018, the telecommunications industry would lose $386 billion because of OTT services like WhatsApp and Skype. That month, WhatsApp had over 800 million users. By September 2015, it had grown to 900 million; and by February 2016, one billion.
In November 30, 2015, the Android WhatsApp client made links to another message service, Telegram, unclickable and uncopyable. Multiple sources confirmed that it was intentional, not a bug, and that it had been implemented when the Android source code that recognized Telegram URLs had been identified. (The word "telegram" appeared in WhatsApp's code.) Some considered it an anti-competitive measure, but WhatsApp offered no explanation. In response to the 2014 Facebook acquisition, Slate columnist Matthew Yglesias questioned whether the company's business model of charging users $1 a year was viable in the U.S.. It had prospered by exploiting a "loophole" in mobile phone carriers' pricing. "Mobile phone operators aren't really selling consumers some voice service, some data service, and some SMS service", he explained. "They are selling access to the network. The different pricing schemes they come up with are just different ways of trying to maximize the value they extract from consumers." As part of that, carriers sold SMS separately. This made it easy for WhatsApp to find a way to replicate SMS using data, then sell that service to mobile customers for $1 a year. "But if WhatsApp gets big enough, then carrier strategy is going to change", he predicted. "You stop selling separate SMS plans and just have a take-it-or-leave-it overall package. And then suddenly WhatsApp isn't doing anything." The situation may have been different in countries other than the United States.
On January 18, 2016, WhatsApp's co-founder Jan Koum announced that it would no longer charge users a $1 annual subscription fee, in an effort to remove a barrier faced by users without credit cards. He also said that the app would not display any third-party ads, and that it would have new features such as the ability to communicate with businesses.
By June 2016, the company's blog reported more than 100 million voice calls per day were being placed on WhatsApp.
On November 10, 2016, WhatsApp launched a beta version of two-step verification for Android users, which allowed them to use their email addresses for further protection. Also in November 2016, Facebook ceased collecting WhatsApp data for advertising in Europe.
On May 18, 2017, it was reported that the European Commission would fine Facebook €110 million for "misleading" it during the 2014 takeover of WhatsApp. The Commission alleged that in 2014, when Facebook acquired the messaging app, it "falsely claimed it was technically impossible to automatically combine user information from Facebook and WhatsApp." However, in the summer of 2016, WhatsApp had begun sharing user information with its parent company, allowing information such as phone numbers to be used for targeted Facebook advertisements. Facebook acknowledged the breach, but said the errors in their 2014 filings were "not intentional."
In September 2017, WhatsApp's co-founder Brian Acton left the company to start a nonprofit group, later revealed as the Signal Foundation. WhatsApp also announced a forthcoming business platform to enable companies to provide customer service at scale, and airlines KLM and Aeroméxico announced their participation in the testing. Both airlines previously launched customer services on the Facebook Messenger platform.
In January 2018, WhatsApp launched WhatsApp Business for small business use.
Later in September 2018, WhatsApp introduced group audio and video call features. In October, the "Swipe to Reply" option was added to the Android beta version, 16 months after it was introduced for iOS.
SMB and Enterprise platforms
Until 2017, WhatsApp was for individual use between two smartphones. This enabled businesses to communicate with customers, but not at scale (e.g. in a contact center environment). In September 2017 WhatsApp confirmed rumors that they were building and testing two new tools for businesses:
- A free WhatsApp Business app for small companies
- An Enterprise Solution for bigger companies with global customer bases, such as airlines, e-commerce retailers and banks, who would be able to offer customer service and conversational commerce (e-commerce) via WhatsApp chat, using live agents or chatbots. (As far back as 2015, companies like Meteordesk had provided unofficial solutions for enterprises to attend to large numbers of users, but these were shut down by WhatsApp.)
After months at beta stage, the official first release of WhatsApp launched in November 2009, exclusively at the App Store for iPhone. In January 2010, support for BlackBerry smartphones was added; and subsequently for Symbian OS in May 2010, and for Android OS in August 2010. In August 2011, a beta for Nokia's non-smartphone OS Series 40 was added. A month later, support for Windows Phone was added, followed by BlackBerry 10 in March 2013. In April 2015, support for Samsung's Tizen OS was added. Unofficial ports, Wazapp and Yappari, have also been released for the MeeGo-based Nokia N9 and the Maemo-based Nokia N900, respectively.
The oldest device capable of running WhatsApp was the Symbian-based Nokia N95 released in March 2007. (As of June 2017, WhatsApp is no longer compatible with it.)
In 2014, an unofficial open source plug-in, whatsapp-purple, was released for Pidgin, implementing its XMPP and making it possible to use WhatsApp on PCs running Microsoft Windows and Linux.[third-party source needed] WhatsApp responded by blocking phone numbers that used the plug-in.
On January 21, 2015, WhatsApp launched WhatsApp Web, a browser-based web client that could be used by syncing with a mobile device's connection.
On February 26, 2016, WhatsApp announced they would cease support for BlackBerry (including BlackBerry 10), Series 40, and Symbian S60, as well as older versions of Android (2.2), Windows Phone (7.0), and iOS (6), by the end of 2016. BlackBerry, Series 40, and Symbian support was then extended to June 30, 2017. In June 2017, support for BlackBerry and Series 40 was once again extended until the end of 2017, while Symbian was dropped.
Support for BlackBerry and older (version 8.0) Windows Phone and older (version 6) iOS devices was dropped on January 1, 2018, but was extended to December 2018 for Nokia Series 40. In July 2018, it was announced that WhatsApp would soon be available for KaiOS feature phones.
WhatsApp was officially made available for PCs through a web client, under the name WhatsApp Web, in late January 2015 through an announcement made by Koum on his Facebook page: "Our web client is simply an extension of your phone: the web browser mirrors conversations and messages from your mobile device—this means all of your messages still live on your phone". The WhatsApp user's handset must still be connected to the Internet for the browser application to function. All major desktop browsers are supported except for Internet Explorer. WhatsApp Web's user interface is based on the default Android one.
As of January 21, 2015, the desktop version was only available to Android, BlackBerry, and Windows Phone users. Later on, it also added support for iOS, Nokia Series 40, and Nokia S60 (Symbian).
An unofficial derivative called WhatsAppTime has been developed, which is a standard Win32 application for PCs and supports notifications through the Windows notification area. There are similar solutions for macOS, such as the open-source ChitChat, and multiple wrappers available in the App Store.
Microsoft Windows and Mac
On May 10, 2016, the messaging service was introduced for both Microsoft Windows and macOS operating systems. WhatsApp currently does not allow audio or video calling from desktop operating systems. Similar to the WhatsApp Web format, the app, which will be synced with a user's mobile device, is available for download on the website. It supports OS versions of Windows 8 and OS X 10.9 and higher.
WhatsApp uses a customized version of the open standard Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP). Upon installation, it creates a user account using one's phone number as the username (Jabber ID:
WhatsApp software automatically compares all the phone numbers from the device's address book with its central database of WhatsApp users to automatically add contacts to the user's WhatsApp contact list. Previously the Android and Nokia Series 40 versions used an MD5-hashed, reversed-version of the phone's IMEI as password, while the iOS version used the phone's Wi-Fi MAC address instead of IMEI. A 2012 update now generates a random password on the server side.
In February 2015, WhatsApp introduced a voice calling feature; this helped WhatsApp to attract a completely different segment of the user population. On November 14, 2016, Whatsapp added video calling feature for users across Android, iPhone, and Windows Phone devices.
On November 2017, Whatsapp released a new feature that would let its users delete messages sent by mistake within a time frame of 7 minutes.
WhatsApp follows a "store and forward" mechanism for exchanging messages between two users. When a user sends a message, it first travels to the WhatsApp server where it is stored. Then the server repeatedly requests the receiver acknowledge receipt of the message. As soon as the message is acknowledged, the server drops the message; it is no longer available in the database of the server. The WhatsApp server keeps the message only for 30 days in its database when it is not delivered (when the receiver is not active on WhatsApp for 30 days).[self-published source?]
On November 18, 2014, Open Whisper Systems announced a partnership with WhatsApp to provide end-to-end encryption by incorporating the encryption protocol used in Signal into each WhatsApp client platform. Open Whisper Systems said that they had already incorporated the protocol into the latest WhatsApp client for Android, and that support for other clients, group/media messages, and key verification would be coming soon after. WhatsApp confirmed the partnership to reporters, but there was no announcement or documentation about the encryption feature on the official website, and further requests for comment were declined. In April 2015, German magazine Heise Security used ARP spoofing to confirm that the protocol had been implemented for Android-to-Android messages, and that WhatsApp messages from or to iPhones running iOS were still not end-to-end encrypted. They expressed the concern that regular WhatsApp users still could not tell the difference between end-to-end encrypted messages and regular messages. On April 5, 2016, WhatsApp and Open Whisper Systems announced that they had finished adding end-to-end encryption to "every form of communication" on WhatsApp, and that users could now verify each other's keys. Users were also given the option to enable a trust on first use mechanism in order to be notified if a correspondent's key changes. According to a white paper that was released along with the announcement, WhatsApp messages are encrypted with the Signal Protocol. WhatsApp calls are encrypted with SRTP, and all client-server communications are "layered within a separate encrypted channel". The Signal Protocol library used by WhatsApp is open-source and published under the GPLv3 license.
WhatsApp Payments is a peer-to-peer money transfer feature that is currently only available in India. WhatsApp has received permission from the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) to enter into partnership with multiple banks in July 2017 to allow users to make in-app payments and money transfers using the Unified Payments Interface (UPI). UPI enables account-to-account transfers from a mobile app without having any details of the beneficiary's bank.
On February 28, 2019, the New York Times reported that Facebook was “hoping to succeed where Bitcoin failed” by developing an in-house cryptocurrency that would be incorporated into WhatsApp. The project reportedly involves over 50 engineers under the direction of former PayPal president David Marcus. This ‘Facebook coin’ will reportedly be a stablecoin pegged to the value of a basket of different foreign currencies.
Reception and criticism
Hoaxes and fake news
Mob murders in India
In July 2018, WhatsApp took action to encourage people to report fraudulent or violent messages after a wave of murders carried out by mobs on people who were falsely accused (via WhatsApp messages) of intending to abduct children.
2018 elections in Brazil
In an investigation on the use of social media in politics, it was found that WhatsApp was being abused for the spread of fake news in the 2018 presidential elections in Brazil. Furthermore, it has been reported US$3 million spending in illegal off-the-books contributions related to this practice. Researchers and journalists have called on WhatsApp parent company, Facebook, to adopt measures similar to those adopted in India and restrict the spread of hoaxes and fake news.
Security and privacy
This article should include a summary of Reception and criticism of WhatsApp security and privacy features. See Wikipedia:Summary style for information on how to incorporate it into this article's main text. (January 2019)
Alleged vulnerability of encryption
On January 13, 2017, The Guardian reported that security researcher Tobias Boelter had found that WhatsApp's policy of forcing re-encryption of initially undelivered messages, without informing the recipient, constituted a serious loophole whereby WhatsApp could disclose, or be compelled to disclose, the content of these messages. WhatsApp and Open Whisper Systems officials disagreed with this assessment. A follow-up article by Boelter himself explains in greater detail what he considers to be the specific vulnerability. In June 2017, The Guardian readers’ editor Paul Chadwick wrote, "The Guardian was wrong to report in January that the popular messaging service WhatsApp had a security flaw so serious that it was a huge threat to freedom of speech."
In a detailed review I found that misinterpretations, mistakes and misunderstandings happened at several stages of the reporting and editing process. Cumulatively they produced an article that overstated its case.— Paul Chadwick, The Guardian
In 2018 it was reported that around 500,000 NHS staff used WhatsApp and other instant messaging systems at work and around 29,000 had faced disciplinary action for doing so. Higher usage was reported by frontline clinical staff to keep up with care needs, even though NHS trust policies do not permit their use.
Mods and Fake versions
In March 2019, WhatsApp released a guide for users that had installed unoficial modified versions of WhatsApp and warned against data loss in case users persisted in using the same as it considered banning such users.
In March 2017, U.K. Secretary of State Amber Rudd said encryption capabilities of messaging tools like WhatsApp are unacceptable, as news reported that Khalid Masood used the application several minutes before perpetrating the 2017 Westminster attack. Rudd publicly called for police and intelligence agencies to be given access to WhatsApp and other encrypted messaging services to prevent future terror attacks.
In April 2017, the perpetrator of the Stockholm attack reportedly used WhatsApp to exchange messages with an ISIS supporter shortly before and after the 2017 Stockholm attack. The messages involved discussing how to make an explosive device and a confession of the perpetration the attack.
Scams and malware
It has been asserted that WhatsApp is plagued by scams invites hackers to spread malicious viruses or malware. In May 2016, some WhatsApp users were reported to have been tricked into downloading a third-party application called WhatsApp Gold, which was part of a scam that infected the users' phones with malware. A message that promises to allow access to their WhatsApp friends' conversations, or their contact lists, has become the most popular hit against anyone who uses the application in Brazil. Since December, 2016, more than 1.5 million people have clicked and lost money
In 2017, security researchers reported to The New York Times that the WhatsApp service had been completely blocked in China. WhatsApp is owned by Facebook, whose main social media service has been blocked in China since 2009.
On May 9, 2014, the government of Iran announced that it had proposed to block the access to WhatsApp service to Iranian residents. "The reason for this is the assumption of WhatsApp by the Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, who is an American Zionist," said Abdolsamad Khorramabadi, head of the country's Committee on Internet Crimes. Subsequently, Iranian president Hassan Rouhani issued an order to the Ministry of ICT to stop filtering WhatsApp.
On March 1, 2016, Diego Dzodan, Facebook's vice-president for Latin America was arrested in Brazil for not cooperating with an investigation in which WhatsApp conversations were requested. On March 2, 2016, at dawn the next day, Dzodan was released because the Court of Appeal held that the arrest was disproportionate and unreasonable.
On May 2, 2016, mobile providers in Brazil were ordered to block WhatsApp for 72 hours for the service's second failure to cooperate with criminal court orders. Once again, the block was lifted following an appeal, after nearly 24 hours.
WhatsApp, one of the most activated messaging apps along with other social media networks such as Facebook and Instagram were temporarily blocked, banned and had been unavailable for about two days (7–8 March 2018) in certain parts of the country to eradicate communal violence, especially the anti-Muslim riots. This was probably the first such instance where social media platforms had been banned in Sri Lanka. The ban was finally lifted on the 14th of March, 2018 around midnight time in Sri Lanka.
As of April 22, 2014, WhatsApp had over 500 million monthly active users, 700 million photos and 100 million videos were being shared daily, and the messaging system was handling more than 10 billion messages each day.
On August 24, 2014, Koum announced on his Twitter account that WhatsApp had over 600 million active users worldwide. At that point WhatsApp was adding about 25 million new users every month, or 833,000 active users per day. With 65 million active users representing 10% of the total worldwide users, India has the largest number of consumers.
In May 2017, it was reported that WhatsApp users spend over 340 million minutes on video calls each day on the app. This is the equivalent of roughly 646 years of video calls per day.
India is by far WhatsApp's largest market in terms of total number of users. In May 2014, WhatsApp crossed 50 million monthly active users in India, which is also its largest country by the number of monthly active users, then 70 million in October 2014, making users in India 10% of WhatsApp's total user base. In February 2017, WhatsApp reached 200 million monthly active users in India.
Israel is one of WhatsApp's strongest markets in terms of ubiquitous usage. According to Globes, already by 2013 the application was installed on 92% of all smartphones, with 86% of users reporting daily use. WhatsApp's group chat feature is reportedly used by many Israeli families to stay in contact with each other.
WhatsApp competes with a number of Asian-based messaging services (that as of 2014, were services like WeChat (468 million active users), Viber (209 million active users) and LINE (170 million active users), WhatsApp handled ten billion messages per day in August 2012, growing from two billion in April 2012, and one billion the previous October. On June 13, 2013, WhatsApp announced that they had reached their new daily record by processing 27 billion messages. According to the Financial Times, WhatsApp "has done to SMS on mobile phones what Skype did to international calling on landlines."
- Comparison of instant messaging clients
- Comparison of VoIP software
- List of most downloaded Android applications
- List of virtual communities with more than 100 million active users
- "WhatsApp Messenger". App Store. Retrieved 2019-04-9. Check date values in:
- "WhatsApp Messenger APKs". APKMirror. Retrieved 2019-04-8. Check date values in:
- WhatsApp Inc. "WhatsApp Messenger". Windows Store. Microsoft. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- WhatsApp Inc. "WhatsApp for Nokia S60". whatsapp.com. WhatsApp Inc. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
- WhatsApp Inc. (June 26, 2017). "WhatsApp Messenger". BlackBerry World. BlackBerry. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
- "WhatsApp Messenger APKs". APKMirror. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- "WhatsApp Beta – Windows Apps on Microsoft Store". Microsoft Store. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
- Ainsley O'Connell (February 21, 2014). "Inside Erlang, The Rare Programming Language Behind WhatsApp's Success". fastcompany.com. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
- "Whatsapp.com Traffic, Demographics and Competitors - Alexa". www.alexa.com. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
- Wagner, Kurt (May 8, 2018). "WhatsApp has a new boss: Chris Daniels, the guy who's been running Internet.org". Recode. Vox Media. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
- Metz, Cade (September 15, 2015). "Why WhatsApp Only Needs 50 Engineers for Its 900M Users". Wired. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
- Parmy Olsen (February 2, 2014). "Exclusive: The Rags-To-Riches Tale Of How Jan Koum Built WhatsApp Into Facebook's New $19 Billion Baby". Forbes. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
- "WhatsApp 2.0 is submitted - WhatsApp Blog". Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- "Three-quarters of WhatsApp users are on Android, 22% on iOS (study)". Venturebeat.com. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- "5 years of WeChat". Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- "Snapchat". Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- Schellevis, Joost (January 12, 2012). "What's app status: van Anderen os nog steeds te wĳzigen" (in Dutch). Tweakers. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- rvdm (January 12, 2012). "How What's app net works". Wire trip. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
- "Are my messages secure?". WhatsApp (FAQ). Zendesk. August 15, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- "PrivCo". Privco.com. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
- "The Granddaddy Of Messaging Apps, WhatsApp, Finally Goes For A Subscription Model on iOS". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- "WhatsApp, the Internet Messenger, to Become Free". The New York Times. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "Russia's Zuckerberg launches Telegram, a new instant messenger service". Reuters.com. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- "Voice Messaging Comes To Whatsapp". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
- "WhatsApp Was Valued At ~$1.5B In Final Round Before Sale". Techcrunch. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
- "Facebook to Buy WhatsApp for $19 Billion". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "Hole In WhatsApp For Android Lets Hackers Steal Your Conversations". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
- "Whatsapp now lets you disable Read notifications". November 15, 2014.
- "WhatsApp Web". January 21, 2015.
- "WhatsApp Says It's Not "Permanently" Banning Users From Its Service, Just Blocking Third-Party Clients". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
- "Brazil Restores WhatsApp Service After Brief Blockade Over Wiretap Request". The New York Times. December 17, 2015. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "WhatsApp Is Briefly Shut Down in Brazil for a Third Time". The New York Times. July 19, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- Ina Fried (January 18, 2016). "Facebook's Whatsapp is Now Free". Re Code. Vox Media, Inc. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- "Whatsapp to Drop Subscription Fee". Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, Inc. January 18, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- "No Subscription Charges For WhatsApp: Does Facebook Have A Monetization Strategy In Place?". Forbes. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
- "Brazil Arrests Facebook Executive in WhatsApp Data Access Case". The New York Times. March 1, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "WhatsApp adds support for document sharing, but only PDFs at launch". TechCrunch. March 2, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- Metz, Cade (April 5, 2016). "Forget Apple vs. the FBI: WhatsApp Just Switched on Encryption for a Billion People". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
- Lomas, Natasha (April 5, 2016). "WhatsApp completes end-to-end encryption rollout". TechCrunch. AOL Inc. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
- "WhatsApp Introduces End-to-End Encryption". The New York Times. April 5, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "Introducing WhatsApp's desktop app", WhatsApp Blog, May 10, 2016, retrieved May 11, 2016
- "Building for People, and Now Businesses". WhatsApp.com.
- Metz, Cade (April 5, 2016). "Forget Apple vs. the FBI: WhatsApp Just Switched on Encryption for a Billion People". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- Voice calling, March 12, 2015
- "WhatsApp Voice Calling". April 4, 2015.
- "Why does WhatsApp for web/desktop require your phone to be connected to the internet (and times out frequently), while Telegram web/desktop doesn't? - Quora". www.quora.com. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- "WhatsApp FAQ - Using one WhatsApp account on multiple phones, or with multiple phone numbers". WhatsApp.com.
- Albergotti, Reed; MacMillan, Douglas; Rusli, Evelyn M. (February 20, 2014). "Facebook's $18 Billion Deal Sets High Bar". The Wall Street Journal. pp. A1, A6.
- "Facebook to Acquire WhatsApp" (Press release). February 19, 2014.
- Constine, Josh (January 31, 2018). "WhatsApp hits 1.5 billion monthly users. $19B? Not so bad". TechCrunch. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- Metz, Cade (April 5, 2016). "Forget Apple vs. the FBI: WhatsApp Just Switched on Encryption for a Billion People". Wired. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
- Leo Sun (September 11, 2015). "Facebook Inc.'s WhatsApp Hits 900 Million Users: What Now?". The Motley Fool.
- Levy, Ari (February 19, 2014). "Sequoia Said to Reap $3.5 Billion in Deal". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- McBride, Sarah (February 21, 2014). "With WhatsApp deal, Sequoia Capital burnishes reputation". Reuters. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- Wauters, Robin. "Sequoia Invests $8 Million In Messaging App Maker WhatsApp". TechCrunch.com. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- Jan Koum (December 19, 2013). "400 Million Stories". WhatsApp Blog. WhatsApp. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
- Tsotsis, Alexia (February 22, 2014). "WhatsApp Was Valued At ~$1.5B In Final Round Before Sale". TechCrunch. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
- Neal, Ryan W. (February 20, 2014). "WhatsApp Investors Make Billions From Facebook Acquisition: Sequoia Capital Sees 50x Return on $1.3 Billion Investment". IBTimes.com. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- "WhatsApp's Founder Goes From Food Stamps to Billionaire". Bloomberg News. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
- Dassanayake, Dion (February 23, 2014). "Twitter outrage as users claim WhatsApp has gone down days after Facebook purchase". Daily Express. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
- Tsotsis, Alexia (February 25, 2014). "Telegram Saw 8M Downloads After WhatsApp Got Acquired". TechCrunch. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- Lomas, Natasha (February 25, 2014). "Line saw 2m new users after the outage of Whatsapp". TechCrunch. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- Lunden, Ingrid (February 24, 2014). "WhatsApp Is Actually Worth More Than $19B, Says Facebook's Zuckerberg, And It Was Internet.org That Sealed The Deal". TechCrunch. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- Fitzsimmons, Michelle (February 24, 2014). "Mark Zuckerberg: WhatsApp is worth more than $19 billion". Techradar. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- "WhatsApp permitirá llamadas de voz". Expansión (in Spanish). February 24, 2014. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- Olsen, Parmy (August 25, 2014). "WhatsApp Hits 600 Million Active Users, Founder Says". Forbes. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- Kim, Eugene (January 7, 2015). "WhatsApp's Insane Growth Continues: 100 Million New Users in 4 Months". Business Insider. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- Parmy Olsen (April 7, 2015). "Facebook's Phone Company: WhatsApp Goes To The Next Level With Its Voice Calling Service". Forbes. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- Seetharaman, Deepa (April 17, 2015). "WhatsApp Hits 800 Million Users — 1 Billion by Year-End?". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company. Archived from the original on October 18, 2017. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- Nate Ralph (April 18, 2015). "WhatsApp touts 800M monthly active users". CNET. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- Guynn, Jessica (September 4, 2015). "Facebook's WhatsApp hits 900 million users, aims for 1 billion". USA Today.
- Statt, Nick (February 1, 2016). "WhatsApp has grown to 1 billion users". The Verge. Vox Media, Inc. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
- Lomas, Natasha (December 1, 2015). "WhatsApp Is Blocking Links To Rival App Telegram On Android". TechCrunch. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- Brandom, Russell (November 30, 2015). "WhatsApp is blocking links to a competing messenger app". The Verge. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- Lobao, Martim (December 1, 2015). "[Update: Smoking Gun] WhatsApp Is Blocking Telegram Links In Its Android App". Android Police. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- Yglesias, Matthew (February 19, 2014). "What's the WhatsApp Endgame?". Slate. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
- Ina Fried (January 18, 2016). "Facebook's Whatsapp is Now Free". Re Code. Vox Media, Inc. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- Drozdiak, Natalia (January 18, 2016). "Whatsapp to Drop Subscription Fee". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on January 18, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- "Finally! Whatsapp removes $1 annual subscription fee". Phonearena.com. Phone Arena. January 18, 2016.
- Perez, Sarah (June 24, 2016). "WhatsApp hits 100 million calls per day". TechCrunch. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
- "WhatsApp brings Two-step verification for Android 'beta' users: How to enable". November 11, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- Madhumita, Murgia (May 18, 2017). "Facebook fined €110m by European Commission over WhatsApp deal". Financial Times. Retrieved May 18, 2017. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "WhatsApp Status: What is This New Snapchat-Like Feature?". February 24, 2017.
- Russell, Jon (September 13, 2017). "WhatsApp co-founder Brian Acton is leaving to start a non-profit". TechCrunch. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
- Greenberg, Andy (February 21, 2018). "WhatsApp Co-Founder Puts $50M Into Signal To Supercharge Encrypted Messaging". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
- "KLM claims airline first with WhatsApp Business Platform". tnooz. September 5, 2017.
- "Aeroméxico te atenderá por WhatsApp durante 2018". Forbes México (in Spanish). October 26, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Redacción (October 27, 2017). "Podrás hacer 'check in' y consultar tu vuelo con Aeroméxico a través de WhatsApp". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 10, 2018 – via Huff Post.
- "Building for People, and Now Businesses". WhatsApp Blog. September 5, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Ong, Thuy (January 19, 2018). "WhatsApp launches a separate app for small businesses". The Verge. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Dwoskin, Elizabeth (April 30, 2018). "WhatsApp founder plans to leave after broad clashes with parent Facebook". The Washington Post. The Washington Post. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
- Chowdhry, Amit. "WhatsApp's Group Audio And Video Calling Features Arrive On iPhone And Android". Forbes. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- "WhatsApp group video call feature finally rolls out; step by step guide for beginners". www.businesstoday.in. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- Singh, Jagmeet (October 3, 2018). "WhatsApp for Android Gets 'Swipe to Reply' Gesture Support; Ability to Download External Sticker Packs Tipped". NDTV. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
- Burn-Callander, Rebecca (March 10, 2018). "WhatsApp: the secret weapon for small businesses". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Mitter, Sohini (March 2, 2017). "WhatsApp might be testing a business feature in its biggest market". Mashable. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Heath, Alex (January 12, 2017). "WhatsApp's upcoming 'enterprise' platform for businesses is already hidden in the app". Business Insider. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Lin, Jave (March 8, 2018). "WhatsApp Business App: The Definitive Guide (2018)". LinkedIn. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
- Días, Ediciones Cinco (September 1, 2015). "MeteorDesk o cómo atender mejor al cliente a través de Whatsapp".
- "WhatsApp messenger for BlackBerry – Free Download". GetSpool – Jailbreak Tweaks, iOS News. May 22, 2015.
- Ash (April 9, 2015). "[Application] NEW Native WhatsApp clients hits the Tizen Store, Goodbye ACL WhatsApp Messenger". Tizen Experts.
- Vasile, Cosmin (November 8, 2012). "Download Wazapp 0.9.12 for Nokia N9". Softpedia.
- Mike Bowen (January 2013). "Yappari v0.0.28. is Whatsapp on my Nokia N900". My Nokia N900.
- Page, Carly (August 5, 2014). "Whatsapp update adds support for Android Wear smartwatches". The Inquirer.
- "WhatsApp for Pidgin". gosell.it.
- "WhatsApp Web". WhatsApp Blog. January 21, 2015.
- "WhatsApp support for mobile devices". WhatsApp Blog. February 26, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
- "WhatsApp support for mobile devices". WhatsApp Blog.
- "WhatsApp extends Nokia S40, BlackBerry support till end of 2017, drops Symbian support". Nokiapoweruser. June 16, 2017. Archived from the original on August 1, 2018.
- "WhatsApp FAQ - Support for older operating systems". WhatsApp.com.
- Snelling, David (July 11, 2018). "The WhatsApp news we have been waiting for will transform these popular phones".
- "*Update* KaiOS officially getting Whatsapp". July 5, 2018.
- Kashmira Gander (January 21, 2015). "WhatsApp web: messaging client now available on internet browsers". The Independent. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
- Tweedie, Steven. "WhatsApp Is Now Accessible On The Web, But iPhone Users Are Out Of Luck". Business Insider. Business Insider. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "WhatsappTime Desktop Version With Superb Features". TricksWay.com. July 2015.
- stonesam92 (October 2, 2018). "Chit Chat A Mac app wrapper around WhatsApp's web client". GitHub.
- "WhatsApp for Mac". OSXDaily. May 25, 2015.
- "ChitChat for Mac". MacUpdate. October 5, 2015.
- "Introducing WhatsApp's desktop app". WhatsApp Blog. May 10, 2016. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
- Swanner, Nate (May 11, 2016). "WhatsApp now has an official desktop app for Windows and Mac". The Next Web. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
- Shakal (March 22, 2011). "WhatsApp? Nicht ohne Risiken" [WhatsApp? Not without risks] (World Wide Web log) (in German). DE. Archived from the original (Google Translate) on June 26, 2015. Retrieved January 29, 2013..
- Team Venomous (venomous0x) (September 29, 2018). "Interface to WhatsApp Messenger". GitHub (blog). Retrieved January 26, 2013.
- Amodio, Ezio (September 11, 2012). "Whatsapp – iOS password generation". IT. Archived from the original on January 29, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- Granger, Sam (September 5, 2012). "WhatsApp is using IMEI numbers as passwords". Archived from the original on September 11, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- "Wassapp login issues" (blog). Lowlevel Studios. December 11, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
Wassapp is a PC application developed to be a non-official client for WhatsApp Messenger
- Emenike, Kelechi (September 16, 2013). "Download WhatsApp on non-compatible Dual-SIM Phones" (blog). NG: ECHO. Archived from the original on October 26, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
- Chowdhry, Amit (March 26, 2015). "WhatsApp For iOS Will Receive Voice Calling Feature In A Few Weeks". Forbes. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
- Perez, Sarah (February 2, 2015). "WhatsApp Voice-Calling Feature Spotted In The Wild". TechCrunch. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
- "Whatsapp Video Calling" (blog). November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- Alawadhi, Neha (November 15, 2016). "Whatsapp Video Calling". The Economic Times (News). Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- "WhatsApp Now Lets You Delete Messages Sent by Mistake". Smatt Geeks Media. November 1, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- Team Venomous (venomous0x) (November 28, 2012) [May 29, 2012]. "WhatsAPI / README.md" (blog). GitHub. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- Gaurav Rathee (June 25, 2015) [June 25, 2015]. "How WhatsApp Works" (blog). Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- Evans, Jon (November 18, 2014). "WhatsApp Partners With Open WhisperSystems To End-To-End Encrypt Billions Of Messages A Day". TechCrunch. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "Open Whisper Systems partners with WhatsApp to provide end-to-end encryption". Open Whisper Systems. November 18, 2014. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- Snyder, Benjamin (November 18, 2014). "Facebook's messaging service WhatsApp gets a security boost". Forbes. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
- Scherschel, Fabian A. (April 30, 2015). "Keeping Tabs on WhatsApp's Encryption". Heise Security. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- Lomas, Natasha (April 5, 2016). "WhatsApp completes end-to-end encryption rollout". TechCrunch. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
- Budington, Bill (April 7, 2016). "WhatsApp Rolls Out End-To-End Encryption to its Over One Billion Users". Deeplinks Blog. Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
- "WhatsApp Encryption Overview – Technical white paper" (PDF). WhatsApp Inc. April 4, 2016. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
- Open Whisper Systems (October 4, 2018). "libsignal-protocol-java". GitHub. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
- Mishra, Digbijay (July 11, 2017). "WhatsApp gets nod for UPI payments through multi bank partnerships". The Times of India. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Mishra, Digbijay (July 11, 2017). "WhatsApp gets nod for UPI payments". The Times of India. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Russell, Jon (April 4, 2017). "WhatsApp will reportedly launch peer-to-peer payments in India within 6 months". TechCrunch. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Popper, Nathaniel; Isaac, Mike (February 28, 2019). "Facebook and Telegram Are Hoping to Succeed Where Bitcoin Failed". The New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
- Bassi, Simi; Sengupta, Joyita (July 8, 2018). "WhatsApp cracks down on fake content after child-kidnap rumours spark killings across India". CBC News.
- "Opinion - Fake News Is Poisoning Brazilian Politics. WhatsApp Can Stop It". The New York Times. October 17, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
- "Businessmen Fund WhatsApp Campaign Against PT". Folha de S.Paulo. October 18, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
- Manisha, Ganguly (January 13, 2017). "WhatsApp vulnerability allows snooping on encrypted messages". The Guardian. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Dan, Goodin (January 13, 2017). "Reported "backdoor" in WhatsApp is in fact a feature, defenders say". Ars Technica. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
WhatsApp does not give governments a "backdoor" into its systems and would fight any government request to create a backdoor. The design decision referenced in the Guardian story prevents millions of messages from being lost, and WhatsApp offers people security notifications to alert them to potential security risks. WhatsApp published a technical white paper on its encryption design and has been transparent about the government requests it receives, publishing data about those requests in the Facebook Government Requests Report.
- "There is no WhatsApp 'backdoor'". OWS Blog. January 13, 2017. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
- Boelter, Tobias (January 16, 2017). "WhatsApp vulnerability explained: by the man who discovered it". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 18, 2017. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- Chadwick, Paul (June 28, 2017). "Flawed reporting about WhatsApp". The Guardian. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
- "NHS staff disciplined due to reliance on WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger and other apps". Practice Business. March 13, 2018. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
- "WhatsApp to ban users for using fake apps; here's how to migrate back to the official app". www.businesstoday.in. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
- Perez, Evan; Prokupecz, Shimon (December 17, 2015). "First on CNN: Paris attackers likely used encrypted apps, officials say". CNN. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- Agerholm, Harriet (July 7, 2016). "Isis is using Whatsapp to sell 12 year old sex slaves alongside kittens". The Independent. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Sparrow, Andrew (March 26, 2017). "WhatsApp must be accessible to authorities, says Amber Rudd". The Guardian. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- Osborne, Samuel (April 10, 2017). "Stockholm suspect Rakhmat Akilov 'exchanged Whatsapp messages with Isis supporter before and after attack'". The Independent. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
- "Most Common WhatsApp Scams". techadvisor.co.uk/. June 15, 2018.
- "Malware Virus Dangerous in Whats andApp". medium.com. May 14, 2018.
- Bolton, Doug (May 24, 2016). "WhatsApp Gold: Scammers trick mobile phone users into downloading malware". The Independent. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
- Novo golpe de Whatsapp atinge 1,5 milhão de vítimas em 3 meses by Eduardo F. Filho (2017)
- "Case Study: The Dangerous Journey of a Fake WhatsApp App on OneDrive". symantec.com. March 13, 2018.
- Mozur, Paul (July 18, 2017). "China Disrupts WhatsApp Service in Online Clampdown". The New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- Bradsher, Keith (September 25, 2017). "China Blocks WhatsApp, Broadening Online Censorship". The New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- "President Hassan Rouhani issued order to 'hold WhatsApp service filteration'". BBC Persian (in Persian). Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- Daftari, Lisa (May 4, 2014). "Iran bans WhatsApp because of link to 'American Zionist' Mark Zuckerberg". Fox News. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
- McGoogan, Cara (December 20, 2016). "Turkey blocks access to Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp following ambassador's assassination". The Telegraph. Retrieved March 10, 2018 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- "PF prende executivo do Facebook por empresa não liberar dados do WhatsApp" (in Portuguese). Folha de São Paulo. March 1, 2016. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
- "'Felizes', diz Facebook sobre soltura de vice-presidente preso em SP". March 2, 2016.
- Connors, Will; Jelmayer, Rogerio (May 2, 2016). "Brazilian Judge Puts Temporary Ban on WhatsApp". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on May 2, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2016. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Leite, Julia (May 2, 2016). "WhatsApp Ordered Blocked Again in Brazil Over Data Dispute". Bloomberg News. Retrieved May 2, 2016. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Farivar, Cyrus (May 3, 2016). "Brazilian appellate judge rescinds WhatsApp block". Ars Technica. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
- Kozlowska, Hanna (March 7, 2018). "Social media platforms currently banned in Sri Lanka". Quartz. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- "Ban on social medias including WhatsApp to be removed around 14 March, 2018 in Sri Lanka". Lankabusinessonline. March 14, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
- Shaikh, Rafia (May 31, 2018). "Uganda Imposes Daily Social Media Tax to Stop "Gossip" on WhatsApp". Wccftech. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
- "Uganda imposes WhatsApp 'gossip' tax". BBC News. May 31, 2018. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
- "WhatsApp crosses half-a-billion user mark; strong growth in India and Brazil". The Indian Express. April 23, 2014.
- Amit Chowdhry, "WhatsApp Hits 500 Million Users", Forbes, retrieved May 14, 2014
- Christian de Looper (September 6, 2014). "WhatsApp to reach 3 billion users, Zuckerberg to invest billions". Daily Digest News. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
- Jayadevan PK (October 3, 2014). "Google planning to launch own mobile messaging app similar to WhatsApp". The Economic Times. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- "Whatsapp users spend an average of 646 years on video calls". Smatt Geeks Media. May 9, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- Statt, Nick (February 1, 2016). "WhatsApp has grown to 1 billion users". The Verge. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
- Josh Constine (January 31, 2018). "WhatsApp hits 1.5 billion monthly users. $19B? Not so bad".
- Rajat Agrawal (May 10, 2014). "WhatsApp crosses 50 million monthly active users in India, ties up with Airtel for special data plans". Retrieved May 11, 2014.
- PTI News (November 3, 2014). "WhatsApp user-base crosses 70 million in India". The Economic Times. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
- "WhatsApp user-base crosses 200 million in India". Retrieved March 2, 2017.
- Tzahi Hoffman (November 14, 2013). "92% מבעלי הסמארטפונים בישראל משתמשים בוואטסאפ" [92% of Israel's smartphones use WhatsApp]. Globes (in Hebrew).
- Nurit Canetti (March 19, 2015). "Israel's cellphone addiction". Al-Monitor.
- Corbin, David (November 5, 2014). "Surprise! Viber surpasses Line in monthly active users".
- Horwitz, Josh (October 9, 2014). "Line finally reveals it has 170 million monthly active users".
- Olanof, Drew (August 23, 2012). "WhatsApp hits new record with 10 billion total messages in one day". The Next Web. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- Sushma, Parab (April 4, 2012). "WhatsApp founder to operators: 'We're no SMS-killer, we get people hooked on data'". The Next Web. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- Olanoff, Drew (October 31, 2011). "WhatsApp users now send over one billion messages a day". TheNextWeb. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- WhatsApp (June 12, 2013), 27 Billion msgs handled in just 24 hours! (µblog), Tweeter,
New daily record: 10B+ msgs sent (inbound) and 17B+ msgs received (outbound) by our users
- Bradshaw, Tim (November 14, 2011). "WhatsApp users get the message". The Financial Times. London. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to WhatsApp.|
|Scholia has a topic profile for WhatsApp.|